Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes

Author: John A. Duffie,William A. Beckman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118415418

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 936

View: 6625

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The updated fourth edition of the "bible" of solar energy theory and applications Over several editions, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes has become a classic solar engineering text and reference. This revised Fourth Edition offers current coverage of solar energy theory, systems design, and applications in different market sectors along with an emphasis on solar system design and analysis using simulations to help readers translate theory into practice. An important resource for students of solar engineering, solar energy, and alternative energy as well as professionals working in the power and energy industry or related fields, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, Fourth Edition features: Increased coverage of leading-edge topics such as photovoltaics and the design of solar cells and heaters A brand-new chapter on applying CombiSys (a readymade TRNSYS simulation program available for free download) to simulate a solar heated house with solar- heated domestic hot water Additional simulation problems available through a companion website An extensive array of homework problems and exercises

Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes

Author: John A. Duffie,William A. Beckman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470873663

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 936

View: 2208

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The fourth edition of the acknowledged leading book on solar engineering, this volume presents the basics of solar energy, then goes on to cover the technologies used to harvest this solar energy, store it, and deliver it, including photovoltaics, solar heaters, and cells. The new edition features an added chapter discussing a simulation problem, allowing students to apply the theory to real world systems. Other simulation problems are offered via a student website and include a solar domestic hot water system, a commercial solar heating application, and a photovoltaic system for a house.

Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes

Author: John A. Duffie,William A. Beckman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118418123

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 936

View: 4504

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The updated fourth edition of the "bible" of solar energy theory and applications Over several editions, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes has become a classic solar engineering text and reference. This revised Fourth Edition offers current coverage of solar energy theory, systems design, and applications in different market sectors along with an emphasis on solar system design and analysis using simulations to help readers translate theory into practice. An important resource for students of solar engineering, solar energy, and alternative energy as well as professionals working in the power and energy industry or related fields, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, Fourth Edition features: Increased coverage of leading-edge topics such as photovoltaics and the design of solar cells and heaters A brand-new chapter on applying CombiSys (a readymade TRNSYS simulation program available for free download) to simulate a solar heated house with solar- heated domestic hot water Additional simulation problems available through a companion website An extensive array of homework problems and exercises

Solar Energy Engineering

Processes and Systems

Author: Soteris A. Kalogirou

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080922874

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 778

View: 2719

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As perhaps the most promising of all the renewable energy sources available today, solar energy is becoming increasingly important in the drive to achieve energy independence and climate balance. This new book is the masterwork from world-renowned expert Dr. Soteris Kalogirou, who has championed solar energy for decades. The book includes all areas of solar energy engineering, from the fundamentals to the highest level of current research. The author includes pivotal subjects such as solar collectors, solar water heating, solar space heating and cooling, industrial process heat, solar desalination, photovoltaics, solar thermal power systems, and modeling of solar systems, including the use of artificial intelligence systems in solar energy systems, modeling and performance prediction. *Written by one of the world's most renowned experts in solar energy *Covers the hottest new developments in solar technology, such as solar cooling and desalination *Packed with quick look up tables and schematic diagrams for the most commonly used systems today'

Engineering Thermodynamics of Thermal Radiation: for Solar Power Utilization

Author: Richard Petela

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071639632

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 6805

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Complete coverage of the thermodynamics of radiation matter for solar energy utilization This comprehensive guide reviews the fundamentals of the thermodynamics of radiation matter--photon gas. The book introduces the exergy of radiation through the most advanced thermodynamic analysis of the solar power processes involving radiation. Engineering Thermodynamics of Thermal Radiation: For Solar Power Utilization provides, for the first time, an exhaustive discussion on energy and exergy analysis of radiation processes. Extensive details on the exergy of radiation are developed for evaluation of the practical uses of radiation. This volume contains quantitative calculation examples for solar heating, a solar chimney power plant, photosynthesis, and photovoltaic technology. Addressed to researchers, designers, and users of different solar installations, the book also has the potential to inspire the development of new applications of radiation exergy. Coverage includes: Definitions and laws of substance and radiation Laws of thermodynamic analysis, including energy and exergy analysis Thermodynamic properties of photon gas Exergy of emission and arbitrary radiation flux Energy, entropy, and exergy radiation spectra of surfaces Thermodynamic analysis of heat from the sun, a solar chimney power plant, photosynthesis, and the photovoltaic

Solar Energy

Technologies and Project Delivery for Buildings

Author: Andy Walker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118416546

Category: Architecture

Page: 320

View: 7182

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Solar Energy is an authoritative reference on the design of solar energy systems in building projects, with applications, operating principles, and simple tools for the construction, engineering, and design professional. The book simplifies the solar design and engineering process, providing sample documentation and special tools that provide all the information needed for the complete design of a solar energy system for buildings to enable mainstream MEP and design firms, and not just solar energy specialists, to meet the growing demand for solar energy systems in building projects.

