Sports Criminology

A Critical Criminology of Sport and Games

Author: Nic Groombridge

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447323157

Category: Social Science

Page: 193

View: 7038

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This is the first book to provide a critical criminological perspective on sport and the connections between sport and crime. Part of the New Horizons in Criminology series, it draws on the inter-disciplinary nature of criminology and incorporates emerging perspectives like social harm, gender and sexuality, and green criminology.

Sport, Violence and Society

Author: Kevin Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135285055

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 5978

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Is violence an intrinsic component of contemporary sport? How does violence within sport reflect upon the attitudes of wider society? In this landmark study of violence in and around contemporary sport, Kevin Young offers the first comprehensive sociological analysis of an issue of central importance within sport studies. The book explores organized and spontaneous violence, both on the field and off, and calls for a much broader definition of ‘sports-related violence’, to include issues as diverse as criminal behaviour by players, abuse within sport and exploitatory labor practices. Offering a sophisticated new theoretical framework for understanding violence in a sporting context, and including a wide range of case-studies and empirical data – from professional soccer in Europe to ice hockey in North America – the book establishes a benchmark for the study of violence within sport and wider society. Through close examination of often contradictory trends, from anti-violence initiatives in professional sports leagues to the role of the media in encouraging hyper-aggression, the book throws new light on our understanding of the socially-embedded character of sport and its fundamental ties to history, culture, politics, social class, gender and the law.

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology

An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: Lee Ellis,Richard D. Hartley,Anthony Walsh

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742564411

Category: Social Science

Page: 497

View: 2096

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Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology is a core text for criminology and criminal justice research methods courses. It strives to offer a general foundation of knowledge that transcends particular topics or subject areas, allowing students to apply research methods and concepts to a multitude of scenarios. Even though the textbook has been written primarily for criminal justice and criminology majors, there is an underlying recognition that research methods and findings are common among all of the social sciences. This text has been designed to be user-friendly, even when dealing with some fairly complex statistical and theoretical concepts. The most critical points are clearly stated and illustrated with examples chosen to be interesting in their own right.

Inventing Fear of Crime

Author: Murray Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134017227

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 4051

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Over the past four decades the fear of crime has become an increasingly significant concern for criminologists, victimologists, policy makers, politicians, police, the media and the general public. For many practitioners reducing fear of crime has become almost as important an issue as reducing crime itself. The identification of fear of crime as a serious policy problem has given rise to a massive amount of research activity, political discussion and intellectual debate. Despite this activity, actually reducing levels of fear of crime has proved difficult. Even in recent years when many western nations have experienced reductions in the levels of reported crime, fear of crime has often proven intractable. The result has been the development of what amounts to a fear of crime industry. Previous studies have identified conceptual challenges, theoretical cul-de-sacs and methodological problems with the use of the concept fear of crime. Yet it has endured as both an organizing principal for a body of research and a term to describe a social malady. This provocative, wide ranging book asks how and why fear of crime retains this cultural, political and social scientific currency despite concerted criticism of its utility? It subjects the concept to rigorous critical scrutiny taking examples from the UK, North America and Australia. Part One of Inventing Fear of Crime traces the historical emergence of the fear of crime concept, while Part Two addresses the issue of fear of crime and political rationality, and analyses fear of crime as a tactic or technique of government. This book will be essential reading on one of the key issues in government and politics in contemporary society.

A World of Gangs

Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture

Author: John Hagedorn

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816650667

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 4743

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"On the street with gangs in three world cities - Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown - Hagedorn discovers that many of them have institutionalized as a strategy to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. The mhilistic appeal of gangsta rap and its ethic of survival "by any means necessary," he argues, provides vital insights into the ideology and persistence of gangs around the world. Proposing how gangs can be encouraged to overcome their violent tendencies, Hagedorn appeals to community leaders to use the urgency, outrage, and resistance common to both gang life and hip-hop to bring gangs into broader movements for social justice."--BOOK JACKET.

