A History of Science in Society

From Philosophy to Utility, Third Edition

Author: Lesley Cormack,Andrew Ede

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442635010

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 2176

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A History of Science in Society is a concise overview that introduces complex ideas in a non-technical fashion. Ede and Cormack trace the history of the changing place of science in society and explore the link between the pursuit of knowledge and the desire to make that knowledge useful. New topics in this edition include astronomy and mathematics in ancient Mayan society, science and technology in ancient India and China, and Islamic cartography. New "Connections" features provide in-depth exploration of the ways science and society interconnect. The text is accompanied by 55 colour maps and diagrams, and 8 colour plates highlighting key concepts and events. Essay questions, chapter timelines, a further readings section, and an index provide additional support for students. A companion reader edited by the authors, A History of Science in Society: A Reader, is also available.

Science in Society

An Introduction to Social Studies of Science

Author: Massimiano Bucchi

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415322006

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 7220

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The world around us is continually being shaped by science, and by society's relationship to it. In recent years sociologists have been increasingly preoccupied with the latter, and now in this fascinating book, Massimiano Bucchi provides a brief introduction to this topical issue. Bucchi provides clear and unassuming summaries of all the major theoretical positions within the sociology of science, illustrated with many fascinating examples. Theories covered include Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific change, the sociology of scientific knowledge, actor-network theory, and the social construction of technology. The second half of the book looks at recent public controversies over the role of science in the modern world including: * the Sokal affair, otherwise known as the science wars * debates over public understanding of science, such as global warming and genetically modified food * the implications of the human genome project. This much needed introduction to a rapidly growing area brings theory alive and will be essential reading for all students of the sociology of science.

Science in a Democratic Society

Author: Susan M. Schneider

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1616144084

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 8432

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Are ghosts real? Are there truly haunted places, only haunted people, or both? And how can we know? Taking neither a credulous nor a dismissive approach, this first-of-its-kind book solves those perplexing mysteries and more-even answering the question of why we care so very much. From the most ancient times, people have experienced apparent contact with spirits of the dead. Some have awakened to see a ghost at their bedside or encountered a spectral figure gliding through a medieval castle. Others have seemingly communicated with spirits, like the Old Testament's Witch of Endor, the spiritualists whose darkroom séances provoked scientific controversy in the last two centuries, or today's "psychic mediums," like John Edward or Sylvia Browne, who seem to reach the "Other Side" even under the glare of television lights. Currently, equipment-laden ghost hunters stalk their quarry in haunted places-from urban houses to country graveyards-recording "anomalies" they insist cannot be explained. Putting aside purely romantic tales, this book examines the actual evidence for such contact-from eyewitness accounts to mediumistic productions (such as diaphanous forms materializing in dim light), spirit photographs, ghost-detection phenomena, and even CSI-type trace evidence. Offering numerous exciting case studies, this book engages in serious investigation rather than breathless mystifying. Pseudoscience, folk legends, and outright hoaxes are challenged and exposed, while the historical, cultural, and scientific aspects of ghost experiences and haunting reports are carefully explored. The author-the world's only professional paranormal investigator-brings his skills as a stage magician, private detective, folklorist, and forensic science writer to bear on a topic that demands serious study.

A History of Science in Society, Volume I

From the Ancient Greeks to the Scientific Revolution, Third Edition

Author: Andrew Ede,Lesley B. Cormack

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442635037

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6577

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A History of Science in Society is a concise overview that introduces complex ideas in a non-technical fashion. Ede and Cormack trace the history of the changing place of science in society and explore the link between the pursuit of knowledge and the desire to make that knowledge useful. Volume I covers the origins of natural philosophy in the ancient world to the Scientific Revolution. New topics in this edition include astronomy and mathematics in ancient Mayan society, science and technology in ancient India and China, and Islamic cartography. New "Connections" features provide in-depth exploration of the ways science and society interconnect. The text is accompanied by 27 colour maps and diagrams, and 4 colour plates highlighting key concepts and events. Essay questions, chapter timelines, a further readings section, and an index provide additional support for students. A companion reader edited by the authors, A History of Science in Society: A Reader, is also available.

