The Battle for the Rhine 1944

Author: Robin Neillands

Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson

ISBN: 9780304367368

Category: Ardennes, Battle of the, 1944-1945

Page: 335

View: 4938

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Robin Neillands' new history of the Battle of Normandy (Cassell, 2002) was hailed by the SUNDAY TIMES as one of the best military history books of the year. This continues the story from the breakout from Normandy to the arrival of the Allied armies on the Rhine at the beginning of 1945. The story is dominated by two great battles: the Allied airborne offensive into Holland that ended in bitter failure at Arnhem, and Hitler's last great offensive in the Ardennes that December, the 'Battle of the Bulge'. This book ends where Robin's previous book THE CONQUEST OF THE REICH begins, thus forming a trilogy that takes us from the Normandy landings to the fall of Berlin.

Arnhem: The Battle for the Bridges, 1944

Author: Antony Beevor

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 1387825070

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7003

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On 17 September 1944, General Kurt Student, the founder of Nazi Germany's parachute forces, heard the growing roar of aero engines. He went out on to his balcony above the flat landscape of southern Holland to watch the vast air armada of Dakotas and gliders,carrying the British 1st Airborne and the American 101st and 82nd Airborne Divisions. He gazed up in envy at the greatest demonstration of paratroop power ever seen. Operation Market Garden, the plan to end the war by capturing the bridges leading to the Lower Rhine and beyond, was a bold concept: the Americans thought it unusually bold for Field Marshal Montgomery. But the cost of failure was horrendous, above all for the Dutch who risked everything to help. German reprisals were cruel and lasted until the end of the war.

The Battle for Western Europe, Fall 1944

An Operational Assessment

Author: John A. Adams

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253004195

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 7913

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This engrossing and meticulously researched volume reexamines the decisions made by Dwight D. Eisenhower and his staff in the crucial months leading up to the Battle of the Bulge. In late August 1944 defeat of the Wehrmacht seemed assured. On December 16, however, the Germans counterattacked. Received wisdom says that Eisenhower's Broad Front strategy caused his armies to stall in early September, and his subsequent failure to concentrate his forces brought about deadlock and opened the way for the German attack. Arguing to the contrary, John A. Adams demonstrates that Eisenhower and his staff at SHAEF had a good campaign strategy, refined to reflect developments on the ground, which had an excellent chance of destroying the Germans west of the Rhine.

Monty's Men

The British Army and the Liberation of Europe

Author: John Buckley

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300160356

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 3956

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Historian John Buckley offers a radical reappraisal of Great Britain’s fighting forces during World War Two, challenging the common belief that the British Army was no match for the forces of Hitler’s Germany. Following Britain’s military commanders and troops across the battlefields of Europe, from D-Day to VE-Day, from the Normandy beaches to Arnhem and the Rhine, and, ultimately, to the Baltic, Buckley’s provocative history demonstrates that the British Army was more than a match for the vaunted Nazi war machine.div /DIVdivThis fascinating revisionist study of the campaign to liberate Northern Europe in the war’s final years features a large cast of colorful unknowns and grand historical personages alike, including Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery and the prime minister, Sir Winston Churchill. By integrating detailed military history with personal accounts, it evokes the vivid reality of men at war while putting long-held misconceptions finally to rest./DIV

September Hope

The American Side of a Bridge Too Far

Author: John C. McManus

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 045123989X

Category: History

Page: 501

View: 421

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A respected military historian and the author of Grunts chronicles the American involvement in Operation Market-Garden in 1944, one of World War II's most ambitious, but crucial invasions against Nazi Germany. 25,000 first printing.