A companion to the history of crime and criminal justice

Author: Turner, Jo,Taylor, Paul

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447325893

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5910

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The history of crime and punishment is an important, yet under-resourced area of criminology and criminal justice. This valuable book provides concise but robust definitions of key terms and concepts, going well beyond a simple explanation of the word or theme. Offering a succinct approach to the vocabulary and terminology of historical and contemporary approaches to crime and punishment, it includes entries from expert contributors in a user-friendly A-Z format with clear direction to related entries and further reading. Including explanations of terms ranging from 'garrotting' to The Bow Street Runners, baby farming to juvenile delinquency, this easily accessible text will be ideal for the reader to draw on across the variety of modules and studies relating to the topic.

Convict Criminology

Inside and Out

Author: Rod Earle

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447323645

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 2494

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This is the first single authored book to trace the emergence of Convict Criminology and explore its relevance beyond the USA to the UK and other parts of Europe. It presents uniquely reflexive scholarship combining personal experience with critical perspectives on contemporary penalogy, focussing explicitly on men.

Green Criminology

Crime, Justice, and the Environment

Author: Michael J. Lynch

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520964225

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 7150

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This groundbreaking text provides students with an overview and assessment of green criminology as well as a call to action. Green Criminology draws attention to the ways in which the political-economic organization of capitalism causes ecological destruction and disorganization. Focusing on real-world issues of green crime and environmental justice, chapters examine ecological withdrawals, ecological additions, toxic towns, wildlife poaching and trafficking, environmental laws, and nongovernmental environmental organizations. The book also presents an unintimidating introduction to research from the physical sciences on issues such as climate change, pollution levels, and the ecological footprint of humans, providing a truly interdisciplinary foundation for green criminological analysis. To help students succeed in the course—and to encourage them to see themselves as future green criminology researchers—the end-of-chapter study guides include: • Questions and Activities for Students that review topics students should be able to conceptualize and address. • Lessons for Researchers that suggest additional areas of research in the study of green crime.

Correctional Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Cheryl Lero Jonson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412981794

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 4950

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-The book's final chapter examines possible future imporvements in correctional policies and practices. --Book Jacket.

Terrorism, Crime, and Public Policy

Author: Brian Forst

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110737717X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7455

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Terrorism, Crime, and Public Policy describes the problem of terrorism; compares it to other forms of aggression, particularly crime and war; and discusses policy options for dealing with the terrorism. It focuses on the causes of terrorism with the aim of understanding its roots and providing insights toward policies that will serve to prevent it. The book serves as a single-source reference on terrorism and as a platform for more in-depth study, with a set of discussion questions at the end of each chapter. Individual chapters focus on the nature of terrorism, theories of aggression and terrorism, the history of terrorism, the role of religion, non-religious extremism and terrorism, the role of technology, terrorism throughout the modern world, responses to terrorism, fear of terrorism, short-term approaches and long-term strategies for preventing terrorism, balancing security and rights to liberty and privacy, and pathways to a safer and saner 21st century.

Race, Criminal Justice, and Migration Control

Enforcing the Boundaries of Belonging

Author: Mary Bosworth,Alpa Parmar,Yolanda Vázquez

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192546538

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4359

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In an era of mass mobility, those who are permitted to migrate and those who are criminalized, controlled, and prohibited from migrating are heavily patterned by race. By placing race at the centre of its analysis, this volume brings together fourteen chapters that examine, question, and explain the growing intersection between criminal justice and migration control. Through the lens of race, we see how criminal justice and migration enmesh in order to exclude, stop, and excise racialized citizens and non-citizens from societies across the world within, beyond, and along borders. Neatly organized in four parts, the book begins with chapters that present a conceptual analysis of race, borders, and social control, moving to the institutions that make up and shape the criminal justice and migration complex. The remaining chapters are convened around the key sites where criminal justice and migration control intersect: policing, courts, and punishment. Together the volume presents a critical and timely analysis of how race shapes and complicates mobility and how racism is enabled and reanimated when criminal justice and migration control coalesce. Race and the meaning of race in relation to citizenship and belonging is excavated throughout the chapters presented in the book, thereby transforming the way we think about migration.