Contested Categories

Life Sciences in Society

Author: Ayo Wahlberg,Dr Susanne Bauer

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409492036

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 7193

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Drawing on social science perspectives, Contested Categories presents a series of empirical studies that engage with the often shifting and day-to-day realities of life sciences categories. In doing so, it shows how such categories remain contested and dynamic, and that the boundaries they create are subject to negotiation as well as re-configuration and re-stabilization processes. Organized around the themes of biological substances and objects, personhood and the genomic body and the creation and dispersion of knowledge, each of the volume’s chapters reveals the elusive nature of fixity with regard to life science categories. With contributions from an international team of scholars, this book will be essential reading for anyone interested in the social, legal, policy and ethical implications of science and technology and the life sciences.

The Impact of Science on Society

Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317230027

Category: Philosophy

Page: 104

View: 7960

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Many of the revolutionary effects of science and technology are obvious enough. Bertrand Russell saw in the 1950s that there are also many negative aspects of scientific innovation. Insightful and controversial in equal measure, Russell argues that science offers the world greater well-being than it has ever known, on the condition that prosperity is dispersed; power is diffused by means of a single, world government; birth rates do not become too high; and war is abolished. Russell acknowledges that is a tall order, but remains essentially optimistic. He imagines mankind in a 'race between human skill as to means and human folly as to ends', but believes human society will ultimately choose the path of reason. This Routledge Classics edition includes a new Preface by Tim Sluckin.

Science in Society

Classical and Contemporary Readings

Author: Byron E. Wall

Publisher: Wall & Emerson

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 440

View: 3005

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Science in Society 54

Author: Dr. Mae-Wan Ho,Prof. Peter Saunders,Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji

Publisher: Institute of Science in Soc

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 52

View: 5363

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In this issue: From the Editors - Investment Banks & Financial Maths Cancer Cure & PreventionPersonalized Medicine for Cancer Fact or Fiction?Cancer an Epigenetic DiseaseDoes DCA Cure Cancer? Science & ReligionLives of meaning No Transgenic MosquitoesRegulation of Transgenic Insects Highly Inadequate & UnsafeTransgenic Mosquitoes Not a SolutionNon-transgenic Mosquitoes to Combat Dengue Letters to the Editor Spider-silk QuestUnspinning the Web of Spider-GoatIn Praise of Spiders & Spiders’ SilkGenetic Engineering Spider Silk Ban Glyphosate HerbicidesGlyphosate Kills Rat Testis CellsBt Toxin Kills Human Kidney CellsGlyphosate Toxic to Mouth Cells & Damages DNA, Roundup Much Worse Epigenetics RulesNon-genetic Inheritance of Longevity Technology WatchEnvironmental Obesogens Make Children and Adults FatHandmade Cloning More Efficient But ObsoleteNew GM Crops Tolerant To Old Toxic Herbicides a Step Backwards‘Confined’ Field Releases of Eucalyptus neither Confined nor Safe

Science and Public Reason

Author: Sheila Jasanoff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136288406

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6178

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This collection of essays by Sheila Jasanoff explores how democratic governments construct public reason, that is, the forms of evidence and argument used in making state decisions accountable to citizens. The term public reason as used here is not simply a matter of deploying principled arguments that respect the norms of democratic deliberation. Jasanoff investigates what states do in practice when they claim to be reasoning in the public interest. Reason, from this perspective, comprises the institutional practices, discourses, techniques and instruments through which governments claim legitimacy in an era of potentially unbounded risks—physical, political, and moral. Those legitimating efforts, in turn, depend on citizens’ acceptance of the forms of reasoning that governments offer. Included here therefore is an inquiry into the conditions that lead citizens of democratic societies to accept policy justification as being reasonable. These modes of public knowing, or “civic epistemologies,” are integral to the constitution of contemporary political cultures. Methodologically, the book is grounded in the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS). It uses in-depth qualitative studies of legal and political practices to shed light on divergent cross-cultural constructions of public reason and the reasoning political subject. The collection as a whole contributes to democratic theory, legal studies, comparative politics, geography, and ethnographies of modernity, as well as STS.

A History of Science in Society, Volume II

From the Scientific Revolution to the Present, Third Edition

Author: Andrew Ede,Lesley B. Cormack

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442635061

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 338

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A History of Science in Society is a concise overview that introduces complex ideas in a non-technical fashion. Ede and Cormack trace the history of the changing place of science in society and explore the link between the pursuit of knowledge and the desire to make that knowledge useful. Volume II covers from the Scientific Revolution until the present day. New topics in this edition include science and the corporate world, the regulation of science and technology, and climate change. New "Connections" features provide in-depth exploration of the ways science and society interconnect. The text is accompanied by 38 colour maps and diagrams, and 4 colour plates highlighting key concepts and events. Essay questions, chapter timelines, a further readings section, and an index provide additional support for students. A companion reader edited by the authors, A History of Science in Society: A Reader, is also available.

