Semiconductor Devices : Basic Principles

Author: Jasprit Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9788126511020


Page: 572

View: 3893

Market_Desc: · Electrical Engineers Special Features: · Over 150 solved examples that clarify concepts are integrated throughout the text. · End-of-chapter summary tables and hundreds of figures are included to reinforce the intricacies of modern semiconductor devices· Coverage of device optimization issues shows the reader how in each device one has to trade one performance against another About The Book: This introductory text presents a well-balanced coverage of semiconductor physics and device operation and shows how devices are optimized for applications. The text begins with an exploration of the basic physical processes upon which all semiconductor devices are based. Next, the author focuses on the operation of the important semiconductor devices along with issues relating to the optimization of device performance.

Introduction to Semiconductor Physics

Author: Holger T Grahn

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813105151

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 8890

This book covers the physics of semiconductors on an introductory level, assuming that the reader already has some knowledge of condensed matter physics. Crystal structure, band structure, carrier transport, phonons, scattering processes and optical properties are presented for typical semiconductors such as silicon, but III–V and II–VI compounds are also included. In view of the increasing importance of wide-gap semiconductors, the electronic and optical properties of these materials are dealt with too.

Semiconductor Physics and Applications

Author: M. Balkanski,Richard Fisher Wallis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198517412

Category: Science

Page: 487

View: 3691

This textbook covers the basic physics of semiconductors and their applications to practical devices, with emphasis on the basic physical principles upon which these devices operate. Extensive use of figures is made to enhance the clarity of the presentation and to establish contact with the experimental side of the topic. Graduate students and lecturers in semiconductor physics, condensed matter physics, electromagnetic theory, and quantum mechanics will find this a useful textbook and reference work.

An Introduction to Semiconductor Devices

Author: Donald A. Neamen

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Europe

ISBN: 9780071254472

Category: Bipolar transistors

Page: 678

View: 7878

An Introduction to Semiconductor Devices by Donald Neamen provides an understanding of the characteristics, operations and limitations of semiconductor devices. In order to provide this understanding, the book brings together the fundamental physics of the semiconductor material and the semiconductor device physics. This new text provides an accessible and modern presentation of material. Quantum mechanic material is minimal, and the most advanced material is designated with an icon. This modern approach meands that coverage of the MOS transistor preceeds the material on the bipolar transitor, which reflects the dominance of MOS technology in today's world. Excellent pedagogy is present throughout the book in the form of interesting chapters openers, worked examples, a variety of exercises, key terms, and end of chapter problems.

Semiconductor Physics

An Introduction

Author: Karlheinz Seeger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540219576

Category: Science

Page: 537

View: 6791

This well-established monograph, updated and now in its ninth edition, deals mainly with electron transport in, and optical properties of semiconductors. It includes lasers, e.g. the quantum cascade laser, quantum processes such as the quantum Hall effect, quantum dots, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, molecular electronics, the nitrides, and many other recent discoveries in the field. New diagrams and tables provide a comprehensive source of materials data. Selected problems help readers to consolidate their knowledge and invite teachers to use this text for graduate courses on semiconductor physics, solid state physics, and physical electronics.

Introductory Semiconductor Device Physics

Author: Greg Parker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482262983

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 302

View: 4397

Introduction to Semiconductor Device Physics is a popular and established text that offers a thorough introduction to the underlying physics of semiconductor devices. It begins with a review of basic solid state physics, then goes on to describe the properties of semiconductors including energy bands, the concept of effective mass, carrier concentration, and conduction in more detail. Thereafter the book is concerned with the principles of operation of specific devices, beginning with the Gunn Diode and the p-n junction. The remaining chapters cover the on specific devices, including the LED, the bipolar transistor, the field-effect transistor, and the semiconductor laser. The book concludes with a chapter providing a brief introduction to quantum theory. Not overtly mathematical, Introduction to Semiconductor Device Physics introduces only those physical concepts required for an understanding of the semiconductor devices being considered. The author's intuitive style, coupled with an extensive set of worked problems, make this the ideal introductory text for those concerned with understanding electrical and electronic engineering, applied physics, and related subjects.

