The Evolution of Deficit Thinking

Educational Thought and Practice

Author: Richard R. Valencia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136368361

Category: Education

Page: 270

View: 3723

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Deficit thinking refers to the notion that students, particularly low income minority students, fail in school because they and their families experience deficiencies that obstruct the leaning process (e.g. limited intelligence, lack of motivation, inadequate home socialization). Tracing the evolution of deficit thinking, the authors debunk the pseudo-science and offer more plausible explanations of why students fail.

Intelligence Testing and Minority Students

Foundations, Performance Factors, and Assessment Issues

Author: Richard R. Valencia,Lisa A. Suzuki

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761912316

Category: Education

Page: 416

View: 2749

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Intelligence Testing and Minority Students offers the reader a fresh opportunity to re-learn and re-consider the implications of intelligence testing. Richard R. Valencia and Lisa A. Suzuki discuss the strengths and limitations of IQ testing relative to the factors which may contribute to biased results. They review the history of the adaptation and adoption of intelligence testing; evaluate the heredity-environment debate; discuss the specific performance factors which apply to IQ testing of those in minority ethnic groups. This practical book offers the practitioner a good sense of what can be done to make testing and education serve the needs of all students fairly and validly, whatever their background.

Chicano School Failure and Success

Past, Present, and Future

Author: Richard R. Valencia

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415257735

Category: Education

Page: 383

View: 5778

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During the early 1990s - when this book's first edition was published - the Chicano population in the USA numbered nearly 13 million (two thirds of its total Latino population). Indications were that school problems and conditions - which were already poor for these people - were worsening. A decade down the line, how has the situation changed? From various perspectives, the second edition of this respected work examines the school failure and success of Chicano students. For many years two theories have prevailed: one being that institutional forces and structures that promote and maintain inequality are the root cause of these poor schooling conditions and outcomes; the other being a set of insidious assumptions steeped in racism. In recent years, however, scholarship has followed more constructive streams of thought. Two features characterise his new edition. Each contributor provides a comprehensive and state-of-the-art chapter, updated with a contemporary commentary on Chicano students. They also address the question of whether the educational status of the Chicano population will grow commensurately with its population.

Dismantling Contemporary Deficit Thinking

Educational Thought and Practice

Author: Richard R. Valencia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136988092

Category: Education

Page: 248

View: 1832

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This important new book provides comprehensive critiques and anti-deficit thinking alternatives to the oppressive theory of deficit thinking in education.

Chicano Students and the Courts

The Mexican American Legal Struggle for Educational Equality

Author: Richard R. Valencia

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814788257

Category: Law

Page: 508

View: 2983

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In 1925 Adolfo ‘Babe’ Romo, a Mexican American rancher in Tempe, Arizona, filed suit against his school district on behalf of his four young children, who were forced to attend a markedly low-quality segregated school, and won. But Romo v. Laird was just the beginning. Some sources rank Mexican Americans as one of the most poorly educated ethnic groups in the United States. Chicano Students and the Courts is a comprehensive look at this community’s long-standing legal struggle for better schools and educational equality. Through the lens of critical race theory, Valencia details why and how Mexican American parents and their children have been forced to resort to legal action. Chicano Students and the Courts engages the many areas that have spurred Mexican Americans to legal battle, including school segregation, financing, special education, bilingual education, school closures, undocumented students, higher education financing, and high-stakes testing, ultimately situating these legal efforts in the broader scope of the Mexican American community’s overall struggle for the right to an equal education. Extensively researched, and written by an author with firsthand experience in the courtroom as an expert witness in Mexican American education cases, this volume is the first to provide an in-depth understanding of the intersection of litigation and education vis-à-vis Mexican Americans.

Handbook of U.S. Latino Psychology

Developmental and Community-Based Perspectives

Author: Francisco A. Villarruel,Gustavo Carlo,Josefina M. Grau,Margarita Azmitia,Natasha J. Cabrera,T. Jaime Chahin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452237050

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

View: 9416

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Congratulations to Aida Hurtado and Karina Cervantez- winners of the 2009 Women of Color Psychologies Award! This award, given by the Association of Women in Psychology Association, is voted on by AWP members for contributions of new knowledge and importance to the advancement of the psychology of women of color. Offering broad coverage of all U.S. Latino groups, this volume synthesizes cutting-edge research and methodological advances and provides culturally sophisticated information that can be used by researchers, policy makers, and practitioners. The editors and contributing authors summarize theories and conceptual models that can further our understanding of the development and adaptation of U.S. Latino populations. In addition, they focus on the importance of cultural sensitivity and competence in research and intervention approaches and how to achieve it. Key Features • Highlights the normative development and strengths of U.S. Latino populations • Elaborates on the heterogeneity of Latinos in that it does not assume that all Latino populations, and the contexts of their development, are identical. • Emphasizes on cultural sensitivity and competence at all levels • Focuses on the importance of cultural identity amongst Latinos and its contribution to healthy developmental outcomes.

