Sextant

A Voyage Guided by the Stars and the Men who Mapped the World's Oceans

Author: David Barrie

Publisher: Collins

ISBN: 9780007516568

Category: Nautical astronomy

Page: 348

View: 5164

In the tradition of Dava Sobel's 'Longitude' comes sailing expert David Barrie's compelling and dramatic tale of invention and discovery - an eloquent elegy to one of the most important navigational instruments ever created, and the daring mariners who used it to explore, conquer, and map the world.

Sextant: A Voyage Guided by the Stars and the Men Who Mapped the World’s Oceans

Author: David Barrie

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 0007516576

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 9544

With 2014 marking the tercentenary of the Longitude Act, this eloquent celebration of the sextant tells the story of this elegant instrument and explores its vital role in man’s attempts to map the world.

The Sea and Civilization

A Maritime History of the World

Author: Lincoln Paine

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 1101970359

Category: History

Page: 800

View: 6754

A monumental retelling of world history through the lens of maritime enterprise, revealing in breathtaking depth how people first came into contact with one another by ocean and river, lake and stream, and how goods, languages, religions, and entire cultures spread across and along the world's waterways, bringing together civilizations and defining what makes us most human. Lincoln Paine takes us back to the origins of long-distance migration by sea with our ancestors' first forays from Africa and Eurasia to Australia and the Americas. He demonstrates the critical role of maritime trade to.

Sextant

A Young Man's Daring Sea Voyage and the Men Who Mapped the World's Oceans

Author: David Barrie

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 006227936X

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 1534

In the tradition of Dava Sobel's Longitude comes sailing expert David Barrie's compelling and dramatic tale of invention and discovery—an eloquent elegy to one of the most important navigational instruments ever created, and the daring mariners who used it to explore, conquer, and map the world. Since its invention in 1759, a mariner's most prized possession has been the sextant. A navigation tool that measures the angle between a celestial object and the horizon, the sextant allowed sailors to pinpoint their exact location at sea. David Barrie chronicles the sextant's development and shows how it not only saved the lives of navigators in wild and dangerous seas, but played a pivotal role in their ability to map the globe. He synthesizes centuries of seafaring history and the daring sailors who have become legend, including James Cook, Matthew Flinders, Robert Fitz-Roy, Frank Worsley of the Endurance, and Joshua Slocum, the redoubtable old "lunarian" and first single-handed-round-the-world yachtsman. He also recounts his own maiden voyage, and insights gleaned from his experiences as a practiced seaman and navigator. Full of heroism, danger, and excitement, told with an infectious sense of wonder, Sextant offers a new look at a masterful achievement that changed the course of history.

Longitude

The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time

Author: Dava Sobel

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780802779434

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 208

View: 516

Anyone alive in the eighteenth century would have known that "the longitude problem" was the thorniest scientific dilemma of the day-and had been for centuries. Lacking the ability to measure their longitude, sailors throughout the great ages of exploration had been literally lost at sea as soon as they lost sight of land. Thousands of lives, and the increasing fortunes of nations, hung on a resolution. The scientific establishment of Europe-from Galileo to Sir Isaac Newton-had mapped the heavens in both hemispheres in its certain pursuit of a celestial answer. In stark contrast, one man, John Harrison, dared to imagine a mechanical solution-a clock that would keep precise time at sea, something no clock had ever been able to do on land. Longitude is the dramatic human story of an epic scientific quest, and of Harrison's forty-year obsession with building his perfect timekeeper, known today as the chronometer. Full of heroism and chicanery, it is also a fascinating brief history of astronomy, navigation, and clockmaking, and opens a new window on our world.

Finding Longitude

Author: Richard Dunn,National Maritime Museum (Great Britain),Rebekah Higgitt,Royal Museums Greenwich

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780007525867

Category: Longitude

Page: 255

View: 845

300 years ago, amidst growing frustration from the naval community and pressure from the increasing importance of international trade, the British government passed the 1714 Longitude Act. It was an attempt to solve one of the most pressing problems of the age: how to determine a ship's longitude (east-west position) at sea. With life-changing rewards on offer, the challenge captured the imaginations and talents of astronomers, skilled craftsmen, politicians, seamen and satirists. This illustrated book is a detailed account of these stories, and how the longitude problem was solved.

