Science and behavior

an introduction to methods of research

Author: John M. Neale,Robert M. Liebert

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 324

View: 5481

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Introduction to Behavioral Research Methods

Author: Mark R. Leary

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134414802

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 4707

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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For courses in Experimental Methods and in Research Methods in Political Science and Sociology A rigorous, yet readable approach to contemporary research Introduction to Behavioral Research Methods incorporates the four basic approaches to behavioral research — descriptive, correlational, experimental, and quasi-experimental research — and shows students how to conceptualize questions, measure variables, design studies, and analyze data. Mark Leary offers explanation and examples to not only add interest, but also make the material more understandable. In the Seventh Edition, you’ll continue to find boxes on “Developing Your Research Skills” and “Behavioral Research Case Studies,” now joined by “Ethical Issues in Analyzing Data and Reporting Results” sections, to provide practical examples and pique curiosity. Chapters on research ethics and scientific writing (including the most recent version of APA style) round out the text.

Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Bart L. Weathington,Christopher J. L. Cunningham,David J. Pittenger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119470072

Category: Psychology

Page: 672

View: 1927

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A comprehensive introduction to research methods and best practices for designing,conducting, interpreting, and reporting findings This text is designed to develop in students a passion for conducting research and an understanding of the practical value of systematic information- gathering and decision-making. It features step-by-step coverage of the research process including research design, statistical considerations, and guidance on writing up and presenting results. Recognized leaders in the field—authors Bart Weathington, Christopher Cunningham, and David Pittenger—present: Introductions to multiple research designs—including single-participant, multi-group, longitudinal, correlational, and experimental designs—accompanied by examples Bibliographic research and methods for appropriate sampling Identifying, developing, and evaluating reliable and valid approaches to measurement The issues and steps common to all single-factor and multifactor studies, as well as single-subject and nonexperimental methods How to summarize research in writing that conforms to the editorial guidelines of the American Psychological Association A comprehensive review of research methods and the statistical concepts that support them, Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences offers the best techniques for studying behavior and social phenomena.

Lenses on Reading, Third Edition

An Introduction to Theories and Models

Author: Diane H. Tracey,Lesley Mandel Morrow

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462530648

Category: Education

Page: 302

View: 6133

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Widely adopted as an ideal introduction to the major models of reading, this text guides students to understand and facilitate children's literacy development. Coverage encompasses the full range of theories that have informed reading instruction and research, from classical thinking to cutting-edge cognitive, social learning, physiological, and affective perspectives. Readers learn how theory shapes instructional decision making and how to critically evaluate the assumptions and beliefs that underlie their own teaching. Pedagogical features include framing and discussion questions, learning activities, teacher anecdotes, classroom applications, and examples of research studies grounded in each approach. New to This Edition *Chapter on physiological foundations of reading development, including the impact of nutrition, sleep, and exercise. *Chapter on affective/emotional perspectives, such as the role of engagement and teacher-student relationships. *Additional social learning perspectives: Critical Race Theory and Multiliteracies Theory. *All chapters updated with the latest research; many new teacher anecdotes added.

