New Deal Archaeology in Tennessee

Intellectual, Methodological, and Theoretical Contributions

Author: David H. Dye

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817319050

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 5414

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"New Deal Archaeology in Tennessee is a collection of essays that explore how contemporary archaeology was catalyzed and shaped by the archaeological revolution during the New Deal era"--

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict

Author: Christopher Knüsel,Martin Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134677979

Category: Social Science

Page: 706

View: 9438

DOWNLOAD NOW »
If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defenses may simply be statements of prestige or status and written sources are characteristically biased and incomplete, human remains offer clear and unequivocal evidence of physical aggression reaching as far back as we have burials to examine. Warfare is often described as ‘senseless’ and as having no place in society. Consequently, its place in social relations and societal change remains obscure. The studies in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict present an overview of the nature and development of human conflict from prehistory to recent times as evidenced by the remains of past people themselves in order to explore the social contexts in which such injuries were inflicted. A broadly chronological approach is taken from prehistory through to recent conflicts, however this book is not simply a catalogue of injuries illustrating weapon development or a narrative detailing ‘progress’ in warfare but rather provides a framework in which to explore both continuity and change based on a range of important themes which hold continuing relevance throughout human development.

Forensic Nursing

A Concise Manual

Author: Donna M. Garbacz Bader,L. Sue Gabriel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420067316

Category: Law

Page: 461

View: 2091

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The forensic nurse has a powerful role in medical-legal investigations. Going beyond the nurse’s traditional role, forensic nurses are often at the forefront of evidence collection and preservation. They can maintain an evidentiary chain of custody, testify as an expert witness in a court of law, care for victims, assist victims’ families, and work with the community and law enforcement by providing educational programs. Forensic Nursing: A Concise Manual presents practical information directed at the range of activities that forensic nurses perform, offering guidelines for examining and correlating medical, psychological, ethical, and legal data specific to victims. The First Forensic Nursing Text to Offer a Full Range of Instructor’s Materials The book begins with an introduction to the fields of forensic nursing and forensic science. It discusses crime scene and death investigation, evidence collection, autopsies, legal issues, and ethics. It examines the nursing process as an organizational tool for identifying both the medical needs of the victim and the legal aspects of crime scene investigation. The authors pinpoint the role of the forensic nurse in an array of incident scenarios, including nursing home death, excited delirium syndrome, blunt and sharp force injuries, gunshot wounds, asphyxia, child abuse, sexual assault, and intimate partner violence. They also explore human trafficking and the forensic nurse’s role in mass disasters. Lastly, the book provides emergency room recommendations, discusses profiling and forensic anthropology, and offers guidance on working with grieving family members. Using a succinct outline format, the text is complemented by illustrative flowcharts and references in each chapter for further study. With contributions by notable forensic specialists, this volume shows the potential of this exciting new field and demonstrates how forensic nurses can make a difference in their communities and their profession.

Human Skeletal Remains

Excavation, Analysis, Interpretation

Author: Douglas H. Ubelaker

Publisher: Aldine De Gruyter

ISBN: 9780202362397

Category: Social Science

Page: 116

View: 9207

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Many anthropologists and even some archeologists have asked, "Why excavate skeletons? What information can we gain to merit the disturbance of human interments?" Human Skeletal Remains answers such questions. Douglas H. Ubelaker demonstrates the range of data and interpretations potentially obtainable from human skeletal remains and shows how this information can contribute to the solution of various anthropological problems. It also describes and evaluates basic techniques of skeletal excavation and analysis. Human Skeletal Remains is divided into two sections. The first section reviews the techniques and information needed for excavating and describing skeletal remains and for achieving reliable estimates of stature, sex, and age at death. These chapters should improve the capacity of non-specialists to undertake skeletal excavation and preliminary analysis. The second section discusses additional kinds of information that can be gleaned from suitable samples by experienced skeletal biologists. The information in Human Skeletal Remains is a broad-scale overview and many aspects have been treated in greater detail by others elsewhere. References are provided in the text for the convenience of those interested in more information on specific topics. Technical terminology has been avoided where possible, but accurate recording and description cannot be accomplished without employing the names of individual bones and other skeletal landmarks. Terms most commonly needed for description are included in a glossary. While it is somewhat modest in its intentions, this analysis provides a clarity that extensive tomes cannot supply.