The Edge of the World

How the North Sea Made Us Who We Are

Author: Michael Pye

Publisher: Viking Adult

ISBN: 9780241963838

Category: Europe

Page: 400

View: 4081

When the Romans retreated from northern Europe, they left behind lands of barbarians at the very edge of the known world. Yet a thousand years later the countries surrounding the North Sea were at the heart of scientific, mercantile and artistic enlightenments and controlled the first truly global empires. In The Edge of the World, Michael Pye explains how a small but treacherous body of water inspired the saints, spies, fisherman, pirates, traders and marauders who lived beside and journeyed across the North Sea to give birth to our modern world. Hugely enjoyable.' Tom Holland, Guardian 'Pye is a wonderful historian.' Terry Jones 'Astonishing. A treasure chest.' The Times 'A dazzling historical adventure.' Daily Telegraph 'Extraordinary . . . fascinating.' Observer

Dare the Wind

The Record-breaking Voyage of Eleanor Prentiss and the Flying Cloud

Author: Tracey Fern

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux (BYR)

ISBN: 1466860146

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 40

View: 9701

Ellen Prentiss's papa said she was born with saltwater in her veins, so he gave her sailing lessons and taught her how to navigate. As soon as she met a man who loved sailing like she did, she married him. When her husband was given command of a clipper ship custom-made to travel quickly, she knew that they would need every bit of its speed for their maiden voyage: out of New York City, down around the tip of Cape Horn, and into San Francisco, where the Gold Rush was well under way. In a time when few women even accompanied their husbands onboard, Ellen Prentiss navigated their ship to set the world record for speed along that route. A Margaret Ferguson Book

Navigation: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jim Bennett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191053457

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 6422

From the Bronze Age mariners of the Mediterranean to contemporary sailors using satellite-based technologies, the history of navigation at sea, the art of finding a position and setting a course, is fascinating. The scientific and technological developments that have enabled accurate measurements of position were central to exploration, trade, and the opening up of new continents, and the resulting journeys taken under their influence have had a profound influence on world history. In this Very Short Introduction Jim Bennett looks at the history of navigation, starting with the distinctive cultures of navigation that are defined geographically - the Mediterranean Sea, and the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans. He shows how the adoption of mathematical methods, the use of instruments, the writing of textbooks and the publication of charts all combined to create a more standardised practice. Methods such as longitude-finding by chronometer and lunar distance were complemented by the routine business of recording courses and reckoning position 'by account'. Bennett also introduces the incredible array of instruments relied on by sailors, from astrolabes, sextants, and chronometers, to our more modern radio receivers, electronic equipment, and charts, and highlights the crucial role played by the individual qualities of endeavour and resourcefulness from mathematicians, scientists, and seamen in finding their way at sea. The story of navigation combines the societal, the technical, and the human, and it was vital for shaping the modern world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Celestial Navigation

The Essential Guide for Every Sailor - Learn How to Master One of the Oldest Mariner's Arts

Author: Tom Cunliffe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111831557X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 80

View: 4766

Celestial navigation is one of the oldest of the mariner’s arts – and one of the most awe-inspiring. It is also essential for every ocean sailor who wants to be able to fix his position should the GPS fail. Tom Cunliffe shows you how to master the art in easy stages. Within a few pages you’ll be taking your first sight. From there it is a short step to plotting your position, wherever you may be on the world’s oceans. Whether you need to pass an exam, want a back-up to GPS positioning or simply choose to delight in the wonder of the cosmos, this is the perfect guide. With photographs, charts and diagrams to help your learning, you will be able to master the sextant and navigate using the sun, moon, planets and stars.

The Weather Experiment

The Pioneers Who Sought to See the Future

Author: Peter Moore

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374711275

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 2424

A history of weather forecasting, and an animated portrait of the nineteenth-century pioneers who made it possible By the 1800s, a century of feverish discovery had launched the major branches of science. Physics, chemistry, biology, geology, and astronomy made the natural world explicable through experiment, observation, and categorization. And yet one scientific field remained in its infancy. Despite millennia of observation, mankind still had no understanding of the forces behind the weather. A century after the death of Newton, the laws that governed the heavens were entirely unknown, and weather forecasting was the stuff of folklore and superstition. Peter Moore's The Weather Experiment is the account of a group of naturalists, engineers, and artists who conquered the elements. It describes their travels and experiments, their breakthroughs and bankruptcies, with picaresque vigor. It takes readers from Irish bogs to a thunderstorm in Guanabara Bay to the basket of a hydrogen balloon 8,500 feet over Paris. And it captures the particular bent of mind—combining the Romantic love of Nature and the Enlightenment love of Reason—that allowed humanity to finally decipher the skies.

