Structure of Materials

An Introduction to Crystallography, Diffraction and Symmetry

Author: Marc De Graef,Michael E. McHenry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139560476

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 9145

This highly readable, popular textbook for upper undergraduates and graduates comprehensively covers the fundamentals of crystallography and symmetry, applying these concepts to a large range of materials. New to this edition are more streamlined coverage of crystallography, additional coverage of magnetic point group symmetry and updated material on extraterrestrial minerals and rocks. New exercises at the end of chapters, plus over 500 additional exercises available online, allow students to check their understanding of key concepts and put into practice what they have learnt. Over 400 illustrations within the text help students visualise crystal structures and more abstract mathematical objects, supporting more difficult topics like point group symmetries. Historical and biographical sections add colour and interest by giving an insight into those who have contributed significantly to the field. Supplementary online material includes password-protected solutions, over 100 crystal structure data files, and Powerpoints of figures from the book.

Electronic Structure of Materials

Author: Adrian P. Sutton

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191588539


Page: 276

View: 3144

This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. - ;This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. -

Concise Encyclopedia of the Structure of Materials

Author: J. W. Martin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080524634

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 7620

This Concise Encyclopedia draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in the structure of metals, polymers, ceramics and glasses, biomaterials, wood, paper, and liquid crystals. Materials science and engineering is concerned with the relationship between the properties and structure of materials. In this context "structure" may be defined on the atomic scale in the case of crystalline materials, on the molecular scale (in the case of polymers, for example), or on the microscopic scale. Each of these definitions has been applied in making the present selection of articles. * Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the structure of materials at the atomic, molecular and microscopic levels, plus recent updates * Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field * Extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature

Electronic Structure of Materials

Author: Rajendra Prasad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466504684

Category: Science

Page: 469

View: 5392

Most textbooks in the field are either too advanced for students or don’t adequately cover current research topics. Bridging this gap, Electronic Structure of Materials helps advanced undergraduate and graduate students understand electronic structure methods and enables them to use these techniques in their work. Developed from the author’s lecture notes, this classroom-tested book takes a microscopic view of materials as composed of interacting electrons and nuclei. It explains all the properties of materials in terms of basic quantities of electrons and nuclei, such as electronic charge, mass, and atomic number. Based on quantum mechanics, this first-principles approach does not have any adjustable parameters. The first half of the text presents the fundamentals and methods of electronic structure. Using numerous examples, the second half illustrates applications of the methods to various materials, including crystalline solids, disordered substitutional alloys, amorphous solids, nanoclusters, nanowires, graphene, topological insulators, battery materials, spintronic materials, and materials under extreme conditions. Every chapter starts at a basic level and gradually moves to more complex topics, preparing students for more advanced work in the field. End-of-chapter exercises also help students get a sense of numbers and visualize the physical picture associated with the problem. Students are encouraged to practice with the electronic structure calculations via user-friendly software packages.

Structure and Dynamics

An Atomic View of Materials

Author: Martin T. Dove

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198506782

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 334

View: 4464

This book describes how the arrangement and movement of atoms in a solid are related to the forces between atoms, and how they affect the behaviour and properties of materials. The book is intended for final year undergraduate students and graduate students in physics and materials science.

Properties of Materials

Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

Author: Robert E. Newnham

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191523403

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 2976

Crystals are sometimes called 'Flowers of the Mineral Kingdom'. In addition to their great beauty, crystals and other textured materials are enormously useful in electronics, optics, acoustics, and many other engineering applications. This book describes the underlying principles of crystal physics and chemistry, covering a wide range of topics, and illustrating numerous applications in many fields of engineering using the most important materials. It has been written at a level suitable for science and engineering students and can be used for teaching a one- or two-semester course. Tensors, matrices, symmetry and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. Whilst tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anisotropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to quantify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and partly on the basic physics and chemistry of materials. After introducing the point groups appropriate for single crystals, textured materials and ordered magnetic structures, the directional properties of many different materials are described: linear and nonlinear elasticity, piezoelectricity and electrostriction, magnetic phenomena, diffusion and other transport properties, and both primary and secondary ferroic behaviour. With crystal optics (its roots in classical mineralogy) having become an important component of the information age, nonlinear optics is described along with the piezo-optics, magneto-optics and electro-optics, and analogous linear and nonlinear acoustic wave phenomena. Enantiomorphism, optical activity, and chemical anisotropy are discussed in the final chapters of the book.