AS Science for Public Understanding

Author: Robin Millar

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435654665

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 6209

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Education policy encourages students to study a broad range of AS levels in their first post-16 year. The AS Science for Public Understanding course offers science for non-science specialists. This work aims to offer an understanding of science for those studying mainly arts A Levels.

Science in Society

Some Perspectives

Author: Yash Pal,National Institute of Science, Technology, and Development Studies (India)

Publisher: Gyan Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 499

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This book contains twenty-three articles by the distinguished specialists which bring into focus various important aspects of science in society i.e., science and spirituality, excellence, equity and information needs in science, education, peace and social development, challenge and excitement in science, intellectual property rights and alternative paradigms of development. Perspectives containing twenty-three articles views science as an integral part of social activity and not as an alienated sub-culture.

Science and Technology in Society

From Biotechnology to the Internet

Author: Daniel Lee Kleiman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405148195

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 4464

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This thoughtful and engaging text challenges the widely held notion of science as somehow outside of society, and the idea that technology proceeds automatically down a singular and inevitable path. Through specific case studies involving contemporary debates, this book shows that science and technology are fundamentally part of society and are shaped by it. Draws on concepts from political sociology, organizational analysis, and contemporary social theory. Avoids dense theoretical debate. Includes case studies and concluding chapter summaries for students and scholars.

Nanotechnology

"Risk, Ethics and Law"

Author: Geoffrey Hunt,Michael Mehta

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 113656070X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 319

View: 7536

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Nanotechnology - technology at the molecular level - is held out by many as the Holy Grail for creating a trillion dollar economy and solving problems from curing cancer to reprocessing waste into products and building superfast computers. Yet, as with GMOs, many view nanotech as a high risk genie in a bottle that once uncorked has the potential to cause unpredictable, perhaps irreversible, environmental and public health disasters. With the race to bring products to market, there is pressing need to take stock of the situation and to have a full public debate about this new technological frontier. Including contributions by renowned figures such as Roland Clift, K. Eric Drexler and Arpad Pusztai, this is the first global overview of the state of nanotech and society in Europe, the USA, Japan and Canada, examining the ethics, the environmental and public health risks, and the governance and regulation of this most promising, and potentially most dangerous, of all technologies.

Science in Society

Author: Matthew David

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230802044

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 7021

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Science/Technoscience has moved to centre-stage in debates over change, power and justice in twenty-first century societies. This text provides a general framework for understanding, combining and applying the rich range of approaches that exist within sociology about science: in particular, the role (and limitations) of science in generating knowledge, and the relationship between scientific knowledge and social progress. Drawing on case studies from the past up until today's new genetics, this is a clear, even-handed and comprehensive Introduction to the field.

Science in Action

How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674792913

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 4309

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From weaker to stronger rhetoric : literature - Laboratories - From weak points to strongholds : machines - Insiders out - From short to longer networks : tribunals of reason - Centres of calculation.

Experiment Earth

Responsible innovation in geoengineering

Author: Jack Stilgoe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317909143

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 8037

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Experiments in geoengineering – intentionally manipulating the Earth’s climate to reduce global warming – have become the focus of a vital debate about responsible science and innovation. Drawing on three years of sociological research working with scientists on one of the world’s first major geoengineering projects, this book examines the politics of experimentation. Geoengineering provides a test case for rethinking the responsibilities of scientists and asking how science can take better care of the futures that it helps bring about. This book gives students, researchers and the general reader interested in the place of science in contemporary society a compelling framework for future thinking and discussion.

Science in Society 68

Author: Dr. Mae-Wan Ho,Prof. Peter Saunders,Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji

Publisher: Institute of Science in Soc

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 52

View: 3975

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In this issue: From the Editors - Continuing Demise of GMOs | SiS Obituary - Michael Meacher | New Cosmology | Commentary | Freeing the World from GMOs | No Nuclear | Food & Agriculture | Science & Democracy | Physics of the Organism