Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena

Author: Anthony Rollett,Gregory S. Rohrer,John Humphreys

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080982697

Category: Science

Page: 734

View: 5251

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Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena, Third Edition, fulfills the information needs of materials scientists in both industry and academia. The subjects treated in the book are all active research areas, forming a major part of at least four regular international conference series. This new third edition ensures the reader has access to the latest findings, and is essential reading to those working in the forefront of research in universities and laboratories. For those in industry, the book highlights applications of the research and technology, exploring, in particular, the significant progress made recently in key areas such as deformed state, including deformation to very large strains, the characterization of microstructures by electron backscatter diffraction, the modeling and simulation of annealing, and continuous recrystallization. Includes over 50% of new, revised, and updated material, highlighting the significant recent literature results in grain growth in non-crystallizing systems, 3D characterization techniques, quantitative modeling techniques, and all-new appendices on texture and measurements Contains synthesized, detailed coverage from leading authors that bridge the gap between theory and practice Includes a critical level of synthesis and pedagogy with an authored rather than edited volume

Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena

Author: F.J. Humphreys,M. Hatherly

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008098388X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 6231

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The annealing of deformed materials is of both technological importance and scientific interest. The phenomena have been most widely studied in metals, although they occur in all crystalline materials such as the natural deformation of rocks and the processing of technical ceramics. Research is mainly driven by the requirements of industry, and where appropriate, the book discusses the extent to which we are able to formulate quantitative, physically-based models which can be applied to metal-forming processes. The subjects treated in this book are all active research areas, and form a major part of at least four regular international conference series. However, there have only been two monographs published in recent times on the subject of recrystallization, the latest nearly 20 years ago. Since that time, considerable advances have been made, both in our understanding of the subject and in the techniques available to the researcher. The book covers recovery, recrystallization and grain growth in depth including specific chapters on ordered materials, two-phase alloys, annealing textures and annealing during and after hot working. Also contained are treatments of the deformed state and the structure and mobility of grain boundaries, technologically important examples and a chapter on computer simulation and modelling. The book provides a scientific treatment of the subject for researchers or students in Materials Science, Metallurgy and related disciplines, who require a more detailed coverage than is found in textbooks on physical metallurgy, and a more coherent treatment than will be found in the many conference proceedings and review articles.

Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena

Author: Anthony Rollett,F J Humphreys,Gregory S. Rohrer,M. Hatherly

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080540412

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 658

View: 7570

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Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena fulfils the information needs of materials scientists in both industry and academia. The subjects treated in the book are all active research areas, forming a major part of at least four regular international conference series. This new 2nd edition ensures the reader has access to the latest findings, essential to those working at the forefront of research in universities and laboratories. For those in industry, the book highlights applications of the research and technologically important examples. In particular, the second edition builds on the significant progress made recently in the following key areas: Deformed state, including deformation to very large strains Characterisation of microstructures by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) Modelling and simulation of annealing Continuous recrystallization Fully revised and up-to-date, the second edition highlights the significant progress made recently in this important area of research Detailed coverage, much more comprehensive treatment than is found in textbooks on physical metallurgy bridges the gap between theory and practice by examining the application of quantitative, physically based models to metal forming processes

Magnesium Technology 2014

Author: Martyn Alderman,Michele Manuel,Norbert Hort,Neale Neelameggham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319482319

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 531

View: 6382

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The Magnesium Technology Symposium, the event on which this collection is based, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium specialists in the world. Papers in this collection represent all aspects of the field, ranging from primary production to applications to recycling. Moreover, papers explore everything from basic research findings to industrialization. This volume covers a broad spectrum of current topics, including alloys and their properties; cast products and processing; wrought products and processing; forming, joining, and machining; corrosion and surface finishing; ecology; and structural applications. In addition, there is coverage of new and emerging applications in such areas as hydrogen storage.

Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Recrystallization and Grain Growth (ReX&GG 2016)

Author: Elizabeth Holm,Susan Farjami,Priyadarshan Manohar,Gregory Rohrer,Anthony Rollett,David Srolovitz,Hasso Weiland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319487701

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 313

View: 865

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This collection represents a cross-section of the papers presented at the 6th International Conference on Recrystallization and Grain Growth. The volume is divided into nine sections: • Grain growth theory and simulation • Recrystallization theory and simulation • Low carbon and IF steels • High strength steels • Electrical steels • Stainless steels • Aluminum and magnesium alloys • Nickel and nickel based superalloys • Unconventional and advanced materials

Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys

Author: Hugh J. McQueen,Stefano Spigarelli,Michael E. Kassner,Enrico Evangelista

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420017683

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 616

View: 2447

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A comprehensive treatise on the hot working of aluminum and its alloys, Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys details the possible microstructural developments that can occur with hot deformation of various alloys, as well as the kind of mechanical properties that can be anticipated. The authors take great care to explain and differentiate hot working in the context of other elevated temperature phenomena, such as creep, superplasticity, cold working, and annealing. They also pay particular attention to the fundamental mechanisms of aluminum plasticity at hot working temperatures. Using extensive analysis derived from polarized light optical microscopy (POM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) scanning electron-microscopy with electron backscatter imaging (SEM-EBSD), and orientation imaging microscopy (OIM), the authors examine those microstructures that evolve in torsion, compression, extrusion, and rolling. Further microstructural analysis leads to detailed explanations of dynamic recovery (DRV), static recovery (SRV), discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (dDRX), discontinuous static recrystallization (dSRX), grain defining dynamic recovery (gDRV) (formerly geometric dynamic recrystallization, or gDRX), and continuous dynamic recrystallization involving both a single phase (cDRX/1-phase) and multiple phases (cDRX/2-phase). A companion to other works that focus on modeling, manufacturing involving plastic and superplastic deformation, and control of texture and phase transformations, this book provides thorough explanations of microstructural development to lay the foundation for further study of the mechanisms of thermomechanical processes and their application.

Sintering

Densification, Grain Growth and Microstructure

Author: Suk-Joong L. Kang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080493076

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 5101

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Sintering is the process of forming materials and components from a powder under the action of thermal energy. It is a key materials science subject: most ceramic materials and many specialist metal powder products for use in key industries such as electronics, automotive and aerospace are formed this way. Written by one of the leading experts in the field, this book offers an unrivalled introduction to sintering and sintering processes for students of materials science and engineering, and practicing engineers in industry. The book is unique in providing a complete grounding in the principles of sintering and equal coverage of the three key sintering processes: densification, grain growth and microstructure. Students and professional engineers alike will be attracted by the emphasis on developing a detailed understanding of the theory and practical processes of sintering, the balanced coverage of ceramic and metal sintering, and the accompanying examination questions with selected solutions. Delivering unrivalled depth of coverage on the basis of sintering, science, including thermodynamics and polycrystalline microstructure. Unique in its balanced coverage of the three key sintering elements - densification, grain growth and microstructure. A key reference for students and engineers in materials science and engineering, accompanied by examination questions and selected solutions.

Fundamentals of Materials Science

The Microstructure–Property Relationship Using Metals as Model Systems

Author: Eric J. Mittemeijer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642105005

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 594

View: 7436

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This book offers a strong introduction to fundamental concepts on the basis of materials science. It conveys the central issue of materials science, distinguishing it from merely solid state physics and solid state chemistry, namely to develop models that provide the relation between the microstructure and the properties. The book is meant to be used in the beginning of a materials science and engineering study as well as throughout an entire undergraduate and even graduate study as a solid background against which specialized texts can be studied. Topics dealt with are "crystallography", "lattice defects", "microstructural analysis", "phase equilibria and transformations" and "mechanical strength". After the basic chapters the coverage of topics occurs to an extent surpassing what can be offered in a freshman's course. About the author Prof. Mittemeijer is one of the top scientists in materials science, whose perceptiveness and insight have led to important achievements. This book witnesses of his knowledge and panoramic overview and profound understanding of the field. He is a director of the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research in Stuttgart.