Principles of Solar Engineering, Second Edition

Author: D. Yogi Goswami,Frank Kreith,Jan F. Kreider

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781560327141

Category: Science

Page: 706

View: 7109

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This second edition of Principles of Solar Engineering covers the latest developments in a broad range of topics of interest to students and professionals interested in solar energy applications. With the scientific fundamentals included, the book covers important areas such as heating and cooling, passive solar applications, detoxification and biomass energy conversion. This comprehensive textbook provides examples of methods of solar engineering from around the world and includes examples, solutions and data applicable to international solar energy issues. A solutions manual is available to qualified instructors.

Thermal-Fluid Sciences

An Integrated Approach

Author: Stephen Turns

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521850436

Category: Science

Page: 1176

View: 7756

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Thermal-Fluid Sciences is a truly integrated textbook for engineering courses covering thermodynamics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics. This integration is based on: 1. The fundamental conservation principles of mass, energy, and momentum; 2. A hierarchical grouping of related topics; 3. The early introduction and revisiting of practical device examples and applications. As with all great textbooks the focus is on accuracy and accessibility. To enhance the learning experience Thermal-Fluid Sciences features full color illustrations. The robust pedagogy includes: chapter learning objectives, overviews, historical vignettes, numerous examples which follow a consistent problem-solving format enhanced by innovative self tests and color coding to highlight significant equations and advanced topics. Each chapter concludes with a brief summary and a unique checklist of key concepts and definitions. Integrated tutorials show the student how to use modern software including the NIST Database (included on the in-text CD) to obtain thermodynamic and transport properties.

Active Solar Collectors and Their Applications

Author: Ari Rabl

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195035461

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 503

View: 9625

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Provides a survey of solar geometry and meteorological data, the optics of various kinds of solar collectors, the mechanics of heat transfer, and private elements of system deign, optimization, and economic analysis. Also discussed are testing, methods and materials, and tracking and nontracking collectors.

Advances in Concentrating Solar Thermal Research and Technology

Author: Manuel Blanco,Lourdes Ramirez Santigosa

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081005172

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 494

View: 3812

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After decades of research and development, concentrating solar thermal (CST) power plants (also known as concentrating solar power (CSP) and as Solar Thermal Electricity or STE systems) are now starting to be widely commercialized. Indeed, the IEA predicts that by 2050, with sufficient support over ten percent of global electricity could be produced by concentrating solar thermal power plants. However, CSP plants are just but one of the many possible applications of CST systems. Advances in Concentrating Solar Thermal Research and Technology provides detailed information on the latest advances in CST systems research and technology. It promotes a deep understanding of the challenges the different CST technologies are confronted with, of the research that is taking place worldwide to address those challenges, and of the impact that the innovation that this research is fostering could have on the emergence of new CST components and concepts. It is anticipated that these developments will substantially increase the cost-competiveness of commercial CST solutions and reshape the technological landscape of both CST technologies and the CST industry. After an introductory chapter, the next three parts of the book focus on key CST plant components, from mirrors and receivers to thermal storage. The final two parts of the book address operation and control and innovative CST system concepts. Contains authoritative reviews of CST research taking place around the world Discusses the impact this research is fostering on the emergence of new CST components and concepts that will substantially increase the cost-competitiveness of CST power Covers both major CST plant components and system-wide issues

Energy Audit of Building Systems

An Engineering Approach, Second Edition

Author: Moncef Krarti

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439828724

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 7825

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Buildings account for almost half of total primary energy use and related greenhouse emissions worldwide. Although current energy systems are improving, they still fall disappointingly short of meeting acceptable limits for efficiency. Well-trained energy auditors are essential to the success of building energy efficiency programs—and Energy Audit of Building Systems: An Engineering Approach, Second Edition updates a bestselling guide to helping them improve their craft. This book outlines a systematic, proven strategy to employ analysis methods to assess the effectiveness of a wide range of technologies and techniques that can save energy and reduce operating costs in residential and commercial buildings. Useful to auditors, managers, and students of energy systems, material is organized into 17 self-contained chapters, each detailing a specific building subsystem or energy efficiency technology. Rooted in established engineering principles, this volume: Explores state-of-the-art techniques and technologies to reduce energy consumption in buildings Lays out innovative energy efficiency technologies and strategies, as well as more established methods, to estimate energy savings from conservation measures Provides several calculation examples to outline applications of methods To help readers execute and optimize real building energy audits, the author presents several case studies of existing detailed energy audit reports. These include results from field testing, building energy simulation, and retrofit analysis of existing buildings, with recommendations based on sound economic analysis. Examining various subsystems, such as lighting, heating, and cooling systems, it provides an overview of basic engineering methods used to verify and measure actual energy savings attributed to energy efficiency projects. The author presents simplified calculation methods to evaluate their effectiveness and ultimately improve on them. Ideal either as a professional reference or a text for continuing education courses, this book fortifies readers’ understanding of building energy systems, paving the way for future breakthroughs.

