The Life and Scientific Legacy of George Porter

Author: David Phillips,James Barber

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1908979836

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 652

View: 960

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Sir George Porter (Lord Porter of Luddenham) was one of the most highly regarded and well known scientists in Britain. He was appointed Director of the Royal Institution in 1966, awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1967, and was the only Director of the Royal Institution to later become President of the Royal Society (1985-1990). Porter had a marvellous gift for communicating his infectious enthusiasm for science, and as President of the Royal Society, he worked hard to improve the status of science, and employed his communication skills ably in the defence of British science under attack from inadequate government funding, of which he was fiercely critical. It was for his work on flash photolysis in Cambridge that ultimately led him to win the Nobel Prize. Together with Ronald Norrish and Manfred Eigen, he shared the 1967 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, for their work on techniques for observing and studying extremely fast chemical reactions during the processes of combustion, explosion and chain reaction. In this volume, his peers, former colleagues, students and friends — themselves highly regarded and well known scientists in their own right — come together to honour and celebrate the enormous contributions of this man. They comment on their respective personal and working relationships with Porter and on his work. The contributors include Mary Archer (University of Cambridge, UK), James Barber (Imperial College London, UK), Godfrey Beddard (University of Leeds, UK), Graham Fleming (University California, Berkeley, USA), Michael George (University of Nottingham, UK), Anthony Harriman (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK), David Klug (Imperial College London, UK), Harry Kroto (University of Sussex, UK), Edward Land (Keele University, UK), A J MacRobert (University of College London, UK), David Phillips (Imperial College London, UK), Martyn Poliakoff (University of Nottingham, UK), F Sherwood Rowland (University of California, Irvine, USA), Brian Thrush (University of Cambridge, UK), George Truscott (Keele University, UK), James Turner (University of Nottingham, UK), Barry Ward (UK), Frank Wilkinson (Loughborough University of Technology, UK), Keitaro Yoshihara (Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan), and Ahmed Zewail (California Institute of Technology, USA). Contents:Contribution from Graham R FlemingContribution from Brian Arthur ThrushContribution from Ahmed ZewailContribution from Harry Kroto and Barry WardContribution from F Sherwood RowlandContribution from Frank WilkinsonContribution from George Truscott and Edward LandContribution from David PhillipsContribution from Alexander J MacrobertContribution from Martyn Poliakoff, Michael George and James TurnerContribution from David R KlugContribution from James BarberContribution from Godfrey BeddardContribution from Keitaro YoshiharaContribution from Mary ArcherContribution from Anthony HarrimanContribution from David Phillips Readership: Historians of science and chemistry researchers. Keywords:George Porter;Flash Photolysis;PhotochemistryKey Features:Includes commentaries from well-known scientists such as Nobel Laureates Harry Kroto, F Sherwood Rowland, and Ahmed ZewailReviews:“This book will be of interest to his colleagues and contemporaries in physical chemistry, and indirectly to historians via the first-hand attributions of Porter's influence. Between the lines, this book is a catalogue of the credentials of the great and the good of two generations in British chemistry.”AMBIX

Applying Maths in the Chemical and Biomolecular Sciences

An Example-based Approach

Author: Godfrey Beddard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199230919

Category: Mathematics

Page: 786

View: 3899

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Applying Maths in the Chemical and Biomolecular Sciences uses an extensive array of examples to demonstrate how mathematics is applied to probe and understand chemical and biological systems. It also embeds the use of software, showing how the application of maths and use of software now go hand-in-hand.

Carotenoids

Physical, Chemical, and Biological Functions and Properties

Author: John T. Landrum

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420052312

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 8546

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Carotenoids are of great interest due to their essential biological functions in both plants and animals. However, the properties and functions of carotenoids in natural systems are surprisingly complex. With an emphasis on the chemical aspects of these compounds, Carotenoids: Physical, Chemical, and Biological Functions and Properties presents a broad overview and recent developments with respect to understanding carotenoid structure, electronic and photochemical properties, and the use of novel analytical methods in the detection and characterization of carotenoids and their actions. The text also explores LC/MS and LC/MS/MS techniques as well as new applications of PCR and molecular biology methodologies.