An Ocean in Mind

Author: Will Kyselka

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824811129

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 244

View: 9279

Time and Navigation

The Untold Story of Getting from Here to There

Author: Andrew K. Johnston,Roger D. Connor,Carlene E. Stephens,Paul E. Ceruzzi

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588344924

Category: Transportation

Page: 208

View: 5903

If you want to know where you are, you need a good clock. The surprising connection between time and place is explored in Time and Navigation: The Untold Story of Getting from Here to There, the companion book to the National Air and Space Museum exhibition of the same name. Today we use smartphones and GPS, but navigating has not always been so easy. The oldest "clock" is Earth itself, and the oldest means of keeping time came from observing changes in the sky. Early mariners like the Vikings accomplished amazing feats of navigation without using clocks at all. Pioneering seafarers in the Age of Exploration used dead reckoning and celestial navigation; later innovations such as sextants and marine chronometers honed these techniques by measuring latitude and longitude. When explorers turned their sights to the skies, they built on what had been learned at sea. For example, Charles Lindbergh used a bubble sextant on his record-breaking flights. World War II led to the development of new flight technologies, notably radio navigation, since celestial navigation was not suited for all-weather military operations. These forms of navigation were extended and enhanced when explorers began guiding spacecraft into space and across the solar system. Astronauts combined celestial navigation technology with radio transmissions. The development of the atomic clock revolutionized space flight because it could measure billionths of a second, thereby allowing mission teams to navigate more accurately. Scientists and engineers applied these technologies to navigation on earth to develop space-based time and navigation services such as GPS that is used every day by people from all walks of life. While the history of navigation is one of constant change and innovation, it is also one of remarkable continuity. Time and Navigation tells the story of navigation to help us understand where we have been and how we got there so that we can understand where we are going.

Cloud Atlas

A Novel

Author: David Mitchell

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9780307483041

Category: Fiction

Page: 528

View: 598

By the New York Times bestselling author of The Bone Clocks | Shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize | Includes a new Afterword by David Mitchell A postmodern visionary and one of the leading voices in twenty-first-century fiction, David Mitchell combines flat-out adventure, a Nabokovian love of puzzles, a keen eye for character, and a taste for mind-bending, philosophical and scientific speculation in the tradition of Umberto Eco, Haruki Murakami, and Philip K. Dick. The result is brilliantly original fiction as profound as it is playful. In this groundbreaking novel, an influential favorite among a new generation of writers, Mitchell explores with daring artistry fundamental questions of reality and identity. Cloud Atlas begins in 1850 with Adam Ewing, an American notary voyaging from the Chatham Isles to his home in California. Along the way, Ewing is befriended by a physician, Dr. Goose, who begins to treat him for a rare species of brain parasite. . . . Abruptly, the action jumps to Belgium in 1931, where Robert Frobisher, a disinherited bisexual composer, contrives his way into the household of an infirm maestro who has a beguiling wife and a nubile daughter. . . . From there we jump to the West Coast in the 1970s and a troubled reporter named Luisa Rey, who stumbles upon a web of corporate greed and murder that threatens to claim her life. . . . And onward, with dazzling virtuosity, to an inglorious present-day England; to a Korean superstate of the near future where neocapitalism has run amok; and, finally, to a postapocalyptic Iron Age Hawaii in the last days of history. But the story doesn’t end even there. The narrative then boomerangs back through centuries and space, returning by the same route, in reverse, to its starting point. Along the way, Mitchell reveals how his disparate characters connect, how their fates intertwine, and how their souls drift across time like clouds across the sky. As wild as a videogame, as mysterious as a Zen koan, Cloud Atlas is an unforgettable tour de force that, like its incomparable author, has transcended its cult classic status to become a worldwide phenomenon. Praise for Cloud Atlas “[David] Mitchell is, clearly, a genius. He writes as though at the helm of some perpetual dream machine, can evidently do anything, and his ambition is written in magma across this novel’s every page.”—The New York Times Book Review “One of those how-the-holy-hell-did-he-do-it? modern classics that no doubt is—and should be—read by any student of contemporary literature.”—Dave Eggers “Wildly entertaining . . . a head rush, both action-packed and chillingly ruminative.”—People “The novel as series of nested dolls or Chinese boxes, a puzzle-book, and yet—not just dazzling, amusing, or clever but heartbreaking and passionate, too. I’ve never read anything quite like it, and I’m grateful to have lived, for a while, in all its many worlds.”—Michael Chabon “Cloud Atlas ought to make [Mitchell] famous on both sides of the Atlantic as a writer whose fearlessness is matched by his talent.”—The Washington Post Book World “Thrilling . . . One of the biggest joys in Cloud Atlas is watching Mitchell sashay from genre to genre without a hitch in his dance step.”—Boston Sunday Globe “Grand and elaborate . . . [Mitchell] creates a world and language at once foreign and strange, yet strikingly familiar and intimate.”—Los Angeles Times From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Natural Navigator

