Structure and Bonding in Crystalline Materials

Author: Gregory S. Rohrer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521663793

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 8291

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A graduate level textbook for materials scientists that describes the established principles of crystallography and bonding.

Structure and Bonding in Crystalline Materials

Author: Gregory S. Rohrer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139936395

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3238

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One of the motivating questions in materials research today is, how can elements be combined to produce a solid with specified properties? This book is intended to acquaint the reader with established principles of crystallography and cohesive forces that are needed to address the fundamental relationship between the composition, structure and bonding. Starting with an introduction to periodic trends, the book discusses crystal structures and the various primary and secondary bonding types, and finishes by describing a number of models for predicting phase stability and structure. Containing a large number of worked examples, exercises, and detailed descriptions of numerous crystal structures, this book is primarily intended as an advanced undergraduate or graduate level textbook for students of materials science. It will also be useful to scientists and engineers who work with solid materials.

Structure and Bonding in Crystalline Materials

Author: Gregory S. Rohrer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780521663281

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 9088

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One of the motivating questions in materials research today is, how can elements be combined to produce a solid with specified properties? This book is intended to acquaint the reader with established principles of crystallography and cohesive forces that are needed to address the fundamental relationship between the composition, structure and bonding. Starting with an introduction to periodic trends, the book discusses crystal structures and the various primary and secondary bonding types, and finishes by describing a number of models for predicting phase stability and structure. Containing a large number of worked examples, exercises, and detailed descriptions of numerous crystal structures, this book is primarily intended as an advanced undergraduate or graduate level textbook for students of materials science. It will also be useful to scientists and engineers who work with solid materials.

Introduction to Materials Science

Author: Jean P Mercier,Gerald Zambelli,Wilfried Kurz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008095071X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 460

View: 9543

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The approach of this concise but comprehensive introduction, covering all major classes of materials, is right for not just materials science students and professionals, but also for those in engineering, physics and chemistry, or other related disciplines. The characteristics of all main classes of materials, metals, polymers and ceramics, are explained with reference to real-world examples. So each class of material is described, then its properties are explained, with illustrative examples from the leading edge of application. This edition contains new material on nanomaterials and nanostructures, and includes a study of degradation and corrosion, and a presentation of the main organic composite materials. Illustrative examples include carbon fibres, the silicon crystal, metallic glasses, and diamond films. Applications explored include ultra-light aircraft, contact lenses, dental materials, single crystal blades for gas turbines, use of lasers in the automotive industry, cables for cable cars, permanent magnets and molecular electronic devices. Covers latest materials including nanomaterials and nanostructures Real-world case studies bring the theory to life and illustrate the latest in good design All major classes of materials are covered in this concise yet comprehensive volume

Structure of Materials

An Introduction to Crystallography, Diffraction and Symmetry

Author: Marc De Graef,Michael E. McHenry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521651514

Category: Science

Page: 844

View: 5070

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Highly illustrated, self-contained textbook covering the fundamentals of crystallography, symmetry and diffraction, providing a full appreciation of material structure for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses within materials science and engineering. Includes over 430 illustrations and 400 homework problems. Solutions, data files for crystal structures, and appendices, available from www.cambridge.org/9780521651516.

Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces

Author: Anders Nilsson,Lars G.M. Pettersson,Jens Norskov

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080551913

Category: Science

Page: 532

View: 3070

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Molecular surface science has made enormous progress in the past 30 years. The development can be characterized by a revolution in fundamental knowledge obtained from simple model systems and by an explosion in the number of experimental techniques. The last 10 years has seen an equally rapid development of quantum mechanical modeling of surface processes using Density Functional Theory (DFT). Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces focuses on phenomena and concepts rather than on experimental or theoretical techniques. The aim is to provide the common basis for describing the interaction of atoms and molecules with surfaces and this to be used very broadly in science and technology. The book begins with an overview of structural information on surface adsorbates and discusses the structure of a number of important chemisorption systems. Chapter 2 describes in detail the chemical bond between atoms or molecules and a metal surface in the observed surface structures. A detailed description of experimental information on the dynamics of bond-formation and bond-breaking at surfaces make up Chapter 3. Followed by an in-depth analysis of aspects of heterogeneous catalysis based on the d-band model. In Chapter 5 adsorption and chemistry on the enormously important Si and Ge semiconductor surfaces are covered. In the remaining two Chapters the book moves on from solid-gas interfaces and looks at solid-liquid interface processes. In the final chapter an overview is given of the environmentally important chemical processes occurring on mineral and oxide surfaces in contact with water and electrolytes. Gives examples of how modern theoretical DFT techniques can be used to design heterogeneous catalysts This book suits the rapid introduction of methods and concepts from surface science into a broad range of scientific disciplines where the interaction between a solid and the surrounding gas or liquid phase is an essential component Shows how insight into chemical bonding at surfaces can be applied to a range of scientific problems in heterogeneous catalysis, electrochemistry, environmental science and semiconductor processing Provides both the fundamental perspective and an overview of chemical bonding in terms of structure, electronic structure and dynamics of bond rearrangements at surfaces

