Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes

Author: Gareth J. Price

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198559634

Category: Science

Page: 86

View: 1382

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This primer describes the basic principles which govern reactivity and phase equilibria in chemical systems. It is written at the first year undergraduate level and contains a number of worked examples and problems to help students through this introductory material. The ideas of enthalpy, internal energy and entropy are covered to lead into Gibbs free energy and how it can be used to correlate and predict the equilibrium position and properties of chemical reactions and multi-phase systems. Some background mathematical ideas are introduced as needed as well as material describing how the physicochemical principles can be applied to related areas such as materials science or biochemistry.

Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Andrew Maczek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198777485

Category:

Page: 128

View: 6035

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The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subjectarea is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research.The learning features provided, including end of book problems and online multiple-choice questions, encourage active learning and promote understanding. Furthermore, frequent diagrams and margin notes help to enhance a student's understanding of these essential areas of chemistry.Statistical Thermodynamics gives a concise and accessible account of this fundamental topic by emphasizing the underlying physical chemistry, and using this to introduce the mathematics in an approachable way. The material is presented in short, self-contained sections making it flexible to teachand learn from, and concludes with the application of the theory to real systems.Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre to accompany Statistical Thermodynamics features: For registered adopters of the text: * Figures from the book available to download For students: * Worked solutions to the questions and problems at the end of the book.* Multiple-choice questions for self-directed learning

SURFACES. Edition en anglais

Author: Gary Attard,Colin Barnes

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198556862

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 4896

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This primer provides an introduction to the subject of surfaces at the level of undergraduates and first year postgraduates. There are four chapters, the first concerns basic thermodynamic material used to understand the properties of surfaces including; surface tension, Gibbs adsorption, surface pressure and surface phase equilibria, surfactants and micelles, wetting, detergency, and contact angle. The second chapter concentrates on gas adsorbtion at solid surfaces and covers topics including adsorbtion, Langmuir isotherms, heats of adsorbtion, BET isotherms, physisorbtion, chemisorbtion, precursor adsorbtion kinetics, well-defined surfaces, UHV, surface sensitivity and selectivity, surface diffusion and electrons interacting with matter. Chapter three then outlines the physico- chemical principles of XPS, AES, LEED, STM, AFM, work function measurements, UPS, TPD, molecular beams, HREELS and PAIRS and the types of fundamental surface information each of these techniques provides. The final chapter contains a series of worked examples and problems, bringing together the various strands developed in Chapters 1-3 in order to elucidate surface phenomena. The book is unique in its mix of 'Classical' and 'Modern' surface science and should be relevant to physicists, chemists and material scientists.

Introduction to Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure

Author: P. A. Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198559160

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 9142

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All chemistry students need a basic understanding of quantum theory and its applications in atomic and molecular structure and spectroscopy. This book provides a gentle introduction to the subject with the required background in physics and mathematics kept to a minimum. It develops the basic concepts needed as background. The emphasis throughout is on the physical concepts and their application in chemistry, especially to atoms and to the periodic table of elements

Energy Levels in Atoms and Molecules

Author: William Graham Richards,Peter Richard Scott

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198558040

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 7351

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An understanding of the energy levels of atoms and molecules is an essential foundation for the study of physical chemistry. This short text provides students at the start of their university chemistry courses with a clear and accessible introduction to electronic structure and quantized mechanics and spectroscopy in second and third year courses. All students on first courses in spectroscopy will find this readable, lively account to be invaluable aid to their study.

Chemistry of the First Row Transition Metals

Author: Jon McCleverty

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198501510

Category: Science

Page: 100

View: 8510

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The transition metals titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel and copper are essential for many life-processes, are at the heart of important industrial processes, and are used in everyday life. Their properties are dependent on the electronic structure of the metals. The connection between this and the chemical behaviour of these metals is described in this book.

Why Chemical Reactions Happen

Author: James Keeler,Peter Wothers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199249733

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 3733

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Discusses chemical reactions, examining the bonding in molecules, how molecules interact, what determines whether an interaction is favourable or not, and what the outcome will be.

Oscillations, Waves, and Chaos in Chemical Kinetics

Author: Stephen K. Scott

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198558446

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 8118

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This series of short texts provides accessible accounts of a range of essential topics in chemistry. Written with the needs of the student in mind, the Oxford Chemistry Primers offer just the right level of detail for undergraduate study, and will be invaluable as a source of material commonly presented in lecture courses yet not adequately covered in existing texts. All the basic principles and facts in a particular area are presented in a clear and straightforward style, to produce concise yet comprehensive accounts of topics covered in both core and specialist courses.

Aqueous Acid-base Equilibria and Titrations

Author: Robert De Levie

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198506171

Category: Science

Page: 91

View: 3473

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This book will give students a thorough grounding in pH and associated equilibria, material absolutely fundamental to the understanding of many aspects of chemistry. It is, in addition, a fresh and modern approach to a topic all too often taught in an out-moded way. This book uses new theoretical developments which have led to more generalized approaches to equilibrium problems; these approaches are often simpler than the approximations which they replace. Acid-base problems are readily addressed in terms of the proton condition, a convenient amalgam of the mass and charge constraints of the chemical system considered. The graphical approach of Bjerrum, Hagg, and Sillen is used to illustrate the orders of magnitude of the concentrations of the various species involved in chemical equilibria. Based on these concentrations, the proton condition can usually be simplified, often leading directly to the value of the pH. In the description of acid-base titrations a general master equation is developed. It provides a continuous and complete description of the entire titration curve, which can then be used for computer-based comparison with experimental data. Graphical estimates of the steepness of titration curves are also developed, from which the practicality of a given titration can be anticipated. Activity effects are described in detail, including their effect on titration curves. The discussion emphasizes the distinction between equilibrium constants and electrometric pH measurements, which are subject to activity corrections, and balance equations and spectroscopic pH measurements, which are not. Finally, an entire chapter is devoted to what the pH meter measures, and to the experimental and theoretical uncertainties involved.

