Solid State Chemistry and its Applications

Author: Anthony R. West

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119942942

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 4801

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Solid State Chemistry and its Applications, 2nd Edition: Student Edition is an extensive update and sequel to the bestselling textbook Basic Solid State Chemistry, the classic text for undergraduate teaching in solid state chemistry worldwide. Solid state chemistry lies at the heart of many significant scientific advances from recent decades, including the discovery of high-temperature superconductors, new forms of carbon and countless other developments in the synthesis, characterisation and applications of inorganic materials. Looking forward, solid state chemistry will be crucial for the development of new functional materials in areas such as energy, catalysis and electronic materials. This revised edition of Basic Solid State Chemistry has been completely rewritten and expanded to present an up-to-date account of the essential topics and recent developments in this exciting field of inorganic chemistry. Each section commences with a gentle introduction, covering basic principles, progressing seamlessly to a more advanced level in order to present a comprehensive overview of the subject. This new Student Edition includes the following updates and new features: Expanded coverage of bonding in solids, including a new section on covalent bonding and more extensive treatment of metallic bonding. Synthetic methods are covered extensively and new topics include microwave synthesis, combinatorial synthesis, mechano-synthesis, atomic layer deposition and spray pyrolysis. Revised coverage of electrical, magnetic and optical properties, with additional material on semiconductors, giant and colossal magnetoresistance, multiferroics, LEDs, fibre optics and solar cells, lasers, graphene and quasicrystals. Extended chapters on crystal defects and characterisation techniques. Published in full colour to aid comprehension. Extensive coverage of crystal structures for important families of inorganic solids is complemented by access to CrystalMaker® visualization software, allowing readers to view and rotate over 100 crystal structures in three dimensions. Solutions to exercises and supplementary lecture material are available online. Solid State Chemistry and its Applications, 2nd Edition: Student Edition is a must-have textbook for any undergraduate or new research worker studying solid state chemistry.

Solid State Chemistry and its Applications

Author: Anthony R. West

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118676254

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 4450

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Solid State Chemistry and its Applications, 2nd Edition: Student Edition is an extensive update and sequel to the bestselling textbook Basic Solid State Chemistry, the classic text for undergraduate teaching in solid state chemistry worldwide. Solid state chemistry lies at the heart of many significant scientific advances from recent decades, including the discovery of high-temperature superconductors, new forms of carbon and countless other developments in the synthesis, characterisation and applications of inorganic materials. Looking forward, solid state chemistry will be crucial for the development of new functional materials in areas such as energy, catalysis and electronic materials. This revised edition of Basic Solid State Chemistry has been completely rewritten and expanded to present an up-to-date account of the essential topics and recent developments in this exciting field of inorganic chemistry. Each section commences with a gentle introduction, covering basic principles, progressing seamlessly to a more advanced level in order to present a comprehensive overview of the subject. This new Student Edition includes the following updates and new features: Expanded coverage of bonding in solids, including a new section on covalent bonding and more extensive treatment of metallic bonding. Synthetic methods are covered extensively and new topics include microwave synthesis, combinatorial synthesis, mechano-synthesis, atomic layer deposition and spray pyrolysis. Revised coverage of electrical, magnetic and optical properties, with additional material on semiconductors, giant and colossal magnetoresistance, multiferroics, LEDs, fibre optics and solar cells, lasers, graphene and quasicrystals. Extended chapters on crystal defects and characterisation techniques. Published in full colour to aid comprehension. Extensive coverage of crystal structures for important families of inorganic solids is complemented by access to CrystalMaker® visualization software, allowing readers to view and rotate over 100 crystal structures in three dimensions. Solutions to exercises and supplementary lecture material are available online. Solid State Chemistry and its Applications, 2nd Edition: Student Edition is a must-have textbook for any undergraduate or new research worker studying solid state chemistry.

Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications

Author: Anthony R. West

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471908746

Category: Science

Page: 742

View: 9439

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The first broad account offering a non-mathematical, unified treatment of solid state chemistry. Describes synthetic methods, X-ray diffraction, principles of inorganic crystal structures, crystal chemistry and bonding in solids; phase diagrams of 1, 2 and 3 component systems; the electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of solids; three groups of industrially important inorganic solids--glass, cement, and refractories; and certain aspects of organic solid state chemistry, including the ``organic metal'' of new materials.

Solid State Chemistry

An Introduction, Fourth Edition

Author: Lesley E. Smart,Elaine A. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439847924

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 1699

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Building a foundation with a thorough description of crystalline structures, Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, Fourth Edition presents a wide range of the synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids. Going beyond basic science, the book explains and analyzes modern techniques and areas of research. The book covers: A range of synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids Bonding, superconductivity, and electrochemical, magnetic, optical, and conductive properties STEM, ionic conductivity, nanotubes and related structures such as graphene, metal organic frameworks, and FeAs superconductors Biological systems in synthesis, solid state modeling, and metamaterials This largely nonmathematical introduction to solid state chemistry includes basic crystallography and structure determination, as well as practical examples of applications and modern developments to offer students the opportunity to apply their knowledge in real-life situations and serve them well throughout their degree course. New in the Fourth Edition Coverage of multiferroics, graphene, and iron-based high temperature superconductors, the techniques available with synchrotron radiation, and metal organic frameworks (MOFs) More space devoted to electron microscopy and preparative methods New discussion of conducting polymers in the expanded section on carbon nanoscience

Descriptive Inorganic, Coordination, and Solid State Chemistry

Author: Glen E. Rodgers

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133172482

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 1235

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This proven, sophomore-level text introduces the basics of coordination, solid-state, and descriptive main-group chemistry in a uniquely accessible manner, featuring a less is more approach. This approach allows you to present concepts and applications that you find particularly important and fascinating. Consistent with the less is more philosophy, the book does not review topics covered in introductory courses, but rather moves directly into topics central to inorganic chemistry. Written in a conversational prose style that is enjoyable and easy to understand, this book presents not only the basic theories and methods of inorganic chemistry (in three self-standing sections), but also a great deal of the history and applications of the discipline. The new edition features new art, more diversified applications, and a new icon system. And to better help students understand how the seemingly disparate topics of the periodical table connect, the book offers revised coverage of the author's Network of Interconnected Ideas on new full color endpapers, as well as on a convenient tear-out card. The author's presentation does not assume prerequisites of organic or physical chemistry. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials

Solid State Chemistry, Surface Chemistry and Catalytic Behaviour

Author: Guido Busca

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 044459521X

Category: Science

Page: 478

View: 7954

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Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials discusses experimental methods and the latest developments in three areas of research: heterogeneous catalysis; surface chemistry; and the chemistry of catalysts. Catalytic materials are those solids that allow the chemical reaction to occur efficiently and cost-effectively. This book provides you with all necessary information to synthesize, characterize, and relate the properties of a catalyst to its behavior, enabling you to select the appropriate catalyst for the process and reactor system. Oxides (used both as catalysts and as supports for catalysts), mixed and complex oxides and salts, halides, sulfides, carbides, and unsupported and supported metals are all considered. The book encompasses applications in industrial chemistry, refinery, petrochemistry, biomass conversion, energy production, and environmental protection technologies. Provides a systematic and clear approach of the synthesis, solid state chemistry and surface chemistry of all solid state catalysts Covers widely used instrumental techniques for catalyst characterization, such as x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and more Includes characterization methods and lists all catalytic behavior of the solid state catalysts Discusses new developments in nanocatalysts and their advantages over conventional catalysts

