Spatial Databases

A Tour

Author: Shashi Shekhar,Sanjay Chawla

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9780130174802

Category: Computers

Page: 262

View: 1934

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This book by leading experts in the field provides readers with a wide range of applications and methods for spatial database management systems, and allows readers to gain hands-on experience with examples in the book. It balances theory (cutting-edge research) and practice (commercial trends) to provide a comprehensive and clear overview.Includes coverage of GIS application trends as spatial networks; discussion of spatial data mining; overview of OGIS standard spatial datatypes and operations; object-relational database framework applied in each chapter.For professionals in the field of Databases, Geographic Information Systems, Geography, Remote Sensing, Multimedia Information, Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Forestry, CAD/CAM, Health Informatics, and Natural Resource Management.

Spatial Databases

With Application to GIS

Author: Philippe Rigaux,Michel O. Scholl,Agnès Voisard

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9781558605886

Category: Computers

Page: 410

View: 6443

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Spatial Databases is the first unified, in-depth treatment of special techniques for dealing with spatial data, particularly in the field of geographic information systems (GIS). This book surveys various techniques, such as spatial data models, algorithms, and indexing methods, developed to address specific features of spatial data that are not adequately handled by mainstream DBMS technology. The book also reviews commercial solutions to geographic data handling: ArcInfo, ArcView, and Smallworld GISs; and two extensions to the relational model, PostgreSQL and Oracle Spatial. The authors examine these underlying GIS technologies, assess their strengths and weaknesses, and consider specific uses for which each product is best suited. * Examines the strengths of various query languages and approaches to query processing. * Explains the use of computational geometry in spatial databases GISs, providing necessary background and an in-depth look at key algorithms. * Covers spatial access methods, including the R-tree and several space-driven structures, and is filled with dozens of helpful illustrations.

Spatial Database Systems

Design, Implementation and Project Management

Author: Albert K.W. Yeung,G. Brent Hall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402053924

Category: Science

Page: 553

View: 8116

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This book places spatial data within the broader domain of information technology (IT) while providing a comprehensive and coherent explanation of the guiding principles, methods, implementation and operational management of spatial databases within the workplace. The text explains the key concepts, issues and processes of spatial data implementation and provides a holistic management perspective.

Spatial Databases

Technologies, Techniques and Trends

Author: Yannis Manolopoulos,Apostolos N. Papadopoulos,Michael Gr Vassilakopoulos

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591403898

Category: Computers

Page: 340

View: 6655

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Spatial Databases: Technologies, Techniques and Trends introduces the reader to the world of spatial databases, and related subtopics. The broad range of topics covered within the chapters includes spatial data modeling, indexing of spatial and spatiotemporal objects, data mining and knowledge discovery in spatial and spatiotemporal management issues and query processing for moving objects. The reader will be able to get in touch with several important research issues the research community is dealing with today. Covering fundamental aspects up to advanced material, Spatial Databases: Technologies, Techniques and Trends appeals to a broad computer science audience. Although perfect for specialists, each chapter is self contained, making it easy for non-specialists to grasp the main issues involved.

PostGIS Cookbook

Store, organize, manipulate, and analyze spatial data, 2nd Edition

Author: Mayra Zurbarán,Thomas Kraft,Stephen Vincent Mather,Bborie Park,Pedro Wightman

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1788296443

Category: Computers

Page: 584

View: 3166

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Create and manage spatial data with PostGIS Key Features Import and export geographic data from the PostGIS database using the available tools Maintain, optimize, and fine-tune spatial data for long-term viability Utilize the parallel support functionality that was introduced in PostgreSQL 9.6 Book Description PostGIS is a spatial database that integrates the advanced storage and analysis of vector and raster data, and is remarkably flexible and powerful. PostGIS provides support for geographic objects to the PostgreSQL object-relational database and is currently the most popular open source spatial databases. If you want to explore the complete range of PostGIS techniques and expose related extensions, then this book is for you. This book is a comprehensive guide to PostGIS tools and concepts which are required to manage, manipulate, and analyze spatial data in PostGIS. It covers key spatial data manipulation tasks, explaining not only how each task is performed, but also why. It provides practical guidance allowing you to safely take advantage of the advanced technology in PostGIS in order to simplify your spatial database administration tasks. Furthermore, you will learn to take advantage of basic and advanced vector, raster, and routing approaches along with the concepts of data maintenance, optimization, and performance, and will help you to integrate these into a large ecosystem of desktop and web tools. By the end, you will be armed with all the tools and instructions you need to both manage the spatial database system and make better decisions as your project's requirements evolve. What you will learn Import and export geographic data from the PostGIS database using the available tools Structure spatial data using the functionality provided by a combination of PostgreSQL and PostGIS Work with a set of PostGIS functions to perform basic and advanced vector analyses Connect PostGIS with Python Learn to use programming frameworks around PostGIS Maintain, optimize, and fine-tune spatial data for long-term viability Explore the 3D capabilities of PostGIS, including LiDAR point clouds and point clouds derived from Structure from Motion (SfM) techniques Distribute 3D models through the Web using the X3D standard Use PostGIS to develop powerful GIS web applications using Open Geospatial Consortium web standards Master PostGIS Raster Who this book is for This book is for developers who need some quick solutions for PostGIS. Prior knowledge of PostgreSQL and spatial concepts would be an added advantage.

