Privacy on the Ground

Driving Corporate Behavior in the United States and Europe

Author: Kenneth A. Bamberger,Deirdre K. Mulligan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262331357

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 6377

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Barely a week goes by without a new privacy revelation or scandal. Whether by hackers or spy agencies or social networks, violations of our personal information have shaken entire industries, corroded relations among nations, and bred distrust between democratic governments and their citizens. Polls reflect this concern, and show majorities for more, broader, and stricter regulation -- to put more laws "on the books." But there was scant evidence of how well tighter regulation actually worked "on the ground" in changing corporate (or government) behavior -- until now. This intensive five-nation study goes inside corporations to examine how the people charged with protecting privacy actually do their work, and what kinds of regulation effectively shape their behavior. And the research yields a surprising result. The countries with more ambiguous regulation -- Germany and the United States -- had the strongest corporate privacy management practices, despite very different cultural and legal environments. The more rule-bound countries -- like France and Spain -- trended instead toward compliance processes, not embedded privacy practices. At a crucial time, when Big Data and the Internet of Things are snowballing, Privacy on the Ground helpfully searches out the best practices by corporations, provides guidance to policymakers, and offers important lessons for everyone concerned with privacy, now and in the future.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy

Author: Evan Selinger,Jules Polonetsky,Omer Tene

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316859274

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9139

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Businesses are rushing to collect personal data to fuel surging demand. Data enthusiasts claim personal information that's obtained from the commercial internet, including mobile platforms, social networks, cloud computing, and connected devices, will unlock path-breaking innovation, including advanced data security. By contrast, regulators and activists contend that corporate data practices too often disempower consumers by creating privacy harms and related problems. As the Internet of Things matures and facial recognition, predictive analytics, big data, and wearable tracking grow in power, scale, and scope, a controversial ecosystem will exacerbate the acrimony over commercial data capture and analysis. The only productive way forward is to get a grip on the key problems right now and change the conversation. That's exactly what Jules Polonetsky, Omer Tene, and Evan Selinger do. They bring together diverse views from leading academics, business leaders, and policymakers to discuss the opportunities and challenges of the new data economy.

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The Legal and Economic Aftermath of Cybersecurity Breaches

Author: Josephine Wolff

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026234954X

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 8517

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What we can learn from the aftermath of cybersecurity breaches and how we can do a better job protecting online data. Cybersecurity incidents make the news with startling regularity. Each breach—the theft of 145.5 million Americans' information from Equifax, for example, or the Russian government's theft of National Security Agency documents, or the Sony Pictures data dump—makes headlines, inspires panic, instigates lawsuits, and is then forgotten. The cycle of alarm and amnesia continues with the next attack, and the one after that. In this book, cybersecurity expert Josephine Wolff argues that we shouldn't forget about these incidents, we should investigate their trajectory, from technology flaws to reparations for harm done to their impact on future security measures. We can learn valuable lessons in the aftermath of cybersecurity breaches. Wolff describes a series of significant cybersecurity incidents between 2005 and 2015, mapping the entire life cycle of each breach in order to identify opportunities for defensive intervention. She outlines three types of motives underlying these attacks—financial gain, espionage, and public humiliation of the victims—that have remained consistent through a decade of cyberattacks, offers examples of each, and analyzes the emergence of different attack patterns. The enormous TJX breach in 2006, for instance, set the pattern for a series of payment card fraud incidents that led to identity fraud and extortion; the Chinese army conducted cyberespionage campaigns directed at U.S.-based companies from 2006 to 2014, sparking debate about the distinction between economic and political espionage; and the 2014 breach of the Ashley Madison website was aimed at reputations rather than bank accounts.

Open Space

The Global Effort for Open Access to Environmental Satellite Data

Author: Mariel Borowitz

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262343827

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 8954

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Key to understanding and addressing climate change is continuous and precise monitoring of environmental conditions. Satellites play an important role in collecting climate data, offering comprehensive global coverage that can't be matched by in situ observation. And yet, as Mariel Borowitz shows in this book, much satellite data is not freely available but restricted; this remains true despite the data-sharing advocacy of international organizations and a global open data movement. Borowitz examines policies governing the sharing of environmental satellite data, offering a model of data-sharing policy development and applying it in case studies from the United States, Europe, and Japan -- countries responsible for nearly half of the unclassified government Earth observation satellites. Borowitz develops a model that centers on the government agency as the primary actor while taking into account the roles of such outside actors as other government officials and non-governmental actors, as well as the economic, security, and normative attributes of the data itself. The case studies include the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), and the United States Geological Survey (USGS); the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT); and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the Japanese Meteorological Agency (JMA). Finally, she considers the policy implications of her findings for the future and provides recommendations on how to increase global sharing of satellite data.

