Reality and Research

Social Science and U.S. Urban Policy Since 1960

Author: George C. Galster

Publisher: The Urban Insitute

ISBN: 9780877666394

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 6122

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This book evaluates the role of policy analysis over the past three decades in a wide range of urban policy arenas, including community development, education, family support and social welfare, intergovernmental financial relations, drugs, and racial discrimination. The authors take a chronological approach, tracing how key urban problems and their policymaking and research components have evolved since the early 1960s, when confidence in the power of government to develop wise policies based on research findings was at a high point. Within this historical structure, each author traces the links among the analysts' conception of a problem, research related to it, and the ultimate policy responses. The lessons drawn will help analysts, practitioners, and citizens improve the decisionmaking process that leads to effective government.

Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences

Author: Jonathan Michie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135932263

Category: Social Science

Page: 2165

View: 3480

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This 2-volume work includes approximately 1,200 entries in A-Z order, critically reviewing the literature on specific topics from abortion to world systems theory. In addition, nine major entries cover each of the major disciplines (political economy; management and business; human geography; politics; sociology; law; psychology; organizational behavior) and the history and development of the social sciences in a broader sense.

Fair and Affordable Housing in the U.S.

Trends, Outcomes, Future Directions

Author: Robert M. Silverman,Kelly L. Patterson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004201440

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 9592

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This edited book examines trends, outcomes and future directions of U.S. fair and affordable housing policy. It focuses on four areas of interest: fair housing policy, affordable housing finance, equitable approaches to land use, rent vouchers, and homeownership policy.

Urban and Regional Policy and Its Effects

Author: Margery Austin Turner,Howard Wial,Harold Wolman

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815701586

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 8015

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The goal of this book, the first in a series, is to bring policymakers, practitioners, and scholars up to speed on the state of knowledge on various aspects of urban and regional policy. What do we know about the effectiveness of select policy approaches, reforms, or experiments on key social and economic problems facing cities, suburbs, and metropolitan areas? What can we say about what works, what doesn't, and why? And what does this knowledge and experience imply for future policy questions? The authors take a fresh look at several different issues (e.g., economic development, education, land use) and conceptualize how each should be thought of. Once the contributors have presented the essence of what is known, as well as the likely implications, they identify the knowledge gaps that need to be filled for the successful formulation and implementation of urban and regional policy.

Measurement of Community Health

The Social Health Index

Author: Yoku Shaw-Taylor

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761814146

Category: Medical

Page: 98

View: 2652

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Measurement of Community Health examines the underlying assumptions of constructing a social health index. Some of the questions addressed by the book include: how is personal health different from community social health? What does community social health mean? What is the process of obtaining a community social health index? The author uses data from each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Power analysis suggests that the social health index is a useful tool for monitoring social disadvantage. Most importantly, the results of this study suggest a reliable method of targeting federal funds or block grants for economic opportunity to states.

Public Policies for Distressed Communities Revisited

Author: F. Stevens Redburn,Terry F. Buss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 8034

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This volume of analytical essays addresses the topic of national policy towards economically distressed areas and charts the evolution and redefinition of the problems affecting distressed communities. They look at the new roles currently played by federal and state governments, and the innovative approaches being developed to tackle the traditional problems of connecting impoverished areas and their residents to jobs and opportunity.

Symposium

public policies for distressed communities

Author: David Feldman,Van R. Johnston,William Waugh,Tom Liou

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 239

View: 8877

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Cities in full

recognizing and realizing the great potential of urban America

Author: Steve Belmont

Publisher: Planners Press American Planning Association

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 536

View: 1333

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Three decades ago, urban America was troubled by escalating crime rates and a fleeing middle class, but conditions in many cities were enviable then compared to now. Some are so damaged that to restore them to their 1970 condition seems an insurmountable task, and true revitalization may seem unimaginable to those who control their fate. Yet, all is not lost. Cities in Full explores the great potential of the American city and outlines essential elements necessary for its revitalization. Steve Belmont embraces Jane Jacobs' much acclaimed prescription for urban vitality-high densities, mixed land uses, small blocks, and variously aged buildings. This book examines neighborhoods that adhere to precepts and those that do not and compares the results. He examines the destructive forces of decentralization and shows how and why they must be turned into forces of renewal. The author outlines an agenda for recentralizing commerce, housing, and transportation infrastructure and discusses how recentralization is affected by poor social and economic conditions. The author analyzes the deficiencies of current low-income housing policy and offers a strategy more favorable to cities and their metropolitan areas. Belmont exposes neighborhood political forces that sometimes thwart a city's best interests and offers an ambitious blueprint for renewal that includes creating middle and upper income housing at moderate and high densities; revitalizing neighborhood commercial streets with an urban spirit; building new centralized infrastructure; and transforming the public realm to attract the middle class. Exhaustively researched and well illustrated, this book is an invaluable resource for planners dedicated to reviving American cities.

Reprint

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Regional planning

Page: N.A

View: 9322

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The Housing Policy Revolution

Networks and Neighborhoods

Author: David James Erickson

Publisher: Urban Inst Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 227

View: 2150

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The Housing Policy Revolution: Networks and Neighborhoods illuminates how our networked approach to housing policy developed and fundamentally transformed governmental response to public welfare. Through historical political analysis and detailed case studies, the book imparts policy lessons on delivering funding for urban change. The 1960s model of Washington-based bureaucracies implementing social policy lost support as Ronald Reagan advocated for government retreat and market-led efforts. The housing sector¿s unforeseen response was an explosion of growth among nonprofits and activists, local government, and local private-sector initiatives to build affordable housing without federal help. By the late 1980s a new synthesis was emerging, marrying inchoate local efforts with federal tax incentives and block grants that created quasi markets to build low-income housing. From 1987 to 2005 the decentralized housing delivery network nearly doubled the number of federally subsidized homes. David J. Erickson traces the history of our current policy era, where decentralized federal subsidies (block grants and tax credits) fund a network of for-profit and nonprofit affordable home builders. In addition to government reports and legislative history, he draws upon interviews, industry journals, policy conference proceedings, and mainstream media coverage to incorporate viewpoints from both practitioners and policymakers.

New Deal Ruins

Race, Economic Justice, and Public Housing Policy

Author: Edward G. Goetz

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801467543

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 7906

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Public housing was an integral part of the New Deal, as the federal government funded public works to generate economic activity and offer material support to families made destitute by the Great Depression, and it remained a major element of urban policy in subsequent decades. As chronicled in New Deal Ruins, however, housing policy since the 1990s has turned to the demolition of public housing in favor of subsidized units in mixed-income communities and the use of tenant-based vouchers rather than direct housing subsidies. While these policies, articulated in the HOPE VI program begun in 1992, aimed to improve the social and economic conditions of urban residents, the results have been quite different. As Edward G. Goetz shows, hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced and there has been a loss of more than 250,000 permanently affordable residential units. Goetz offers a critical analysis of the nationwide effort to dismantle public housing by focusing on the impact of policy changes in three cities: Atlanta, Chicago, and New Orleans. Goetz shows how this transformation is related to pressures of gentrification and the enduring influence of race in American cities. African Americans have been disproportionately affected by this policy shift; it is the cities in which public housing is most closely identified with minorities that have been the most aggressive in removing units. Goetz convincingly refutes myths about the supposed failure of public housing. He offers an evidence-based argument for renewed investment in public housing to accompany housing choice initiatives as a model for innovative and equitable housing policy.