Structure and Dynamics

An Atomic View of Materials

Author: Martin T. Dove

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198506782

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 334

View: 7986

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This book describes how the arrangement and movement of atoms in a solid are related to the forces between atoms, and how they affect the behaviour and properties of materials. The book is intended for final year undergraduate students and graduate students in physics and materials science.

Engineering of Crystalline Materials Properties

State of the Art in Modeling, Design and Applications

Author: Juan J. Novoa,Dario Braga,Lia Addadi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402068232

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 518

View: 9434

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This volume collects the state of the art in molecular materials. It collects the lecture notes of a series of lectures given by some of the best specialists in the field at the 2007 Erice International School of Crystallography, and also a NATO-ASI course. The school first established "where we are" in terms of modeling, design, synthesis and applications of crystalline solids with predefined properties and then defined current and possible futuristic lines of development.

Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes

Their Properties and Applications

Author: M. S. Dresselhaus,G. Dresselhaus,P. C. Eklund

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080540775

Category: Science

Page: 965

View: 4578

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The discovery of fullerenes (also known as buckyballs) has generated tremendous excitement and opened up a new field of carbon chemistry. As the first book available on this topic, this volume will be a landmark reference in the field. Because buckyballs are essentially closed hollow cages made up of carbon atoms, they can be manipulated in a variety of ways to yield never-before-seen materials. The balls can, for instance, be doped with atoms or pulled out into tubules and filled with lead to provide properties of high-temperature superconductivity. Researchers can now create their own buckyballs in a process that is almost as simple as making soot, making this research as inexpensive as it is exotic (which has doubtless contributed to its popularity). Researchers anticipate that fullerenes will offer boundless opportunities in the development of new products, drugs and materials. Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes introduces materials scientists, chemists, and solid state physicists to the field of fullerenes, and discusses the unique properties and applications. both current and future, of all classes of fullerenes. Key Features * First comprehensive resource on fullerenes and their applications * Provides an introduction to the topic * Presents an extensive discussion of current and future applications of Fullerenes * Covers all classes of fullerenes

Crystallography

Author: Christian Bök

Publisher: Coach House Books

ISBN: 9781552451199

Category: Science

Page: 157

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Crystallography is the mineral science whose name means 'lucid writing.' Long out of print, but now available again in an elegant revised edition, this extraordinary work of avant-garde literature explores the boundary between science and poetry, suggesting that to write with clarity in either discipline involves the most intense thought, much like an act of 'lucid dreaming.' The book reveals that, within the sediment of everyday language, poems are the crystalline formations. -- Back cover.

Thermodynamics of Materials

A Classical and Statistical Synthesis

Author: John B. Hudson

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471311430

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 6045

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Thermodynamics of Materials A Classical and Statistical Synthesis Designed as a reference resource for practicing professionals as well as a text for advanced students, Thermodynamics of Materials offers a lucid presentation that ties together classical and statistical treatments of thermodynamics within the framework of materials science. Unlike most books in the field, it emphasizes the natural connection between these two approaches, both as a way of obtaining useful information about real systems, and as a way of showing the relations between the molecular-level properties of systems, and their properties on a macroscopic scale. In this regard, the author's aim throughout the text is to introduce the rigorous, general relations that arise from classical thermodynamics, which are system independent, and then to use statistical thermodynamic relations to calculate the expected values of the macroscopic thermodynamic parameters of the systems. Thermodynamics of Materials includes a review of classical thermodynamics, an introduction to statistical thermodynamics, and numerous practical problems in thermodynamics, especially those involving phase and chemical equilibrium. Handy appendices enhance the value of this outstanding text.