Information Security and Privacy

A Practical Guide for Global Executives, Lawyers and Technologists

Author: Thomas J. Shaw

Publisher: Amer Bar Assn

ISBN: 9781616328078

Category: Law

Page: 395

View: 8697

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This book provides a practical and comprehensive approach to information security and privacy law for both international and domestic statutes. It provides all the tools needed to handle the business, legal and technical risks of protecting information on a global scale. For anyone responsible for or advising a corporation involved in domestic or international business, who must comply with a dizzying array of statutes, regulations, technologies, methodologies and standards, this book is for you.

Federal Trade Commission Privacy Law and Policy

Author: Chris Jay Hoofnagle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316495493

Category: Law

Page: N.A

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The Federal Trade Commission, a US agency created in 1914 to police the problem of 'bigness', has evolved into the most important regulator of information privacy - and thus innovation policy - in the world. Its policies profoundly affect business practices and serve to regulate most of the consumer economy. In short, it now regulates our technological future. Despite its stature, however, the agency is often poorly understood by observers and even those who practice before it. This volume by Chris Jay Hoofnagle - an internationally recognized scholar with more than fifteen years of experience interacting with the FTC - is designed to redress this confusion by explaining how the FTC arrived at its current position of power. It will be essential reading for lawyers, legal academics, political scientists, historians and anyone else interested in understanding the FTC's privacy activities and how they fit in the context of the agency's broader consumer protection mission.

88 Privacy Breaches to Beware of

Practical Data Protection Tips from Real Life Experiences

Author: Kevin Shepherdson,William Hioe,Lyn Boxall

Publisher: Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd

ISBN: 9814751723

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 8211

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Data protection laws are new in Singapore, Malaysia and Philippines. Indonesia and Thailand will be introducing new laws in 2016. In the European Union, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) — a single law across all of EU – is expected to come into force from 2018. There are also strict laws in the US that govern the processing of personal data. Over a hundred countries in the world have a comprehensive data protection law and it is very easy for individuals and companies to breach these laws. Data or privacy breaches are on the rise and businesses can be prosecuted under data protection laws. Fines for non-compliance can be from S$1 million in Singapore, up to three years jail in Malaysia, and up to 4% of global revenues for EU countries. The focus on this book is operational compliance. The book is for everyone as all of us in the course of our daily work process personal data. Organised into sections, each idea provides practical advice and examples of how a breach of the law may happen. Examples cover HR, Finance, Admin, Marketing, etc, allowing the reader to relate to his or her own area of work

The Architecture of Privacy

On Engineering Technologies that Can Deliver Trustworthy Safeguards

Author: Courtney Bowman,Ari Gesher,John K Grant,Daniel Slate,Elissa Lerner

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491904526

Category: Computers

Page: 200

View: 1888

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Technology’s influence on privacy not only concerns consumers, political leaders, and advocacy groups, but also the software architects who design new products. In this practical guide, experts in data analytics, software engineering, security, and privacy policy describe how software teams can make privacy-protective features a core part of product functionality, rather than add them late in the development process. Ideal for software engineers new to privacy, this book helps you examine privacy-protective information management architectures and their foundational components—building blocks that you can combine in many ways. Policymakers, academics, students, and advocates unfamiliar with the technical terrain will learn how these tools can help drive policies to maximize privacy protection. Restrict access to data through a variety of application-level controls Use security architectures to avoid creating a single point of trust in your systems Explore federated architectures that let users retrieve and view data without compromising data security Maintain and analyze audit logs as part of comprehensive system oversight Examine case studies to learn how these building blocks help solve real problems Understand the role and responsibilities of a Privacy Engineer for maintaining your privacy architecture

The Routledge Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime in Europe

Author: Judith van Erp,Wim Huisman,Gudrun Vande Walle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131793671X

Category: Social Science

Page: 580

View: 3494

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The study of white-collar crime remains a central concern for criminologists around the world and research concentrates on its nature, prevalence, causes and responses. However, most books on white-collar crime tend to focus on Anglo-American examples, which is surprising given the amount of rich data and research taking place in mainland Europe. This new handbook seeks to reset the balance and, for the first time, presents an overview of state-of-the-art research on white-collar crime in Europe. Adding to the existing Anglo-American body of knowledge, the Handbook will discuss specific European topics and typical European features of white-collar crime. The Routledge Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime in Europe consists of more than thirty chapters on topics ranging from the Icelandic Banking Crisis, to the origins of the study of white collar crime, to contemporary topics, such as white-collar crime in countries post-transition from communist regimes; the illegal e-waste trade and white-collar crime in professional football. Furthermore, the book contains extensive case study analyses of landmark European cases of white-collar crime. The editors have gathered together the leading voices in the field and a final section offers commentaries on white-collar crime in Europe from eminent criminologists David Friedrichs and Hazel Croall. This Handbook will thus serve as a work of reference for all scholars and students engaged in the study of corporate and white-collar crime and will also set out directions for new research in the future.