The Bull Ring Uncovered

Excavations at Edgbaston Street, Moor Street, Park Street and The Row, Birmingham City Centre, 1997-2001

Author: Catharine Patrick,Stephanie Ratkai

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1842172859

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 4947

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The excavations in the centre of Birmingham uncovered evidence of habitation from prehistoric and Roman times, but the 12th to 19th centuries presented by far the most evidence, from artefacts, environmental samples and structural remains. The medieval industrial past was of particular interest, with tanning and the manufacture of hemp and linen all playing a large role in the city's prosperity. Metal working reached its peak in the seventeenth century, with brass founding becoming important from the eighteenth century onwards. Most of the artefactual evidence attests to Birmingham's industrial past, indeed the evidence for domestic life is comparatively scant, with an anomalous burial of two people at Park Street presenting something of a mystery. This volume presents insights into the early industrial past of this important city and is an invaluable record covering eight hundred years of occupation.

The Osteology of Infants and Children

Author: Brenda J. Baker,Tosha L. Dupras,Matthew W. Tocheri

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1603446184

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 193

View: 2432

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Most archaeologists and bioarchaeologists receive little or no training in the recognition of skeletal remains of fetuses, infants, and children. Yet many research sites may contain such materials. Without a framework for identifying the bones or the excavation techniques suited to their recovery, archaeologists may often overlook subadult skeletal remains or even confuse them with animal bones. "The Osteology of Infants and Children" fills the need for a field and lab manual on this important topic and provides a supplemental textbook for human osteology courses. Focusing on juvenile skeletons, their recovery and identification, and siding in both field and lab settings, the volume provides basic descriptions and careful illustrations of each skeletal element at varying stages of development, along with sections on differentiation from other bones and siding tips. The book offers detailed treatment of the skull and teeth, including the cranial vault and facial bones, and examines the infracranial skeleton: vertebrae, pelvis, chest, shoulders, arms, hands, legs, and feet. A quick reference guide explains age estimation and identification templates. The illustrations are enhanced by photographs from two recent archaeology projects in Egypt, at Abydos and Dakhleh Oasis. The extensive collection of fetal and child remains from these sites provides new reference material unavailable in previous publications, making this manual an unparalleled resource in the field of physical anthropology.

Juvenile Osteology

A Laboratory and Field Manual

Author: Louise Scheuer,Sue Black,Maureen C. Schaefer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080878188

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 6177

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The need for a laboratory and field manual to assist with the evaluation of juvenile skeletal material is long overdue. This resource is essential for the practising osteoarchaeologist and forensic anthropologist who requires a quick, reliable and easy-to-use reference to aid in the identification, siding and aging of juvenile osseous material. While excellent reference books on juvenile osteology are currently available, no pre-existing source adequately fills this particular niche in the market. This field manual is designed with practicality as its primary directive. Descriptions of each bone contain 1) morphological characteristics useful for identification, 2) other elements with which the bone may be confused, 2) tips for siding, 3) illustrations of varying developmental phases, 4) data useful for ageing, and 5) a summary of developmental timings. Concise, bullet-style descriptions assist with quick retrieval of information. Unique to this manual is the presentation of data collected from a variety of populations, utilizing a range of observational methods, as an alternative to providing one overall aging summary that is derived from a compilation of many individual sources. This manual provides a host of data on a variety of populations to enable the user to select the reference most applicable to their needs. The final chapter combines information from each bone to provide a summary of developmental changes occurring at different life stages to act as an immediate 'ready reckoner' for the knowledgeable practitioner. It also provides forms useful for documenting juvenile material and diagrams to help with the recognition of commingled juvenile remains. The manual is a must for anyone responsible for the evaluation of juvenile osseous material through dry bone assessment, radiographs, sonograms, and or CT scans. *Identifies every component of the developing skeleton *Provides detailed analysis of juvenile skeletal remains and the development of bone as a tissue *Summarizes key morphological stages in the development of every bone *Provides data on a variety of populations to enable the user to select the reference most applicable to their needs *Focuses on practicality, with direct, bullet style descriptions *Provides forms for documenting juvenile material *Provides diagrams to help with the recognition of commingled juvenile remains *Final chapter provides summary of developmental changes occurring at different life stages to act as an immediate 'ready reckoner' for the practitioner

Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Author: British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Conference,Sonia R. Zakrzewski