Arnhem 1944

The Airborne Battle

Author: Martin Middlebrook

Publisher: Stackpole Books

ISBN: 0811708268

Category: History

Page: 501

View: 7271

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* Exciting overview of the World War II battle made famous by the classic movie and book A Bridge Too Far * Boots-on-the-ground story of British paratroopers fighting off Germans in Holland during Operation Market Garden * Masterly analysis of why the operation failed * Draws from the personal experiences of more than 500 participants * Written by an accomplished military historianMartin Middlebrook has written numerous works of military history, including the classic The First Day on the Somme (978-1-84415-465-4). He lives in England

Hell's Highway

A Chronicle of the 101st Airborne Division in the Holland Campaign, September–November 1944

Author: George Koskimaki

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1480406597

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 7666

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Hell’s Highway is a history, most of which has never before been written. It is adventure recorded by those who lived it and put into context by an author who was also there. It is human drama on an enormous scale, told through the personal stories of 612 contributors of written and oral accounts of the Screaming Eagles’ part in the attempt to liberate the Netherlands. Koskimaki is an expert in weaving together individual recollections to make a compelling and uniquely first-hand account of the bravery and deprivations suffered by the troops, and their hopes, fears, triumphs, and tragedies, as well as those of Dutch civilians caught up in the action. There have been many books published on Operation Market Garden and there will surely be more. This book, however, gets to the heart of the action. The “big picture,” which most histories paint, here is just the context for the real history on the ground.

Atlas of the European Campaign

1944–45

Author: Steven J. Zaloga

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472826981

Category: Reference

Page: 272

View: 532

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In June 1944 the Allies opened the long-awaited second front against Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, and this was to be the start of a long struggle throughout Western Europe for the Allied forces in the face of stiff German resistance. The European Theatre was where the bulk of the Allied forces were committed in the struggle against Nazi Germany. It saw some of the most famous battles and operations of the war – Normandy, Market Garden, the Battle of the Bulge – as the Allies sought to liberate Western Europe in the face of bitter and hard-fought German resistance. From the beaches of D-Day through to the final battles in war-ravaged Germany, the war across the breadth and depth of Western Europe is brought to life through scores of carefully researched and intricately detailed maps.

The Guns at Last Light

The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945

Author: Rick Atkinson

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 142994367X

Category: History

Page: 896

View: 7220

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#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER The magnificent conclusion to Rick Atkinson's acclaimed Liberation Trilogy about the Allied triumph in Europe during World War II It is the twentieth century's unrivaled epic: at a staggering price, the United States and its allies liberated Europe and vanquished Hitler. In the first two volumes of his bestselling Liberation Trilogy, Rick Atkinson recounted how the American-led coalition fought through North Africa and Italy to the threshold of victory. Now, in The Guns at Last Light, he tells the most dramatic story of all—the titanic battle for Western Europe. D-Day marked the commencement of the final campaign of the European war, and Atkinson's riveting account of that bold gamble sets the pace for the masterly narrative that follows. The brutal fight in Normandy, the liberation of Paris, the disaster that was Operation Market Garden, the horrific Battle of the Bulge, and finally the thrust to the heart of the Third Reich—all these historic events and more come alive with a wealth of new material and a mesmerizing cast of characters. Atkinson tells the tale from the perspective of participants at every level, from presidents and generals to war-weary lieutenants and terrified teenage riflemen. When Germany at last surrenders, we understand anew both the devastating cost of this global conflagration and the enormous effort required to win the Allied victory. With the stirring final volume of this monumental trilogy, Atkinson's accomplishment is manifest. He has produced the definitive chronicle of the war that unshackled a continent and preserved freedom in the West. One of The Washington Post's Top 10 Books of the Year A Kirkus Reviews Best Nonfiction Book of 2013

1945

Author: Newt Gingrich,William R. Forstchen,Albert S. Hanser

Publisher: Baen Books

ISBN: 9780671876760

Category: Fiction

Page: 382

View: 7879

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Portrays an alternate world in which Hitler has not made his fatal error in prematurely declaring war on the United States and America is the only significant miliary presence against a triumphant Third Reich and its devastating weapons. $75,000 ad/promo.

