Sourcebook of Parallel Computing

Author: J. J. Dongarra,Ian Foster,Geoffrey Fox,Ken Kennedy,Linda Torczon

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Pub

ISBN: 9781558608719

Category: Computers

Page: 842

View: 7605

Parallel Computing is a compelling vision of how computation can seamlessly scale from a single processor to virtually limitless computing power. Unfortunately, the scaling of application performance has not matched peak speed, and the programming burden for these machines remains heavy. This book represents the collected knowledge and experience of over 30 leading parallel computing researchers. They offer readers a complete sourcebook with solid coverage of parallel comuting hardware, programming considerations, algorithms, software and enabling technologies, as well as several parallel application case studies. (Midwest).

Parallel Computer Architecture

A Hardware/software Approach

Author: David E. Culler,Jaswinder Pal Singh,Anoop Gupta

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 1558603433

Category: Computers

Page: 1025

View: 1644

This book outlines a set of issues that are critical to all of parallel architecture--communication latency, communication bandwidth, and coordination of cooperative work (across modern designs). It describes the set of techniques available in hardware and in software to address each issues and explore how the various techniques interact.

Parallel Computing Works!

Author: Geoffrey C. Fox,Roy D. Williams,Guiseppe C. Messina

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080513514

Category: Computers

Page: 977

View: 8654

A clear illustration of how parallel computers can be successfully applied to large-scale scientific computations. This book demonstrates how a variety of applications in physics, biology, mathematics and other sciences were implemented on real parallel computers to produce new scientific results. It investigates issues of fine-grained parallelism relevant for future supercomputers with particular emphasis on hypercube architecture. The authors describe how they used an experimental approach to configure different massively parallel machines, design and implement basic system software, and develop algorithms for frequently used mathematical computations. They also devise performance models, measure the performance characteristics of several computers, and create a high-performance computing facility based exclusively on parallel computers. By addressing all issues involved in scientific problem solving, Parallel Computing Works! provides valuable insight into computational science for large-scale parallel architectures. For those in the sciences, the findings reveal the usefulness of an important experimental tool. Anyone in supercomputing and related computational fields will gain a new perspective on the potential contributions of parallelism. Includes over 30 full-color illustrations.

Computer Architecture

A Quantitative Approach

Author: John L. Hennessy,David A. Patterson

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128119063

Category: Computers

Page: 936

View: 3313

Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, Sixth Edition has been considered essential reading by instructors, students and practitioners of computer design for over 20 years. The sixth edition of this classic textbook is fully revised with the latest developments in processor and system architecture. It now features examples from the RISC-V (RISC Five) instruction set architecture, a modern RISC instruction set developed and designed to be a free and openly adoptable standard. It also includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures and an updated chapter on warehouse-scale computing that features the first public information on Google's newest WSC. True to its original mission of demystifying computer architecture, this edition continues the longstanding tradition of focusing on areas where the most exciting computing innovation is happening, while always keeping an emphasis on good engineering design. Includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures, explaining how they are the only path forward for improved performance and energy efficiency given the end of Moore’s Law and Dennard scaling Features the first publication of several DSAs from industry Features extensive updates to the chapter on warehouse-scale computing, with the first public information on the newest Google WSC Offers updates to other chapters including new material dealing with the use of stacked DRAM; data on the performance of new NVIDIA Pascal GPU vs. new AVX-512 Intel Skylake CPU; and extensive additions to content covering multicore architecture and organization Includes "Putting It All Together" sections near the end of every chapter, providing real-world technology examples that demonstrate the principles covered in each chapter Includes review appendices in the printed text and additional reference appendices available online Includes updated and improved case studies and exercises


Extensible 3D Graphics for Web Authors

Author: Don Brutzman,Leonard Daly

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080489885

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 1243

In the early days of the Web a need was recognized for a language to display 3D objects through a browser. An HTML-like language, VRML, was proposed in 1994 and became the standard for describing interactive 3D objects and worlds on the Web. 3D Web courses were started, several best-selling books were published, and VRML continues to be used today. However VRML, because it was based on HTML, is a stodgy language that is not easy to incorporate with other applications and has been difficult to add features to. Meanwhile, applications for interactive 3D graphics have been exploding in areas such as medicine, science, industry, and entertainment. There is a strong need for a set of modern Web-based technologies, applied within a standard extensible framework, to enable a new generation of modeling & simulation applications to emerge, develop, and interoperate. X3D is the next generation open standard for 3D on the web. It is the result of several years of development by the Web 3D Consortium's X3D Task Group. Instead of a large monolithic specification (like VRML), which requires full adoption for compliance, X3D is a component-based architecture that can support applications ranging from a simple non-interactive animation to the latest streaming or rendering applications. X3D replaces VRML, but also provides compatibility with existing VRML content and browsers. Don Brutzman organized the first symposium on VRML and is playing a similar role with X3D; he is a founding member of the consortium. Len Daly is a professional member of the consortium and both Len and Don have been involved with the development of the standard from the start. The first book on the new way to present interactive 3D content over the Web, written by two of the designers of the standard Plentiful illustrations and screen shots in the full color text Companion website with extensive content, including the X3D specification, sample code and applications, content creation tools, and demos of compatible Web browsers