Group Theory and Its Applications in Physics

Author: Teturo Inui,Yukito Tanabe,Yositaka Onodera

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642800211

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 1428

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This book has been written to introduce readers to group theory and its ap plications in atomic physics, molecular physics, and solid-state physics. The first Japanese edition was published in 1976. The present English edi tion has been translated by the authors from the revised and enlarged edition of 1980. In translation, slight modifications have been made in. Chaps. 8 and 14 to update and condense the contents, together with some minor additions and improvements throughout the volume. The authors cordially thank Professor J. L. Birman and Professor M. Car dona, who encouraged them to prepare the English translation. Tokyo, January 1990 T. Inui . Y. Tanabe Y. Onodera Preface to the Japanese Edition As the title shows, this book has been prepared as a textbook to introduce readers to the applications of group theory in several fields of physics. Group theory is, in a nutshell, the mathematics of symmetry. It has three main areas of application in modern physics. The first originates from early studies of crystal morphology and constitutes a framework for classical crystal physics. The analysis of the symmetry of tensors representing macroscopic physical properties (such as elastic constants) belongs to this category. The sec ond area was enunciated by E. Wigner (1926) as a powerful means of handling quantum-mechanical problems and was first applied in this sense to the analysis of atomic spectra. Soon, H.

Solid State NMR Spectroscopy

Principles and Applications

Author: Melinda J. Duer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470999381

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 3329

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This book is for those familiar with solution-state NMR who are encountering solid-state NMR for the first time. It presents the current understanding and applications of solid-state NMR with a rigorous but readable approach, making it easy for someone who merely wishes to gain an overall impression of the subject without details. This dual requirement is met through careful construction of the material within each chapter. The book is divided into two parts: "Fundamentals" and "Further Applications." The section on Fundamentals contains relatively long chapters that deal with the basic theory and practice of solid-state NMR. The essential differences and extra scope of solid-state NMR over solution-state is dealt with in an introductory chapter. The basic techniques that all chapters rely on are collected into a second chapter to avoid unnecessary repetition later. Remaining chapters in the "Fundamentals" part deal with the major areas of solid-state NMR which all solid-state NMR spectroscopists should know about. Each begins with an overview of the topic that puts the chapter in context. The basic principles upon which the techniques in the chapter rely are explained in a separate section. Each of these chapters exemplifies the principles and techniques with the applications most commonly found in current practice. The "Further Applications" section contains a series of shorter chapters which describe the NMR techniques used in other, more specific areas. The basic principles upon which these techniques rely will be expounded only if not already in the Fundamentals part.

Transition Metal Oxides

An Introduction to Their Electronic Structure and Properties

Author: P.A. Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199588945

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 596

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Transition metal oxides form a series of compounds with a uniquely wide range of electronic properties. The main aim of this book is to describe the varied electronic behaviour shown by transition metal oxides, and to discuss the different types of theoretical models that have been proposed to interpret this behaviour.

Physics, Chemistry and Technology of Solid State Gas Sensor Devices

Author: Andreas Mandelis,Constantinos Christofides

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471558859

Category: Science

Page: 323

View: 6705

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Physics, Chemistry, and Technology of Solid State Gas Sensor Devices focuses on the underlying principles of solid state sensor operation and reveals the rich fabric of interdisciplinary science that governs modern sensing devices. Beginning with some historical and scientific background, the text proceeds to a study of the interactions of gases with surfaces. Subsequent chapters present detailed information on the fabrication, performance, and application of a variety of sensors. For analytical chemists using solid state sensors in environment-related analysis, and for electrical engineers working with solid state sensors, this book will expand and unify their understanding of these devices, both in theory and practice.

Properties of Materials

Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

Author: Robert E. Newnham

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198520751

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 4862

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Tensors, matrices, symmetry, and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. While tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anistropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to qualify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and party on the basic physics and chemistry of materials.