Science and Engineering of Materials, SI Edition

Author: Donald R. Askeland,Wendelin J. Wright

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 130544633X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 960

View: 8063

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Succeed in your materials science course with THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING OF MATERIALS, 7e. Filled with built-in study tools to help you master key concepts, this proven book will help you develop an understanding of the relationship between structure, processing, and properties of materials and will serve as a useful reference for future courses in manufacturing, materials, design, or materials selection. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds

Structures and Principles

Author: Frank H. Herbstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780198568940

Category: Molecular crystals

Page: 1273

View: 7162

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This book provides a comprehensive and unified account of the structure and properties of crystalline binary adducts. Perhaps better known as molecular complexes and compounds, these crystals are currently estimated (from molecular recognition studies) to make up one quarter of the world's crystals, providing evidence for some sort of special attraction between the two components. DNA is perhaps the most famous example but others (hydrates, solvates, host-guest inclusion complexes, donor-acceptor compounds) pervade the whole body of solid state chemistry. Although much research has been published, there has never been a comprehensive and unified treatment of the whole field. This book has been designed to fill this gap, comparing and contrasting the various examples and the different types of interaction (hydrogen bonding, inclusion and localized or delocalized charge transfer). More than 600 figures, 200 tables and 3500 references are included in the book. Since most 'parent compounds' form a number of adducts, the fraction of crystalline binary adducts is only going to grow making this account just the 'tip of the iceberg.'

Crystal Structure Determination

Author: Werner Massa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662042487

Category: Science

Page: 206

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A concise introduction to modern crystal structure determination, emphasizing both the crystallographic background and the successive practical steps. In the theoretical sections, more importance is attached to a good understanding, than to a rigorous mathematical treatment. The most important measuring techniques, including the use of modern area detectors, and the methods of data reduction, structure solution and refinement are discussed from a practical point of view. Special emphasis is put on the ability to recognize and avoid possible errors and traps, and to judge the quality of results.

Electrochemistry for Materials Science

Author: Walfried Plieth

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556253

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 3823

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This book introduces the principles of electrochemistry with a special emphasis on materials science. This book is clearly organized around the main topic areas comprising electrolytes, electrodes, development of the potential differences in combining electrolytes with electrodes, the electrochemical double layer, mass transport, and charge transfer, making the subject matter more accessible. In the second part, several important areas for materials science are described in more detail. These chapters bridge the gap between the introductory textbooks and the more specialized literature. They feature the electrodeposition of metals and alloys, electrochemistry of oxides and semiconductors, intrinsically conducting polymers, and aspects of nanotechnology with an emphasis on the codeposition of nanoparticles. This book provides a good introduction into electrochemistry for the graduate student. For the research student as well as for the advanced reader there is sufficient information on the basic problems in special chapters. The book is suitable for students and researchers in chemistry, physics, engineering, as well as materials science. - Introduction into electrochemistry - Metal and alloy electrodeposition - Oxides and semiconductors, corrosion - Intrinsically conducting polymers - Codeposition of nanoparticles, multilayers

Interfaces in crystalline materials

Author: A. P. Sutton,R. W. Balluffi

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 819

View: 3333

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The study of interfaces within and between materials is central to materials science research. For example, interfaces play an important role in many of the mechanical and electrical properties of materials, phase transformations, and material microstructures. This book provides an outstanding overview of the subject, with broad treatments of all aspects of the structure, thermodynamics, kinetics, and properties of interfaces in crystalline materials. Throughout, the authors emphasize conceptual foundations through the exposition of simple models and descriptions of key experimental observations. With Interfaces in Crystalline Materials in hand, students in materials science, crystallography, and condensed matter physics have a comprehensive and unified survey of the subject at their disposal.

The Study of Metal Structures and Their Mechanical Properties

Pergamon Unified Engineering Series

Author: W. A. Wood

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483184269

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 6950

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The Study of Metal Structures and Their Mechanical Properties focuses on metal structures and their mechanical properties. Topics covered range from the crystalline state of metal structures to lattice geometry and crystal symmetry, along with dislocations and lattice faults. Electrons in metals are also discussed, along with alloys and dispersions. Comprised of 13 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to networks of points in space, or "space lattices", followed by a detailed account of the geometry of crystal lattices and the symmetry of crystals. Subsequent chapters focus on electrons in metals; alloys and dispersions; lattice faults; some properties of dislocations; and elastic strain and internal stress. Some basic techniques are purposely illustrated by simple but significant applications. The unidirectional plastic strain and static strength displayed by a single-phase metal at normal temperature are examined, together with the basic processes of cyclic strain and fatigue strength. The final three chapters deal with combined unidirectional and cyclic strain; deformation at elevated temperatures and creep strength; and the problem of developing economic material with small plasticity that is small enough to permit high strength but large enough to damp any sudden crack growth. This monograph will be of interest to undergraduates who plan a serious study of material science and to established engineers who still like to think about how things work.

Solid State Electrochemistry

Author: Peter G. Bruce

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521599498

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 3582

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First time paperback of successful chemistry monograph.

Electronic Structure of Materials

Author: Adrian P. Sutton

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191588539

Category:

Page: 276

View: 1201

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This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. - ;This book describes the modern real-space approach to electronic structures and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials in a form readily accessible to undergraduates in materials science, physics, and chemistry. -