The Siegfried Line Campaign

Author: Charles B. MacDonald

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781944961305

Category: History

Page: 706

View: 2162

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To many an Allied soldier and officer and to countless armchair strategists, World War II in Europe appeared near an end when in late summer of 1944 Allied armies raced across northern France, Belgium, and Luxembourg to the very gates of Germany. That this was not, in fact, the case was a painful lesson that the months of September, October, November, and December would make clear with stark emphasis. The story of the sweep from Normandy to the German frontier has been told in the already published Breakout and Pursuit. The present volume relates the experiences of the First and Ninth U.S. Armies, the First Allied Airborne Army, and those American units which fought under British and Canadian command, on the northern flank of the battle front that stretched across the face of Europe from the Netherlands to the Mediterranean. The operations of the Third U.S. Army in the center, from mid-September through mid-December, have been recounted in The Lorraine Campaign; those of the Seventh U.S. Army on the south will be told in The Riviera to the Rhine, a volume in preparation. Unlike the grand sweep of the pursuit, the breaching of the West Wall called for the most grueling kind of fighting. Huge armies waged the campaign described' in this book, but the individual soldier, pitting his courage and stamina against harsh elements as well as a stubborn enemy, emerges as the moving spirit of these armies. In the agony of the Huertgen Forest, the frustration of MARKET-GARDEN, the savagery of the struggle for Aachen, the valor of the American soldier and his gallant comrades proved the indispensable ingredient of eventual victory.

Beyond the Rhine

A Screaming Eagle in Germany

Author: Donald Robert Burgett

Publisher: Presidio Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 169

View: 2535

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An exciting historical account details the adventures and victories of the Screaming Eagles of the 101st Airborne Division, from their epic defense of the Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge to their liberation of four Nazi concentration camps.

Eisenhower and Berlin, 1945

The Decision to Halt at the Elbe

Author: Stephen E. Ambrose

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393320107

Category: History

Page: 119

View: 2750

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Attempts to explain Eisenhower's decision to halt the Anglo-American forces at the Elbe and leave Berlin to the Russians.

Arnhem

The Battle for Survival

Author: John Nichol,Tony Rennell

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0670918881

Category: History

Page: 333

View: 6039

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In September 1944, a mighty shock force of battle hardened Allied troops dropped from the skies into enemy-occupied Holland in what was hoped would be the decisive final battle of World War II.Landing miles behind the German lines, their daring mission was to secure bridges across the Rhine so that ground forces could make a rapid dash into Nazi Germany. If all went well, the war could be over by Christmas. But what many trusted would be a simple operation turned into a brutal losing battle. Of 12,000 British airborne soldiers, 1,500 died and 6,000 were taken prisoner. The vital bridge at Arnhem they had come to capture stayed resolutely in German hands. But though this was a bitter military defeat for the Allies, beneath the humiliation was another story - of heroism and self-sacrifice, gallantry and survival, guts and determination unbroken in the face of impossible odds. In the two-thirds of a century that have passed since then, historians have endlessly analysed what went wrong and squabbled over who was to blame. Lost in the process was that other Arnhem story - the triumph of the human spirit, as seen through the dramatic first-hand accounts of those who were there, in the cauldron, fighting for their lives, fighting for their comrades, fighting for their honour, a battle they won hands down.

Operation Market-Garden 1944 (2)

The British Airborne Missions

Author: Ken Ford

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472814320

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 2707

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With Germany being pushed back across Europe the Allied forces looked to press their advantage with Operation Market-Garden, a massive airborne assault that, if successful, could have shortened the war in the west considerably. The ground advance consisted of an armoured thrust by the British XXX Corps, while the US 82nd and 101st US Airborne Divisions secured the bridges at Eindhoven and Nijmegen and the British 1st Airborne Division and Polish 1st Airborne Brigade were tasked with seizing the final bridge at Arnhem to secure the route. What they did not realise was that the 9. SS and 10. SS-Panzer Divisions were nearby, ready to reinforce the local garrison and fend off the Allied assault. Focusing on the role played by these British and Polish troops, Ken Ford examines Operation Market-Garden in its entirety, from the early planning through to the early setbacks and eventual catastrophic conclusion.