Determann's Field Guide to Data Privacy Law

International Corporate Compliance, Second Edition

Author: Lothar Determann

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783476893

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 6043

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Companies, lawyers, privacy officers, developers, marketing and IT professionals face privacy issues more and more frequently. Much information is freely available but it can be difficult to get a grasp on a problem quickly, without getting lost in det

Research Handbook on Corporate Legal Responsiblity

Author: Stephen Tully

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1845428285

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 3327

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What I liked in particular about the Handbook was that each chapter identified the issues within a theoretical context and then gave the historical perspective with an accurate account of the current legal position and set down clear markers on the issues likely to influence future developments in corporate responsibility. Phillip Taylor, The Barrister This book has drawn together a distinguished and international group of writers to provide a wide-ranging discussion of the responsibility of corporations to society in general, including discussion of the role of companies in promoting human rights, accomplishing sustainable development and restoring and keeping public trust . The contributors put calls for Corporate Social Responsibility into its legal framework and provide a wide range of possible solutions to perceived weaknesses in the law. The authors are to be congratulated for adhering to the editorial mandate to provide information in a succinct style which is comprehensible to the lay person as much as the well-informed . This work is an indispensable tool for anyone engaged in the globalisation debate. It gives valuable, international, multi-faceted insights on the current situation, on work-in-progress to create change and of the theoretical perspectives which inform both. Janet Dine, Queen Mary College, University of London, UK Finally a book that explores the legal considerations related to corporate responsibility, and does so from a global perspective with strong underpinnings of ethics. This book should prove a useful guide for those academics and managers interested in the historical and emerging legal framework that guides corporate decision making around responsibility. Sandra Waddock, Boston College, US This volume provides an invaluable collection of essays that consider diverse perspectives on the social responsibility of corporations. As such it provides a very satisfying and balanced combination of contributions that should be useful to any serious student either in practice or academe of the role of corporations in society. David Crowther, London Metropolitan University, UK The ever-important topic of corporate legal responsibility is deconstructed into many multifaceted components in this fascinating Handbook, which systematically examines each in turn and describes the contemporary legal position. The Research Handbook on Corporate Legal Responsibility considers general theory and basic concepts such as corporate legal personality, the doctrine of attribution, corporate governance and directors duties, and reviews the range of individuals to which corporations may be held responsible, particularly employees, suppliers, shareholders, stakeholders and women. The substantive grounds for corporate responsibility under civil and criminal law within the North American and Commonwealth jurisdictions are evaluated, and mechanisms of accountability such as novel regulatory processes (interactive regulation, codes of conduct and social reporting), risk management and the significant role of non-governmental organisations are identified. The thought-provoking chapters contained within this Handbook go on to present perspectives on topical international questions (corruption, labour standards, human rights, environmental protection and sustainable development) including an analysis of recent initiatives from several international organisations. Bringing together the work of around thirty leading academics, practitioners, campaigners and policymakers from North America, Europe and Australia, each chapter locates these issues within a theoretical context, giving an overview of its historical evolution, providing an accurate account of the current legal position and identifying policy issues likely to influence future developments.

Health Data in the Information Age

Use, Disclosure, and Privacy

Author: Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Regional Health Data Networks,Molla S. Donaldson,Kathleen N. Lohr

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 7111

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Regional health care databases are being established around the country with the goal of providing timely and useful information to policymakers, physicians, and patients. But their emergence is raising important and sometimes controversial questions about the collection, quality, and appropriate use of health care data. This book provides a clear set of guidelines and principles for exploiting the potential benefits of aggregated health data--without jeopardizing confidentiality. Index.