Computational Pharmaceutical Solid State Chemistry

Author: Yuriy A. Abramov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118700740

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 7305

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Recent trends within the pharmaceutical industry through the Quality by Design initiatives have seen a greater emphasis on the development of a molecular-scale understanding in the development of efficient manufacturing processes for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and their formulation into drug products. This book examines the state-of-the-art computational approaches to guide solid form experiments to optimize the physical and chemical properties of API related to its stability, bioavailability and formulatability. The book is intended to be used as a professional reference to researchers in Pharmaceutical industry and in academia and potentially as a text book reference for undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students in the field of Computational Chemistry, Solid State Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Science and Material Science.

Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science

A Book in Celebration of the Life and Work of Sir John Meurig Thomas

Author: Kenneth D M Harris,Peter P Edwards

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558186

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 946

View: 1338

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The scientific exploration of solid materials represents one of the most important, fascinating and rewarding areas of scientific endeavour in the present day, not only from the viewpoint of advancing fundamental understanding but also from the industrial perspective, given the immense diversity of applications of solid materials across the full range of commercial sectors. Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science provides a state-of-the-art survey of some of the most important recent developments across the spectrum of solid-state, materials and surface sciences, while at the same time reflecting on key turning points in the evolution of this scientific discipline and projecting into the directions for future research progress. The book serves as a timely tribute to the life and work of Professor Sir John Meurig Thomas FRS, who has made monumental contributions to this field of science throughout his distinguished 50-year career in research, during which he has initiated, developed and exploited many important branches of this field. Indeed, the depth and breadth of his contributions towards the evolution and advancement of this scientific discipline, and his critical role in elevating this field to the important position that it now occupies within modern science, are demonstrated recurrently throughout the chapters of this book. Individual chapters are contributed by internationally leading experts in their respective fields, and the topics covered include solid-state chemistry of inorganic and organic materials, heterogeneous catalysis, surface science and materials science, with one section of the book focusing on modern developments in electron microscopy and its contributions to chemistry and materials science. The book serves as a modern and up-to-date monograph in these fields, and provides a valuable resource to researchers in academia and industry who require a comprehensive source of information on this important and rapidly developing subject.

Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry

Author: Ruren Xu,Yan Xu

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444635955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 808

View: 3404

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Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry, Second Edition captures, in five distinct sections, the latest advancements in inorganic synthetic chemistry, providing materials chemists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists with a valuable reference source to help them advance their research efforts and achieve breakthroughs. Section one includes six chapters centering on synthetic chemistry under specific conditions, such as high-temperature, low-temperature and cryogenic, hydrothermal and solvothermal, high-pressure, photochemical and fusion conditions. Section two focuses on the synthesis and related chemistry problems of highly distinct categories of inorganic compounds, including superheavy elements, coordination compounds and coordination polymers, cluster compounds, organometallic compounds, inorganic polymers, and nonstoichiometric compounds. Section three elaborates on the synthetic chemistry of five important classes of inorganic functional materials, namely, ordered porous materials, carbon materials, advanced ceramic materials, host-guest materials, and hierarchically structured materials. Section four consists of four chapters where the synthesis of functional inorganic aggregates is discussed, giving special attention to the growth of single crystals, assembly of nanomaterials, and preparation of amorphous materials and membranes. The new edition’s biggest highlight is Section five where the frontier in inorganic synthetic chemistry is reviewed by focusing on biomimetic synthesis and rationally designed synthesis. Focuses on the chemistry of inorganic synthesis, assembly, and organization of wide-ranging inorganic systems Covers all major methodologies of inorganic synthesis Provides state-of-the-art synthetic methods Includes real examples in the organization of complex inorganic functional materials Contains more than 4000 references that are all highly reflective of the latest advancement in inorganic synthetic chemistry Presents a comprehensive coverage of the key issues involved in modern inorganic synthetic chemistry as written by experts in the field

