The New Protectionism

Protecting the Future Against Free Trade

Author: Tim Lang,Colin Hines

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Free trade

Page: 184

View: 1168

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The new protectionism

the welfare state and international trade

Author: Melvyn B. Krauss,International Center for Economic Policy Studies

Publisher: International Center for Economic Policy Studies

ISBN: 9780814745717

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 119

View: 5642

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The New Protectionism

Non-Tariff Barriers and Their Effects on Canada

Author: Fred Lazar

Publisher: James Lorimer & Company

ISBN: 9780888624413

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 3860

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Written in the early 1980s against a backdrop of strengthening calls for a North American free trade agreement, this study examines the protectionist impulses masquerading as efforts to eliminate tariff barriers. In the wake of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (the GATT), the popular assumption hailed it as a victory for freer trade. Lazar demonstrates that the trend was in fact towards a new protectionism based on the erection of non-tariff barriers specifically designed to subvert the GATT. In response, he called for a Canadian industrial strategy that promoted Canadian companies and encouraged exports. The New Protectionism is a subtle analysis of the rhetoric and reality of free trade as practised in the early 1980s.

Freedom to Trade

Refuting the New Protectionism

Author: Edward L. Hudgins

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 9781882577576

Category: Free trade

Page: 88

View: 5975

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Export Dependence versus the New Protectionism

Constraints on Trade Policy in the Industrial World

Author: Glenn Randall Fong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351395785

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 5227

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In an international political economy characterised both by constancy and change, this study, first published in 1996, links together one seemingly incongruous continuity in international trade relations with an increasingly dramatic development in the economies of industrial countries. On the one hand, industrialised countries have become progressively dependent upon one another. On the other hand, the liberal international trade regime has yet to falter. These two points are tied together by seeking to explain the maintenance of liberal trade relations in terms of the mutual economic dependence of industrial countries. In particular, the study examines what may be a fundamental constraint on trade protectionism today: the reliance of industrialised countries on external trade relations, and especially on markets within the industrial world.

The New Protectionist Wave

Author: Enrico Sassoond

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349110647

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 185

View: 2755

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The book reviews protectionist practices in the United States, the European Community and Japan. It assesses their causes and effects. In coverage, depth of analysis and vantage point this is a unique study of the new protectionist trends that began in the 1970s and continued into the 1980s. Multilateralism in trade relations is now seriously threatened by the deviant behaviour of the industrial nations, the would-be pillars of the world trading system set up after World War II. The new protectionism exerts strong pressures on the weaker components of the trading system: the developing nations. Born as an intra developed countries' affair, the new protectionism has in fact shifted its focus on developing countries, threatening the newly found outward orientation of many and making more difficult for all to retain the benefits of export trade.

The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries

Beyond the Uruguay Round

Author: Mr. Douglas A. Irwin

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 146392058X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 26

View: 1584

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This paper presents a broad overview of trade protection in industrial countries from the 1970s to the present. The emphasis of such measures has shifted from the protection of agriculture and basic manufacturing industries, where many industrial countries had lost (or never had) comparative advantage in the 1970s and 1980s, toward the protection and promotion of high-technology sectors in recent years. The new forms of protection--particularly subsidies and antidumping rules--have not necessarily contravened GATT rules, arid the Uruguay Round fell short of reigning in such interventions. While these more recent trade interventions might in principle have an economic justification under certain conditions, theoretical, empirical, and practical considerations call for great skepticism about the desirability and efficacy of such policies. The next challenge for world trade negotiators is to contain the pressures for intervention in these areas. This is a Paper on Policy Analysis and Assessment and the author(s) would welcome any comments on the present text. Citations should refer to a Paper on Policy Analysis and Assessment of the International Monetary Fund, mentioning the author(s) and the date of issuance. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the Fund.

Export Restraint and the New Protectionism

The Political Economy of Discriminatory Trade Restrictions

Author: Kent Albert Jones

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 227

View: 404

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A study of an important recent device used to restrict international trade.

The New Protectionism

Author: J. A. Hobson

Publisher: BiblioBazaar, LLC

ISBN: 9781116049220

Category: History

Page: 174

View: 9889

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This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.

Peddling Protectionism

Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression

Author: Douglas A. Irwin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400888425

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 3246

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The Smoot-Hawley tariff of 1930, which raised U.S. duties on hundreds of imported goods to record levels, is America's most infamous trade law. It is often associated with--and sometimes blamed for--the onset of the Great Depression, the collapse of world trade, and the global spread of protectionism in the 1930s. Even today, the ghosts of congressmen Reed Smoot and Willis Hawley haunt anyone arguing for higher trade barriers; almost single-handedly, they made protectionism an insult rather than a compliment. In Peddling Protectionism, Douglas Irwin provides the first comprehensive history of the causes and effects of this notorious measure, explaining why it largely deserves its reputation for combining bad politics and bad economics and harming the U.S. and world economies during the Depression. In four brief, clear chapters, Irwin presents an authoritative account of the politics behind Smoot-Hawley, its economic consequences, the foreign reaction it provoked, and its aftermath and legacy. Starting as a Republican ploy to win the farm vote in the 1928 election by increasing duties on agricultural imports, the tariff quickly grew into a logrolling, pork barrel free-for-all in which duties were increased all around, regardless of the interests of consumers and exporters. After Herbert Hoover signed the bill, U.S. imports fell sharply and other countries retaliated by increasing tariffs on American goods, leading U.S. exports to shrivel as well. While Smoot-Hawley was hardly responsible for the Great Depression, Irwin argues, it contributed to a decline in world trade and provoked discrimination against U.S. exports that lasted decades. Featuring a new preface by the author, Peddling Protectionism tells a fascinating story filled with valuable lessons for trade policy today.

Free Trade, 'fairness' and the New Protectionism

Reflections on an Agenda for the World Trade Organisation

Author: Jagdish N. Bhagwati

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780255363464

Category: Commercial policy

Page: 43

View: 3213

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CONTENTS: Introduction; The WTO: The Main Agenda; Regionalism Versus Multilateralism or FTAs Versus FT; The WTO: Architecture, Not Engineering.