The Meaning of Culture

Author: John Cowper Powys

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780571272990

Category: Civilization

Page: 320

View: 8980

John Cowper Powys could never be straightforward or orthodox but here he sets off with a useful purpose. ‘The aim of this book,’ he declares, ‘is to narrow down a vague and somewhat evasive conception, which hitherto, like ‘’aristocracy’’ or ‘’liberty’’, has come to imply a number of contradictory and even paradoxical elements, and to give it, not, of course, a purely logical form, but a concrete, particular, recognizable form, malleable and yielding enough and relative enough, but with a definite and quite unambiguous temper, tone, quality, atmosphere, of its own.’ The book is in two parts: Analysis of Culture which deals with, in separate chapters, Philosophy, Literature, Poetry, Painting and Religion: Application of Culture which covers Happiness, Love, Nature, The Art of Reading, Human Relations, Destiny and Obstacles to Culture.John Cowper Powys hoped ‘that the fine word ‘’culture’’ . . . might lend itself to an easy, humane and liberal discussion – a sort of one-man Platonic symposium – and even turn out to contain, among its various implications, no unworthy clue to the narrow path of the wise upon earth.’ He succeeds completely, in his own idiosyncratic way, in achieving that.‘Mr Powys is to be congratulated on having written a book of the kind that most needs writing and most deserves to be read . . . Here in a dozen chapters of glowing and eloquent prose, Mr Powys describes for very reader that citadel which is himself, and explains to him how it may be strengthened and upheld and on what terms it is most worth upholding. . .’ Manchester Guardian

The Meaning of Culture

Moving the Postmodern Critique Forward

Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275961244

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8167

In review of the major theoretical approaches to culture, Allan argues that the structure of culture has been overemphasized and affect-meaning neglected. This approach to studying culture has as its basis the social construction of meaning and reality and emphasizes micro-level processes and emotion.

Meaning in Culture

Author: F. Allan Hanson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136540814

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 804

Meaning in Culture discusses the question of whether 'culture' refers to some superorganic entity that exists in its own right, or is only convenient short-hand for the shared beliefs and behaviour of human individuals. It also investigates the problem of relativism and explores the question of whether anthropology and the other social sciences are really scientific. First published in 1975.

The Meanings of Social Life

A Cultural Sociology

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195306406

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 6749

Presents an approach to how culture works in societies. Exposing our everyday myths and narratives in a series of empirical studies that range from Watergate to the Holocaust, this work shows how these unseen cultural structures translate into concrete actions and institutions.

Secure Lives

The Meaning and Importance of Culture in Secure Hospital Care

Author: Annie Bartlett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199640920

Category: Forensic psychiatry

Page: 384

View: 2549

Though institutional care for people suffering from mental illness was phased out in the last century, mentally disordered offenders remain the exception to this rule. The numbers detained in medium secure care have increased and new initiatives in high secure care have created specialist facilities for individuals thought to be particularly dangerous to other people. This means that the nature of institutional life, and in particular the balance between continuing detention for its own sake and care and treatment designed to allow for discharge to a more normal life in the community, should continue to pre-occupy us. Secure Lives is a unique study of life in a high security hospital, based on original research material obtained in the mid 1990s. Compelling personal accounts from staff and patients, as well as case study material, illustrate the complex culture of a high security hospital. The book explores the complex relationship that exists between staff and patients, the social hierarchy, and life amongst potentially dangerous and mentally ill individuals. Though there are many texts on forensic psychiatry in practice, this book provides a first-hand account of life in an environment never seen by those outside its walls.

Whiteness Visible

The Meaning of Whiteness in American Literature and Culture

Author: Valerie M. Babb

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814713122

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 227

View: 5672

View the Table of Contents. Read theIntroduction. The second amendment is the most hotly debated and controversial right in the Constitution. In light of the recent surge of school shootings and other gun-related crimes, gun policy has become one of our leading national concerns, affecting politicians, gun manufacturers, sport shooters, and ordinary citizens alike. Showcasing viewpoints from all sides of the gun control debate, Gun Control and Gun Rights, presents the first balanced gun policy textbook for use by undergraduates, graduate students, law students and the general public. This comprehensive anthology includes selections from legal cases, hunting stories, public policy briefs and journalistic accounts. Anyone looking for a fair, even-handed account of the gun issue will find it in this book.

The Meaning of Race

Race, History and Culture in Western Society

Author: Kenan Malik

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814755526

Category: Law

Page: 323

View: 7723

Why do people commit crimes? How do we control crime? The theories thatcriminologists use to answer these questions are built on a number ofunderlying assumptions, including those about the nature of crime, freewill, human nature, and society. These assumptions have a fundamentalimpact on criminology: they largely determine what criminologists study,the causes they examine, the control strategies they recommend, and howthey test their theories and evaluate crime-control strategies. InToward a Unified Criminology, noted criminologist Robert Agnewprovides a critical examination of these assumptions, drawing on a rangeof research and perspectives to argue that these assumptions are toorestrictive, unduly limiting the types of "crime" that are explored, thecauses that are considered, and the methods of data collection andanalysis that are employed. As such, they undermine our ability toexplain and control crime. Agnew then proposes an alternative set ofassumptions, drawing heavily on both mainstream and critical theories ofcriminology, with the goal of laying the foundation for a unifiedcriminology that is better able to explain a broader range of crimes.

