Author: A. A. Kirillov,A. D. Gvishiani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461381533

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 4971

Author: A. A. Kirillov,A. D. Gvishiani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461381533

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 4971

Even the simplest mathematical abstraction of the phenomena of reality the real line-can be regarded from different points of view by different mathematical disciplines. For example, the algebraic approach to the study of the real line involves describing its properties as a set to whose elements we can apply" operations," and obtaining an algebraic model of it on the basis of these properties, without regard for the topological properties. On the other hand, we can focus on the topology of the real line and construct a formal model of it by singling out its" continuity" as a basis for the model. Analysis regards the line, and the functions on it, in the unity of the whole system of their algebraic and topological properties, with the fundamental deductions about them obtained by using the interplay between the algebraic and topological structures. The same picture is observed at higher stages of abstraction. Algebra studies linear spaces, groups, rings, modules, and so on. Topology studies structures of a different kind on arbitrary sets, structures that give mathe matical meaning to the concepts of a limit, continuity, a neighborhood, and so on. Functional analysis takes up topological linear spaces, topological groups, normed rings, modules of representations of topological groups in topological linear spaces, and so on. Thus, the basic object of study in functional analysis consists of objects equipped with compatible algebraic and topological structures.

Author: A. A. Kirillov,A. D. Gvishiani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461381549

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 9566

Even the simplest mathematical abstraction of the phenomena of reality the real line-can be regarded from different points of view by different mathematical disciplines. For example, the algebraic approach to the study of the real line involves describing its properties as a set to whose elements we can apply" operations," and obtaining an algebraic model of it on the basis of these properties, without regard for the topological properties. On the other hand, we can focus on the topology of the real line and construct a formal model of it by singling out its" continuity" as a basis for the model. Analysis regards the line, and the functions on it, in the unity of the whole system of their algebraic and topological properties, with the fundamental deductions about them obtained by using the interplay between the algebraic and topological structures. The same picture is observed at higher stages of abstraction. Algebra studies linear spaces, groups, rings, modules, and so on. Topology studies structures of a different kind on arbitrary sets, structures that give mathe matical meaning to the concepts of a limit, continuity, a neighborhood, and so on. Functional analysis takes up topological linear spaces, topological groups, normed rings, modules of representations of topological groups in topological linear spaces, and so on. Thus, the basic object of study in functional analysis consists of objects equipped with compatible algebraic and topological structures.

Author: A. A. Kirillov,A. D. Gvishiani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461381556

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 3319

Even the simplest mathematical abstraction of the phenomena of reality the real line-can be regarded from different points of view by different mathematical disciplines. For example, the algebraic approach to the study of the real line involves describing its properties as a set to whose elements we can apply" operations," and obtaining an algebraic model of it on the basis of these properties, without regard for the topological properties. On the other hand, we can focus on the topology of the real line and construct a formal model of it by singling out its" continuity" as a basis for the model. Analysis regards the line, and the functions on it, in the unity of the whole system of their algebraic and topological properties, with the fundamental deductions about them obtained by using the interplay between the algebraic and topological structures. The same picture is observed at higher stages of abstraction. Algebra studies linear spaces, groups, rings, modules, and so on. Topology studies structures of a different kind on arbitrary sets, structures that give mathe matical meaning to the concepts of a limit, continuity, a neighborhood, and so on. Functional analysis takes up topological linear spaces, topological groups, normed rings, modules of representations of topological groups in topological linear spaces, and so on. Thus, the basic object of study in functional analysis consists of objects equipped with compatible algebraic and topological structures.

