Technique and Application in Dental Anthropology

Author: Joel D. Irish,Greg C. Nelson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468111

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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Bringing together a variety of accomplished dental researchers, this book covers a range of topics germane to the study of human and other primate teeth. The chapters encompass work on individuals to samples, ranging from prehistoric to modern times. The focus throughout the book is the methodology required for the study of modern dental anthropology, comprising the scientific methods in use today - ranging from simple observation to advanced computer-based analyses - which can be utilized by the reader in their own dental research. Originating from the 20th anniversary meeting of the Dental Anthropology Association, this is a valuable reference source for graduate students, academic researchers and professionals in the social and life sciences, as well as clinicians.

Bioarchaeology

Author: Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052183869X

Category: History

Page: 656

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A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology

Genetics, Evolution, Variation

Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107011450

Category: Medical

Page: 559

View: 1781

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This follow-up to The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth puts methods to use in interpreting human origins and affinities.

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent and Fossil Homo sapiens

Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316805719

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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All humans share certain components of tooth structure, but show variation in size and morphology around this shared pattern. This book presents a worldwide synthesis of the global variation in tooth morphology in recent populations. Research has advanced on many fronts since the publication of the first edition, which has become a seminal work on the subject. This revised and updated edition introduces new ideas in dental genetics and ontogeny and summarizes major historical problems addressed by dental morphology. The detailed descriptions of 29 dental variables are fully updated with current data and include details of a new web-based application for using crown and root morphology to evaluate ancestry in forensic cases. A new chapter describes what constitutes a modern human dentition in the context of the hominin fossil record.

The Backbone of Europe

Health, Diet, Work and Violence over Two Millennia

Author: Richard H. Steckel,Clark Larsen,Charlotte A. Roberts,Joerg Baten

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108421954

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 493

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Represents the largest recorded dataset based on human skeletal remains from archaeological sites across the continent of Europe.

Shaping Primate Evolution

Form, Function, and Behavior

Author: Fred Anapol,Rebecca Z. German,Nina G. Jablonski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139451567

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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Shaping Primate Evolution is an edited collection of papers about how biological form is described in primate biology, and the consequences of form for function and behavior. The contributors are highly regarded internationally recognized scholars in the field of quantitative primate evolutionary morphology. Each chapter elaborates upon the analysis of the form-function-behavior triad in a unique and compelling way. This book is distinctive not only in the diversity of the topics discussed, but also in the range of levels of biological organization that are addressed from cellular morphometrics to the evolution of primate ecology. The book is dedicated to Charles E. Oxnard, whose influential pioneering work on innovative metric and analytic techniques has gone hand-in-hand with meticulous comparative functional analyses of primate anatomy. Through the marriage of theory with analytical applications, this volume will be an important reference work for all those interested in primate functional morphology.

Human Adult Odontometrics

The Study of Variation in Adult Tooth Size

Author: Julius A. Kieser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521353908

Category: Science

Page: 194

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This book has an important role in demonstrating to students the diverse practical applications of odontometrics.

Between Biology and Culture

Author: Holger Schutkowski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521859360

Category: Science

Page: 310

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This book examines how biocultural information can be explored using skeletal evidence gained from studies in a wide range of subdisciplines.

What Teeth Reveal about Human Evolution

Author: Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107082102

Category: Nature

Page: 275

View: 6134

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Explores the insights that fossil hominin teeth provide about human evolution, linking findings with current debates in palaeoanthropology.

Cultural Phylogenetics

Concepts and Applications in Archaeology

Author: Larissa Mendoza Straffon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319259288

Category: Science

Page: 202

View: 8692

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This book explores the potential and challenges of implementing evolutionary phylogenetic methods in archaeological research, by discussing key concepts and presenting concrete applications of these approaches. The volume is divided into two parts: The first covers the theoretical and conceptual implications of using evolution-based models in the sociocultural domain, illustrates the sorts of questions that these methods can help answer, and invites the reader to reflect on the opportunities and limitations of these perspectives. The second part comprises case studies that address relevant empirical issues, such as inferring patterns and rates of cultural transmission, detecting selective pressures in cultural evolution, and explaining the nature of cultural variation. This book will appeal to archaeologists interested in applying evolutionary thinking and inferential methods to their field, and to anyone interested in cultural evolution studies.

The First Humans

Origin and Early Evolution of the Genus Homo

Author: Frederick E. Grine,John G Fleagle,Richard E. Leakey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402099809

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

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There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.

The Evolutionary Biology of Human Body Fatness

Thrift and Control

Author: Jonathan C. K. Wells

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521884209

Category: Nature

Page: 382

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Integrates medical and evolutionary data on the role of body fat in human biology, including the current obesity epidemic.