The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5664

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Cross-Cultural Analysis

The Science and Art of Comparing the World's Modern Societies and Their Cultures

Author: Michael Minkov

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452278857

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 4109

Cross-Cultural Analysis is the sequel to Culture's Consequences, the classic work published by Geert Hofstede, one of the most influential management thinkers in today's times. Hofstede's original work introduced a new research paradigm in cross-cultural analysis: studying cultural differences through nation-level dimensions (complex variables defined by intercorrelated items). This paradigm has been subsequently used by hundreds of prominent scholars all over the world and has produced solid results. This new text takes the next step: It critically examines in one comprehensive volume the current, prevalent approaches to cross-cultural analysis at the level of nations that have been developed since Hofstede's work, offering students and researchers the theoretical and practical advantages and potential pitfalls of each method. The book is structured into four distinct parts. Parts I and II focus on the main theoretical and statistical issues in cross-cultural analysis using Hofstede's approach and the different research methods now associated with it. Part II consists of presentations of all well-known (and some lesser known) large-scale cross-cultural studies since Hofstede's work that have explained cross-cultural variation in terms of dimensional models. Part III summarizes the main conclusions to be drawn from the presentations in Part II and l explains how the proposed models have contributed to our practical understanding of cross-cultural diversity.

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Author: Merriam-Webster

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780877792956


Page: 960

View: 871

Based on Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition 70,000 definitions 2,000 new words Expanded back matter sections: Confused and Misused Words English Word Roots - Great for preparing standardized tests Irregular English Verbs - Great for ESL Basic English Grammar Handbook of Style, including Documentation of Sources Guide to Common Verb Collocations - Essential for ESL NEW: An Overview of the Internet

The Meaning of the Library

A Cultural History

Author: Alice Crawford

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691175748

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 8178

"Tracing what the library has meant since its beginning, examining how its significance has shifted, and pondering its importance in the twenty-first century, significant contributors--including the librarian of the Congress and the former executive director of the HathiTrust--present a cultural history of the library"--Dust jacket flap.


Meaning and Culture

Author: Anna Wierzbicka

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198038976

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 533

It is widely accepted that English is the first truly global language and lingua franca. Anna Wierzbicka, the distinguished linguist known for her theories of semantics, has written the first book that connects the English language with what she terms "Anglo" culture. Wierzbicka points out that language and culture are not just interconnected, but inseparable. She uses original research to investigate the "universe of meaning" within the English language (both grammar and vocabulary) and places it in historical and geographical perspective. This engrossing and fascinating work of scholarship should appeal not only to linguists and others concerned with language and culture, but the large group of scholars studying English and English as a second language.

Writing Off the Beaten Track

Reflections on the Meaning of Travel and Culture in the Middle East

Author: Judith Caesar

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815629573

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 1008

"Writing Off the Beaten Track will be vastly useful to teachers of Middle East studies and those who have contact with non-Western students. Readers interested in the region and travel aficionados will find it an enlightening and highly original read."--Jacket.

The Meaning and Culture of Grand Theft Auto

Critical Essays

Author: Nate Garrelts

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786483482

Category: Games

Page: 264

View: 2127

The immensely popular Grand Theft Auto game series has inspired a range of reactions among players and commentators, and a hot debate in the popular media. These essays from diverse theoretical perspectives expand the discussion by focusing scholarly analysis on the games, particularly Grand Theft Auto III (GTA3), Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (GTA:VC), and Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (GTA:SA). Part One of the book discusses the fears, lawsuits, legislative proposals, and other public reactions to Grand Theft Auto, detailing the conflict between the developers of adult oriented games and various new forms of censorship. Depictions of race and violence, the pleasure of the carnivalistic gameplay, and the significance of sociopolitical satire in the series are all important elements in this controversy. It is argued that the general perception of digital changed fundamentally following the release of Grand Theft Auto III. The second section of the book approaches the games as they might be studied absent of the controversy. These essays study why and how players meaningfully play Grand Theft Auto games, reflecting on the elements of daily life that are represented in the games. They discuss the connection between game space and real space and the many ways that players mediate the symbols in a game with their minds, computers, and controllers.

Culture in School Learning

Revealing the Deep Meaning

Author: Etta R. Hollins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317802071

Category: Education

Page: 252

View: 1352

Challenging educators to better understand themselves and their students, this text presents a powerful process for developing a teaching perspective that embraces the centrality of culture in school learning. The six-part process covers examining culture, personalizing culture, inquiring about students' cultures and communities, applying knowledge about culture to teaching, formulating theory or a conceptual framework linking culture and school learning, and transforming professional practice to better meet the needs of students from different cultural and experiential backgrounds. All aspects of the process are interrelated and interdependent. Two basic procedures employed in this process are presented: constructing an operational definition of culture that reveals its deep meaning in cognition and learning, and applying the reflective-interpretive-inquiry (RIQ) approach to making linkages between students' cultural and experiential backgrounds and classroom instruction. Pedagogical features in each chapter include Focus Questions; Chapter Summaries; Suggested Learning Experiences, Critical Reading lists. A Companion Website, new for the Third Edition (, provides additional student resources.

Inverse Images

The Meaning of Culture, Ethnicity, and Family in Postcolonial Guatemala

Author: John Hawkins

Publisher: Albuquerque : University of New Mexico Press


Category: Ethnicity

Page: 470

View: 4313


Presidents in Culture

The Meaning of Presidential Communication

Author: David Ryfe

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820474564

Category: History

Page: 249

View: 7633

Whether writing from the perspective of rhetoric or political science, scholars of presidential communication often assume that the ultimate meaning of presidential rhetoric lies in whether it achieves policy success. In this book, David Michael Ryfe argues that although presidential rhetoric has many meanings, one of the most important is how it rhetorically constructs the practice of presidential communication itself. Drawing upon an examination of presidential rhetoric in the twentieth century - from Theodore Roosevelt to Franklin D. Roosevelt, from Ronald Reagan to Bill Clinton - Ryfe surveys the shifting meaning of presidential communication. In doing so, he reveals that the so-called public or rhetorical presidency is not one fixed entity, but rather a continuously negotiated discursive construct.