Politics and Public Policy

Author: Harland Prechel

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1848551789

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 6886

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Focuses on one of the central themes in political sociology: the relationship between political power and the policy formation process. This work examines the exercise of power in two arenas: the interlocking networks among policy-planning organizations, and the effects of PACs on the voting behavior of elected officials in Canada and the US.

Environment, Politics and Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787147762

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5825

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Human activities and decision-making have enormous impacts on the environment. This volume engages in critical conversations on these issues and how their inter-connectedness and outcomes shape the natural environment and human activity.

Field Experiments in Political Science and Public Policy

Practical Lessons in Design and Delivery

Author: Peter John

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317680189

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2982

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Field experiments -- randomized controlled trials -- have become ever more popular in political science, as well as in other disciplines, such as economics, social policy and development. Policy-makers have also increasingly used randomization to evaluate public policies, designing trials of tax reminders, welfare policies and international aid programs to name just a few of the interventions tested in this way. Field experiments have become successful because they assess causal claims in ways that other methods of evaluation find hard to emulate. Social scientists and evaluators have rediscovered how to design and analyze field experiments, but they have paid much less attention to the challenges of organizing and managing them. Field experiments pose unique challenges and opportunities for the researcher and evaluator which come from working in the field. The research experience can be challenging and at times hard to predict. This book aims to help researchers and evaluators plan and manage their field experiments so they can avoid common pitfalls. It is also intended to open up discussion about the context and backdrop to trials so that these practical aspects of field experiments are better understood. The book sets out ten steps researchers can use to plan their field experiments, then nine threats to watch out for when they implement them. There are cases studies of voting and political participation, elites, welfare and employment, nudging citizens, and developing countries.

A European Politics of Education

Perspectives from sociology, policy studies and politics

Author: Romuald Normand,Jean-Louis Derouet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317210603

Category: Education

Page: 234

View: 2069

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A European Politics of Education proposes a sociology of education establishing connections between empirical data coming from European-scale comparative surveys, normative assumptions structuring actors’ representations and interpretative judgements, and a specific focus on Lifelong Learning policy areas. It invites readers to think about the place of standards, expertise and calculations in the European space from a common perspective, supported by a tradition of critical sociology and European political studies. The book: Addresses an important agenda: how the policies and politics of supranational Europe are making a European educational space Contains a response to the emergence of new epistemic governance and instruments at European level Contains contributions from the EU and the UK which give a comprehensive selection of perspectives and analysis of the field as it concerns Europe The complexity of the contemporary European education policy space is addressed here with new lines of inquiry as well as a reflexive outlook, on standardization, policy-making and actor engagement. Students and researchers of European policy studies, education policy analysts and theorists will all be particularly interested readers.

Many Faces of Populism

Current Perspectives

Author: Dwayne Woods,Barbara Wejnert

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1783502576

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 1155

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The objective of this edited volume is to provide an answer by examining "the many faces of populism." The unifying element across the different explorations of the phenomenon of populism is that there is a shared genus that allows for a typology of the different faces of populism and a demarcation of what is not a form of populism.

The Political Psychology of Women in U.S. Politics

Author: Angela L. Bos,Monica C. Schneider

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 113483120X

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 8912

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The Political Psychology of Women in U.S. Politics is a comprehensive resource for students, researchers, and practitioners interested in women and politics. Highly original and drawing from the best available research in psychology and political science, this book is designed to summarize and extend interdisciplinary research that addresses how and why men and women differ as citizens, as political candidates, and as officeholders. The chapters in this volume are focused on differences in the political behavior and perceptions of men and women, yet the chapters also speak to broader topics within American politics – including political socialization, opinion formation, candidate emergence, and voting behavior. Broadly, this volume addresses the causes and consequences of women’s underrepresentation in American government. This book is the ideal resource for students and researchers of all levels interested in understanding the unique political experiences of diverse women, and the importance of rectifying the problem of gender disparities in American politics.

Power, Politics, and Society

An Introduction to Political Sociology

Author: Betty Dobratz,Linda Waldner,Timothy Buzzell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317345290

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 2305

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Power, Politics & Society: An Introduction to Political Sociology discusses how sociologists have organized the study of politics into conceptual frameworks, and how each of these frameworks foster a sociological perspective on power and politics in society. This includes discussing how these frameworks can be applied to understanding current issues and other "real life" aspects of politics. The authors connect with students by engaging them in activities where they complete their own applications of theory, hypothesis testing, and forms of inquiry.