The Structure of Materials

Author: Sam Allen,Edwin L. Thomas

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471000822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 2233

Are You Looking for a Unified and Concise Approach to Teaching and Learning the Structure of Materials? Allen and Thomas present information in a manner consistent with the way future scientists and engineers will be required to think about materials' selection, design, and use. Students will learn the fundamentals of three different states of condensed matter-glasses, crystals, and liquid crystals-and develop a set of tools for describing all of them. Above all, they'll gain a better understanding of the principles of structure common to all materials. Key concepts, such as symmetry theory, are introduced and applied to provide a common viewpoint for describing structures of ceramic, metallic, and polymeric materials. Structure-sensitive properties of real materials are introduced. The text also includes a variety of worked example problems. Other texts available in the MIT Series: Thermodynamics of Materials, Vol I, Ragone, 30885-4 Thermodynamics of Materials, Vol II: Kinetics, Ragone, 30886-2 Physical Ceramics: Principles for Ceramics Science and Engineering, Chiang, Birnie, Kingery, 59873-9 Electronic Properties of Engineering Materials, Livingston, 31627-X

Structure and Bonding in Crystalline Materials

Author: Gregory S. Rohrer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521663793

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 4397

A graduate level textbook for materials scientists that describes the established principles of crystallography and bonding.

Introduction to Materials Science

Author: Jean P Mercier,Gerald Zambelli,Wilfried Kurz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008095071X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 460

View: 2143

The approach of this concise but comprehensive introduction, covering all major classes of materials, is right for not just materials science students and professionals, but also for those in engineering, physics and chemistry, or other related disciplines. The characteristics of all main classes of materials, metals, polymers and ceramics, are explained with reference to real-world examples. So each class of material is described, then its properties are explained, with illustrative examples from the leading edge of application. This edition contains new material on nanomaterials and nanostructures, and includes a study of degradation and corrosion, and a presentation of the main organic composite materials. Illustrative examples include carbon fibres, the silicon crystal, metallic glasses, and diamond films. Applications explored include ultra-light aircraft, contact lenses, dental materials, single crystal blades for gas turbines, use of lasers in the automotive industry, cables for cable cars, permanent magnets and molecular electronic devices. Covers latest materials including nanomaterials and nanostructures Real-world case studies bring the theory to life and illustrate the latest in good design All major classes of materials are covered in this concise yet comprehensive volume

Concise Dictionary of Materials Science

Structure and Characterization of Polycrystalline Materials

Author: Vladimir Novikov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420041142

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 7172

A detailed knowledge of the terminology and its background is necessary for a fundamental understanding of the professional literature in the field of materials science. This sharply focused, authoritative lexicon affords the reader a coherent idea of microstructure formation and evolution. All the term definitions are supplied with explanations and cross-references, offering a consistent picture of microstructure in metallic and non-metallic polycrystalline materials. Written by an author with over thirty years of teaching and research experience, it fills the terminological gap between the textbooks on materials science and the professional literature. Concise Dictionary of Materials Science: Structure and Characterization of Polycrystalline Materials contains more than 1400 terms commonly used in modern literature, research, and practice. Throughout the dictionary, the emphasis is on lattice defects and their role in diffusion, plastic deformation and phase transitions, as well as on the granular structure and its formation and changes in the course of phase transitions, recrystallization, and grain growth. In addition, all the entries from the dictionary are presented in the English-German/German-English Glossary, providing in one volume quick access to the key concepts and terms in both of the languages. Highlighting structure description, formation, and characterization, Concise Dictionary of Materials Science is a very useful reference for students in materials science and engineering, for researchers, engineers, and technologists in metalworking, microelectronic, and ceramic industries, as well as for readers without a technical background.

Science and Engineering of Materials, SI Edition

Author: Donald R. Askeland,Wendelin J. Wright

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 130544633X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 960

View: 7464

Succeed in your materials science course with THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING OF MATERIALS, 7e. Filled with built-in study tools to help you master key concepts, this proven book will help you develop an understanding of the relationship between structure, processing, and properties of materials and will serve as a useful reference for future courses in manufacturing, materials, design, or materials selection. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Studying Bonding and Electronic Structures of Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Author: N.A