Semiconductor Devices: Physics and Technology, 3rd Edition

Physics and Technology

Author: Simon M. Sze,Ming-Kwei Lee

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1118139836

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 1123

The awaited revision of Semiconductor Devices: Physics and Technology offers more than 50% new or revised material that reflects a multitude of important discoveries and advances in device physics and integrated circuit processing. Offering a basic introduction to physical principles of modern semiconductor devices and their advanced fabrication technology, the third edition presents students with theoretical and practical aspects of every step in device characterizations and fabrication, with an emphasis on integrated circuits. Divided into three parts, this text covers the basic properties of semiconductor materials, emphasizing silicon and gallium arsenide; the physics and characteristics of semiconductor devices bipolar, unipolar special microwave and photonic devices; and the latest processing technologies, from crystal growth to lithographic pattern transfer.

Fundamentals of Semiconductor Physics and Devices

Author: Rolf Enderlein,Norman J Horing

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814499951

Category: Science

Page: 792

View: 8648

This book is an introduction to the principles of semiconductor physics, linking its scientific aspects with practical applications. It is addressed to both readers who wish to learn semiconductor physics and those seeking to understand semiconductor devices. It is particularly well suited for those who want to do both. Intended as a teaching vehicle, the book is written in an expository manner aimed at conveying a deep and coherent understanding of the field. It provides clear and complete derivations of the basic concepts of modern semiconductor physics. The mathematical arguments and physical interpretations are well balanced: they are presented in a measure designed to ensure the integrity of the delivery of the subject matter in a fully comprehensible form. Experimental procedures and measured data are included as well. The reader is generally not expected to have background in quantum mechanics and solid state physics beyond the most elementary level. Nonetheless, the presentation of this book is planned to bring the student to the point of research/design capability as a scientist or engineer. Moreover, it is sufficiently well endowed with detailed knowledge of the field, including recent developments bearing on submicron semiconductor structures, that the book also constitutes a valuable reference resource. In Chapter 1, basic features of the atomic structures, chemical nature and the macroscopic properties of semiconductors are discussed. The band structure of ideal semiconductor crystals is treated in Chapter 2, together with the underlying one-electron picture and other fundamental concepts. Chapter 2 also provides the requisite background of the tight binding method and the k.p-method, which are later used extensively. The electron states of shallow and deep centers, clean semiconductor surfaces, quantum wells and superlattices, as well as the effects of external electric and magnetic fields, are treated in Chapter 3. The one- or multi-band effective mass theory is used wherever this method is applicable. A summary of group theory for application in semiconductor physics is given in an Appendix. Chapter 4 deals with the statistical distribution of charge carriers over the band and localized states in thermodynamic equilibrium. Non-equilibrium processes in semiconductors are treated in Chapter 5. The physics of semiconductor junctions (pn-, hetero-, metal-, and insulator-) is developed in Chapter 6 under conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium, and in Chapter 7 under non-equilibrium conditions. On this basis, the most important electronic and opto-electronic semiconductor devices are treated, among them uni- and bi-polar transistors, photodetectors, solar cells, and injection lasers. A summary of group theory for applications in semiconductors is given in an Appendix. Contents:Characterization of SemiconductorsElectronic Structure of Ideal CrystalsElectronic Structure of Semiconductor Crystals with PerturbationsElectron System in Thermodynamic EquilibriumNon-Equilibrium Processes in SemiconductorsSemiconductor Junctions in Thermodynamic EquilibriumSemiconductor Junctions Under Non-Equilibrium Conditions Readership: Undergraduates, graduates and researchers in the fields of physics and engineering. keywords:Semiconductors;Transistor;Devices;Heterojunctions;Microstructures;Band-Structure;Luttinger-Kohn-Model;Kane-Model;Deep-Levels;Transport;Semiconductor Physics;Fundamental Physical Phenomena;General Backround;Characterization of Semiconductor;Electronic Structur of Semiconductors;Semiconductor Junctions the Thermodynamic Equilibrium;Semiconductor Junctions Under Non-Equilibrium Conductions; “… The reader who has only a first acquaintance with semiconductor physics will find that this book has fully detailed explanations of the fundamental physical phenomena, providing a good general background … A brilliant discussion of artifical atomic superstructures of nanometer length scale establishes a link to the most active field of semiconductor physics … In my opinion the book of R Enderlein and N J M Horing Fundamentals of Semiconductor Physics and Devices is a valuable contribution to the modern didactic literature on the physics of semiconductors. Morever, it is of considerable value as a reference for specialists as well.” J T Devreese Professor at the Physics Department University of Antwerpen, Belgium “In Fundamentals of Semiconductor Physics and Devices, R Enderiein and N J M Horing have provided a very extensive and detailed text on the physics underlying semiconductor devices. More so than any other current text, this book provides a greatly expanded discussion of modern tight-binding methods, helping the students to understand these aspects of electronic structure in clear, simple terms. In connection with this the authors offer a very detailed discussion of deep levels in semiconductors, which are so important to semiconducting properties. Also, in the discussion of transport properties, the book goes into much greater depth about nonlinear and nonequilibrium processes than is usual. It is quite a unique contribution, containing the basic physics which tends to be missing from device-oriented books, but going much further into the essentials needed for device development than any solid-state-physics text.” Walter A Harrison Professor of Applied Physics Stanford University, USA

Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization

Author: Dieter K. Schroder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471739065

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 779

View: 3580

Resistivity -- Carrier and doping density -- Contact resistance and Schottky barriers -- Series resistance, channel length and width, and threshold voltage -- Defects -- Oxide and interface trapped charges, oxide thickness -- Carrier lifetimes -- Mobility -- Charge-based and probe characterization -- Optical characterization -- Chemical and physical characterization -- Reliability and failure analysis.

Nitride Semiconductor Devices

Principles and Simulation

Author: Joachim Piprek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527406670

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 1628

This is the first book to be published on physical principles, mathematical models, and practical simulation of GaN-based devices. The first part of the book covers electronic, optical, and thermal material parameters of nitride semiconductors that are employed in device models.

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Author: Simon M. Sze,Kwok K. Ng

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470068302

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 832

View: 3643

The Third Edition of the standard textbook and reference in the field of semiconductor devices This classic book has set the standard for advanced study and reference in the semiconductor device field. Now completely updated and reorganized to reflect the tremendous advances in device concepts and performance, this Third Edition remains the most detailed and exhaustive single source of information on the most important semiconductor devices. It gives readers immediate access to detailed descriptions of the underlying physics and performance characteristics of all major bipolar, field-effect, microwave, photonic, and sensor devices. Designed for graduate textbook adoptions and reference needs, this new edition includes: A complete update of the latest developments New devices such as three-dimensional MOSFETs, MODFETs, resonant-tunneling diodes, semiconductor sensors, quantum-cascade lasers, single-electron transistors, real-space transfer devices, and more Materials completely reorganized Problem sets at the end of each chapter All figures reproduced at the highest quality Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Third Edition offers engineers, research scientists, faculty, and students a practical basis for understanding the most important devices in use today and for evaluating future device performance and limitations. A Solutions Manual is available from the editorial department.

Semiconductor Materials

An Introduction to Basic Principles

Author: B.G. Yacobi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306479427

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 228

View: 8747

The technological progress is closely related to the developments of various materials and tools made of those materials. Even the different ages have been defined in relation to the materials used. Some of the major attributes of the present-day age (i.e., the electronic materials’ age) are such common tools as computers and fiber-optic telecommunication systems, in which semiconductor materials provide vital components for various mic- electronic and optoelectronic devices in applications such as computing, memory storage, and communication. The field of semiconductors encompasses a variety of disciplines. This book is not intended to provide a comprehensive description of a wide range of semiconductor properties or of a continually increasing number of the semiconductor device applications. Rather, the main purpose of this book is to provide an introductory perspective on the basic principles of semiconductor materials and their applications that are described in a relatively concise format in a single volume. Thus, this book should especially be suitable as an introductory text for a single course on semiconductor materials that may be taken by both undergraduate and graduate engineering students. This book should also be useful, as a concise reference on semiconductor materials, for researchers working in a wide variety of fields in physical and engineering sciences.