Foundations of Physical Chemistry

Author: Charles P. Lawrence,Alison Rodger,R. G. Compton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 671

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An introduction to undergraduate level physical chemistry that should bridge the increasing gap between school or college and university. It aims to stimulate students to extend their knowledge from A/AS/GNVQ level to the ideas essential for university ent

Foundations of Physics for Chemists

Author: Grant A. D. Ritchie,D. S. Sivia

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 5985

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This physical chemistry primer is specifically designed to introduce physics to undergraduate chemistry students, and show them how a knowledge of physics is relevant to their degree.

Modern Liquid Phase Kinetics

Author: Brian G. Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198557449

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 4783

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The world is not at equilibrium, and the events that give vitality and movement are transitions towards equilibrium from the present state of imbalance. Chemical transformations often contribute fundamentally to this process and their study is challenging and important. The early chapters of this text provide a basic introduction to the kinetics of simple and complex reaction systems in solution. The remaining chapters present a treatment of the more advanced topics, comprising solvent effects, fast reaction techniques, and heterogeneous liquid - liquid two-phase systems. The last introduces currently active and important research areas in solution kinetics, including phase-transfer catalysis, and diffusion and transport in chemical and biological membranes.

Mechanisms of Organic Reactions

Author: Howard Maskill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198558224

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 1524

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Focusing on organic reactions, this text begins by introducing modern technology, definitions, and concepts of mechanisms and reactivity. The following four chapters are accounts of the mechanisms of four of the main classes of reactions of aliphatic compounds.

Reaction Dynamics

Author: M. Brouard

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198559078

Category: Science

Page: 86

View: 5292

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Understanding the factors which determine the rates and products of elementary reactions is of fundamental importance to chemists. This informative book contains a concise introductory account of the theoretical framework and experimental methods used to elucidate the detailed mechanism of gas phase elementary reactions.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Author: P. J. Hore

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198703414

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 5861

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The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout the texts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. The learning features provided, including questions at the end of every chapter and online multiple-choice questions, encourage active learning and promote understanding. Furthermore, frequent diagrams, margin notes, and glossary definitions all help to enhance a student's understanding of these essential areas of chemistry. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance offers a concise and accessible introduction to the physical principles of liquid-state NMR, a powerful technique for probing molecular structures. Examples, applications, and exercises are provided throughout to enable beginning undergraduates to get to grips with this important analytical technique. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany Nuclear Magnetic Resonance features: For registered adopters of the text: * Figures from the book available to download For students: * Multiple-choice questions for self-directed learning * Full worked solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises

NMR Spectroscopy in Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Jonathan A. Iggo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198558903

Category: Science

Page: 87

View: 595

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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most important characterization technique in synthetic chemistry today. By giving a simple overview of the relevant theory, in non-mathematical terms, and avoiding the 'pattern recognition' approach frequently adopted, this book demystifies NMR. It contains examples from many different areas of Inorganic Chemistry which are closely related to the theory described.

Electrode Potentials

Author: Richard G. Compton,Giles H. W. Sanders

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198556848

Category: Science

Page: 98

View: 7789

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Another winning primer! This new addition to the popular series provides a basic introduction to equilibrium electrochemistry, focusing on electrode potentials and their applications. It builds on a knowledge of elementary thermodynamics giving the student an appreciation of the origin of electrode potentials and shows how these are used to deduce a wealth of chemically important information and data such as equilibrium constants, the free energy, enthalpy and entropy changes of chemical reactions, activity coefficients, the selective sensing of ions. It is mathematically simple, the emphasis throughout is on understanding the foundations of the subject and how it may be used to study problems of chemical interest.

Environmental Chemistry

Author: John Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134589654

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7293

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Many controversial issues revolve around complex scientific arguments which can be better understood with at least a minimal knowledge and understanding of the chemical reactions and processes going on in the world around us. This textbook offers an accessible introduction to chemical principles and concepts, and applies them to relevant environmental situations and issues. Written for students who have not taken A' level chemistry, this book bridges the gap between GSCE chemistry and first year undergraduate level.

The Chemistry of Evolution

The Development of our Ecosystem

Author: R.J.P Williams,J.J.R Fraústo da Silva

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080460529

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 3925

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Conventionally, evolution has always been described in terms of species. The Chemistry of Evolution takes a novel, not to say revolutionary, approach and examines the evolution of chemicals and the use and degradation of energy, coupled to the environment, as the drive behind it. The authors address the major changes of life from bacteria to man in a systematic and unavoidable sequence, reclassifying organisms as chemotypes. Written by the authors of the bestseller The Biological Chemistry of the Elements - The Inorganic Chemistry of Life (Oxford University Press, 1991), the clarity and precision of The Chemistry of Evolution plainly demonstrate that life is totally interactive with the environment. This exciting theory makes this work an essential addition to the academic and public library. * Provides a novel analysis of evolution in chemical terms * Stresses Systems Biology * Examines the connection between life and the environment, starting with the ‘big bang' theory * Reorientates the chemistry of life by emphasising the need to analyse the functions of 20 chemical elements in all organisms