Anti-Italianism

Essays on a Prejudice

Author: W. Connell,F. Gardaphé

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230115322

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 6895

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There has been an odd reluctance on the part of historians of the Italian American experience to confront the discrimination faced by Italians and Americans of Italian ancestry. This volume is a bold attempt by an esteemed group of scholars and writers to discuss the question openly by charting the historical and cultural boundaries of stereotypes, prejudice, and assimilation. Contributors offer a continuous series of cultural encounters and experiences in television, literature, and film that deserve the attention of anyone interested in the larger themes of American history.

The Latina/o Pathway to the Ph.D.

Abriendo Caminos

Author: Jeanett Castellanos,Alberta Marie Gloria,Mark (Mark Allen) Kamimura

Publisher: Stylus Pub Llc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 309

View: 5035

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The Latina/o population constitutes the largest racial and ethnic minority group in the U.S. and is disproportionately under-represented in college and in graduate programs. This is the first book specifically to engage with the absence of Latinas/os in doctoral studies. It proposes educational and administrative strategies to open up the pipeline, and institutional practices to ensure access, support, models and training for Latinas/os aspiring to the Ph.D. The under-education of Latina/o youth begins early. Given that by twelfth grade half will stop out or be pushed out of high school, and only seven percent will complete a college degree, it is not surprising so few enter graduate studies. When Latina/o students do enter higher education, few attend those colleges or universities that are gateways to graduate degrees. Regardless of the type of higher education institution they attend, Latinas/os often encounter social and academic isolation, unaffordable costs, and lack of support. This historic under-representation has created a vicious cycle of limited social and economic mobility. There is a paucity of the Latina/o faculty and leaders whom research shows are essential for changing campus climate and influencing institutions to adapt to the needs of a changing student body. As a result, Latina/o graduate students often have few role models, advocates or mentors, and limited support for their research agendas. By reviewing the pipeline from kindergarten through university, this book provides the needed data and insights to effect change for policy makers, administrators, faculty, and staff; and material for reflection for aspiring Latina/o Ph.D.s on the paths they have taken and the road ahead. The book then addresses the unique experiences and challenges faced by Latina/os in doctoral programs, and offers guidance for students and those responsible for them. Chapters cover issues of gender and generational differences, the role of culture in the graduate school, mentorship, pursuing research, and professional development opportunities for Latina/os. The book closes with the voices of by Latina/o students who are currently pursuing or recently completed their doctoral degree. These narratives describe their cultural and educational journeys, providing insight into their personal and professional experiences. These stories bring alive the graduate experience for anyone interested in successful recruitment, retention, and graduation of Latina/o doctoral students - an inspiration and guidance to those aspiring to the doctorate.

Latino Education in the U.S.

Author: Lourdes Diaz Soto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 605

View: 1536

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"The Praeger handbook of Latino education in the U.S. (two volumes) was originally published in hardcover by Greenwood Press ... Westport, CT."--T.p. verso.

Uprooting Children

Mobility, Social Capital, and Mexican American Underachievement

Author: Robert Ketner Ream

Publisher: Lfb Scholarly Pub Llc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 3514

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A critical issue facing U.S. schools is the persistent disparity in achievement between racial/ethnic groups. The achievement gap is particularly pronounced for Mexican-Americans. By employing mixed-methods research techniques, Ream links emergent literature on social capital with research on student mobility to investigate student performance among Mexican-American and non-Latino White adolescents. Findings underscore the prevalence of student mobility, particularly among Mexican-origin youth, and its impingement on both the availability and convertibility of the resources embedded in their social networks. Results also suggest that minority and non-minority students fortify social ties in different ways, and that these differences have implications for the educational utility of social capital.

Reflexiones

New Directions in Mexican American Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mexican Americans

Page: N.A

View: 8976

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Education and the Risk Society

Theories, Discourse and Risk Identities in Education contexts

Author: Steven Bialostok,Robert Whitman,William Bradley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9460919618

Category: Education

Page: 292

View: 1067

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Sociological and anthropological literature has examined how contemporary western society has become a “risk society.” Education and the Risk Society is the first volume to explore this seminal concept through the lens of education. Drawing on a theoretical literature that has great potential as a lens to view changes in neoliberal discourses of global capitalism from both critical and generative perspectives, Education and the Risk Society presents situated, empirical studies investigating an uncertain world as people practice it on the ground, through language and activity, within educational settings.

Recovering History, Constructing Race

The Indian, Black, and White Roots of Mexican Americans

Author: Martha Menchaca

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 4971

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Filled with fascinating insights into the nature of race and culture among Mexican Americans, the author explores the inter-racial dynamic that brought Indians, blacks, and whites together in North America.

Border-lines

Journal of the Latino Research Center at the University of Nevada, Reno

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hispanic Americans

Page: N.A

View: 750

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Border-Lines is an interdisciplinary academic journal dedicated to the dissemination of research on Chicana/o-Latina/o cultural, political, and social issues.

At Home in Two Places

Second-generation Mexicanas and Their Lives as Engaged Transnationals

Author: Patricia Sánchez

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 530

View: 4600

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