Making Good

How Ex-Convicts Reform and Rebuild Their Lives

Author: Shadd Maruna,Hans Toch

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn

ISBN: 9781433802140

Category: Psychology

Page: 211

View: 4248

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Annotation Can hardened criminals really reform? Making Good provides resounding proof that the answer is yes. This book provides a fascinating narrative analysis of the lives of repeat offenders who, by all statistical measures, should have continued on the criminal path but instead have created lives of productivity and purpose. This examination of the phenomenology of "making good" includes an encyclopedic review of the literature on personal reform as well as a practical guide to the use of narratives in offender counseling and rehabilitation.

Quantum Holographic Criminology

Paradigm Shift in Criminology, Law, and Transformative Justice

Author: Dragan Milovanovic

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781611634815

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 8120

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This book develops an alternative perspective by which we can better theorize in criminology, law and social justice, and emphasizes a paradigm shift away from the failures of a Newtonian ontology embedded in the workings of our disciplines. It first explains the key concepts of quantum and holography theories, and then shows the relevancy for criminology. Numerous applications are provided to suggest a new direction of thought. No claim, however, of developing a definitive theory is suggested. Cultural criminology is especially useful for re-thinking by integrating emerging concepts of the new sciences. The book argues that scholars should suspend their commitments to Newtonian physics in its linearity, determinacy, and objectification of ''reality.'' An alternative construction of ''social reality'' can be developed that recognizes the interconnected, dynamic, and informational driven nature inherent in the cosmos. Much of criminology lacks a subject, particularly in empirically driven or positivistic approaches. The book offers an alternative model that argues for a quantized inter- and intra-subjectively constituted subject. The emerging quantum cognition perspective concerned with the human lexicon is incorporated in this model. The book provides two full chapters on applications to criminology, law and transformative justice. The final chapter advocates a dynamic, interconnected, processual, information-driven, holistic approach as an alternative to contemporary static structures within which we are embedded.

Great Pretenders

Pursuits And Careers Of Persistent Thieves

Author: Neal Shover

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429973381

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4872

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Persistent thieves,criminals who resume committing crimes of burglary, robbery, vehicle theft, and ordinary theft despite previous attempts to stop,are a main focal point of American criminology and criminal justice. Cast as career criminals," they are also one of the principal targets of the war on crime" that American governments have waged for more than two decades.Building on a theoretical interpretation of crime as choice, crime-control policies and programs justified by notions of deterrence and incapacitation have proliferated. America's urban police departments now have repeat offender units," and many of the new state sentencing codes mandate lengthy sentences for defendants with previous convictions. Great Pretenders is based on the author's original studies and previously published research and on more than fifty autobiographies of persistent thieves. Shover uses a crime-as-choice framework and a life-course perspective to make sense of important decisions and changes in the lives of persistent thieves. He shows how the working-class origins of most persistent thieves produce both low legitimate and low criminal aspirations, even as those origins leave them ill equipped to exploit comparatively safe, lucrative, and newer forms of criminal opportunity.In this book Shover describes how many persistent thieves and hustlers identify with crime and pursue a lifestyle of life as party in which their choices alternately are made in contexts of drug-using hedonism or desperation. Their estimates of the likely payoffs from crime are severely distorted, and most give little thought to possible arrest. As they get older, however, persistent thieves make qualitative changes in the crimes they commit, and many eventually stop committing crimes altogether.The author highlights some unintended consequences of harsh crime control measures and raises critical questions about the one-size-fits-all approach to crime of recent decades.

Indigenous Criminology

Author: Cunneen, Chris,Tauri, Juan

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447321758

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 7399

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Indigenous Criminology comprehensively explores Indigenous people’s contact with criminal justice systems in a contemporary and historical context. It addresses both the theoretical underpinnings of the development of a specific Indigenous criminology, and canvasses the broader policy and practice implications for criminal justice.