Photosystem II

The Light-Driven Water:Plastoquinone Oxidoreductase

Author: T. Wydrzynski,Kimiyuki Satoh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140204254X

Category: Science

Page: 786

View: 5616

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The most mysterious part of photosynthesis yet the most important for all aerobic life on Earth (including ourselves) is how green plants, algae and cyanobacteria make atmospheric oxygen from water. This thermodynamically difficult process is only achieved in Nature by the unique pigment/protein complex known as Photosystem II, using sunlight to power the reaction. The present volume contains 34 comprehensive chapters authored by 75 scientific experts from around the world. It gives an up-to-date account on all what is currently known about the molecular biology, biochemistry, biophysics and physiology of Photosystem II. The book is divided into several parts detailing the protein constituents, functional sites, tertiary structure, molecular dynamics, and mechanisms of homeostasis. The book ends with a comparison of Photosystem II with other related enzymes and bio-mimetic systems. Since the unique water-splitting chemistry catalyzed by Photosystem II leads to the production of pure oxygen gas and has the potential for making hydrogen gas, a primary goal of this book is to provide a molecular guide to future protein engineers and bio-mimetic chemists in the development of biocatalysts for the generation of clean, renewable energy from sunlight and water.

Adlai Stevenson

his life and legacy

Author: Porter McKeever

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 591

View: 6252

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With complete access to private and official papers, Stevenson confidant Porter McKeever has written a masterful biography 25 years after the legendary statesman's death. Stevenson's combination of eloquence, vision, sophistication, and popular appeal have few equals, and he has remained one of the last great political heroes of our time. Photos.

Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy

Author: Rodney D. Holder,Simon Mitton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642322549

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 8500

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The year 2011 marked the 80th anniversary of Georges Lemaître’s primeval atom model of the universe, forerunner of the modern day Big Bang theory. Prompted by this momentous anniversary the Royal Astronomical Society decided to publish a volume of essays on the life, work and faith of this great cosmologist, who was also a Roman Catholic priest. The papers presented in this book examine in detail the historical, cosmological, philosophical and theological issues surrounding the development of the Big Bang theory from its beginnings in the pioneering work of Lemaître through to the modern day. This book offers the best account in English of Lemaître’s life and work. It will be appreciated by professionals and graduate students interested in the history of cosmology.

Secret Historian

The Life and Times of Samuel Steward, Professor, Tattoo Artist, and Sexual Renegade

Author: Justin Spring

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 9781429932943

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 496

View: 350

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Drawn from the secret, never-before-seen diaries, journals, and sexual records of the novelist, poet, and university professor Samuel M. Steward, Secret Historian is a sensational reconstruction of one of the more extraordinary hidden lives of the twentieth century. An intimate friend of Gertrude Stein, Alice B. Toklas, and Thornton Wilder, Steward maintained a secret sex life from childhood on, and documented these experiences in brilliantly vivid (and often very funny) detail. After leaving the world of academe to become Phil Sparrow, a tattoo artist on Chicago's notorious South State Street, Steward worked closely with Alfred Kinsey on his landmark sex research. During the early 1960s, Steward changed his name and identity once again, this time to write exceptionally literate, upbeat pro-homosexual pornography under the name of Phil Andros. Until today he has been known only as Phil Sparrow—but an extraordinary archive of his papers, lost since his death in 1993, has provided Justin Spring with the material for an exceptionally compassionate and brilliantly illuminating life-and-times biography. More than merely the story of one remarkable man, Secret Historian is a moving portrait of homosexual life long before Stonewall and gay liberation. Secret Historian is a 2010 National Book Award Finalist for Nonfiction.