Armageddon

La battaglia per la Germania 1944-1945

Author: Max Hastings

Publisher: Neri Pozza Editore

ISBN: 886559408X

Category: History

Page: 746

View: 5797

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«La battaglia per la Germania, cominciata come il più imponente fatto d’armi del XX secolo, si concluse nella più grande tragedia umana del Novecento». Come gli studiosi di storia militare sanno, nei mesi che vanno dal 6 giugno 1944 – la data dello sbarco in Normandia – ai primi giorni del maggio 1945 si racchiude la più grande catastrofe della guerra moderna. La lunga marcia dell’esercito alleato per la conquista di Berlino, viziata da gravi incomprensioni ed errori tattici, si scontra, infatti, con un nemico tedesco ancora pienamente in forze e intenzionato a dare battaglia fino al sacrificio dell’ultimo uomo. Un apocalittico scontro finale che, dopo aver esaminato gli archivi di quattro paesi e intervistato centinaia di testimoni diretti degli avvenimenti, Max Hastings ha il merito di ricostruire con un coinvolgente e originale taglio narrativo. A partire dalle battaglie più note, come l’offensiva delle Ardenne o i combattimenti nella foresta di Hürtgen, fino al dettaglio degli episodi meno conosciuti – uno su tutti, la devastante invasione dell’Armata Rossa in Prussia orientale, nella quale morirono oltre un milione di persone –, Hastings segue le manovre di avvicinamento degli eserciti sui due fronti, restituendo abilmente le dinamiche tra soldati, ufficiali e capi insieme con le storie dei singoli. Quanto influì la rivalità tra Montgomery e Patton nella disastrosa Operazione Market Garden ad Arnhem o quella tra Žukov e Konev nell’assedio di Berlino? Quanto la sfiducia, le invidie e gli interessi politici contrastanti tra gli stati alleati allontanarono la fine delle ostilità, moltiplicando il numero dei caduti? Grande racconto storico, che riesce a tenere insieme le dinamiche militari e i drammi della popolazione civile, come l’Hongerwinter, la terribile carestia in Olanda del 1944-45 causata dall’occupazione tedesca, Armageddon è un’opera monumentale, indispensabile per comprendere l’evento in assoluto più importante e cruento del Novecento. «Un libro che tutti dovrebbero leggere». New York Times Book Review «Un’opera magistrale... unisce storie individuali, avvincenti ricostruzioni di battaglie e spietate critiche del comportamento di leader militari e politici». Washington Post Book World «Ogni leader che si accinga a una qualche operazione militare dovrebbe leggere questo libro e meditare a fondo». Wall Street Journal

The Rhineland 1945

Author: Ken Ford

Publisher: Osprey Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781841762760

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 2386

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Known as the last great 'stand-up fight' of the Second World War the battle for the Rhineland was brutal in the extreme. Eisenhower's ' broad front' policy called for the whole of the Rhineland to be taken before pushing his troops across the Rhine and into Germany itself. The Germans opened the Roer dams in a vain bid to temper this massive Allied offensive and this called for a drastic change in tactics. The ensuing battle was characterised by amphibious assaults on the fortified villages of the flooded Rhine lowlands, frontal assaults on the much vaunted Siegfried Line and grim fighting for the Reichswald Forest. It was to be ' the last great killing ground in the west' .

Operation Market-Garden 1944 (1)

The American Airborne Missions

Author: Steven J. Zaloga

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782008187

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 5221

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In the summer of 1944, plans began for a complex operation to seize a Rhine river bridge at Arnhem in the Netherlands. The American portion of the airborne mission was to employ two divisions of the US XVIII Airborne Corps to seize key terrain features that otherwise might delay the advance of British tanks towards the bridge. The 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions succeeded in their tasks of capturing the vital bridges at Eindhoven at Nijmegen in the face of fierce German resistance. However, the delays caused to the British armored advance, combined with stronger than expected fighting at Arnhem led to the withdrawal of the remnants of the British 1st Airborne Division in one of the Western Allies' most costly defeats of World War II. Contemporary photographs, maps and detailed color artwork complement extensive archival research that reveals the successes of those American airborne missions, largely overshadowed by the failure of the operation as a whole.