A Watchful Explorer's Guide to a Nearly Forgotten Skill

Author: Tristan Gooley

Publisher: The Experiment

ISBN: 1615190465

Category: Nature

Page: 307

View: 961

Offers a guide to the age-old tradition of navigation on both land and sea through the observation of the Sun, Moon, and stars, weather patterns, landscape, growth of plants, and habitats of wildlife.

The Ocean and Its Wonders

Author: Robert Michael Ballantyne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Marine meteorology

Page: 235

View: 8278

Fiddlers & Whores

The Memoirs of James Lowry, a Young Surgeon in Nelson's Mediterranean Fleet

Author: James Lowry

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 096958895X

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7048

The frank and revealing memoirs of James Lowry, a young surgeon in Nelson's Mediterranean fleet 1797 to 1804. This is his hand-written journal, never intended for publication, describing his rugged life afloat and fascinating (often erotic) adventures ashore. As one reviewer wrote, it is a "fantastic primary [historical] source and is full of firsthand accounts of several conflicts in His Majesty's Navy. While he describes details of battles hitherto unknown or lost to legend, personal details give a fuller understanding of the period's culture and daily life. These things are priceless and most often lost [when] over edited or in fictional accounts of history." Lowry, classically educated in Ireland, apparently went to sea for no better reason than to satisfy his sense of adventure. He experienced plenty of naval action from just after the battle of the Nile, but what seems to particularly engage his interest (and enthusiasm) was the relaxed sexual mores of Italian society. Intended only for the eyes of his younger brother in Ireland he recounts his land-based escapades with relish, and perhaps in rather more detail than then was proper. In addition to his liaisons with lissome ladies, Lowry faced a number of life-and-death situations. Once, while calmly treating a wounded marine during a land battle a cannonball took off the head of a good friend right beside him, temporarily blinding Lowry with gore. During his enlistment he survived a terrifying shipwreck as well as an assassin's stiletto. He also had a guided tour of an Arab potentate's harem. All in all, quite a varied and interesting life. The modern reader is fortunate to have Lowry's fascinating narrative and personal anecdotes that have remained hidden in the hands of his descendants for more than two centuries.

不平靜的太平洋:大航海時代的權力競技場,牽動人類命運的海洋史

Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers

Author: 賽門‧溫契斯特(Simon Winchester)