PostGIS Essentials

Author: Angel Marquez

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1784393150

Category: Computers

Page: 196

View: 6784

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This book is a quick guide for anyone who wants to get started with PostGIS and develop their very own GIS projects quickly.

Expert Performance Indexing in SQL Server

Author: Jason Strate,Grant Fritchey

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1484211189

Category: Computers

Page: 403

View: 8019

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This book is a deep dive into perhaps the single-most important facet of good performance: indexes, and how to best use them. The book begins in the shallow waters with explanations of the types of indexes and how they are stored in databases. Moving deeper into the topic, and further into the book, you will look at the statistics that are accumulated both by indexes and on indexes. You’ll better understand what indexes are doing in the database and what can be done to mitigate and improve their effect on performance. The final destination is a guided tour through a number of real life scenarios showing approaches you can take to investigate, mitigate, and improve the performance of your database. Defines the types of indexes and their implementation options Provides use cases and common patterns in applying indexing Describes and explain the index metadata and statistics Provides a framework of strategies and approaches for indexing databases

Getting Started with Data Science

Making Sense of Data with Analytics

Author: Murtaza Haider

Publisher: IBM Press

ISBN: 0133991237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 5307

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Master Data Analytics Hands-On by Solving Fascinating Problems You’ll Actually Enjoy! Harvard Business Review recently called data science “The Sexiest Job of the 21st Century.” It’s not just sexy: For millions of managers, analysts, and students who need to solve real business problems, it’s indispensable. Unfortunately, there’s been nothing easy about learning data science–until now. Getting Started with Data Science takes its inspiration from worldwide best-sellers like Freakonomics and Malcolm Gladwell’s Outliers: It teaches through a powerful narrative packed with unforgettable stories. Murtaza Haider offers informative, jargon-free coverage of basic theory and technique, backed with plenty of vivid examples and hands-on practice opportunities. Everything’s software and platform agnostic, so you can learn data science whether you work with R, Stata, SPSS, or SAS. Best of all, Haider teaches a crucial skillset most data science books ignore: how to tell powerful stories using graphics and tables. Every chapter is built around real research challenges, so you’ll always know why you’re doing what you’re doing. You’ll master data science by answering fascinating questions, such as: • Are religious individuals more or less likely to have extramarital affairs? • Do attractive professors get better teaching evaluations? • Does the higher price of cigarettes deter smoking? • What determines housing prices more: lot size or the number of bedrooms? • How do teenagers and older people differ in the way they use social media? • Who is more likely to use online dating services? • Why do some purchase iPhones and others Blackberry devices? • Does the presence of children influence a family’s spending on alcohol? For each problem, you’ll walk through defining your question and the answers you’ll need; exploring how others have approached similar challenges; selecting your data and methods; generating your statistics; organizing your report; and telling your story. Throughout, the focus is squarely on what matters most: transforming data into insights that are clear, accurate, and can be acted upon.