Rising from the Rails

Pullman Porters and the Making of the Black Middle Class

Author: Larry Tye

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 1466818751

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 565

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An engaging social history that reveals the critical role Pullman porters played in the struggle for African American civil rights When George Pullman began recruiting Southern blacks as porters in his luxurious new sleeping cars, the former slaves suffering under Jim Crow laws found his offer of a steady job and worldly experience irresistible. They quickly signed up to serve as maid, waiter, concierge, nanny, and occasionally doctor and undertaker to cars full of white passengers, making the Pullman Company the largest employer of African American men in the country by the 1920s. In the world of the Pullman sleeping car, where whites and blacks lived in close proximity, porters developed a unique culture marked by idiosyncratic language, railroad lore, and shared experience. They called difficult passengers "Mister Charlie"; exchanged stories about Daddy Jim, the legendary first Pullman porter; and learned to distinguish generous tippers such as Humphrey Bogart from skinflints like Babe Ruth. At the same time, they played important social, political, and economic roles, carrying jazz and blues to outlying areas, forming America's first black trade union, and acting as forerunners of the modern black middle class by virtue of their social position and income. Drawing on extensive interviews with dozens of porters and their descendants, Larry Tye reconstructs the complicated world of the Pullman porter and the vital cultural, political, and economic roles they played as forerunners of the modern black middle class. Rising from the Rails provides a lively and enlightening look at this important social phenomenon.

Southern Writers

A New Biographical Dictionary

Author: Joseph M. Flora,Amber Vogel

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 0807148555

Category: Reference

Page: 504

View: 1141

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This new edition of Southern Writers assumes its distinguished predecessor's place as the essential reference on literary artists of the American South. Broadly expanded and thoroughly revised, it boasts 604 entries-nearly double the earlier edition's-written by 264 scholars. For every figure major and minor, from the venerable and canonical to the fresh and innovative, a biographical sketch and chronological list of published works provide comprehensive, concise, up-to-date information. Here in one convenient source are the South's novelists and short story writers, poets and dramatists, memoirists and essayists, journalists, scholars, and biographers from the colonial period to the twenty-first century. What constitutes a "southern writer" is always a matter for debate. Editors Joseph M. Flora and Amber Vogel have used a generous definition that turns on having a significant connection to the region, in either a personal or literary sense. New to this volume are younger writers who have emerged in the quarter century since the dictionary's original publication, as well as older talents previously unknown or unacknowledged. For almost every writer found in the previous edition, a new biography has been commissioned. Drawn from the very best minds on southern literature and covering the full spectrum of its practitioners, Southern Writers is an indispensable reference book for anyone intrigued by the subject.

Buying a Better World

George Soros and Billionaire Philanthropy

Author: Anna Porter

Publisher: Dundurn

ISBN: 1459731050

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 7578

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The incredible, inside story of the man and the organization changing the way we change the world. George Soros is well known as the legendary speculator who made a fortune betting against the British pound in 1992, but he is also a philanthropist who has spent billions in order to promote democracy around the world. Morton Abramowitz of the Carnegie Endowment for Peace once said that Soros was “the only private citizen with his own foreign policy.” Anna Porter has interviewed Soros, his senior staff, journalists, politicians, and many others in an attempt to understand the man. Each person has a unique story to tell. Focusing on the last decade, she explores how Soros’s Open Society Foundations have spread his ideas of human rights, democracy, Western liberalism, and participatory capitalism around the globe. These are the ideas Soros has said he considers worth dying for. How have they translated into reality? What will his legacy be?

