Author: S. B. Pope

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521598866

Category: Science

Page: 771

View: 7165

Author: S. B. Pope

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521598866

Category: Science

Page: 771

View: 7165

Graduate text on turbulent flow, an important topic in fluid mechanics.

Author: Jean Mathieu,Julian Scott

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521775380

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 3454

Most natural and industrial flows are turbulent. The atmosphere and oceans, automobile and aircraft engines, all provide examples of this ubiquitous phenomenon. In recent years, turbulence has become a very lively area of scientific research and application, attracting many newcomers who need a basic introduction to the subject. An Introduction to Turbulent Flow, first published in 2000, offers a solid grounding in the subject of turbulence, developing both physical insight and the mathematical framework needed to express the theory. It begins with a review of the physical nature of turbulence, statistical tools, and space and time scales of turbulence. Basic theory is presented next, illustrated by examples of simple turbulent flows and developed through classical models of jets, wakes, and boundary layers. A deeper understanding of turbulence dynamics is provided by spectral analysis and its applications. The final chapter introduces the numerical simulation of turbulent flows. This well-balanced text will interest graduate students in engineering, applied mathematics, and the physical sciences.

Author: P. A. Durbin,B. A. Pettersson Reif

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119957524

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 8296

Providing a comprehensive grounding in the subject of turbulence, Statistical Theory and Modeling for Turbulent Flows develops both the physical insight and the mathematical framework needed to understand turbulent flow. Its scope enables the reader to become a knowledgeable user of turbulence models; it develops analytical tools for developers of predictive tools. Thoroughly revised and updated, this second edition includes a new fourth section covering DNS (direct numerical simulation), LES (large eddy simulation), DES (detached eddy simulation) and numerical aspects of eddy resolving simulation. In addition to its role as a guide for students, Statistical Theory and Modeling for Turbulent Flows also is a valuable reference for practicing engineers and scientists in computational and experimental fluid dynamics, who would like to broaden their understanding of fundamental issues in turbulence and how they relate to turbulence model implementation. Provides an excellent foundation to the fundamental theoretical concepts in turbulence. Features new and heavily revised material, including an entire new section on eddy resolving simulation. Includes new material on modeling laminar to turbulent transition. Written for students and practitioners in aeronautical and mechanical engineering, applied mathematics and the physical sciences. Accompanied by a website housing solutions to the problems within the book.

*Models and Physics*

Author: Jean Piquet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662035596

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 762

View: 3378

obtained are still severely limited to low Reynolds numbers (about only one decade better than direct numerical simulations), and the interpretation of such calculations for complex, curved geometries is still unclear. It is evident that a lot of work (and a very significant increase in available computing power) is required before such methods can be adopted in daily's engineering practice. I hope to l"Cport on all these topics in a near future. The book is divided into six chapters, each· chapter in subchapters, sections and subsections. The first part is introduced by Chapter 1 which summarizes the equations of fluid mechanies, it is developed in C~apters 2 to 4 devoted to the construction of turbulence models. What has been called "engineering methods" is considered in Chapter 2 where the Reynolds averaged equations al"C established and the closure problem studied (§1-3). A first detailed study of homogeneous turbulent flows follows (§4). It includes a review of available experimental data and their modeling. The eddy viscosity concept is analyzed in §5 with the l"Csulting ~alar-transport equation models such as the famous K-e model. Reynolds stl"Css models (Chapter 4) require a preliminary consideration of two-point turbulence concepts which are developed in Chapter 3 devoted to homogeneous turbulence. We review the two-point moments of velocity fields and their spectral transforms (§ 1), their general dynamics (§2) with the particular case of homogeneous, isotropie turbulence (§3) whel"C the so-called Kolmogorov's assumptions are discussed at length.

*Fundamentals, Experiments and Modeling*

Author: V. Eswaran

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849310140

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 7752

This book allows readers to tackle the challenges of turbulent flow problems with confidence. It covers the fundamentals of turbulence, various modeling approaches, and experimental studies. The fundamentals section includes isotropic turbulence and anistropic turbulence, turbulent flow dynamics, free shear layers, turbulent boundary layers and plumes. The modeling section focuses on topics such as eddy viscosity models, standard K-E Models, Direct Numerical Stimulation, Large Eddy Simulation, and their applications. The measurement of turbulent fluctuations experiments in isothermal and stratified turbulent flows are explored in the experimental methods section. Special topics include modeling of near wall turbulent flows, compressible turbulent flows, and more.

Author: J. C. Vassilicos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521792219

Category: Mathematics

Page: 276

View: 1904

Turbulence, intermittency, nonlinear dynamics, fluid mechanics.

Author: Tuncer Cebeci

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323151051

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 3282

Analysis of Turbulent Boundary Layers focuses on turbulent flows meeting the requirements for the boundary-layer or thin-shear-layer approximations. Its approach is devising relatively fundamental, and often subtle, empirical engineering correlations, which are then introduced into various forms of describing equations for final solution. After introducing the topic on turbulence, the book examines the conservation equations for compressible turbulent flows, boundary-layer equations, and general behavior of turbulent boundary layers. The latter chapters describe the CS method for calculating two-dimensional and axisymmetric laminar and turbulent boundary layers. This book will be useful to readers who have advanced knowledge in fluid mechanics, especially to engineers who study the important problems of design.