The Physics of Solar Cells

Author: Jenny Nelson

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1848168233

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9963

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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the physics of the photovoltaic cell. It is suitable for undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers new to the field. It covers: basic physics of semiconductors in photovoltaic devices; physical models of solar cell operation; characteristics and design of common types of solar cell; and approaches to increasing solar cell efficiency. The text explains the terms and concepts of solar cell device physics and shows the reader how to formulate and solve relevant physical problems. Exercises and worked solutions are included.

Solar Energy Conversion Systems

Author: Jeffrey R. S. Brownson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123973155

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 3682

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Solar energy conversion requires a different mind-set from traditional energy engineering in order to assess distribution, scales of use, systems design, predictive economic models for fluctuating solar resources, and planning to address transient cycles and social adoption. Solar Energy Conversion Systems examines solar energy conversion as an integrative design process, applying systems thinking methods to a solid knowledge base for creators of solar energy systems. This approach permits different levels of access for the emerging broad audience of scientists, engineers, architects, planners, and economists. Traditional texts in solar energy engineering have often emerged from mechanical or chemical engineering fields. Instead, Solar Energy Conversion Systems approaches solar energy conversion from the perspectives of integrative design, environmental technology, sustainability science, and materials science in the wake of amazing new thin films, polymers, and glasses developed by the optoelectronics and semiconductor industries. This is a new solar text for the new generation of green job designers and developers. It’s highlighted with vignettes that break down solar conversion into useful stories and provides common points of reference, as well as techniques, for effective estimation of evolving technologies. Contextualizes solar conversion for systems design and implementation in practical applications Provides a complete understanding of solar power, from underlying science to essential economic outcomes Analytical approach emphasizes systems simulations from measured irradiance and weather data rather than estimations from "rules of thumb" Emphasizes integrative design and solar utility, where trans-disciplinary teams can develop sustainable solar solutions that increase client well-being and ecosystems services for a given locale

Solar Energy in Buildings

Thermal Balance for Efficient Heating and Cooling

Author: Dorota Chwieduk

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124105211

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 382

View: 8331

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Solar Energy in Buildings presents solar radiation fundamentals and their applications in buildings, supported by theoretical analysis and results of original simulation studies in solar energy availability, collection, and conversion for both active and passive use. In-depth coverage of energy balance and heat transfer in building envelopes is supported by the inclusion of calculations and case studies, while contextualizing within an integrated design approach. Explains the best uses of cutting-edge advances such as concentrated solar thermal, thermoelectric and polymetric materials Covers active and passive solar collection and conversion systems Provides energy balance calculations and case studies deriving from real installations connect theory and practice

Solar Dryers

Their Role in Post-harvest Processing

Author: B. Brenndorfer,L. Kennedy,C. O. Oswin Bateman,G. C. Mrema

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat

ISBN: 9780850922820

Category: Crops

Page: 298

View: 2382

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Evaluation of solar drying potential. Pre-drying processing operations. The mechamisms of drying. Solar radiation. Solar collectors. Solar dryer classification. Direct dryers employing natural convection with separate collector and drying chamber. indirect dryers employing forced convection eith separate collector and drying chamber. Hybrid dryers. Ancillary equipment and recent develpments. Quality assessment. packaging and storage of dried foodstuffs. Dryer selection and design. Experiomental methodology. From theory into practice. Economics. Extension of solar crop drying technology.