TMS 2016 Supplemental Proceedings

145th Annual Meeting and Exhibition

Author: The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119274885

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 820

View: 8528

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The TMS 2016 Annual Meeting Supplemental Proceedings is a collection of papers from the TMS 2016 Annual Meeting & Exhibition, held February 14-18 in Nashville, Tennessee, USA. The papers in this volume represent 21 symposia from the meeting. This volume, along with the other proceedings volumes published for the meeting, and archival journals, such as Metallurgical and Materials Transactions and Journal of Electronic Materials, represents the available written record of the 67 symposia held at TMS2016. This proceedings volume contains both edited and unedited papers; the unedited papers have not necessarily been reviewed by the symposium organizers and are presented “as is.” The opinions and statements expressed within the papers are those of the individual authors only, and no confirmations or endorsements are intended or implied.

Physical Foundations of Materials Science

Author: Günter Gottstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662092913

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 502

View: 7784

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In this vivid and comprehensible introduction to materials science, the author expands the modern concepts of metal physics to formulate basic theory applicable to other engineering materials, such as ceramics and polymers. Written for engineering students and working engineers with little previous knowledge of solid-state physics, this textbook enables the reader to study more specialized and fundamental literature of materials science. Dozens of illustrative photographs, many of them transmission electron microscopy images, plus line drawings, aid developing a firm appreciation of this complex topic. Hard-to-grasp terms such as "textures" are lucidly explained - not only the phenomenon itself, but also its consequences for the material properties. This excellent book makes materials science more transparent.

Moving Interfaces in Crystalline Solids

Author: Franz D. Fischer,Erich Schmid

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3211274049

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 1093

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Moving Interfaces in Solids are typically phase boundaries and grain or subgrain boundaries. Continuum thermodynamics and continuum mechanics are applied to explain the motion process. Related numerical and experimental concepts are dealt with. Experts from material physics and mechanics bridge the gap between these fields. The reader is offered a common view of interface mtion in a unique representation. Examples are presented for various material systems.

Magnesium Technology 2013

Author: Norbert Hort,Suveen Mathaudhu,Neale Neelameggham,Martyn Alderman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319481509

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 381

View: 2452

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The Magnesium Technology Symposium, the event on which this volume is based, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium experts in the world. Papers reflect all aspects of the field including primary production to applications, recycling, basic research findings, and industrialization. Readers will find broad coverage of current topics, including alloys and their properties, cast products and processing, wrought products and processing, corrosion and surface finishing, ecology, and more. New and emerging applications in such areas as hydrogen storage are also examined.

Texture and Anisotropy

Preferred Orientations in Polycrystals and Their Effect on Materials Properties

Author: U. F. Kocks,C. N. Tomé,H. -R. Wenk

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521794206

Category: Science

Page: 676

View: 6575

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A successful book covering an important area of materials science, now available in paperback.

Computational Materials Engineering

An Introduction to Microstructure Evolution

Author: Koenraad George Frans Janssens,Dierk Raabe,Ernest Kozeschnik,Mark A Miodownik,Britta Nestler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080555492

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 1317

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Computational Materials Engineering is an advanced introduction to the computer-aided modeling of essential material properties and behavior, including the physical, thermal and chemical parameters, as well as the mathematical tools used to perform simulations. Its emphasis will be on crystalline materials, which includes all metals. The basis of Computational Materials Engineering allows scientists and engineers to create virtual simulations of material behavior and properties, to better understand how a particular material works and performs and then use that knowledge to design improvements for particular material applications. The text displays knowledge of software designers, materials scientists and engineers, and those involved in materials applications like mechanical engineers, civil engineers, electrical engineers, and chemical engineers. Readers from students to practicing engineers to materials research scientists will find in this book a single source of the major elements that make up contemporary computer modeling of materials characteristics and behavior. The reader will gain an understanding of the underlying statistical and analytical tools that are the basis for modeling complex material interactions, including an understanding of computational thermodynamics and molecular kinetics; as well as various modeling systems. Finally, the book will offer the reader a variety of algorithms to use in solving typical modeling problems so that the theory presented herein can be put to real-world use. Balanced coverage of fundamentals of materials modeling, as well as more advanced aspects of modeling, such as modeling at all scales from the atomic to the molecular to the macro-material Concise, yet rigorous mathematical coverage of such analytical tools as the Potts type Monte Carlo method, cellular automata, phase field, dislocation dynamics and Finite Element Analysis in statistical and analytical modeling