*Analysis, Measurement, and Prediction*

Author: Peter S. Bernard,James M. Wallace

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471332190

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 9908

Provides unique coverage of the prediction and experimentation necessary for making predictions. Covers computational fluid dynamics and its relationship to direct numerical simulation used throughout the industry. Covers vortex methods developed to calculate and evaluate turbulent flows. Includes chapters on the state-of-the-art applications of research such as control of turbulence.

Author: Stefan Heinz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662100223

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 8860

The simulation of technological and environmental flows is very important for many industrial developments. A major challenge related to their modeling is to involve the characteristic turbulence that appears in most of these flows. The traditional way to tackle this question is to use deterministic equations where the effects of turbulence are directly parametrized, i. e. , assumed as functions of the variables considered. However, this approach often becomes problematic, in particular if reacting flows have to be simulated. In many cases, it turns out that appropriate approximations for the closure of deterministic equations are simply unavailable. The alternative to the traditional way of modeling turbulence is to construct stochastic models which explain the random nature of turbulence. The application of such models is very attractive: one can overcome the closure problems that are inherent to deterministic methods on the basis of relatively simple and physically consistent models. Thus, from a general point of view, the use of stochastic methods for turbulence simulations seems to be the optimal way to solve most of the problems related to industrial flow simulations. However, it turns out that this is not as simple as it looks at first glance. The first question concerns the numerical solution of stochastic equations for flows of environmental and technological interest. To calculate industrial flows, 3 one often has to consider a number of grid cells that is of the order of 100 .

*Proceedings of the International Conference on Near-Wall Turbulent Flows, Tempe, Arizona, U.S.A., 15-17 March 1993*

Author: Ronald M. C. So,Charles G. Speziale

Publisher: Elsevier Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1048

View: 3863

Knowledge of near-wall turbulence from experimental, theoretical and numerical sources is accumulating at an ever increasing rate. An overview of the latest important developments is reported and discussed in depth in this volume with the goal of stimulating closer dialogue between researchers in all areas of near-wall turbulence. The full text of 95 contributed papers cover a broad range of topics in near-wall turbulent flows that includes boundary layers, coherent structures, drag reduction, experimental methods, high speed flows, numerical simulations, transition and turbulent modeling. The innovativeness of the contributions demonstrates that near-wall turbulence remains a vital and dynamically evolving field with important technological consequences for the future.

Author: Donald Greenspan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812560963

Category: Mathematics

Page: 168

View: 3361

Turbulence is the most fundamental and, simultaneously, the most complex form of fluid flow. However, because an understanding of turbulence requires an understanding of laminar flow, both are explored in this book.Groundwork is laid by careful delineation of the necessary physical, mathematical, and numerical requirements for the studies which follow, and include discussions of N-body problems, classical molecular mechanics, dynamical equations, and the leap frog formulas for very large systems of second order ordinary differential equations.Molecular systems are studied first in both two and three dimensions. Extension into the large is also of great interest, and it is for this purpose that we develop particle mechanics, which uses lump massing of molecules. All calculations are limited to a personal scientific computer, so that the methods can be utilized readily by others.

*Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on The Physics of Wall-Bounded Turbulent Flows on Rough Walls, held Cambridge, UK, July 7-9, 2009*

Author: T. B. Nickels

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048196319

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 6864

The study of wall-bounded turbulent ows is of considerable interest from both scienti c and practical view points. As such it has attracted a great deal of research over the last 100 years. Much research has concentratedon ows over smooth walls since these are simpler from experimental, numerical and theoretical standpoints. The ow over rough walls has still received considerable attention but progress has necessarilybeenslower.Perhapsthemostessentialproblem(certainlyfromaprac- cal point of view) is to be able to predict the skin-frictiondrag acting on a plate (or a body) given a certain known roughness characteristic of the surface. Unfortunately this has proved to be very dif cult since even the simplest rough surfaces can be characterised by a number of different parameters and we still cannot directly c- nectthese tothe uiddynamicdragin a givensituation.Varioustheoriesandmodels have been proposed in order to make progress but there is still some disagreement in the community as to the correct understanding of these important ows.

Author: Leonid I. Zaichik,Vladimir M. Alipchenkov,Emmanuil G. Sinaiski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527626263

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 7557

The only work available to treat the theory of turbulent flow with suspended particles, this book also includes a section on simulation methods, comparing the model results obtained with the PDF method to those obtained with other techniques, such as DNS, LES and RANS. Written by experienced scientists with background in oil and gas processing, this book is applicable to a wide range of industries -- from the petrol industry and industrial chemistry to food and water processing.