Principles and Methods of Social Research

Author: William D. Crano,Marilynn B. Brewer,Andrew Lac

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317666062

Category: Psychology

Page: 504

View: 2796

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Used to train generations of social scientists, this thoroughly updated classic text covers the latest research techniques and designs. Applauded for its comprehensive coverage, the breadth and depth of content is unparalleled. Through a multi-methodology approach, the text guides readers toward the design and conduct of social research from the ground up. Explained with applied examples useful to the social, behavioral, educational, and organizational sciences, the methods described are intended to be relevant to contemporary researchers. The underlying logic and mechanics of experimental, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental research strategies are discussed in detail. Introductory chapters covering topics such as validity and reliability furnish readers with a firm understanding of foundational concepts. Chapters dedicated to sampling, interviewing, questionnaire design, stimulus scaling, observational methods, content analysis, implicit measures, dyadic and group methods, and meta-analysis provide coverage of these essential methodologies. The book is noted for its: -Emphasis on understanding the principles that govern the use of a method to facilitate the researcher’s choice of the best technique for a given situation. - Use of the laboratory experiment as a touchstone to describe and evaluate field experiments, correlational designs, quasi experiments, evaluation studies, and survey designs. -Coverage of the ethics of social research including the power a researcher wields and tips on how to use it responsibly. The new edition features: -A new co-author, Andrew Lac, instrumental in fine tuning the book’s accessible approach and highlighting the most recent developments at the intersection of design and statistics. -More learning tools including more explanation of the basic concepts, more research examples, tables, and figures, and the addition of bold faced terms, chapter conclusions, discussion questions, and a glossary. -Extensive revision of chapter (3) on measurement reliability theory that examines test theory, latent factors, factor analysis, and item response theory. -Expanded coverage of cutting-edge methodologies including mediation and moderation, reliability and validity, missing data, and more physiological approaches such as neuroimaging and fMRIs. -A new web based resource package that features Power Points and discussion and exam questions for each chapter and for students chapter outlines and summaries, key terms, and suggested readings. Intended as a text for graduate or advanced undergraduate courses in research methods (design) in psychology, communication, sociology, education, public health, and marketing, an introductory undergraduate course on research methods is recommended.

Research Methods for Education

Author: Gregory J. Privitera,Lynn Ahlgrim-Delzell

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 150630334X

Category: Education

Page: 800

View: 5174

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From award-winning author Gregory J. Privitera and Lynn Ahlgrim-Delzell, Research Methods for Education covers the range of different quantitative and qualitative research methods specific to their use in educational research. This new text uses a problem-focused approach in a way that fully integrates the decision tree—from choosing a research design to selecting an appropriate statistic for analysis. With a conversational, student-friendly writing style, and examples from a wide variety of education-related fields, the authors show how methods and statistics work together and enable the testing of hypotheses through use of the scientific method. Students will become informed consumers of research with the ability to understand a research article and judge its quality and apply the methods in action research to inform educational practice.

From Molecules to Networks

An Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Author: John H. Byrne,Ruth Heidelberger,M. Neal Waxham

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123982677

Category: Science

Page: 694

View: 4451

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An understanding of the nervous system at virtually any level of analysis requires an understanding of its basic building block, the neuron. The third edition of From Molecules to Networks provides the solid foundation of the morphological, biochemical, and biophysical properties of nerve cells. In keeping with previous editions, the unique content focus on cellular and molecular neurobiology and related computational neuroscience is maintained and enhanced. All chapters have been thoroughly revised for this third edition to reflect the significant advances of the past five years. The new edition expands on the network aspects of cellular neurobiology by adding new coverage of specific research methods (e.g., patch-clamp electrophysiology, including applications for ion channel function and transmitter release; ligand binding; structural methods such as x-ray crystallography). Written and edited by leading experts in the field, the third edition completely and comprehensively updates all chapters of this unique textbook and insures that all references to primary research represent the latest results. The first treatment of cellular and molecular neuroscience that includes an introduction to mathematical modeling and simulation approaches 80% updated and new content New Chapter on "Biophysics of Voltage-Gated Ion Channels" New Chapter on "Synaptic Plasticity" Includes a chapter on the Neurobiology of Disease Highly referenced, comprehensive and quantitative Full color, professional graphics throughout All graphics are available in electronic version for teaching purposes

Research for Social Workers

An Introduction to Methods

Author: Margaret Alston,Wendy Bowles

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415307222

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 4390

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An introduction to research methods specifically needed in social work and social welfare, this text outlines the major stages of research projects, covering both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Guide to Methods for Students of Political Science