Mastering PostGIS

Author: Dominik Mikiewicz,Michal Mackiewicz,Tomasz Nycz

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1784395447

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 8121

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Write efficient GIS applications using PostGIS - from data creation to data consumption About This Book Learn how you can use PostGIS for spatial data analysis and manipulation Optimize your queries and build custom functionalities for your GIS application A comprehensive guide with hands-on examples to help you master PostGIS with ease Who This Book Is For If you are a GIS developer or analyst who wants to master PostGIS to build efficient, scalable GIS applications, this book is for you. If you want to conduct advanced analysis of spatial data, this book will also help you. The book assumes that you have a working installation of PostGIS in place, and have working experience with PostgreSQL. What You Will Learn Refresh your knowledge of the PostGIS concepts and spatial databases Solve spatial problems with the use of SQL in real-world scenarios Practical walkthroughs of application development examples using Postgis, GeoServer and OpenLayers. Extract, transform and load your spatial data Expose data directly or through web services. Consume your data in both desktop and web clients In Detail PostGIS is open source extension onf PostgreSQL object-relational database system that allows GIS objects to be stored and allows querying for information and location services. The aim of this book is to help you master the functionalities offered by PostGIS- from data creation, analysis and output, to ETL and live edits. The book begins with an overview of the key concepts related to spatial database systems and how it applies to Spatial RMDS. You will learn to load different formats into your Postgres instance, investigate the spatial nature of your raster data, and finally export it using built-in functionalities or 3th party tools for backup or representational purposes. Through the course of this book, you will be presented with many examples on how to interact with the database using JavaScript and Node.js. Sample web-based applications interacting with backend PostGIS will also be presented throughout the book, so you can get comfortable with the modern ways of consuming and modifying your spatial data. Style and approach This book is a comprehensive guide covering all the concepts you need to master PostGIS. Packed with hands-on examples, tips and tricks, even the most advanced concepts are explained in a very easy-to-follow manner. Every chapter in the book does not only focus on how each task is performed, but also why.

Moving Objects Databases

Author: Ralf Hartmut Güting,Markus Schneider

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0120887991

Category: Computers

Page: 389

View: 7749

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First uniform treatment of moving objects databases, the technology that supports GPS and RFID data analysis.

QGIS By Example

Author: Alexander Bruy,Daria Svidzinska

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178217513X

Category: Computers

Page: 316

View: 3127

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QGIS is a leading user-friendly, cross-platform, open source, desktop geographic information system (GIS). It provides many useful capabilities and features and their number is continuously growing. More and more private users and companies choose QGIS as their primary GIS software because it is very easy to use, feature-rich, extensible, and has a big and constantly growing community. This book guides you from QGIS installation through data loading, and preparation to performing most common GIS analyses. You will perform different types of GIS analyses including density, visibility, and suitability analysis on practical, real-world data. Finally, you will learn how to become more productive and automate your everyday work with the help of the QGIS Processing framework and by developing your own Python plugins. By the end of this book, you will have all the necessary knowledge about handling and analyzing spatial data.

A Primer of GIS, Second Edition

Fundamental Geographic and Cartographic Concepts

Author: Francis Harvey

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462522173

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3055

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This accessible text prepares students to understand and work with geographic information systems (GIS), offering a detailed introduction to essential theories, concepts, and skills. The book is organized in four modular parts that can be used in any sequence in entry-level and more specialized courses. Basic cartographic principles are integrated with up-to-date discussions of GIS technologies and applications. Coverage includes everything from what geographic information is to its many uses and societal implications. Practical examples and exercises invite readers to explore the choices involved in producing reliable maps and other forms of geographic information. Illustrations include 170 figures (with 15 in color). The companion website provides links to Web resources for each chapter, plus downloadable PowerPoint slides of most of the figures. New to This Edition *Chapter on online mapping and Big Data. *New and updated discussions of remote sensing, vector and raster data models, location privacy, uses of geocoding, and other timely topics. *Chapter on the many uses of GIS, such as in market analyses, emergency responding, and tracking of epidemics. *Section overviews and an end-of-book glossary. Pedagogical Features *Modules and individual chapters can be used sequentially or in any order. *End-of-chapter review questions with answers, exercises, and extended exercises for applying theories and concepts. *"In-Depth" sidebars offering a closer look at key concepts and applications. *End-of-chapter links to relevant Web resources.

Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g

Author: Ravikanth Kothuri,Albert Godfrind,Euro Beinat

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1430242884

Category: Computers

Page: 824

View: 2420

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Now available in paperback— Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g shows how to take advantage of Oracle Databases built–in feature set for working with location–based data. A great deal of the information used in business today is associated with location in some way, and analysis of that data is becoming ever more important in today's mobile and highly connected world. In Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g, authors Ravi Kothuri and Albert Godfrind address: The special nature of spatial data and its role in professional and consumer applications Issues in spatial data management such as modeling, storing, accessing, and analyzing spatial data The Oracle Spatial solution and the integration of spatial data into enterprise databases How spatial information is used to understand business and support decisions, to manage customer relations, and to better serve private and corporate users When you read Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g, you’re learning from the very best. Ravi Kothuri is a key member of Oracle’s Spatial development team. Albert Godfrind consults widely with Oracle clients on the implementation of Oracle Spatial, develops training courses, and presents frequently at conferences. Together they have crafted a technically sound and authoritative fountain of information on working with spatial data in the Oracle database.