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent and Fossil Homo sapien

Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres

Publisher: Cambridge Studies in Biologica

ISBN: 1107174414

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 8457

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Complete guide to genetics, evolution, and variation in human tooth crown and root morphology in modern and fossil Homo sapiens.

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Author: M. Anne Katzenberg,Anne L. Grauer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119151627

Category: Social Science

Page: 680

View: 2075

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An Indispensable Resource on Advanced Methods of Analysis of Human Skeletal and Dental Remains in Archaeological and Forensic Contexts Now in its third edition, Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton has become a key reference for bioarchaeologists, human osteologists, and paleopathologists throughout the world. It builds upon basic skills to provide the foundation for advanced scientific analyses of human skeletal remains in cultural, archaeological, and theoretical contexts. This new edition features updated coverage of topics including histomorphometry, dental morphology, stable isotope methods, and ancient DNA, as well as a number of new chapters on paleopathology. It also covers bioarchaeological ethics, taphonomy and the nature of archaeological assemblages, biomechanical analyses of archaeological human skeletons, and more. Fully updated and revised with new material written by leading researchers in the field Includes many case studies to demonstrate application of methods of analysis Offers valuable information on contexts, methods, applications, promises, and pitfalls Covering the latest advanced methods and techniques for analyzing skeletal and dental remains from archaeological discoveries, Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton is a trusted text for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and professionals in human osteology, bioarchaeology, and paleopathology.

Dental Anthropology

Volume V: Society for the Study of Human Biology

Author: D. R. Brothwell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483184757

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

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Symposia of the Society for the Study of Human Biology, Volume V: Dental Anthropology is a collection of papers that covers the application of dental pathology in the context of anthropology. The book presents 15 studies that cover various human dental variables and relates to different anthropological factors. The dental variables considered in the articles include tooth morphology; occlusion and malocclusion of primate teeth; morphogenesis of deciduous molar pattern in man; and double-rooted human lower canine teeth. The text also covers topics about race specific dental traits such as radiographic study of the Neanderthal teeth from Krapina; crown characters of the deciduous dentition of the Japanese-American hybrids; and analysis of the American Indian dentition. The selection will be of great interest to evolutionary scientists, such as anthropologists and paleontologists.

Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene

An Assessment of the Faunal Evidence

Author: René Bobe,Zeresenay Alemseged,Anna K. Behrensmeyer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402030983

Category: Science

Page: 355

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This volume presents the work of researchers at many sites spanning the East African Pliocene. The authors take a broad approach that seeks to compare paleoenvironmental and paleoecological patterns across localities and among various taxonomic groups. This volume aims to synthesize large amounts of faunal data, and to present the evolution of East African vertebrates in the context of environmental and climatic changes during the Pliocene.

Paleodemography

Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples

Author: Robert D. Hoppa,James W. Vaupel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139441551

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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Paleodemography is the field of enquiry that attempts to identify demographic parameters from past populations (usually skeletal samples) derived from archaeological contexts, and then to make interpretations regarding the health and well-being of those populations. However, paleodemographic theory relies on several assumptions that cannot easily be validated by the researcher, and if incorrect, can lead to large errors or biases. In this book, physical anthropologists, mathematical demographers and statisticians tackle these methodological issues for reconstructing demographic structure for skeletal samples. Topics discussed include how skeletal morphology is linked to chronological age, assessment of age from the skeleton, demographic models of mortality and their interpretation, and biostatistical approaches to age structure estimation from archaeological samples. This work will be of immense importance to anyone interested in paleodemography, including biological and physical anthropologists, demographers, geographers, evolutionary biologists and statisticians.

Western Diseases

An Evolutionary Perspective

Author: Tessa M. Pollard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469622

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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As a group, western diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, allergies and mental health problems constitute one of the major problems facing humans at the beginning of the 21st century, particularly as they extend into poorer countries. An evolutionary perspective has much to offer standard biomedical understandings of western diseases. At the heart of this approach is the notion that human evolution occurred in circumstances very different from the modern affluent western environment and that, as a consequence, human biology is not adapted to the contemporary western environment. Written with an anthropological perspective and aimed at advanced undergraduates and graduates taking courses in the ecology and evolution of disease, Tessa Pollard applies and extends this evolutionary perspective by analysing trends in rates of western diseases and providing a new synthesis of current understandings of evolutionary processes, and of the biology and epidemiology of disease.

The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South Asia

Inter-disciplinary Studies in Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, Linguistics and Genetics

Author: Michael D. Petraglia,Bridget Allchin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402055621

Category: Social Science

Page: 465

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This is the first volume of its kind on prehistoric cultures of South Asia. The book brings together archaeologists, biological anthropologists, geneticists and linguists in order to provide a comprehensive account of the history and evolution of human populations residing in the subcontinent. New theories and methodologies presented provide new interpretations about the cultural history and evolution of populations in South Asia.