Yield Point Phenomena in Metals and Alloys

Author: E. Hall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468418602

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 8853

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Exceptions to the rule are always interesting, and the anomalies in the stress-strain curves of mild steel and in many other metals and alloys have excited the curiosity of engineers and scientists for well over a hundred years. Yet it is only during the last twenty years that significant theoretical advances have been made, and the aim of this book has been to examine these theories against the background of the considerable volume of experimental results published over the last few years, up to mid-1969. Hence this review volume has a two-fold aim; the first chapter attempts to review the general theories of yield point phenomena, using sufficient examples only to illustrate the theories. This chapter is intended to be complete in itself, and could be read by under graduates who wish to appraise rapidly the general background to the problem. The remaining chapters deal, in turn, with the various alloys exhibiting yield point phenomena. Thus, chapter 2 on mild steel, is a more extensive study of quench and strain ageing, while Chapter 3 is on the refractory metals and discusses theories of the low-temperature strength. The next concerns hydrogen in meta-Is. Chapters 5 and 6 discuss the face-centred cubic alloys, particularly the cases of the unloading yield point and intermetallic compounds. Chapter 7 covers hexagonal and ionic structures. A brief final chapter considers the areas where further research may be fruitful.

Thin Slab Direct Rolling of Microalloyed Steels

Author: J. M. Rodriguez-Ibabe

Publisher: Trans Tech Publication

ISBN: 9780878494859

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 146

View: 6745

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This Slab casting and direct rolling (TSDR) technologies are nowadays one of the most promising processing routes to maintain steel as a leading material in technological applications.

Physical Metallurgy

Author: R.W. Cahn,P. Haasen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080538945

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2740

View: 9612

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This is the fourth edition of a work which first appeared in 1965. The first edition had approximately one thousand pages in a single volume. This latest volume has almost three thousand pages in 3 volumes which is a fair measure of the pace at which the discipline of physical metallurgy has grown in the intervening 30 years. Almost all the topics previously treated are still in evidence in this version which is approximately 50% bigger than the previous edition. All the chapters have been either totally rewritten by new authors or thoroughly revised and expanded, either by the third-edition authors alone or jointly with new co-authors. Three chapters on new topics have been added, dealing with dry corrosion, oxidation and protection of metal surfaces; the dislocation theory of the mechanical behavior of intermetallic compounds; and (most novel) a chapter on polymer science for metallurgists, which analyses the conceptual mismatch between metallurgists' and polymer scientists' way of looking at materials. Special care has been taken throughout all chapters to incorporate the latest experimental research results and theoretical insights. Several thousand citations to the research and review literature are included in this edition. There is a very detailed subject index, as well as a comprehensive author index. The original version of this book has long been regarded as the standard text in physical metallurgy and this thoroughly rewritten and updated version will retain this status.

Recrystallization '92

International Conference on Recrystallization and Related Phenomena, San Sebastian, Spain, August 31-September 4, 1992

Author: M. Fuentes,J. Gil Sevillano

Publisher: Trans Tech Publication

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 724

View: 8072

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Presenting the proceedings of an international conference on recrystallization, this volume emphasizes the importance of recrystallization and related processes in the development of advanced materials, such as metal-matrix composites, intermetallic and ceramic materials, and thin films. The work focuses on the control of the microstructure during thermomechanical processing. Equally important are both microstructural modelling and the numerical simulation of average material properties. A number of papers deal with local orientation determination techniques, such as EBS.