Author: Alberto Torchinsky

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470420570

Category: Functional analysis

Page: 467

View: 6935

It is generally believed that solving problems is the most important part of the learning process in mathematics because it forces students to truly understand the definitions, comb through the theorems and proofs, and think at length about the mathematics. The purpose of this book is to complement the existing literature in introductory real and functional analysis at the graduate level with a variety of conceptual problems (1,457 in total), ranging from easily accessible to thought provoking, mixing the practical and the theoretical aspects of the subject. Problems are grouped into ten chapters covering the main topics usually taught in courses on real and functional analysis. Each of these chapters opens with a brief reader's guide stating the needed definitions and basic results in the area and closes with a short description of the problems. - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpuf It is generally believed that solving problems is the most important part of the learning process in mathematics because it forces students to truly understand the definitions, comb through the theorems and proofs, and think at length about the mathematics. The purpose of this book is to complement the existing literature in introductory real and functional analysis at the graduate level with a variety of conceptual problems (1,457 in total), ranging from easily accessible to thought provoking, mixing the practical and the theoretical aspects of the subject. Problems are grouped into ten chapters covering the main topics usually taught in courses on real and functional analysis. Each of these chapters opens with a brief reader's guide stating the needed definitions and basic results in the area and closes with a short description of the problems. The Problem chapters are accompanied by Solution chapters, which include solutions to two-thirds of the problems. Students can expect the solutions to be written in a direct language that they can understand; usually the most "natural" rather than the most elegant solution is presented. The Problem chapters are accompanied by Solution chapters, which include solutions to two-thirds of the problems. Students can expect the solutions to be written in a direct language that they can understand; usually the most “natural” rather than the most elegant solution is presented. - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpufhe Problem chapters are accompanied by Solution chapters, which include solutions to two-thirds of the - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpuft is generally believed that solving problems is the most important part of the learning process in mathematics because it forces students to truly understand the definitions, comb through the theorems and proofs, and think at length about the mathematics. The purpose of this book is to complement the existing literature in introductory real and functional analysis at the graduate level with a variety of - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpufIt is generally believed that solving problems is the most important part of the learning process in mathematics because it forces students to truly understand the definitions, comb through the theorems and proofs, and think at length about the mathematics. The purpose of this book is to complement the existing literature in introductory real and functional analysis at the graduate level with a variety of conceptual problems (1,457 in total), ranging from easily accessible to thought provoking, mixing the practical and the theoretical aspects of the subject. Problems are grouped into ten chapters covering the main topics usually taught in courses on real and functional analysis. Each of these chapters opens with a brief reader's guide stating - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpuf

*Series. Integral Calculus. Theory of Functions*

Author: George Polya,Gabor Szegö

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540636403

Category: Mathematics

Page: 393

View: 2136

From the reviews: "The work is one of the real classics of this century; it has had much influence on teaching, on research in several branches of hard analysis, particularly complex function theory, and it has been an essential indispensable source book for those seriously interested in mathematical problems." Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society

Author: P.R. Halmos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468493302

Category: Mathematics

Page: 373

View: 2598

From the Preface: "This book was written for the active reader. The first part consists of problems, frequently preceded by definitions and motivation, and sometimes followed by corollaries and historical remarks... The second part, a very short one, consists of hints... The third part, the longest, consists of solutions: proofs, answers, or contructions, depending on the nature of the problem.... This is not an introduction to Hilbert space theory. Some knowledge of that subject is a prerequisite: at the very least, a study of the elements of Hilbert space theory should proceed concurrently with the reading of this book."

*Part 2: Nonlinear Analysis*

Author: Leszek Gasiński,Nikolaos S. Papageorgiou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319278177

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1062

View: 889

This second of two Exercises in Analysis volumes covers problems in five core topics of mathematical analysis: Function Spaces, Nonlinear and Multivalued Maps, Smooth and Nonsmooth Calculus, Degree Theory and Fixed Point Theory, and Variational and Topological Methods. Each of five topics corresponds to a different chapter with inclusion of the basic theory and accompanying main definitions and results,followed by suitable comments and remarks for better understanding of the material. Exercises/problems are presented for each topic, with solutions available at the end of each chapter. The entire collection of exercises offers a balanced and useful picture for the application surrounding each topic. This nearly encyclopedic coverage of exercises in mathematical analysis is the first of its kind and is accessible to a wide readership. Graduate students will find the collection of problems valuable in preparation for their preliminary or qualifying exams as well as for testing their deeper understanding of the material. Exercises are denoted by degree of difficulty. Instructors teaching courses that include one or all of the above-mentioned topics will find the exercises of great help in course preparation. Researchers in analysis may find this Work useful as a summary of analytic theories published in one accessible volume.

Author: Masayoshi Hata

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981277601X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 553

This unique book provides a collection of more than 200 mathematical problems and their detailed solutions, which contain very useful tips and skills in real analysis. Each chapter has an introduction, in which some fundamental definitions and propositions are prepared. This also contains many brief historical comments on some significant mathematical results in real analysis together with useful references.Problems and Solutions in Real Analysis may be used as advanced exercises by undergraduate students during or after courses in calculus and linear algebra. It is also useful for graduate students who are interested in analytic number theory. Readers will also be able to completely grasp a simple and elementary proof of the prime number theorem through several exercises. The book is also suitable for non-experts who wish to understand mathematical analysis.

Author: Loren C. Larson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461254981

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 4158

This is a practical anthology of some of the best elementary problems in different branches of mathematics. Arranged by subject, the problems highlight the most common problem-solving techniques encountered in undergraduate mathematics. This book teaches the important principles and broad strategies for coping with the experience of solving problems. It has been found very helpful for students preparing for the Putnam exam.