Chemistry in Microtime

Selected Writings on Flash Photolysis, Free Radicals, and the Excited State

Author: George Porter

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783262702

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 8386

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This volume contains a selection of the pioneering papers by Nobel Laureate George Porter. It outlines his work on fast reactions, occurring in times from milliseconds to femtoseconds, in photochemistry, photosynthesis and solar energy, and includes the papers which led to the award of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1967 for his work on flash photolysis. Lord Porter, President of the Royal Society from 1985 to 1990, is Chairman of the Centre for Photomolecular Sciences, Imperial College, and Emeritus Professor of Chemistry of the Royal Institution of Great Britain. This book is divided into 11 chapters, each covering an area of Lord Porter's work. Each chapter will contain an introduction by Lord Porter, a selection of his most important papers in that field and a list of his other relevant papers. Contents:Flash PhotolysisAdiabatic Flash Photolysis. Combustion and Carbon FormationAtom RecombinationThe Triplet StateAromatic Free RadicalsTrapped RadicalsMolecular Dynamics in SolutionPhotochemistry of Quinones and KetonesModels for In-Vitro PhotosynthesisPhotosynthesis In VivoFemtosecond Kinetic Studies of Photosystem 2 Readership: Scientists, in particular physical chemists and biologists.

Mathematics in Victorian Britain

Author: photographer and broadcaster Foreword by Dr Adam Hart-Davis

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191627941

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 3811

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During the Victorian era, industrial and economic growth led to a phenomenal rise in productivity and invention. That spirit of creativity and ingenuity was reflected in the massive expansion in scope and complexity of many scientific disciplines during this time, with subjects evolving rapidly and the creation of many new disciplines. The subject of mathematics was no exception and many of the advances made by mathematicians during the Victorian period are still familiar today; matrices, vectors, Boolean algebra, histograms, and standard deviation were just some of the innovations pioneered by these mathematicians. This book constitutes perhaps the first general survey of the mathematics of the Victorian period. It assembles in a single source research on the history of Victorian mathematics that would otherwise be out of the reach of the general reader. It charts the growth and institutional development of mathematics as a profession through the course of the 19th century in England, Scotland, Ireland, and across the British Empire. It then focuses on developments in specific mathematical areas, with chapters ranging from developments in pure mathematical topics (such as geometry, algebra, and logic) to Victorian work in the applied side of the subject (including statistics, calculating machines, and astronomy). Along the way, we encounter a host of mathematical scholars, some very well known (such as Charles Babbage, James Clerk Maxwell, Florence Nightingale, and Lewis Carroll), others largely forgotten, but who all contributed to the development of Victorian mathematics.

American First Ladies

Their Lives and Their Legacy

Author: Lewis L. Gould

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415930215

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 468

View: 2495

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This volume presents thirty-nine interpretive biographical essays on all first ladies, from Martha Washington to America's newest First Lady, Laura Bush. This new edition contains updated material on all the living First Ladies and updated bibliographies for each entry, as well as a portrait of the newest First Lady.

Eisenhower and the Mass Media

Peace, Prosperity, and Prime-time TV

Author: Craig Allen

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807860077

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 392

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A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

Publishers' Weekly

The International News Magazine of Book Publishing and Bookselling

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2288

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The College Courant

A Weekly Journal, Devoted to College Interests, Science, and Literature

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8755

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Dictionary of American Biography, Including Men of the Time

Containing Nearly Ten Thousand Notices of Persons of Both Sexes, of Native and Foreign Birth, who Have Been Remarkable, Or Prominently Connected with the Arts, Sciences, Literature, Politics, Or History of the American Continent. Giving Also the Pronunciation of Many of the Foreign and Peculiar American Names, a Key to the Assumed Names of Writers, and a Supplement

Author: Francis Samuel Drake

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: America

Page: 1019

View: 6106

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The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 4, Eighteenth-Century Science

Author: Former Professor of the Social History of Medicine Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine Roy Porter,David C. Lindberg,Roy Porter,Ronald L. Numbers,Mary Jo Nye,Katharine Park,Lorraine Daston,Theodore M. Porter,Dorothy Ross

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521572439

Category: Science

Page: 912

View: 6590

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The fullest and most complete survey of the development of science in the eighteenth century.