Basic Principles of Electronics

Volume 2: Semiconductors

Author: J. Jenkins,W. H. Jarvis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483186679

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 9249

Basic Principles of Electronics, Volume 2: Semiconductors focuses on the properties, applications, and characteristics of semiconductors. The publication first elaborates on conduction in the solid state, conduction and heat, and semiconductors. Discussions focus on extrinsic or impurity semiconductors, electrons and holes, effect of temperature on the conductivity, mean free path, Joule heating effect, "vacancies" in crystals, and Drude's theory of metallic conduction. The text then ponders on semiconductor technology and simple devices, transistor, and transistor production and characteristics. Topics include strain gauges, thermistors, thermoelectric semiconductors, crystal preparation, photoconductors, and the Hall effect. The book elaborates on special devices, processes, and uses, common transistor circuitry, and a low-frequency equivalent circuit for common base, including radiation detection, optoelectronics, field effect transistors, sonar amplifier, oscillators, and multi-stage amplifiers. The publication is highly recommended for technical college students and researchers wanting to study semiconductors.

Basic Semiconductor Physics

Author: Chihiro Hamaguchi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319668609

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 709

View: 1357

The new edition of this textbook presents a detailed description of basic semiconductor physics. The text covers a wide range of important phenomena in semiconductors, from the simple to the advanced. Four different methods of energy band calculations in the full band region are explained: local empirical pseudopotential, non-local pseudopotential, KP perturbation and tight-binding methods. The effective mass approximation and electron motion in a periodic potential, Boltzmann transport equation and deformation potentials used for analysis of transport properties are discussed. Further, the book examines experiments and theoretical analyses of cyclotron resonance in detail. Optical and transport properties, magneto-transport, two-dimensional electron gas transport (HEMT and MOSFET) and quantum transport are reviewed, while optical transition, electron-phonon interaction and electron mobility are also addressed. Energy and electronic structure of a quantum dot (artificial atom) are explained with the help of Slater determinants. The physics of semiconductor lasers is also described, including Einstein coefficients, stimulated emission, spontaneous emission, laser gain, double heterostructures, blue lasers, optical confinement, laser modes, and strained quantum well lasers, offering insights into the physics of various kinds of semiconductor lasers. In this third edition, energy band calculations in full band zone with spin-orbit interaction are presented, showing all the matrix elements and equipping the reader to prepare computer programs of energy band calculations. The Luttinger Hamiltonian is discussed and used to analyze the valence band structure. Numerical calculations of scattering rate, relaxation time, and mobility are presented for typical semiconductors, which are very helpful for understanding of transport. Energy band structures and effective masses of nitrides such as GaN, InN, AlN and their ternary alloys are discussed because they are very important materials for the blue light emission, and high power devices with and high frequency. Learning and teaching with this textbook is supported by problems and solutions in the end of the chapters. The book is written for bachelor and upper undergraduate students of physics and engineering.

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Author: Massimo Rudan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319631543

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 920

View: 9872

This textbook describes the basic physics of semiconductors, including the hierarchy of transport models, and connects the theory with the functioning of actual semiconductor devices. Details are worked out carefully and derived from the basic physical concepts, while keeping the internal coherence of the analysis and explaining the different levels of approximation. Coverage includes the main steps used in the fabrication process of integrated circuits: diffusion, thermal oxidation, epitaxy, and ion implantation. Examples are based on silicon due to its industrial importance. Several chapters are included that provide the reader with the quantum-mechanical concepts necessary for understanding the transport properties of crystals. The behavior of crystals incorporating a position-dependent impurity distribution is described, and the different hierarchical transport models for semiconductor devices are derived (from the Boltzmann transport equation to the hydrodynamic and drift-diffusion models). The transport models are then applied to a detailed description of the main semiconductor-device architectures (bipolar, MOS, CMOS), including a number of solid-state sensors. The final chapters are devoted to the measuring methods for semiconductor-device parameters, and to a brief illustration of the scaling rules and numerical methods applied to the design of semiconductor devices.

Principles of Semiconductor Devices

Author: Sima Dimitrijev

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195388039

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 620

View: 2641

"This dynamic text applies physics concepts and equations to practical, real-world applications of semiconductor device theory"--

Semiconductor Electrochemistry

Author: Rüdiger Memming

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527688706

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 9359

Providing both an introduction and an up-to-date survey of the entire field, this text captivates the reader with its clear style and inspiring, yet solid presentation. The significantly expanded second edition of this milestone work is supplemented by a completely new chapter on the hot topic of nanoparticles and includes the latest insights into the deposition of dye layers on semiconductor electrodes. In his monograph, the acknowledged expert Professor Memming primarily addresses physical and electrochemists, but materials scientists, physicists, and engineers dealing with semiconductor technology and its applications will also benefit greatly from the contents.