The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies

Author: Ulrike Felt,Rayvon Fouché,Clark A. Miller,Laurel Smith-Doerr

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262035685

Category: Science

Page: 1208

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The fourth edition of an authoritative overview, with all new chapters that capture the state of the art in a rapidly growing field.

The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies

Author: Edward J. Hackett,Olga Amsterdamska,Judy Wajcman,Michael Lynch

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262083647

Category: Science

Page: 1065

View: 2984

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Science and Technology Studies is a flourishing interdisciplinary field that examinesthe creation, development, and consequences of science and technology in their cultural, historical,and social contexts. The New Handbook of Science and Technology Studies provides a comprehensive andauthoritative overview of the field, reviewing current research and major theoretical andmethodological approaches and analyzing emergent issues in a form that is accessible to new andestablished scholars from a range of disciplines. Handbook chapters review the dominant theoreticalperspectives of STS, present the current state of research on a spectrum of topics in the field,analyze changes brought about by the commercialization of science, study interactions betweenscience and other institutions, examine the role of experts and the public in scientific andtechnological decision making, and consider the cultural and social dimensions of new technologies.The New Handbook of Science and Technology Studies is the third in a series of volumes sponsored bythe Society for Social Studies of Science that have defined the field of Science and TechnologyStudies. It will be an essential resource for scholars in that field as well as for those in suchneighboring disciplines as anthropology, history, philosophy, sociology, law, political science,feminist and critical theory, and literary studies.Edward J. Hackett is Professor in the School ofHuman Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University and Director of the Division of Socialand Economic Sciences at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Olga Amsterdamska teaches socialstudies of science, philosophy of science, and history of medicine in the Science and TechnologyStudies program at the University of Amsterdam. Michael Lynch is Professor of Science and TechnologyStudies at Cornell University. Judy Wajcman is Professor of Sociology in the Demography andSociology Program at Australia National University. Contributors Vincanne Adams, Warwick Anderson,Brian Balmer, Daneil Barben, Pablo Boczkowski, Steve Breyman, Massimiano Bucchi, Regula Burri, NancyCampbell, Adele E. Clarke, H.M. Collins, Susan E. Cozzens, Jennifer L. Croissant, Park Doing, JosephDumit, Steven Epstein, Henry Etzkowitz, Robert Evans, Erik Fisher, Stefan Fuchs, Sonia Gatchair,Ronald N. Giere, Thomas F. Gieryn, Namrata Gupta, David H. Guston, Adam Hedgecoe, Christopher R.Henke, David Hess, Linda Hogle, Alan Irwin, Sheila Jasanoff, Deborah G. Johnson, David Kaiser,William Keith, Carol Kemelgor, Kyung-Sup Kim, Andrew Lakoff, Bruno Latour, Leah A. Lievrouw,Margaret Lock, Brian Martin, Paul Martin, Philip Mirowski, Cyrus Mody, Federico Neresini, GonzaloOrdóñez, Nelly Oudshoorn, Trevor Pinch, Alex Preda, Brian Rappert, William Rehg, Marina Ranga,Cynthis Selin, Esther-Mirjam Sent, Steven Shapin, Sergio Sismondo, Laurel Smith-Doerr, MiriamSolomon, Susan Leigh Star, John Stone, Lucy Suchman, Anupit Supnithadnaporn, Charles Thorpe, StephenTurner, The Virtual Knowledge Studio, Jameson M. Wetmore, Sally Wyatt, Steven Yearley

Handbook of Science and Technology Studies

Author: Sheila Jasanoff,Gerald E Markle,James C Peterson,Trevor Pinch

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452213631

Category: Social Science

Page: 848

View: 3030

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For the most current, comprehensive resource in this rapidly evolving field, look no further than the Revised Edition of the Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. This masterful volume is the first resource in more than 15 years to define, summarize, and synthesize this complex multidisciplinary, international field. Tightly edited with contributions by an internationally recognized team of leading scholars, this volume addresses the crucial contemporary issues—both traditional and nonconventional—social studies, political studies, and humanistic studies in this changing field. Containing theoretical essays, extensive literature reviews, and detailed case studies, this remarkable volume clearly sets the standard for the field. It does nothing less than establish itself as the benchmark, one that will carry the field well into the next century.

Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology, and Society

Author: Daniel Lee Kleinman,Kelly Moore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113623716X

Category: Political Science

Page: 518

View: 609

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Over the last decade or so, the field of science and technology studies (STS) has become an intellectually dynamic interdisciplinary arena. Concepts, methods, and theoretical perspectives are being drawn both from long-established and relatively young disciplines. From its origins in philosophical and political debates about the creation and use of scientific knowledge, STS has become a wide and deep space for the consideration of the place of science and technology in the world, past and present. The Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology and Society seeks to capture the dynamism and breadth of the field by presenting work that pushes the reader to think about science and technology and their intersections with social life in new ways. The interdisciplinary contributions by international experts in this handbook are organized around six topic areas: embodiment consuming technoscience digitization environments science as work rules and standards This volume highlights a range of theoretical and empirical approaches to some of the persistent – and new – questions in the field. It will be useful for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities, including in science and technology studies, history, geography, critical race studies, sociology, communications, women’s and gender studies, anthropology, and political science.

An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

Author: Sergio Sismondo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144435888X

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 5486

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An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies, Second Edition reflects the latest advances in the field while continuing to provide students with a road map to the complex interdisciplinary terrain of science and technology studies. Distinctive in its attention to both the underlying philosophical and sociological aspects of science and technology Explores core topics such as realism and social construction, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the public understanding of science Includes numerous empirical studies and illustrative examples to elucidate the topics discussed Now includes new material on political economies of scientific and technological knowledge, and democratizing technical decisions Other features of the new edition include improved readability, updated references, chapter reorganization, and more material on medicine and technology

Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research

The Use of Publication and Patent Statistics in Studies of S&T Systems

Author: Henk F. Moed,Wolfgang Glänzel,Ulrich Schmoch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402027550

Category: Computers

Page: 800

View: 2389

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This handbook offers a state-of-the-art overview of quantitative science and technology research. It focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific or scholarly publications and patents. It comprises 34 chapters written by leading specialists in the various sub-domains. These chapters deal with theoretical and methodological issues, illustrate applications, and highlight their policy context and relevance. Authors present a survey of the research topics they address, and show their most recent achievements. The 34 chapters are arranged into 5 parts: Disciplinary Approaches; General Methodology; The Science System; The Technology System; and The Science–Technology Interface. The Editor’s Introduction provides a further specification of the handbook’s scope and of the main topics addressed in its chapters. This handbook aims at four distinct groups of readers: – practitioners in the field of science and technology studies; – research students in this field; – scientists, scholars and technicians who are interested in a systematic, thorough analysis of their activities; – policy makers and administrators who wish to be informed about the potentialities and limitations of the various approaches and about their results.

The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of Science

Author: David Tyfield,Rebecca Lave,Samuel Randalls,Charles Thorpe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317412028

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 6365

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The political economy of research and innovation (R&I) is one of the central issues of the early twenty-first century. ‘Science’ and ‘innovation’ are increasingly tasked with driving and reshaping a troubled global economy while also tackling multiple, overlapping global challenges, such as climate change or food security, global pandemics or energy security. But responding to these demands is made more complicated because R&I themselves are changing. Today, new global patterns of R&I are transforming the very structures, institutions and processes of science and innovation, and with it their claims about desirable futures. Our understanding of R&I needs to change accordingly. Responding to this new urgency and uncertainty, this handbook presents a pioneering selection of the growing body of literature that has emerged in recent years at the intersection of science and technology studies and political economy. The central task for this research has been to expose important but consequential misconceptions about the political economy of R&I and to build more insightful approaches. This volume therefore explores the complex interrelations between R&I (both in general and in specific fields) and political economies across a number of key dimensions from health to environment, and universities to the military. The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of Science offers a unique collection of texts across a range of issues in this burgeoning and important field from a global selection of top scholars. The handbook is essential reading for students interested in the political economy of science, technology and innovation. It also presents succinct and insightful summaries of the state of the art for more advanced scholars.

Science and Technology in Society

From Biotechnology to the Internet

Author: Daniel Lee Kleiman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405148195

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 3343

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This thoughtful and engaging text challenges the widely held notion of science as somehow outside of society, and the idea that technology proceeds automatically down a singular and inevitable path. Through specific case studies involving contemporary debates, this book shows that science and technology are fundamentally part of society and are shaped by it. Draws on concepts from political sociology, organizational analysis, and contemporary social theory. Avoids dense theoretical debate. Includes case studies and concluding chapter summaries for students and scholars.

Handbook of Quantitative Studies of Science and Technology

Author: A.F.J. van Raan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483290166

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 785

View: 6453

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Quantitative studies of science and technology represent the research field of utilization of mathematical, statistical, and data-analytical methods and techniques for gathering, handling, interpreting, and predicting a variety of features of the science and technology enterprise, such as performance, development, and dynamics. The field has both strongly developed applied research as well as basic research characteristics. The principal purpose of this handbook is to present this wide range of topics in sufficient depth to give readers a reasonably systematic understanding of the domain of contemporary quantitative studies of science and technology, a domain which incorporates theory, methods and techniques, and applications. In addressing this domain, the handbook aims at different groups of readers: those conducting research in the field of science and technology, including (graduate) students, and those who are to use results of the work presented in this book.