Publisher: Stanford University



Page: N.A

View: 5332

Recent advances in high pressure diamond anvil cell techniques and synchrotron radiation characterization methods have enabled investigation of a wide range of materials properties in-situ under extreme conditions. High pressure studies have made significant contribution to our understanding in a number of scientific fields, e.g. condensed matter physics, chemistry, Earth and planetary sciences, and material sciences. Pressure, as a fundamental thermodynamic variable, can induce changes in the electronic and structural configuration of a material, which in turn can dramatically alter its properties. The novel phases and new compounds existing at high pressure have improved our basic understanding of bonding and interactions in condensed matter. This dissertation focuses on how pressure affects materials' bonding and electronic structures in two types of systems: hydrogen rich molecular compounds and strongly correlated transition metal oxides. The interaction of boranes and hydrogen was studied using optical microscopy and Raman spectroscopy and their hydrogen storage potential is discussed in the context of practical applications. The pressure-induced behavior of the SiH4 + H2 binary system and the formation of a newly formed compound SiH4(H2)2 were investigated using a combination of optical microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. The experimental work along with DFT calculations on the electronic properties of the compound up to the possible metallization pressure, indicated that there are strong intermolecular interactions between SiH4 and H2 in the condensed phase. By using a newly developed synchrotron x-ray spectroscopy technique, we were able to follow the evolution of the 3d band of a 3d transition metal oxide, Fe2O3 under pressure, which experiences a series of structural, electronic and spin transitions at approximately 50 GPa. Together with theoretical calculations we revisited its electronic phase transition mechanism, and found that the electronic transitions are reflected in the pre-edge region.

Engineering Materials Science

Author: Milton Ohring

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780125249959

Category: Materials.

Page: 827

View: 8111

Milton Ohring's Engineering Materials Science integrates the scientific nature and modern applications of all classes of engineering materials. This comprehensive, introductory textbook will provide undergraduate engineering students with the fundamental background needed to understand the science of structure–property relationships, as well as address the engineering concerns of materials selection in design, processing materials into useful products, andhow material degrade and fail in service. Specific topics include: physical and electronic structure; thermodynamics and kinetics; processing; mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties; degradation; and failure and reliability. The book offers superior coverage of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials than competing text.The author has taught introductory courses in material science and engineering both in academia and industry (AT&T Bell Laboratories) and has also written the well-received book, The Material Science of Thin Films (Academic Press).

Kinetics of Materials

Author: Robert W. Balluffi,Sam Allen,W. Craig Carter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471749303

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 1922

A classroom-tested textbook providing a fundamental understanding of basic kinetic processes in materials This textbook, reflecting the hands-on teaching experience of its three authors, evolved from Massachusetts Institute of Technology's first-year graduate curriculum in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. It discusses key topics collectively representing the basic kinetic processes that cause changes in the size, shape, composition, and atomistic structure of materials. Readers gain a deeper understanding of these kinetic processes and of the properties and applications of materials. Topics are introduced in a logical order, enabling students to develop a solid foundation before advancing to more sophisticated topics. Kinetics of Materials begins with diffusion, offering a description of the elementary manner in which atoms and molecules move around in solids and liquids. Next, the more complex motion of dislocations and interfaces is addressed. Finally, still more complex kinetic phenomena, such as morphological evolution and phase transformations, are treated. Throughout the textbook, readers are instilled with an appreciation of the subject's analytic foundations and, in many cases, the approximations commonly used in the field. The authors offer many extensive derivations of important results to help illuminate their origins. While the principal focus is on kinetic phenomena in crystalline materials, select phenomena in noncrystalline materials are also discussed. In many cases, the principles involved apply to all materials. Exercises with accompanying solutions are provided throughout Kinetics of Materials, enabling readers to put their newfound knowledge into practice. In addition, bibliographies are offered with each chapter, helping readers to investigate specialized topics in greater detail. Several appendices presenting important background material are also included. With its unique range of topics, progressive structure, and extensive exercises, this classroom-tested textbook provides an enriching learning experience for first-year graduate students.

Solid State Physics

Structure and Properties of Materials

Author: Mohammad Abdul Wahab

Publisher: Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.

ISBN: 9781842652183

Category: Science

Page: 596

View: 1103

Solid State Physics, a comprehensive study for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of pure and applied sciences, and engineering disciplines is divided into eighteen chapters. The First seven chapters deal with structure related aspects such as lattice and crystal structures, bonding, packing and diffusion of atoms followed by imperfections and lattice vibrations. Chapter eight deals mainly with experimental methods of determining structures of given materials. While the next nine chapters cover various physical properties of crystalline solids, the last chapter deals with the anisotropic properties of materials. This chapter has been added for benefit of readers to understand the crystal properties (anisotropic) in terms of some simple mathematical formulations such as tensor and matrix. New to the Second Edition: Chapter on: *Anisotropic Properties of Materials