Structural Methods in Molecular Inorganic Chemistry

Author: D. W. H. Rankin,Norbert Mitzel,Carole Morrison

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118462882

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 3210

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Determining the structure of molecules is a fundamental skill that all chemists must learn. Structural Methods in Molecular Inorganic Chemistry is designed to help readers interpret experimental data, understand the material published in modern journals of inorganic chemistry, and make decisions about what techniques will be the most useful in solving particular structural problems. Following a general introduction to the tools and concepts in structural chemistry, the following topics are covered in detail: • computational chemistry • nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy • electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy • Mössbauer spectroscopy • rotational spectra and rotational structure • vibrational spectroscopy • electronic characterization techniques • diffraction methods • mass spectrometry The final chapter presents a series of case histories, illustrating how chemists have applied a broad range of structural techniques to interpret and understand chemical systems. Throughout the textbook a strong connection is made between theoretical topics and the real world of practicing chemists. Each chapter concludes with problems and discussion questions, and a supporting website contains additional advanced material. Structural Methods in Molecular Inorganic Chemistry is an extensive update and sequel to the successful textbook Structural Methods in Inorganic Chemistry by Ebsworth, Rankin and Cradock. It is essential reading for all advanced students of chemistry, and a handy reference source for the professional chemist.

Principles of the Solid State

Author: H. V. Keer

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122404661

Category: Solid state physics

Page: 379

View: 9338

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Uses an integrated, scientists' approach to the principles regulating the synthesis, structure and physical characteristics of crystalline solids. Mathematical derivations are kept to a minimum. Covers electrical properties of metals and band semiconductors, superionic conductors, ferrites and solid electrolytes. Features end-of-chapter problem sets.

Mass spectrometry

principles and applications

Author: Ian Howe,Richard D. Bowen,Dudley H. Williams

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 8506

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Handbook of Solid State Diffusion: Volume 1

Diffusion Fundamentals and Techniques

Author: Aloke Paul,Sergiy Divinski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128043601

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 9828

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Handbook of Solid State Diffusion, Volume 1: Diffusion Fundamentals and Techniques covers the basic fundamentals, techniques, applications, and latest developments in the area of solid-state diffusion, offering a pedagogical understanding for students, academicians, and development engineers. Both experimental techniques and computational methods find equal importance in the first of this two-volume set. Volume 1 covers the fundamentals and techniques of solid-state diffusion, beginning with a comprehensive discussion of defects, then different analyzing methods, and finally concluding with an exploration of the different types of modeling techniques. Presents a handbook with a short mathematical background and detailed examples of concrete applications of the sophisticated methods of analysis Enables readers to learn the basic concepts of experimental approaches and the computational methods involved in solid-state diffusion Covers bulk, thin film, and nanomaterials Introduces the problems and analysis in important materials systems in various applications Collates contributions from academic and industrial problems from leading scientists involved in developing key concepts across the globe

Bonding, Structure and Solid-State Chemistry

Author: Mark Ladd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191046000

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 4116

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This book provides a study in Bonding, Structure and Solid State Chemistry. It is based on lecture courses given over several years, but is not directed at any particular degree course. Thus, it will find a place in all years of first-degree courses in both chemistry and those subjects for which chemistry forms a significant part. It will also prepare readers for more intensive study in the title topics. Pre-knowledge is assumed in mathematics and physical sciences at about A-level. Additional mathematical and other topics are presented where necessary as appendices, so as not to disturb the flow of the main text. The book is copiously illustrated, including many stereoscopic diagrams (with practical advice on correct viewing) and colour illustrations. A suite of computer programs, some of which are interactive, has been devised for the book and is available on-line from the publisher's website [insert URL here]. They are available for both 32- and 64-bit operating systems, and are easily executed on a PC or laptop; notes on their applications are provided. Problems have been devised for each chapter and fully worked 'tutorial'; solutions are included. After an introductory chapter, the book presents a study based on the main interactive forces responsible for cohesion in the solid state of matter. No classification is without some ambiguity, but that chosen allows for a structured discussion over a wide range of compounds. Each chapter includes worked examples on the study topics which, together with the problems provided, should ensure a thorough understanding of the textual material.