Database Systems

Concepts, Design and Applications

Author: S. K. Singh

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 9788131760925

Category: Database design

Page: 912

View: 2227

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Mastering QGIS

Author: Kurt Menke, GISP,Dr. Richard Smith Jr., GISP,Dr. Luigi Pirelli,Dr. John Van Hoesen, GISP

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1786463628

Category: Computers

Page: 486

View: 9385

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Go beyond the basics and unleash the full power of QGIS with practical, step-by-step examples About This Book This book is your one-stop solution to all of your GIS needs using the open source QGIS Master QGIS by learning about database integration, geoprocessing tools, Python scripts, advanced cartography, and custom plugins This example-rich, practical guide will help you create sophisticated analyses and maps Who This Book Is For If you are a GIS professional, a consultant, a student, or perhaps a fast learner who wants to go beyond the basics of QGIS, then this book is for you. It will prepare you to realize the full potential of QGIS. What You Will Learn Create and manage a spatial database Get to know advanced techniques to style GIS data Prepare both vector and raster data for processing Add heat maps, live layer effects, and labels to your maps Master LAStools and GRASS integration with the Processing Toolbox Edit and repair topological data errors Automate workflows with batch processing and the QGIS Graphical Modeler Integrate Python scripting into your data processing workflows Develop your own QGIS plugin In Detail QGIS is an open source solution to GIS. It is widely used by GIS professionals all over the world. It is the leading alternative to the proprietary GIS software. Although QGIS is described as intuitive, it is also by default complex. Knowing which tools to use and how to apply them is essential to producing valuable deliverables on time. Starting with a refresher on the QGIS basics, this book will take you all the way through to creating your first custom QGIS plugin. From the refresher, we will recap how to create, populate, and manage a spatial database. You'll also walk through styling GIS data, from creating custom symbols and color ramps to using blending modes. In the next section, you will discover how to prepare vector, heat maps, and create live layer effects, labeling, and raster data for processing. You'll also discover advanced data creation and editing techniques. The last third of the book covers the more technical aspects of QGIS such as using LAStools and GRASS GIS's integration with the Processing Toolbox, how to automate workflows with batch processing, and how to create graphical models. Finally, you will see how to create and run Python data processing scripts and write your own QGIS plugin with pyqgis. By the end of the book, you will understand how to work with all the aspects of QGIS, and will be ready to use it for any type of GIS work. Style and approach This step-by-step comprehensive guide will let you dig your teeth into working with spatial databases, creating your own QGIS plugins, and creating your own custom graphical models.

Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGIS

A Workbook Approach to Learning GIS

Author: Michael D. Kennedy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111833034X

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 6773

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An integrated approach that combines essential GIS background with a practical workbook on applying the principles in ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGISintegrates a broad introduction to GIS with a software-specific workbook for Esri's ArcGIS. Where most courses make do using two separate texts, one covering GIS and another the software, this book enables students and instructors to use a single text with an integrated approach covering both in one volume with a common vocabulary and instructional style. This revised edition focuses on the latest software updates—ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1. In addition to its already successful coverage, the book allows students to experience publishing maps on the Internet through new exercises, and introduces the idea of programming in the language Esri has chosen for applications (i.e., Python). A DVD is packaged with the book, as in prior editions, containing data for working out all of the exercises. This complete, user-friendly coursebook: Is updated for the latest ArcGIS releases—ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Introduces the central concepts of GIS and topics needed to understand spatial information analysis Provides a considerable ability to operate important tools in ArcGIS Demonstrates new capabilities of ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Provides a basis for the advanced study of GIS and the study of the newly emerging field of GIScience Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGIS, Third Edition is the ideal guide for undergraduate students taking courses such as Introduction to GIS, Fundamentals of GIS, and Introduction to ArcGIS Desktop. It is also an important guide for professionals looking to update their skills for ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1.