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 2389

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Papers from the seventh annual conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO), held at the Museum of London in 2005. Contents: 1) An overview of human osteology at the Museum of London (William White); 2) Cracking the Code: biography and (reconstructed) stratigraphy at St Pancras burial ground (Phillip Emery); 3) Recent investigations in the aeSouthern CemeteryAe of Roman Southwark (Melissa Melikian and Kathelen Sayer); 4) The funerary behaviour and the social value of children in a proto-industrial urban population during the 18th and 19th centuries (SM Bello and LT Humphrey); 5) The aeFrench DiseaseAe: Syphilis and the burial ground of St Pancras (Natasha Powers and Phillip Emery); 6) Industrial accident or deliberate amputation? Three case studies from a Victorian population in Wolverhampton, West Midlands (Paula Ponce, Iraia Arabaolaza and Anthea Boylston); 7) Unusual Neck Pathology in a Nevisian prehistoric individual (Sonia R Zakrzewski and Elaine L Morris); 8) The Search for Rosa Pike: Congenital Syphilis in 1880Aes London (Roshni Patel and Piers D Mitchell); 9) Burial Rites, Death and Disease in the Late Gallinazo/Moche Period (Richard NR Mikulski); 10) Overweight and the Human Skeleton Philippa Patrick; 11) A New Method for Recording Tooth Wear (Anna Clement); 12) Intra-Community Variation in Uptake of a New Stable Crop in the Eastern Woodlands of North America (Fionnuala Rose); 13) The Stressful Revolution: A rise in fluctuating Asymmetry from Medieval England to Victorian England (Rebecca A Storm); 14) Radiography in Palaeopathology: Where next? (Jo Buckberry and Sonia OAeConnor).

The Bone Book

A Photographic Lab Manual for Identifying and Siding Human Bones

Author: Robert W. Mann

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 0398091633

Category: Bones

Page: 390

View: 494

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This manual is the culmination of more than 35 years of skeletal analysis, teaching forensic anthropology and conducting skeletal research at universities and museums in the U.S., Asia, Pacific, Africa, and Europe. While there are many illustrated human osteology and anatomy books available to students and professionals, there is none that approaches the topic of identifying and siding human bones quite like The Bone Book, with its large, annotated color photographs and easy-to-follow steps. Designed for use in either the lab or the field, the book covers the material from top to bottom—from cranium to metatarsals and phalanges—with the help of more than 400 vivid, full-color photographs, clearly annotated to highlight key features. Complex bones, such as the cranium, are shown in multiple photos (including several “exploded” or disarticulated skulls, showing how the complex bones fit together). In addition to the photos, the book offers easy-to-follow instructions and mnemonic tips that guide the reader, step by step, through the process of identifying every individual bone and which side of the body it came from. The Bone Book can be used as a stand-alone reference or as a companion to other sources. Although most of the photos show adult bones, the book also includes helpful photos of subadult bones and even fetal bones, which some forensic cases involve. The Bone Book will contribute to filling a gap in identifying and siding bones more easily and, in that sense, add to the body of anthropological, anatomical, and medical literature. It will be useful to anthropology students, anatomists, surgeons, medical examiners, and others working with the human skeleton.

St. Martin's Uncovered

Investigations in the Churchyard of St. Martin's-in-the-Bull Ring, Birmingham, 2001

Author: Josephine Adams

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842172018

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 1455

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Accompanying CD-ROM contains ... "appendices 1-9 [detailed listing on p. vii]." -- label of CD-ROM.

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Author: Donald J. Ortner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080525631

Category: Medical

Page: 645

View: 652

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. There is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopaedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, this book provides essential text and materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations. Key Features *Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains * More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal disease including both microscopic and gross features * Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years * Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations

Human Osteology

A Laboratory and Field Manual

Author: William M. Bass

Publisher: Special Publication No. 2 of t

ISBN: 9780943414966

Category: Medical

Page: 365

View: 2026

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This manual is directed specifically to workers in the field, presenting the necessary information for the identification and analysis of the bones of the human skeleton. It gives a basic anatomy of the bones, major anatomical landmarks, criteria for determining right or left side of paired bones, basic anthropometric measurements, and indices and comparative data. Includes an introduction to the subject, and a guide to identifying subadult material. The manual presents each bone separately, along with information on its growth, age, sex, and measurements, and is divided into 3 sections: the skull; the postcranial skeleton; human dentition.