Publisher: 聯經出版事業公司

ISBN: 9570849533

Category: Ocean and civilization

Page: 432

View: 1264

研究古代歷史,不可不知地中海;綜觀今時國際,不可不知大西洋 想掌握未來世界,一定要了解太平洋! 從日不落國至日落帝國的黃昏,殖民到獨立的世界新秩序形成 政治分斷、軍事角逐、氣候變遷、能源環境、物種發現的新研究 太平洋──絕非「太平無事」的海洋 這片美麗、脆弱、巨大的海洋 面臨諸多潛在挑戰與危機,左右著人類的前途 《紐約時報》暢銷書作家 溫契斯特 繼膾炙人口的暢銷書《大西洋》《美國統一功臣》後,最新力作 精彩而生動地探討太平洋的過去、現在,以及它所牽動的未來 深究太平洋現代史上十大關鍵事件 風靡西方國家的電晶體收音機、衝浪活動、化學武器汙染、極端氣候、深海熱泉、珊瑚白化、南北韓分裂、香港回歸、澳洲政局、南海爭奪等 太平洋廣大得令人難以想像,它是迄今世上最大水域,覆蓋地球表面積近三分之一,對全球的影響亦十分巨大:不僅是世界氣候模式的源頭,也是最危險板塊碰撞運動的核心,海面下一萬多公尺處更有全球最深的海溝。它是西方人發現的最後一座海洋,也是牽引世界前途的大洋,這片幅員廣達1.8億平方公里的水域所發生的一切,攸關著人類全體的命運。 知名作家與探險家溫契斯特,詳述這片複雜得令人目不暇給的巨洋,自1950年代以降所經歷的種種關鍵時刻,以及影響迄今的重大趨勢和事件。讀者首先看到比基尼環礁舉行原子彈試爆後,因遭輻射汙染而成為徒留某種超現實景觀的無人島。書中除了介紹令全球年輕人趨之若鶩的衝浪活動由來背景,也揭露小型電晶體收音機如何點燃從日本東京延燒到美國矽谷的數位革命,進而改變人類的生活,還提到澳洲大堡礁的驚人發現和海底神祕噴口的探勘活動,對於太平洋周邊領土的地緣政治變化、流氓國家北韓的興起、英國殖民時代的結束亦有所著墨,並兼論環境惡化與氣候變遷為這個龐大水域帶來的威脅。 溫契斯特長期接觸太平洋及周邊區域,憑藉淵博的歷史學識和無人能出其右的敘事長才,以生動的文筆為這片浩瀚無垠、美麗神祕、引人遐思的大海寫下這部禮讚之作。 《不平靜的太平洋》首先揭露太平洋絕非「太平無事」的海洋,它其實是個原子海。第二章敘述電晶體收音機的發明和索尼公司的成立經過。第三章提到令全世界年輕人趨之若鶩的衝浪活動。第四章描述早年的北韓政權極度渴望自食其力,邁向經濟與文化獨立,如今該政權因國內政治殘暴、國際行為乖張而淪為笑柄,它持續不斷對外挑釁固然讓今日的太平洋蒙塵,卻具有關鍵性的影響力。隨著殖民列強在擾嚷不安中陸續撤出太平洋區,近年來日本人與其他原住民──美洲印第安人、澳洲土著、毛利人、太平洋諸島居民──又重新投入太平洋事務的運作。第五章以一艘英國遠洋郵輪在太平洋英屬殖民地海域發生重大火災事故拉開序幕,接著提到法國人撤出中南半島、美國人撤離越南、荷蘭人與葡萄牙人揮別其他殖民地,以及領土遍布世界的大英帝國放棄各處殖民地以後,太平洋居民終於獲得早在幾百年前就該享有的自主權。第七章探討澳洲將來會扮演何種角色,會不會在短期之內、長期之後,或是永久、持續運用某種區域勢力? 第六、第八、第九章論及太平洋是形成世界氣候模式的根源,以及爆發危險板塊運動的核心,它蘊藏了大量可供全世界掠奪或維護的海底資源,卻首當其衝遭遇了全球難以逃避的環境危機。第十章是最值得關注的話題:中國。 ※ 名人專文推薦 楊昊 政治大學東南亞研究中心執行長 ※ 名家好評推薦 公孫策 知名專欄作家 王高成 淡江大學戰略研究所教授 田定豐 豐文創/種子音樂創辦人/作家 呂學信 高雄海洋科技大學校長 范疇 跨界評論家 張清風 臺灣海洋大學校長 楊聰榮 台灣師範大學應用華語學系副教授 詹宏志 PChome Online董事長 劉必榮 東吳大學政治系教授 蔣竹山 東華大學歷史系副教授 ※ 媒體書評 太平洋浪濤所及,每個國家、每個人都相互影響。作者的生花妙筆更讓讀者不忍釋卷。 ──知名專欄作家 公孫策 足以顛覆台灣人海洋史觀的一本鉅著。 ──跨界評論家 范疇 本書有如一系列高解析度文學快照……作者不負眾望,內容饒富趣味……溫契斯特的研究熱忱……為一項世界奇觀建構了無與倫比的抽絲剝繭之作。 ──《柯克斯書評》 溫契斯特訴說的歷史總是引人入勝。 ──《紐約時報書評》 溫契斯特透過生花妙筆和廣博學識寫就這部有趣讀物。 ──《出版家週刊》 溫契斯特說故事的功力無人能出其右。 ──《華盛頓郵報》 溫契斯特擁有與讀者神交的特異才華,散發出每個人在舉行晚宴時都會邀請的那位迷人嘉賓的博學魅力。 ──《費城訊問報》 溫契斯特從不教人失望。 ──布羅考(Tom Brokaw),美國國家廣播公司主播

Endeavour

The Story of Captain Cook's First Great Epic Voyage

Author: Peter Aughton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780753817322

Category: Oceania

Page: 320

View: 6729

A new edition of Aughton's classic book on Captain Cook's great voyage