Modelling Photovoltaic Systems Using PSpice

Author: Luis Castañer,Santiago Silvestre

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470855533

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 2087

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Photovoltaics, the direct conversion of light from the sun into electricity, is an increasingly important means of distributed power generation. The SPICE modelling tool is typically used in the development of electrical and electronic circuits. When applied to the modelling of PV systems it provides a means of understanding and evaluating the performance of solar cells and systems. The majority of books currently on the market are based around discussion of the solar cell as semiconductor devices rather than as a system to be modelled and applied to real-world problems. Castaner and Silvestre provide a comprehensive treatment of PV system technology analysis. Using SPICE, the tool of choice for circuits and electronics designers, this book highlights the increasing importance of modelling techniques in the quantitative analysis of PV systems. This unique treatment presents both students and professional engineers, with the means to understand, evaluate and develop their own PV modules and systems. * Provides a unique, self-contained, guide to the modelling and design of PV systems * Presents a practical, application oriented approach to PV technology, something that is missing from the current literature * Uses the widely known SPICE circuit-modelling tool to analyse and simulate the performance of PV modules for the first time * Written by respected and well-known academics in the field

Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems

An Introduction to Theory, Modeling with MATLAB/SIMULINK, and the Role of Soft Computing Techniques

Author: S. Sumathi,L. Ashok Kumar,P. Surekha

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319149415

Category: Science

Page: 790

View: 8350

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This textbook starts with a review of the principles of operation, modeling and control of common solar energy and wind-power generation systems before moving on to discuss grid compatibility, power quality issues and hybrid models of Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS). MATLAB/SIMULINK models of fuel cell technology and associated converters are discussed in detail. The impact of soft computing techniques such as neural networks, fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms in the context of solar and wind energy is explained with practical implementation using MATLAB/SIMULINK models. This book is intended for final year undergraduate, post-graduate and research students interested in understanding the modeling and control of Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems based on MATLAB/SIMULINK. - Each chapter includes “Learning Objectives” at the start, a “Summary” at the end and helpful Review Questions - Includes MATLAB/SIMULINK models of different control strategies for power conditioning units in the context of Solar PV - Presents soft computing techniques for Solar PV and WECS, as well as MATLAB/SIMULINK models, e.g. for wind turbine topologies and grid integration - Covers hybrid solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems with converters and MATLAB/SIMULINK models - Reviews harmonic reduction in Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems in connection with power quality issues - Covers fuel cells and converters with implementation using MATLAB/SIMULINK

Concentrating Solar Power Technology

Principles, Developments and Applications

Author: K Lovegrove,W Stein

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857096176

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 5774

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Concentrating solar power (CSP) technology is poised to take its place as one of the major contributors to the future clean energy mix. Using straightforward manufacturing processes, CSP technology capitalises on conventional power generation cycles, whilst cost effectively matching supply and demand though the integration of thermal energy storage. Concentrating solar power technology provides a comprehensive review of this exciting technology, from the fundamental science to systems design, development and applications. Part one introduces fundamental principles of concentrating solar power systems. Site selection and feasibility analysis are discussed, alongside socio-economic and environmental assessments. Part two focuses on technologies including linear Fresnel reflector technology, parabolic-trough, central tower and parabolic dish concentrating solar power systems, and concentrating photovoltaic systems. Thermal energy storage, hybridization with fossil fuel power plants and the long-term market potential of CSP technology are explored. Part three goes on to discuss optimisation, improvements and applications. Topics discussed include absorber materials for solar thermal receivers, design optimisation through integrated techno-economic modelling, heliostat size optimisation, heat flux and temperature measurement technologies, concentrating solar heating and cooling for industrial processes, and solar fuels and industrial solar chemistry. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Concentrating solar power technology is an essential guide for all those involved or interested in the design, production, development, optimisation and application of CSP technology, including renewable energy engineers and consultants, environmental governmental departments, solar thermal equipment manufacturers, researchers and academics. Provides a comprehensive review of concentrating solar power (CSP) technology, from the fundamental science to systems design, development and applications Reviews fundamental principles of concentrating solar power systems, including site selection and feasibility analysis and socio-economic and environmental assessments Provides an overview of technologies such as linear Fresnel reflector technology, parabolic-trough, central tower and parabolic dish concentrating solar power systems, and concentrating photovoltaic systems

A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems

With Special Focus on Photovoltaic Systems

Author: Trevor M. Letcher,Vasilis M. Fthenakis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128114800

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 4304

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A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems: With Special Focus on Photovoltaic Systems, the most advanced and research focused text on all aspects of solar energy engineering, is a must have edition on the present state of solar technology, integration and worldwide distribution. In addition, the book provides a high-level assessment of the growth trends in photovoltaics and how investment, planning and economic infrastructure can support those innovations. Each chapter includes a research overview with a detailed analysis and new case studies that look at how recent research developments can be applied. Written by some of the most forward-thinking professionals, this book is an invaluable reference for engineers. Contains analysis of the latest high-level research and explores real world application potential in relation to developments Uses system international (SI) units and imperial units throughout to appeal to global engineers Offers measurable data written by a world expert in the field on the latest developments in this fast moving and vital subject