Handbook of Public Communication of Science and Technology

Author: Massimiano Bucchi,Brian Trench

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134170130

Category: Science

Page: 14

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Comprehensive yet accessible, this key Handbook provides an up-to-date overview of the fast growing and increasingly important area of ‘public communication of science and technology’, from both research and practical perspectives. As well as introducing the main issues, arenas and professional perspectives involved, it presents the findings of earlier research and the conclusions previously drawn. Unlike most existing books on this topic, this unique volume couples an overview of the practical problems faced by practitioners with a thorough review of relevant literature and research. The practical Handbook format ensures it is a student-friendly resource, but its breadth of scope and impressive contributors means that it is also ideal for practitioners and professionals working in the field. Combining the contributions of different disciplines (media and journalism studies, sociology and history of science), the perspectives of different geographical and cultural contexts, and by selecting key contributions from appropriate and well-respected authors, this original text provides an interdisciplinary as well as a global approach to public communication of science and technology.

Living Machines

A Handbook of Research in Biomimetics and Biohybrid Systems

Author: Tony J. Prescott,Nathan Lepora,Paul F. M. J. Verschure

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199674922

Category: Medical

Page: 656

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Contemporary research in the field of robotics attempts to harness the versatility and sustainability of living organisms. By exploiting those natural principles, scientists hope to render a renewable, adaptable, and robust class of technology that can facilitate self-repairing, social, and moral--even conscious--machines. This is the realm of robotics that scientists call "the living machine." Living Machines can be divided into two entities-biomimetic systems, those that harness the principles discovered in nature and embody them in new artifacts, and biohybrid systems, which couple biological entities with synthetic ones. Living Machines: A handbook of research in biomimetic and biohybrid systems surveys this flourishing area of research. It captures the current state of play and points to the opportunities ahead, addressing such fields as self-organization and co-operativity, biologically-inspired active materials, self-assembly and self-repair, learning, memory, control architectures and self-regulation, locomotion in air, on land or in water, perception, cognition, control, and communication. In all of these areas, the potential of biomimetics is shown through the construction of a wide range of different biomimetic devices and animal-like robots. Biohybrid systems is a relatively new field, with exciting and largely unknown potential, but one that is likely to shape the future of humanity. Chapters outline current research in areas including brain-machine interfaces-where neurons are connected to microscopic sensors and actuators-and various forms of intelligent prostheses from sensory devices like artificial retinas, to life-like artificial limbs, brain implants, and virtual reality-based rehabilitation approaches. The handbook concludes by exploring the impact living machine technology will have on both society and the individual, by forcing human beings to question how we see and understand ourselves. With contributions from leading researchers drawing on ideas from science, engineering, and the humanities, this handbook will appeal to both undergraduate and postgraduate students of biomimetic and biohybrid technologies. Researchers in the areas of computational modeling and engineering, including artificial intelligence, machine learning, artificial life, biorobotics, neurorobotics, and human-machine interfaces, will find Living Machines an invaluable resource.

The Oxford Handbook of Sound Studies

Author: Trevor Pinch,Karin Bijsterveld

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195388941

Category: Music

Page: 593

View: 1824

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Written by the world's leading scholars and researchers in the emerging field of sound studies, The Oxford Handbook of Sound Studies offers new and fully engaging perspectives on the significance of sound in its material and cultural forms. The book considers sounds and music as experienced in such diverse settings as shop floors, laboratories, clinics, design studios, homes, and clubs, across an impressively broad range of historical periods and national and cultural contexts.Science has traditionally been understood as a visual matter, a study which has historically been undertaken with optical technologies such as slides, graphs, and telescopes. This book questions that notion powerfully by showing how listening has contributed to scientific practice. Sounds have always been a part of human experience, shaping and transforming the world in which we live in ways that often go unnoticed. Sounds and music, the authors argue, are embedded in the fabric of everyday life, art, commerce, and politics in ways which impact our perception of the world. Through an extraordinarily diverse set of case studies, authors illustrate how sounds -- from the sounds of industrialization, to the sounds of automobiles, to sounds in underwater music and hip-hop, to the sounds of nanotechnology -- give rise to new forms listening practices. In addition, the book discusses the rise of new public problems such as noise pollution, hearing loss, and the "end" of the amateur musician that stem from the spread and appropriation of new sound- and music-related technologies, analog and digital, in many domains of life.Rich in vivid and detailed examples and compelling case studies, and featuring a companion website of listening samples, this remarkable volume boldly challenges readers to rethink the way they hear and understand the world.