Author: Stephen Van Evera

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801454441

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 903

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Stephen Van Evera greeted new graduate students at MIT with a commonsense introduction to qualitative methods in the social sciences. His helpful hints, always warmly received, grew from a handful of memos to an underground classic primer. That primer evolved into a book of how-to information about graduate study, which is essential reading for graduate students and undergraduates in political science, sociology, anthropology, economics, and history—and for their advisers. •How should we frame, assess, and apply theories in the social sciences? "I am unpersuaded by the view that the prime rules of scientific method should differ between hard science and social science. Science is science." •A section on case studies shows novices the ropes. •Van Evera contends the realm of dissertations is often defined too narrowly “Making and testing theories are not the only games in town. . . . If everyone makes and tests theories but no one ever uses them, then what are they for?" •In "Helpful Hints on Writing a Political Science Ph.D. Dissertation," Van Evera focuses on presentation, and on broader issues of academic strategy and tactics. •Van Evera asks how political scientists should work together as a community. “All institutions and professions that face weak accountability need inner ethical rudders that define their obligations in order to stay on course."

Principles of Research in Behavioral Science

Fourth Edition

Author: Mary E. Kite,Bernard E. Whitley, Jr.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315450062

Category: Psychology

Page: 836

View: 4940

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of research methods in the behavioral sciences, focusing primarily on the conceptual issues inherent in conducting research. It covers topics that are often omitted from other texts, including measurement issues, correlational research, qualitative research, and integrative literature reviews. The book also includes discussions of diversity issues as they related to behavioral science research. New to this edition are chapter boxes that focus on applied issues related to each chapter topic. Throughout the book, readable examples and informative tables and figures are provided. The authors also take a contemporary approach to topics such as research ethics, replication research, and data collection (including internet research).

Discovering Behavioral Neuroscience: An Introduction to Biological Psychology

Author: Laura Freberg

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337570931

Category: Education

Page: 672

View: 9376

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With comprehensive, authoritative coverage and student-centered pedagogy, DISCOVERING BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE: AN INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 4th Edition is ideal for a broad range of students taking a beginning undergraduate course in biological or physiological psychology. Updated to reflect current thinking in the field, the book provides a foundational understanding of the structure and function of the nervous system and its relationship to both typical and disordered human behavior. Author Laura Freberg -- who has more than 30 years of teaching experience at schools ranging from community colleges to the Ivy League -- presents classic concepts, current topics, and cutting-edge research in a style that is both accessible to beginning students and appealing to students with stronger backgrounds. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to Statistics and Research Methods

Becoming a Psychological Detective

Author: Stephen F. Davis,Randolph A. Smith

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131505117

Category: Psychology

Page: 610

View: 3528

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Using student research projects and drawing parallels with detective work, "An Introduction to Research Methods and Statistics" engages the reader and encourages active involvement. The authors use a lively, conversational tone that makes the material accessible and inviting. This text also provides special pedagogical features to facilitate learning.

Research Methods in Psychology

Author: Glynis Marie Breakwell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412911276

Category: Psychology

Page: 524

View: 3339

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This Third Edition of this bestselling text retains its status as one of the most accessible, practically useful and theoretically rigorous textbooks on the market today, and has been developed even further to help students get the most from their studies. The textbook is now oriented around three parts focusing on the major processed in conducting research-from formulating research questions, designing research activity, data gathering, and analysis. A rich diversity of methods is now covered, and the book offers extended coverage of qualitative methods-now fundamental in psychological methods courses.

Cognitive Science

An Introduction to the Study of Mind

Author: Jay Friedenberg,Gordon Silverman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483347427

Category: Psychology

Page: 576

View: 8823

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In Cognitive Science 3e Friedenberg and Silverman provide a solid understanding of the major theoretical and empirical contributions of cognitive science. Their text, thoroughly updated for this new third edition, describes the major theories of mind as well as the major experimental results that have emerged within each cognitive science discipline. Throughout history, different fields of inquiry have attempted to understand the great mystery of mind and answer questions like: What is the mind? How do we see, think, and remember? Can we create machines that are conscious and capable of self-awareness? This books examines these questions and many more. Focusing on the approach of a particular cognitive science field in each chapter, the authors describe its methodology, theoretical perspective, and findings and then offer a critical evaluation of the field. Features: Offers a wide-ranging, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary introduction to the field of cognitive science and issues of mind. Interdisciplinary Crossroads” sections at the end of each chapter focus on research topics that have been investigated from multiple perspectives, helping students to understand the link between varying disciplines and cognitive science. End-of-chapter “Summing Up” sections provide a concise summary of the major points addressed in each chapter to facilitate student comprehension and exam preparation “Explore More” sections link students to the Student Study Site where the authors have provided activities to help students more quickly master course content and prepare for examinations Supplements: A password-protected Instructor’s Resource contains PowerPoint lectures, a test bank and other pedagogical material.The book's Study Site features Web links, E-flash cards, and interactive quizzes.