Author: Bernard R. Gelbaum

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461209250

Category: Mathematics

Page: 489

View: 1240

This text covers many principal topics in the theory of functions of a complex variable. These include, in real analysis, set algebra, measure and topology, real- and complex-valued functions, and topological vector spaces. In complex analysis, they include polynomials and power series, functions holomorphic in a region, entire functions, analytic continuation, singularities, harmonic functions, families of functions, and convexity theorems.

Author: D.H. Griffel

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486141322

Category: Mathematics

Page: 390

View: 1707

This introductory text examines applications of functional analysis to mechanics, fluid mechanics, diffusive growth, and approximation. Covers distribution theory, Banach spaces, Hilbert space, spectral theory, Frechet calculus, Sobolev spaces, more. 1985 edition.

Author: Biler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824783129

Category: Mathematics

Page: 244

View: 8357

Chapter 1 poses 134 problems concerning real and complex numbers, chapter 2 poses 123 problems concerning sequences, and so it goes, until in chapter 9 one encounters 201 problems concerning functional analysis. The remainder of the book is given over to the presentation of hints, answers or referen

Author: Walter Rudin

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780070619883

Category: Functional analysis

Page: 424

View: 2712

Author: Paulo Ney de Souza,Jorge-Nuno Silva

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387204291

Category: Mathematics

Page: 593

View: 7530

This book collects approximately nine hundred problems that have appeared on the preliminary exams in Berkeley over the last twenty years. It is an invaluable source of problems and solutions. Readers who work through this book will develop problem solving skills in such areas as real analysis, multivariable calculus, differential equations, metric spaces, complex analysis, algebra, and linear algebra.

*Based on the lectures of Professor V.I. Arnold*

Author: V.B. Alekseev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402021879

Category: Mathematics

Page: 270

View: 6162

Do formulas exist for the solution to algebraical equations in one variable of any degree like the formulas for quadratic equations? The main aim of this book is to give new geometrical proof of Abel's theorem, as proposed by Professor V.I. Arnold. The theorem states that for general algebraical equations of a degree higher than 4, there are no formulas representing roots of these equations in terms of coefficients with only arithmetic operations and radicals. A secondary, and more important aim of this book, is to acquaint the reader with two very important branches of modern mathematics: group theory and theory of functions of a complex variable. This book also has the added bonus of an extensive appendix devoted to the differential Galois theory, written by Professor A.G. Khovanskii. As this text has been written assuming no specialist prior knowledge and is composed of definitions, examples, problems and solutions, it is suitable for self-study or teaching students of mathematics, from high school to graduate.

*An Introduction*

Author: Andrew Browder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461207150

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 2407

Among the traditional purposes of such an introductory course is the training of a student in the conventions of pure mathematics: acquiring a feeling for what is considered a proof, and supplying literate written arguments to support mathematical propositions. To this extent, more than one proof is included for a theorem - where this is considered beneficial - so as to stimulate the students' reasoning for alternate approaches and ideas. The second half of this book, and consequently the second semester, covers differentiation and integration, as well as the connection between these concepts, as displayed in the general theorem of Stokes. Also included are some beautiful applications of this theory, such as Brouwer's fixed point theorem, and the Dirichlet principle for harmonic functions. Throughout, reference is made to earlier sections, so as to reinforce the main ideas by repetition. Unique in its applications to some topics not usually covered at this level.

Author: J. Aczel,Hansjorg Oser

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486445232

Category: Mathematics

Page: 510

View: 3976

Numerous detailed proofs highlight this treatment of functional equations. Starting with equations that can be solved by simple substitutions, the book then moves to equations with several unknown functions and methods of reduction to differential and integral equations. Also includes composite equations, equations with several unknown functions of several variables, vector and matrix equations, more. 1966 edition.

Author: Lev Izrailevich Volkovyski?,Grigori? L?vovich Lunt?s?,Isaak Genrikhovich Aramanovich,J. Berry,T. Kovari

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486669130

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 2625

Over 1500 problems on theory of functions of the complex variable; coverage of nearly every branch of classical function theory. Topics include conformal mappings, integrals and power series, Laurent series, parametric integrals, integrals of the Cauchy type, analytic continuation, Riemann surfaces, much more. Answers and solutions at end of text. Bibliographical references. 1965 edition.

Author: Tosio Kato

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662126788

Category: Mathematics

Page: 592

View: 5969

Author: A. A. Sveshnikov

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486137562

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 2480

Approximately 1,000 problems — with answers and solutions included at the back of the book — illustrate such topics as random events, random variables, limit theorems, Markov processes, and much more.