High-Performance Computing Infrastructure for South East Europe's Research Communities

Results of the HP-SEE User Forum 2012

Author: Mihnea Dulea,Aneta Karaivanova,Anastasis Oulas,Ioannis Liabotis,Danica Stojiljkovic,Ognjen Prnjat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319015206

Category: Computers

Page: 171

View: 4141

This book is a collection of carefully reviewed papers presented during the HP-SEE User Forum, the meeting of the High-Performance Computing Infrastructure for South East Europe’s (HP-SEE) Research Communities, held in October 17-19, 2012, in Belgrade, Serbia. HP-SEE aims at supporting and integrating regional HPC infrastructures; implementing solutions for HPC in the region; and making HPC resources available to research communities in SEE, region, which are working in a number of scientific fields with specific needs for massively parallel execution on powerful computing resources. HP-SEE brings together research communities and HPC operators from 14 different countries and enables them to share HPC facilities, software, tools, data and research results, thus fostering collaboration and strengthening the regional and national human network; the project specifically supports research groups in the areas of computational physics, computational chemistry and the life sciences. The contributions presented in this book are organized in four main sections: computational physics; computational chemistry; the life sciences; and scientific computing and HPC operations.

Distributed and Cloud Computing

From Parallel Processing to the Internet of Things

Author: Kai Hwang,Jack Dongarra,Geoffrey C. Fox

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128002042

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 1780

Distributed and Cloud Computing: From Parallel Processing to the Internet of Things offers complete coverage of modern distributed computing technology including clusters, the grid, service-oriented architecture, massively parallel processors, peer-to-peer networking, and cloud computing. It is the first modern, up-to-date distributed systems textbook; it explains how to create high-performance, scalable, reliable systems, exposing the design principles, architecture, and innovative applications of parallel, distributed, and cloud computing systems. Topics covered by this book include: facilitating management, debugging, migration, and disaster recovery through virtualization; clustered systems for research or ecommerce applications; designing systems as web services; and social networking systems using peer-to-peer computing. The principles of cloud computing are discussed using examples from open-source and commercial applications, along with case studies from the leading distributed computing vendors such as Amazon, Microsoft, and Google. Each chapter includes exercises and further reading, with lecture slides and more available online. This book will be ideal for students taking a distributed systems or distributed computing class, as well as for professional system designers and engineers looking for a reference to the latest distributed technologies including cloud, P2P and grid computing. Complete coverage of modern distributed computing technology including clusters, the grid, service-oriented architecture, massively parallel processors, peer-to-peer networking, and cloud computing Includes case studies from the leading distributed computing vendors: Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and more Explains how to use virtualization to facilitate management, debugging, migration, and disaster recovery Designed for undergraduate or graduate students taking a distributed systems course—each chapter includes exercises and further reading, with lecture slides and more available online

Object-oriented Neural Networks in C++

Author: Joey Rogers

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9780125931151

Category: Computers

Page: 310

View: 6432

This book/disk package provides the reader with a foundation from which any neural network architecture can be constructed. The author has employed object-oriented design and object-oriented programming concepts to develop a set of foundation neural network classes, and shows how these classes can be used to implement a variety of neural network architecture with a great deal of ease and flexibility.

Practical MEMS

Author: Ville Kaajakari

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780982299104

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 478

View: 3032

Practical MEMS focuses on analyzing the operational principles of microsystems. The salient features of the book include: Tutorial approach. The book emphasizes the design and analysis through over 100 calculated examples covering all aspects of MEMS design. Emphasis on design. This book focuses on the microdevice operation. First, the physical operation principles are covered. Second, the design equations are derived and exemplified. Practical MEMS is a perfect companion to MEMS fabrication textbooks. Quantitative performance analysis. The critical performance parameters for the given application are identified and analyzed. For example, the noise and power performance of piezoresistive and capacitive accelerometers is analyzed in detail. Mechanical, resistive (thermal and 1/f-noise), and circuit noise analysis is covered. Application specifications. Different MEMS applications are compared to commercial design requirements. For example, the optical MEMS is analyzed in the context of bar code scanner, projection displays, and optical cross connect specifications. MEMS economics and market analysis. A full chapter is devoted to yield and cost analysis of microfabricated devices. In addition, the market economics for emerging applications such as RF MEMS is discussed.