Justice, Crime, and Ethics

Author: Michael C. Braswell,Belinda R. McCarthy,Bernard J. McCarthy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315455838

Category: Law

Page: 516

View: 2396

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Justice, Crime, and Ethics, a leading textbook in criminal justice programs, examines ethical dilemmas pertaining to the administration of criminal justice and professional activities in the field. This ninth edition continues to deliver a broad scope of topics, focusing on law enforcement, legal practice, sentencing, corrections, research, crime control policy, and philosophical issues. The book’s robust coverage encompasses contentious issues such as capital punishment, prison corruption, and the use of deception in police interrogation. The ninth edition includes new material on juvenile justice, corporate crime, and prosecutorial misconduct. The “Policy and Ethics” feature and new “Ethical Dilemma” feature added to most chapters illuminate the ethics of institutions as well as individuals. Students of criminal justice, as well as instructors and professionals in the field, continue to rely on this thorough, dependable resource on ethical decision making in the criminal justice system.

Media and Crime in the U.S.

Author: Yvonne Jewkes,Travis Linnemann

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483373916

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3734

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The rise of mobile and social media means that everyday crime news is now more immediate, more visual, and more democratically produced than ever. Offering new and innovative ways of understanding the relationship between media and crime, Media and Crime in the U.S. critically examines the influence of media coverage of crimes on culture and identity in the United States and across the globe. With comprehensive coverage of the theories, research, and key issues, acclaimed author Yvonne Jewkes and award-winning professor Travis Linnemann have come together to shed light on some of the most troubling questions surrounding media and crime today.

Corporate Compliance

Author: Sharon Oded

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781954755

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 1550

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How to induce corporate compliance with regulations? Harsh punishments will cause companies to disguise violations, and mild punishments will cause companies to report their violations and make weak efforts to avoid them. In this book, Sharon Oded canvasses the history of thinking about corporate compliance, and he proposes his own candidate for the best law. This is a sophisticated account of legal incentives that will repay any reader interested in corporate compliance. Robert Cooter, University of California, Berkeley, US The effective control of corporate misconduct is a vital but elusive task for regulators, given the complexity of organization structures and the need to find the right balance between deterrent- and cooperative-based enforcement policies. In this powerful and comprehensive study, Sharon Oded argues for combining different approaches and boldly advocates, in particular, the use of third-party independent corporate monitoring firms to implement self-policing strategies. This will be essential reading for those involved in the theory or practice of regulatory corporate enforcement. Anthony Ogus, University of Manchester, UK and University of Rotterdam, The Netherlands This book considers how a regulatory enforcement policy should be designed to efficiently induce proactive corporate compliance. It first explores two major schools of thought regarding law enforcement, both the deterrence and cooperative approaches, and shows that neither of these represents an optimal regulatory enforcement paradigm from a social welfare perspective. It provides a critical analysis of recent developments in US Federal corporate liability regimes, and proposes a generic framework that better tailors sanction schemes and monitoring systems to regulatee performance. The proposed framework efficiently induces corporate proactive compliance, while maintaining an optimal level of deterrence. This insightful book will appeal to academics in law and economics, behavioral economics, criminology, and business, as well as to practitioners and policymakers.

The Killer of Little Shepherds

A True Crime Story and the Birth of Forensic Science

Author: Douglas Starr

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307279081

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 1844

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An Edgar Award nominee documents the killing spree of Joseph Vacher on the French countryside at the end of the 19th century, tracing the contributions of prosecutor Emile Fourquet and Dr. Alexandre Lacassagne to the science of forensics in their shared effort to capture and bring Vacher to justice. Reprint.

Sport in Contemporary Society

An Anthology

Author: D. Stanley Eitzen

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9781572599543

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 4082

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This classic anthology analyzes the sociological implications of sports in modern society through a series of interesting and informative essays. Sport in Contemporary Society can be used in a variety of ways, as a primary text for courses in the sociology of sport, as a supplementary text for a sociology course, or even for general readers who wish to deepen their understanding and appreciation of sport. 35 articles, 21 new to this edition, are included.