The Science Studies Reader

Author: Mario Biagioli

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415918688

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 3392

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A landmark anthology of writing in the burgeoning new field of science studies, this collection features contributions by some of the most prominent scientific thinkers, speaking to the nature of science and knowledge across time, genders, and cultures.

Handbook of Disaster Research

Author: Havidán Rodríguez,William Donner,Joseph E. Trainor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331963254X

Category: Social Science

Page: 619

View: 9315

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This timely Handbook is based on the principle that disasters are social constructions and focuses on social science disaster research. It provides an interdisciplinary approach to disasters with theoretical, methodological, and practical applications. Attention is given to conceptual issues dealing with the concept "disaster" and to methodological issues relating to research on disasters. These include Geographic Information Systems as a useful research tool and its implications for future research. This seminal work is the first interdisciplinary collection of disaster research as it stands now while outlining how the field will continue to grow.

The Oxford Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World

Author: John Peter Oleson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199734852

Category: History

Page: 865

View: 3722

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Nearly every aspect of daily life in the Mediterranean world and Europe during the florescence of the Greek and Roman cultures is relevant to engineering and technology. This text highlights the accomplishments of the ancient societies, the research problems, and stimulates further progress in the history of ancient technology.

The Oxford Handbook of Material Culture Studies

Author: Dan Hicks,Mary C. Beaudry

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199218714

Category: Social Science

Page: 792

View: 351

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Written by an international team of experts, the Handbook makes accessible a full range of theoretical and applied approaches to the study of material culture, and the place of materiality in social theory, presenting current thinking about material culture from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, geography, and science and technology studies.

The Handbook of Technology Foresight

Concepts and Practice

Author: Luke Georghiou

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781008760

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 428

View: 8495

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Cross-cutting analytical chapters explore the emergence and positioning of foresight, approaches and methods, organisational issues, policy transfer and evaluation.

Routledge Handbook of Genomics, Health and Society

Author: Sahra Gibbon,Barbara Prainsack,Stephen Hilgartner,Janelle Lamoreaux

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315451670

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 3471

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The Handbook provides an essential resource at the interface of Genomics, Health and Society, and forms a crucial research tool for both new students and established scholars across biomedicine and social sciences. Building from and extending the first Routledge Handbook of Genetics and Society, the book offers a comprehensive introduction to pivotal themes within the field, an overview of the current state of the art knowledge on genomics, science and society, and an outline of emerging areas of research. Key themes addressed include the way genomic based DNA technologies have become incorporated into diverse arenas of clinical practice and research whilst also extending beyond the clinic; the role of genomics in contemporary ‘bioeconomies’; how challenges in the governance of medical genomics can both reconfigure and stabilise regulatory processes and jurisdictional boundaries; how questions of diversity and justice are situated across different national and transnational terrains of genomic research; and how genomics informs – and is shaped by – developments in fields such as epigenetics, synthetic biology, stem cell, microbial and animal model research. Presenting cutting edge research from leading social science scholars, the Handbook provides a unique and important contribution to the field. It brings a rich and varied cross disciplinary social science perspective that engages with both the history and contemporary context of genomics and ‘post-genomics’, and considers the now global and transnational terrain in which these developments are unfolding.

The Palgrave Handbook of Biology and Society

Author: Maurizio Meloni,John Cromby,Des Fitzgerald,Stephanie Lloyd

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137528796

Category: Social Science

Page: 941

View: 4113

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This comprehensive handbook synthesizes the often-fractured relationship between the study of biology and the study of society. Bringing together a compelling array of interdisciplinary contributions, the authors demonstrate how nuanced attention to both the biological and social sciences opens up novel perspectives upon some of the most significant sociological, anthropological, philosophical and biological questions of our era. The six sections cover topics ranging from genomics and epigenetics, to neuroscience and psychology to social epidemiology and medicine. The authors collaboratively present state-of-the-art research and perspectives in some of the most intriguing areas of what can be called biosocial and biocultural approaches, demonstrating how quickly we are moving beyond the acrimonious debates that characterized the border between biology and society for most of the twentieth century. This landmark volume will be an extremely valuable resource for scholars and practitioners in all areas of the social and biological sciences. The chapter 'Ten Theses on the Subject of Biology and Politics: Conceptual, Methodological, and Biopolitical Considerations' is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com. Versions of the chapters 'The Transcendence of the Social', 'Scrutinizing the Epigenetics Revolution', 'Species of Biocapital, 2008, and Speciating Biocapital, 2017' and 'Experimental Entanglements: Social Science and Neuroscience Beyond Interdisciplinarity' are available open access via third parties. For further information please see license information in the chapters or on link.springer.com.