An Introduction to Parallel Programming

Author: Peter Pacheco

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080921440

Category: Computers

Page: 392

View: 2236

An Introduction to Parallel Programming is the first undergraduate text to directly address compiling and running parallel programs on the new multi-core and cluster architecture. It explains how to design, debug, and evaluate the performance of distributed and shared-memory programs. The author Peter Pacheco uses a tutorial approach to show students how to develop effective parallel programs with MPI, Pthreads, and OpenMP, starting with small programming examples and building progressively to more challenging ones. The text is written for students in undergraduate parallel programming or parallel computing courses designed for the computer science major or as a service course to other departments; professionals with no background in parallel computing. Takes a tutorial approach, starting with small programming examples and building progressively to more challenging examples Focuses on designing, debugging and evaluating the performance of distributed and shared-memory programs Explains how to develop parallel programs using MPI, Pthreads, and OpenMP programming models

The Whale and the Reactor

A Search for Limits in an Age of High Technology

Author: Langdon Winner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226902098

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 214

View: 1733

"The questions he poses about the relationship between technical change and political power are pressing ones that can no longer be ignored, and identifying them is perhaps the most a nascent 'philosophy of technology' can expect to achieve at the present time."—David Dickson, New York Times Book Review "The Whale and the Reactor is the philosopher's equivalent of superb public history. In its pages an analytically trained mind confronts some of the most pressing political issues of our day."—Ruth Schwartz Cowan, Isis

How Video Works

Author: Marcus Weise,Diana Weynand

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 113606981X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 320

View: 4291

How Video Works has been a bible for professionals in the video world since 1985. It offers easy to understand explanations of the entire world of video. A complete guide from analog video to all the new digital technologies, including HD, compression, and encoding. This book is a must-have for any broadcast or video production department. It is also perfect for the new video technician or non-tech creative professional who is just beginning to discover the digital world. Update your library with the brand new version of an industry standard.

Genetic Programming

6th European Conference, EuroGP 2003, Essex, UK, April 14-16, 2003. Proceedings

Author: Conor Ryan,Terence Soule,Riccardo Poli,Edward Tsang,Maarten Keijzer,Ernesto Costa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540365990

Category: Computers

Page: 492

View: 4136

In this volume we present the accepted contributions to the Sixth European Conference on Genetic Programming (EuroGP 2003) which took place at the University of Essex, UK on 14-16 April 2003. EuroGP is now a well-established conference and, without any doubt, the most important international event - voted to Genetic Programming occurring in Europe. The proceedings have all been published by Springer-Verlag in the LNCS series. EuroGP began as an - ternational workshop in Paris, France in 1998 (14–15 April, LNCS 1391). Sub- quently the workshop was held in G ̈ oteborg, Sweden in 1999 (26–27 May, LNCS 1598) and then EuroGP became an annual conference: in 2000 in Edinburgh, UK (15–16 April, LNCS 1802), in 2001 in Lake Como, Italy (18–19 April, LNCS 2038) and in 2002 in Kinsale, Ireland (3–5 April, LNCS 2278). From the outset, there have always been specialized workshops, co-located with EuroGP, focusing on applications of evolutionary algorithms (LNCS 1468, 1596, 1803, 2037, and 2279). This year was no exception and EvoWorkshops 2003, incorporating Evo- BIO, EvoCOP, EvoIASP, EvoMUSART, EvoSTIM and EvoROB, took place at the University of Essex (LNCS 2611). Genetic Programming (GP) is that part of Evolutionary Computation which solves particular complex problems or tasks by evolving and adapting popu- tions of computer programs, using Darwinian evolution and Mendelian genetics as a source of inspiration.

Algorithms for Visual Design Using the Processing Language

Author: Kostas Terzidis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470503181

Category: Computers

Page: 500

View: 9286

As the first book to share the necessary algorithms for creating code to experiment with design problems in the processing language, this book offers a series of generic procedures that can function as building blocks and encourages you to then use those building blocks to experiment, explore, and channel your thoughts, ideas, and principles into potential solutions. The book covers such topics as structured shapes, solid geometry, networking and databases, physical computing, image processing, graphic user interfaces, and more.

Returning Home from Iraq and Afghanistan

Preliminary Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Veterans, Service Members, and Their Families

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on the Initial Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Military Personnel, Veterans, and Their Families

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309152853

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 1355

Nearly 1.9 million U.S. troops have been deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq since October 2001. Many service members and veterans face serious challenges in readjusting to normal life after returning home. This initial book presents findings on the most critical challenges, and lays out the blueprint for the second phase of the study to determine how best to meet the needs of returning troops and their families.

Numerical Methods for Unconstrained Optimization and Nonlinear Equations

Author: J. E. Dennis, Jr.,Robert B. Schnabel

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9781611971200

Category: Equations

Page: 378

View: 3486

This book has become the standard for a complete, state-of-the-art description of the methods for unconstrained optimization and systems of nonlinear equations. Originally published in 1983, it provides information needed to understand both the theory and the practice of these methods and provides pseudocode for the problems. The algorithms covered are all based on Newton's method or "quasi-Newton" methods, and the heart of the book is the material on computational methods for multidimensional unconstrained optimization and nonlinear equation problems. The republication of this book by SIAM is driven by a continuing demand for specific and sound advice on how to solve real problems. The level of presentation is consistent throughout, with a good mix of examples and theory, making it a valuable text at both the graduate and undergraduate level. It has been praised as excellent for courses with approximately the same name as the book title and would also be useful as a supplemental text for a nonlinear programming or a numerical analysis course. Many exercises are provided to illustrate and develop the ideas in the text. A large appendix provides a mechanism for class projects and a reference for readers who want the details of the algorithms. Practitioners may use this book for self-study and reference. For complete understanding, readers should have a background in calculus and linear algebra. The book does contain background material in multivariable calculus and numerical linear algebra.