Health and Health Care Concerns among Women and Racial and Ethnic Minorities

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787431789

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 991

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This volume covers macro- and micro-level issues involving health and health care concerns for women, and racial and ethnic minorities. The book includes an examination of health and health care issues of patients/providers of care especially those related to concerns for women and for racial and ethnic minorities in different countries.

Engineering a Learning Healthcare System:

A Look at the Future: Workshop Summary

Author: Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309120640

Category: Medical

Page: 340

View: 3734

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Improving our nation's healthcare system is a challenge which, because of its scale and complexity, requires a creative approach and input from many different fields of expertise. Lessons from engineering have the potential to improve both the efficiency and quality of healthcare delivery. The fundamental notion of a high-performing healthcare system--one that increasingly is more effective, more efficient, safer, and higher quality--is rooted in continuous improvement principles that medicine shares with engineering. As part of its Learning Health System series of workshops, the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Health Care and the National Academy of Engineering, hosted a workshop on lessons from systems and operations engineering that could be applied to health care. Building on previous work done in this area the workshop convened leading engineering practitioners, health professionals, and scholars to explore how the field might learn from and apply systems engineering principles in the design of a learning healthcare system. Engineering a Learning Healthcare System: A Look at the Future: Workshop Summary focuses on current major healthcare system challenges and what the field of engineering has to offer in the redesign of the system toward a learning healthcare system.

Gender, Women's Health Care Concerns and Other Social Factors in Health and Health Care

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787561755

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 6341

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This book analyses micro-level gender issues and other social factors impacting macro-level health care systems. Examining the health and health care issues of patients and providers of care both in the United States and in other countries, chapters focus on linkages to policy and population concerns as ways to meet global health care needs.

Crossing the Quality Chasm:

A New Health System for the 21st Century

Author: Committee on Quality of Health Care in America,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309072808

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 7819

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Second in a series of publications from the Institute of Medicine's Quality of Health Care in America project Today's health care providers have more research findings and more technology available to them than ever before. Yet recent reports have raised serious doubts about the quality of health care in America. Crossing the Quality Chasm makes an urgent call for fundamental change to close the quality gap. This book recommends a sweeping redesign of the American health care system and provides overarching principles for specific direction for policymakers, health care leaders, clinicians, regulators, purchasers, and others. In this comprehensive volume the committee offers: A set of performance expectations for the 21st century health care system. A set of 10 new rules to guide patient-clinician relationships. A suggested organizing framework to better align the incentives inherent in payment and accountability with improvements in quality. Key steps to promote evidence-based practice and strengthen clinical information systems. Analyzing health care organizations as complex systems, Crossing the Quality Chasm also documents the causes of the quality gap, identifies current practices that impede quality care, and explores how systems approaches can be used to implement change.

Beyond the HIPAA Privacy Rule:

Enhancing Privacy, Improving Health Through Research

Author: Committee on Health Research and the Privacy of Health Information: The HIPAA Privacy Rule,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Board on Health Care Services,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309124999

Category: Computers

Page: 334

View: 4156

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In the realm of health care, privacy protections are needed to preserve patients' dignity and prevent possible harms. Ten years ago, to address these concerns as well as set guidelines for ethical health research, Congress called for a set of federal standards now known as the HIPAA Privacy Rule. In its 2009 report, Beyond the HIPAA Privacy Rule: Enhancing Privacy, Improving Health Through Research, the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Health Research and the Privacy of Health Information concludes that the HIPAA Privacy Rule does not protect privacy as well as it should, and that it impedes important health research.

World Report on Ageing and Health

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241565047

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 246

View: 5027

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The WHO World report on ageing and health is not for the book shelf it is a living breathing testament to all older people who have fought for their voice to be heard at all levels of government across disciplines and sectors. - Mr Bjarne Hastrup President International Federation on Ageing and CEO DaneAge This report outlines a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing built around the new concept of functional ability. This will require a transformation of health systems away from disease based curative models and towards the provision of older-person-centred and integrated care. It will require the development sometimes from nothing of comprehensive systems of long term care. It will require a coordinated response from many other sectors and multiple levels of government. And it will need to draw on better ways of measuring and monitoring the health and functioning of older populations. These actions are likely to be a sound investment in society's future. A future that gives older people the freedom to live lives that previous generations might never have imagined. The World report on ageing and health responds to these challenges by recommending equally profound changes in the way health policies for ageing populations are formulated and services are provided. As the foundation for its recommendations the report looks at what the latest evidence has to say about the ageing process noting that many common perceptions and assumptions about older people are based on outdated stereotypes. The report's recommendations are anchored in the evidence comprehensive and forward-looking yet eminently practical. Throughout examples of experiences from different countries are used to illustrate how specific problems can be addressed through innovation solutions. Topics explored range from strategies to deliver comprehensive and person-centred services to older populations to policies that enable older people to live in comfort and safety to ways to correct the problems and injustices inherent in current systems for long-term care.

Innovative Care for Chronic Conditions

Building Blocks for Action : Global Report

Author: Sheri Pruitt

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241590173

Category: Law

Page: 112

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The dramatic increase in chronic conditions, including noncommunicable diseases, mental disorders, and certain communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS demands creative action. The WHO created this document to alert decision-makers throughout the world about these important changes in global health, and to present health care solutions for managing this rising burden.

Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data:

Standardization for Health Care Quality Improvement

Author: Subcommittee on Standardized Collection of Race/Ethnicity Data for Healthcare Quality Improvement,Board on Health Care Services,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309140129

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 286

View: 715

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The goal of eliminating disparities in health care in the United States remains elusive. Even as quality improves on specific measures, disparities often persist. Addressing these disparities must begin with the fundamental step of bringing the nature of the disparities and the groups at risk for those disparities to light by collecting health care quality information stratified by race, ethnicity and language data. Then attention can be focused on where interventions might be best applied, and on planning and evaluating those efforts to inform the development of policy and the application of resources. A lack of standardization of categories for race, ethnicity, and language data has been suggested as one obstacle to achieving more widespread collection and utilization of these data. Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data identifies current models for collecting and coding race, ethnicity, and language data; reviews challenges involved in obtaining these data, and makes recommendations for a nationally standardized approach for use in health care quality improvement.

International Best Practices in Health Care Management

Author: Sandra C. Buttigieg,Cheryl Rathert,Wilfried von Eiff

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784412783

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 8291

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Advances in Health Care Management Volume 17 helps to shape emerging thinking about best practices in international health care management. The volume is divided into two sections: a set of commentaries from US and European scholars, and research articles that compare two or more health systems and focus on specific topics in health care delivery.

Social Determinants, Health Disparities and Linkages to Health and Health Care

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1781905886

Category: Medical

Page: 425

View: 4879

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This volume looks at the key links between social determinants, health disparities and health and health care. There is a particular focus on macro-level systems and micro-level issues, including the examination of issues for patients, carers and providers of care.

Innovations in Health Literacy:

Workshop Summary

Author: Roundtable on Health Literacy,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309161851

Category: Medical

Page: 110

View: 2989

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Nearly nine out of 10 adults have difficulty using everyday health information to make good health decisions. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) Roundtable on Health Literacy held a meeting on May 27, 2010, to explore areas for research in health literacy, the relationship between health literacy and health disparities, and ways to apply information technology to improve health literacy.

Collecting Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data in Electronic Health Records:

Workshop Summary

Author: Board on the Health of Select Populations,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309268044

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 73

View: 6665

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Collecting Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data in Electronic Health Records: Workshop Summary reviews the statement of task set to the committee which required them to collect sexual orientation and gender identity data in electronic health records. This report summarizes the invited presentations and facilitated discussions about current practices around sexual orientation and gender identity data collection, the challenges in collecting these data, and ways in which these challenges can be overcome. Areas of focus for the workshop include the clinical rationale behind collecting these data, standardized questions that can be used to collect these data, mechanisms for supporting providers and patients in the collection of these data, technical specifications involved in creating standards for sexual orientation and gender identity data collection and exchange, and policy considerations related to the health information technology (HIT) Meaningful Use process being overseen by the Department of Health and Human Services. This report summarizes the workshop agenda, select invited speakers and discussants, and moderate the discussions. Invited participants will include lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health care consumer advocates, providers with experience working with LGBT populations, HIT vendors and other HIT specialists, health care administrators, and policy makers.

Improving Diagnosis in Health Care

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Diagnostic Error in Health Care

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309377692

Category: Medical

Page: 472

View: 3399

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Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care - it provides an explanation of a patient's health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions. The diagnostic process is a complex, collaborative activity that involves clinical reasoning and information gathering to determine a patient's health problem. According to Improving Diagnosis in Health Care, diagnostic errors-inaccurate or delayed diagnoses-persist throughout all settings of care and continue to harm an unacceptable number of patients. It is likely that most people will experience at least one diagnostic error in their lifetime, sometimes with devastating consequences. Diagnostic errors may cause harm to patients by preventing or delaying appropriate treatment, providing unnecessary or harmful treatment, or resulting in psychological or financial repercussions. The committee concluded that improving the diagnostic process is not only possible, but also represents a moral, professional, and public health imperative. Improving Diagnosis in Health Care a continuation of the landmark Institute of Medicine reports To Err Is Human (2000) and Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) finds that diagnosis-and, in particular, the occurrence of diagnostic errorsâ€"has been largely unappreciated in efforts to improve the quality and safety of health care. Without a dedicated focus on improving diagnosis, diagnostic errors will likely worsen as the delivery of health care and the diagnostic process continue to increase in complexity. Just as the diagnostic process is a collaborative activity, improving diagnosis will require collaboration and a widespread commitment to change among health care professionals, health care organizations, patients and their families, researchers, and policy makers. The recommendations of Improving Diagnosis in Health Care contribute to the growing momentum for change in this crucial area of health care quality and safety.

Transforming Health Care Scheduling and Access

Getting to Now

Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Optimizing Scheduling in Health Care

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309339227

Category: Medical

Page: 154

View: 5545

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According to Transforming Health Care Scheduling and Access, long waits for treatment are a function of the disjointed manner in which most health systems have evolved to accommodate the needs and the desires of doctors and administrators, rather than those of patients. The result is a health care system that deploys its most valuable resource--highly trained personnel--inefficiently, leading to an unnecessary imbalance between the demand for appointments and the supply of open appointments. This study makes the case that by using the techniques of systems engineering, new approaches to management, and increased patient and family involvement, the current health care system can move forward to one with greater focus on the preferences of patients to provide convenient, efficient, and excellent health care without the need for costly investment. Transforming Health Care Scheduling and Access identifies best practices for making significant improvements in access and system-level change. This report makes recommendations for principles and practices to improve access by promoting efficient scheduling. This study will be a valuable resource for practitioners to progress toward a more patient-focused "How can we help you today?" culture.

The World Health Report 2008

Primary Health Care : Now More Than Ever

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563737

Category: Medical

Page: 119

View: 3674

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Provides information on medical care and health care policy from around the world.