An Introduction to Fully Integrated Mixed Methods Research

Author: Elizabeth G. Creamer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483350940

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 3561

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An Introduction to Fully Integrated Mixed Methods Research by Elizabeth G. Creamer provides the tools needed to design, execute, and evaluate fully integrated mixed methods research studies. A uniting metaphor of the architectural arch helps students understand the benefits of a mixed methods approach as they consider ways to integrate the qualitative and quantitative strands at all stages of design and execution. With use of examples from popular media and published research, this text also includes a detailed discussion of ways to accomplish mixing methods during data collection and analysis and a separate chapter on designing and executing a realistic mixed methods dissertation.

Content Analysis

An Introduction to Its Methodology

Author: Klaus Krippendorff

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506395643

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 472

View: 7985

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What matters in people’s social lives? What motivates and inspires our society? How do we enact what we know? Since the first edition published in 1980, Content Analysis has helped shape and define the field. In the highly anticipated Fourth Edition, award-winning scholar and author Klaus Krippendorff introduces you to the most current method of analyzing the textual fabric of contemporary society. Students and scholars will learn to treat data not as physical events but as communications that are created and disseminated to be seen, read, interpreted, enacted, and reflected upon according to the meanings they have for their recipients. Interpreting communications as texts in the contexts of their social uses distinguishes content analysis from other empirical methods of inquiry. Organized into three parts, Content Analysis first examines the conceptual aspects of content analysis, then discusses components such as unitizing and sampling, and concludes by showing readers how to trace the analytical paths and apply evaluative techniques. The Fourth Edition has been completely revised to offer you the most current techniques and research on content analysis, including new information on reliability and social media. You will also gain practical advice and experience for teaching academic and commercial researchers how to conduct content analysis.

Media and Communication Research Methods

Author: Arthur Asa Berger

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452256578

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 365

View: 9042

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Employing his signature style—a practical focus, the use of numerous illuminating examples, an easy to follow step-by-step approach, and engaging humor that makes the material approachable—Arthur Asa Berger updates and enhances his best-selling introductory text, Media and Communication Research Methods: An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, Third Edition. The new edition combines insightful discussions of qualitative and quantitative media and communication research methods as it covers each topic thoroughly in a fun-to-read style. Ideal for beginning research students at both the graduate and undergraduate level, this proven book is clear, concise, and accompanied by just the right number of detailed examples, useful applications, and valuable exercises that are sure to get your students to want to understand, and master, media and communication research.

An Introduction to Survey Research, Polling, and Data Analysis

Author: Herbert Weisberg,Jon A. Krosnick,Bruce D. Bowen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803974029

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 5406

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This book describes how surveys are conducted in such a way that they can be believed, explains how to read statistical reports and analyze data, and provides guidelines that are useful in evaluating polls. Using examples from contemporary large surveys and polls, as well as from the media, the authors stress the importance of understanding tables thoroughly before moving to interval statistics. In addition, they cover: the design of surveys; the steps for sampling and question writing; interviewing and coding strategies; survey analysis from frequency distributions and cross-tabulations through to control tables and correlation/regression; the ethics of survey research; and how to read and write reports of survey research.

Research Methods in Psychology

Evaluating a World of Information, Second Edition

Author: Beth Moring

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393936937

Category: Psychology

Page: 604

View: 8504

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This market-leading text emphasizes future consumers of psychological research, uses real-world examples drawn from popular media, and develops students’ critical-thinking skills as they become systematic interrogators of information in their everyday lives.