Walcheren 1944

Storming Hitler's island fortress

Author: Richard Brooks

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 9781849082372

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 2463

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Osprey's study of the Walcheren campaign of World War II (1939-1945). Walcheren is a saucer-shaped island in the estuary of the river Scheldt, commanding maritime access to Antwerp, the largest port in Western Europe. The Allies captured Antwerp intact on September 4, 1944, but their eyes were on the Rhine crossings at Arnhem, not the lower Scheldt. The failure of Operation Market-Garden later that month brought home the Allies' logistical weakness. As autumn gales drew near, every shell and petrol tin had still to be landed at Cherbourg or across the Normandy beaches. Complete US Army divisions were immobilized for lack of transport. It was vital to re-open Antwerp. The continued German presence on Walcheren, however, prevented Allied shipping from entering the Scheldt. In the fall of 1944, Walcheren had the most heavily fortified coastline in the world. Its seaward defences consisted of 30 coastal and field batteries, mounting 50-60 guns from 75mm to 220mm in caliber, manned by high quality naval personnel behind massive concrete emplacements. Supporting strongpoints had anti-aircraft guns, flame-throwers rocket-launchers and Goliath remote controlled demolition vehicles. The sand dunes protecting the low-lying island from the North Sea were laced with barbed wire, mines and dragon's teeth. Defending infantry came from Generalleutnant Wilhelm Daser's 70.Infanterie-Division, a 'white bread division' consisting of men with gastric problems. Allied intelligence estimated the total garrison at 4,000, but 8,000 eventually surrendered. On November 1, 1944, in a double-pronged attack, the men of 52nd (Lowland) Division plus No. 4 Army Commando seized Flushing (Infatuate I) while in the west 4th Special Service Brigade with three Royal Marine Commandos and No. 10 Inter-Allied Commando would take Westkapelle, and fight their way north and south along the dunes, taking the coastal batteries as they went (Infatuate II). All this was to be supported with HMS Warspite and two 15-inch gun monitors; the Support Squadron Eastern Flank (SSEF) with 25 specialized Landing Craft with guns and rockets; 350 Army guns south of the Scheldt, most of them heavier than 25-pounders; and the Typhoon and Spitfire fighter bombers of 84 Group RAF. In fighting described by one survivor as 'worse than Dieppe and D-Day put together' the Army and Royal Marines forced their way ashore, supported by specialized armour and tracked vehicles, and over the next eight days cleared the positions of their German defenders in bitter street fighting. The first Liberty ships unloaded at Antwerp on December 1, just over a fortnight before the Ardennes offensive began. If Walcheren had not fallen when it did, opening Antwerp just in time, the Allies would have been hard pressed to withstand the German attack, or replace the fuel stocks lost in its opening days, let alone cross the Rhine in the following spring, and meet the Russians on the Elbe. The Walcheren campaign was not merely a dramatic combined operation pulled off against the odds; it helped determine the course of the war and the shape of the post-war world.

The Battle of the Tanks

Kursk, 1943

Author: Lloyd Clark

Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic

ISBN: 0802195105

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 8017

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On July 5, 1943, the greatest land battle in history began when Nazi and Red Army forces clashed near the town of Kursk, on the western border of the Soviet Union. Code named “Operation Citadel,” the German offensive would cut through the bulge in the eastern front that had been created following Germany’s retreat at the battle of Stalingrad. But the Soviets, well-informed about Germany’s plans through their network of spies, had months to prepare. Two million men supported by 6,000 tanks, 35,000 guns, and 5,000 aircraft convened in Kursk for an epic confrontation that was one of the most important military engagements in history, the epitome of “total war.” It was also one of the most bloody, and despite suffering seven times more casualties, the Soviets won a decisive victory that became a turning point in the war. With unprecedented access to the journals and testimonials of the officers, soldiers, political leaders, and citizens who lived through it, The Battle of the Tanks is the definitive account of an epic showdown that changed the course of history.