Universal Ontology of Geographic Space: Semantic Enrichment for Spatial Data

Semantic Enrichment for Spatial Data

Author: Podobnikar, Tomaž

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466603283

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 1213

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A universal approach to the ontology of geographic space has already been, and is going to be, a comprehensive task for establishing more effective spatial models. The concept of a universal spatial ontology should be independent of location, culture, and time. It should be fundamental and universal in the same way that the number p defines the ratio between the diameter and the circumference of a circle. The term “universal” therefore means all-embracing and for general propose. Universal Ontology of Geographic Space: Semantic Enrichment for Spatial Data aims to escalate the current scope of research to support the development of semantically interoperable systems of geographic space. This reference will aid university lecturers and professors, students, researchers, developers of spatial applications.

Python Geospatial Development

Author: Erik Westra

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1782174982

Category: Computers

Page: 446

View: 8534

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Develop sophisticated mapping applications from scratch using Python 3 tools for geospatial development About This Book Build web applications based around maps and geospatial data using Python 3.x Install and use various toolkits and obtain geospatial data for use in your programs This practical, hands-on book will teach you all about geospatial development in Python Who This Book Is For This book is for experienced Python developers who want to learn about geospatial concepts, obtain and work with geospatial data, solve spatial problems, and build sophisticated map-based applications using Python. What You Will Learn Access, manipulate, and display geospatial data from within your Python programs Master the core geospatial concepts of location, distance, units, projections, and datums Read and write geospatial data in both vector and raster format Perform complex, real-world geospatial calculations using Python Store and access geospatial information in a database Use points, lines, and polygons within your Python programs Convert geospatial data into attractive maps using Python-based tools Build complete web-based mapping applications using Python In Detail Geospatial development links your data to locations on the surface of the Earth. Writing geospatial programs involves tasks such as grouping data by location, storing and analyzing large amounts of spatial information, performing complex geospatial calculations, and drawing colorful interactive maps. In order to do this well, you'll need appropriate tools and techniques, as well as a thorough understanding of geospatial concepts such as map projections, datums, and coordinate systems. This book provides an overview of the major geospatial concepts, data sources, and toolkits. It starts by showing you how to store and access spatial data using Python, how to perform a range of spatial calculations, and how to store spatial data in a database. Further on, the book teaches you how to build your own slippy map interface within a web application, and finishes with the detailed construction of a geospatial data editor using the GeoDjango framework. By the end of this book, you will be able to confidently use Python to write your own geospatial applications ranging from quick, one-off utilities to sophisticated web-based applications using maps and other geospatial data. Style and approach This book is a comprehensive course in geospatial development. The concepts you need to know are presented in a hands-on fashion with example code to help you to solve real-world problems right away. Larger programs are built up step by step while guiding you through the process of building your own sophisticated mapping applications.

QGIS 2 Cookbook

Author: Alex Mandel,Victor Olaya Ferrero,Anita Graser,Alexander Bruy

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178398497X

Category: Computers

Page: 390

View: 7250

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Become a QGIS power user and master QGIS data management, visualization, and spatial analysis techniques About This Book Explore and create time-based visualizations and build interactive maps Maximize your use of the QGIS features, plugins and toolbox automation Packed with lots of sample datasets to enable a better understanding of the code Who This Book Is For If you are an intermediate GIS user, with either previous experience in QGIS or any other GIS application, this is the book for you. The recipes can be used to learn more advanced techniques in QGIS or to replicate the functionalities equivalent to other GIS platforms. This book assumes that you already have a working QGIS system in place. What You Will Learn Import and export common tricky spatial data formats Perform classic vector and raster analysis with QGIS Utilize spatial databases and data management tools Use and create geographic web services and maps Explore and create time-based visualizations Perform network building and routing analysis Extend QGIS capabilities with popular plugins and toolbox automation Make beautiful and unique maps with customized cartography In Detail QGIS is a user-friendly, cross-platform desktop geographic information system used to make maps and analyze spatial data. QGIS allows users to understand, question, interpret, and visualize spatial data in many ways that reveal relationships, patterns, and trends in the form of maps. This book is a collection of simple to advanced techniques that are needed in everyday geospatial work, and shows how to accomplish them with QGIS. You will begin by understanding the different types of data management techniques, as well as how data exploration works. You will then learn how to perform classic vector and raster analysis with QGIS, apart from creating time-based visualizations. Finally, you will learn how to create interactive and visually appealing maps with custom cartography. By the end of this book, you will have all the necessary knowledge to handle spatial data management, exploration, and visualization tasks in QGIS. Style and approach This book covers practical examples, with step-by-step instructions on how to use real world data covering common GIS operations and the different analysis techniques. It provides detailed explanations and applications of QGIS concepts that will allow the user to effectively analyze spatial data.