*Incompressible Turbulent Flows*

Author: Takeo Kajishima,Kunihiko Taira

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319453041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 5272

This textbook presents numerical solution techniques for incompressible turbulent flows that occur in a variety of scientific and engineering settings including aerodynamics of ground-based vehicles and low-speed aircraft, fluid flows in energy systems, atmospheric flows, and biological flows. This book encompasses fluid mechanics, partial differential equations, numerical methods, and turbulence models, and emphasizes the foundation on how the governing partial differential equations for incompressible fluid flow can be solved numerically in an accurate and efficient manner. Extensive discussions on incompressible flow solvers and turbulence modeling are also offered. This text is an ideal instructional resource and reference for students, research scientists, and professional engineers interested in analyzing fluid flows using numerical simulations for fundamental research and industrial applications.

Author: Luigi Carlo Berselli,Traian Iliescu,William J. Layton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540263166

Category: Computers

Page: 348

View: 8009

This volume focuses on the mathematical foundations of LES and its models and provides a connection between the tools of applied mathematics, partial differential equations and LES. A useful entry point into the field for PhD students in applied mathematics, computational mathematics and partial differential equations is offered.

Author: A. Gyr,H.-W. Bewersdorff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401712956

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 236

View: 1695

Drag Reduction of Turbulent Flows by Additives is the first treatment of the subject in book form. The treatment is extremely broad, ranging from physicochemical to hydromechanical aspects. The book shows how fibres, polymer molecules or surfactants at very dilute concentrations can reduce the drag of turbulent flow, leading to energy savings. The dilute solutions are considered in terms of the physical chemistry and rheology, and the properties of turbulent flows are presented in sufficient detail to explain the various interaction mechanisms. Audience: Those active in fundamental research on turbulence and those seeking to apply the effects described. Fluid mechanical engineers, rheologists, those interested in energy saving methods, or in any other application in which the flow rate in turbulent flow should be increased.

Author: Thomas B. Gatski,Jean-Paul Bonnet

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012397318X

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 8101

Compressibility, Turbulence and High Speed Flow introduces the reader to the field of compressible turbulence and compressible turbulent flows across a broad speed range, through a unique complimentary treatment of both the theoretical foundations and the measurement and analysis tools currently used. The book provides the reader with the necessary background and current trends in the theoretical and experimental aspects of compressible turbulent flows and compressible turbulence. Detailed derivations of the pertinent equations describing the motion of such turbulent flows is provided and an extensive discussion of the various approaches used in predicting both free shear and wall bounded flows is presented. Experimental measurement techniques common to the compressible flow regime are introduced with particular emphasis on the unique challenges presented by high speed flows. Both experimental and numerical simulation work is supplied throughout to provide the reader with an overall perspective of current trends. An introduction to current techniques in compressible turbulent flow analysis An approach that enables engineers to identify and solve complex compressible flow challenges Prediction methodologies, including the Reynolds-averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) method, scale filtered methods and direct numerical simulation (DNS) Current strategies focusing on compressible flow control

*Results of the DFG/CNRS Research Groups FOR 507 and FOR 508*

Author: Christophe Brun,Daniel Juvé,Michael Manhart,Claus-Dieter Munz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540899561

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 342

View: 2069

Large Eddy Simulation (LES) is a high-fidelity approach to the numerical simulation of turbulent flows. Recent developments have shown LES to be able to predict aerodynamic noise generation and propagation as well as the turbulent flow, by means of either a hybrid or a direct approach. This book is based on the results of two French/German research groups working on LES simulations in complex geometries and noise generation in turbulent flows. The results provide insights into modern prediction approaches for turbulent flows and noise generation mechanisms as well as their use for novel noise reduction concepts.

Author: Anupam Dewan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642147678

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 124

View: 2262

The emphasis of this book is on engineering aspects of fluid turbulence. The book explains for example how to tackle turbulence in industrial applications. It is useful to several disciplines, such as, mechanical, civil, chemical, aerospace engineers and also to professors, researchers, beginners, under graduates and post graduates. The following issues are emphasized in the book: - Modeling and computations of engineering flows: The author discusses in detail the quantities of interest for engineering turbulent flows and how to select an appropriate turbulence model; Also, a treatment of the selection of appropriate boundary conditions for the CFD simulations is given. - Modeling of turbulent convective heat transfer: This is encountered in several practical situations. It basically needs discussion on issues of treatment of walls and turbulent heat fluxes. - Modeling of buoyancy driven flows, for example, smoke issuing from chimney, pollutant discharge into water bodies, etc

Author: Tuncer Cebeci

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080527185

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 390

View: 3233

Modelling and Computation of Turbulent Flows has been written by one of the most prolific authors in the field of CFD. Professor of aerodynamics at SUPAERO and director of DMAE at ONERA, the author calls on both his academic and industrial experience when presenting this work. The field of CFD is strongly represented by the following corporate companies; Boeing; Airbus; Thales; United Technologies and General Electric, government bodies and academic institutions also have a strong interest in this exciting field. Each chapter has also been specifically constructed to constitute as an advanced textbook for PhD candidates working in the field of CFD, making this book essential reading for researchers, practitioners in industry and MSc and MEng students. * A broad overview of the development and application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), with real applications to industry * A Free CD-Rom which contains computer program’s suitable for solving non-linear equations which arise in modeling turbulent flows * Professor Cebeci has published over 200 technical papers and 14 books, a world authority in the field of CFD