No Ordinary Disruption

The Four Global Forces Breaking All the Trends

Author: Richard Dobbs,James Manyika,Jonathan Woetzel

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 1610397622

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2215

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Our intuition on how the world works could well be wrong. We are surprised when new competitors burst on the scene, or businesses protected by large and deep moats find their defenses easily breached, or vast new markets are conjured from nothing. Trend lines resemble saw-tooth mountain ridges. The world not only feels different. The data tell us it is different. Based on years of research by the directors of the McKinsey Global Institute, No Ordinary Disruption: The Four Forces Breaking all the Trends is a timely and important analysis of how we need to reset our intuition as a result of four forces colliding and transforming the global economy: the rise of emerging markets, the accelerating impact of technology on the natural forces of market competition, an aging world population, and accelerating flows of trade, capital and people. Our intuitions formed during a uniquely benign period for the world economy—often termed the Great Moderation. Asset prices were rising, cost of capital was falling, labour and resources were abundant, and generation after generation was growing up more prosperous than their parents. But the Great Moderation has gone. The cost of capital may rise. The price of everything from grain to steel may become more volatile. The world's labor force could shrink. Individuals, particularly those with low job skills, are at risk of growing up poorer than their parents. What sets No Ordinary Disruption apart is depth of analysis combined with lively writing informed by surprising, memorable insights that enable us to quickly grasp the disruptive forces at work. For evidence of the shift to emerging markets, consider the startling fact that, by 2025, a single regional city in China—Tianjin—will have a GDP equal to that of the Sweden, of that, in the decades ahead, half of the world's economic growth will come from 440 cities including Kumasi in Ghana or Santa Carina in Brazil that most executives today would be hard-pressed to locate on a map. What we are now seeing is no ordinary disruption but the new facts of business life— facts that require executives and leaders at all levels to reset their operating assumptions and management intuition.

U.S. industry and trade outlook

Author: DRI/McGraw-Hill,Standard and Poor's Corporation,United States. International Trade Administration

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic forecasting

Page: N.A

View: 4344

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88 Privacy Breaches Everyone Should Know

Author: Kevin Shepherdson

Publisher: Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Pte Limited

ISBN: 9789814721981

Category: Business

Page: 224

View: 9239

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· Provides practical advise on where data breaches occur within a company and how to prevent them · Organized into topics so reader can relate to his/her own area of work· Written in simple English without legal language· Original illustrations· Includes examples with photographs of actual situations where data/privacy breaches occur· Author available for in-store activities in Singapore

Harper's Weekly

Author: John Bonner,George William Curtis,Henry Mills Alden,Samuel Stillman Conant,Montgomery Schuyler,John Foord,Richard Harding Davis,Carl Schurz,Henry Loomis Nelson,John Kendrick Bangs,George Brinton McClellan Harvey,Norman Hapgood

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

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Global Environmental Health in the 21st Century:

From Governmental Regulation to Corporate Social Responsibility: Workshop Summary

Author: Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309103800

Category: Science

Page: 126

View: 7658

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Biological threats like SARS and natural disasters like the tsunami in Indonesia have devastated entire regions, and quickly exhausted budgetary resources. As the field of environmental health continues to evolve, scientists and others must focus on gaining a better understanding of the links between human health and various environmental factors, and on creating new paradigms and partnerships needed to address these complex environmental health challenges facing society. Global Environmental Health in the 21st Century: From Governmental Regulations to Corporate Social Responsibility: Workshop Summary discusses the role of industry in environmental health, examines programs designed to improve the overall state of environmental health, and explores how governmental and corporate entities can collaborate to manage this industry. Stakeholders in both the public and private sectors are looking for viable solutions as the complexity of societal problems and risks associated with management and varying regulatory standards continue to increase. Global Environmental Health in the 21st Century draws critical links and provides insight into the current shape of global environmental health. The book recommends expanding environmental management systems (EMS) to encompass a more extensive global network. It also provides a complete assessment of the benefits and costs resulting from implementation of various environmental management systems.

Lords of Finance

The Bankers Who Broke the World

Author: Liaquat Ahamed

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1440697965

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 576

View: 2025

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Winner of the 2010 Pulitzer Prize "A magisterial work...You can't help thinking about the economic crisis we're living through now." --The New York Times Book Review It is commonly believed that the Great Depression that began in 1929 resulted from a confluence of events beyond any one person's or government's control. In fact, as Liaquat Ahamed reveals, it was the decisions made by a small number of central bankers that were the primary cause of that economic meltdown, the effects of which set the stage for World War II and reverberated for decades. As yet another period of economic turmoil makes headlines today, Lords of Finance is a potent reminder of the enormous impact that the decisions of central bankers can have, their fallibility, and the terrible human consequences that can result when they are wrong. From the Trade Paperback edition.