Comparative Public Policy

Author: Michael Hill

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9781446269732

Category: Political Science

Page: 1496

View: 6526

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This collection brings together disparate but individually significant papers on the subject of public policy, ensuring that all the developing threads in this field of work are identified and contextualised by a newly-written introductory essay.

Voices of Globalization

Author: Barbara Wejnert

Publisher: Emerald Group Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781781905456

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 6395

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This volume addresses issues of modern globalized development posing a question whether it symbolizes progress or regress for world's societies. The papers focus on economic and political issues experienced by countries at this time of rapid diffusion of democracy and of the global market economy. A range of pertinent political issues are discussed, such as international migration, environmental protection and green energy, human rights, tolerance and equality, and economic justice. The concluding chapter provides a summary of presented topics in form of a discussion forum on outcomes of global development.

Politics, Public Policy and Social Protection in Africa

Evidence from Cash Transfer Programmes

Author: Nicholas Awortwi,Emmanuel Remi Aiyede

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351716824

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 6016

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Africa is now in a much-improved position to support its poor and vulnerable people. It has more money, more policy commitment and abundant intervention programmes. Yet the number of citizens living lives of desperation, or at risk of destitution, is at an all-time high, and still rising. What is turning such positive prospects into such a disappointing result? Politics, Public Policy and Social Protection in Africa reveals key answers, drawing on empirical studies of cash transfer programmes in Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and Uganda. Social cash transfer might be the most effective "safety net" formula to emerge so far. The country chapters in this book explore why it works and how it might be harnessed for poverty alleviation. The studies uncover the very different motives of donors, politicians and the poor themselves for making it their preferred choice; why governments are not expanding the donor-driven pilot programmes as expected, and why ruling elites are not trying to help or hinder a concept which, on the face of it, could derail one of their most lucrative gravy trains. This book will be of value and interest to researchers and students of African politics, African social policy and sociology, as well as policy maker and donors.

SOCIETY AND POLITICS IN INDIA UNDERSTANDING POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

Author: SHEFALI ROY

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 812034992X

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 2356

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Politics cannot grow in isolation; at the same time society learns from the changing ethos of polity. A relatively young subject, Political Sociology tries to seek research excellence, in its process of evolution. This book on Political Sociology deals with different variables of society which influence various facets of political dynamics. It also analyzes attitude and behavioural pattern of the public who act as political actors. As a branch of political science, the book draws attention to the very nature of this inter-disciplinary study. All the chapters are conceptualized to strengthen the bond between the polity and the society and vice-versa. This book is an attempt to widen the frontier of political science with an empirical approach. Intended for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of Political Science and Sociology, the book will enrich the students indulged in research works and those who are preparing for the Civil Services examinations as well.

The Political Power of Protest

Minority Activism and Shifts in Public Policy

Author: Daniel Q. Gillion

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107031141

Category: Political Science

Page: 191

View: 9820

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This book is the first to provide quantifiable evidence that protest shifts the policy positions of national political leaders for each branch of government. Drawing on daily presidential rhetoric, roll call votes of congressional leaders, and Supreme Court decisions, the book demonstrates that national politicians take cues from minority protest activity that later lead to major shifts in public policy, rivaling the influence that minorities have through elections and public opinion.

A Political Sociology of Transnational Europe

Author: Niilo Kauppi

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 1907301852

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 4067

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Globalisation and complex Europeanisation are two significant challenges currently influencing the restructure of the European nation-state, and redefining political power. For this volume, first-rate European scholars look at the consequences of these and other challenges faced by European societies. Contributions revisit traditional objects of political science – state sovereignty, civil society and citizenship – mixing sophisticated empirical analyses with methodological and conceptual innovations including field theory, multiple correspondence analysis, and the study of space sets. Combining qualitative and quantitative research techniques, and macro- and micro-levels, chapters have in common a contextual analysis of politics through scrutiny of configurations of groups, representations and perceptions. A transnational perspective is the common thread linking every study in this volume, which seeks to avoid methodological nationalism.

Public Sociology and Civil Society

Governance, Politics, and Power

Author: Patricia Mooney Nickel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317253329

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5292

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During the past ten years the terms public sociology, civil society, and governance have been used with increasing frequency to describe a wide array of political and social practices. Nickel provides a critical clarification of the concepts of civil society and governance, moving beyond traditional disciplinary boundaries. With her unique international background in the practice of public service and social policy Nickel is able to provide a nuanced explanation of how civil society and governance are interrelated and the implications for the organisation of knowledge and public life. The book is framed in three parts. Part one explores the emergence of public sociology as an ideal, as well as the broader public turn in the social sciences. Part two explores the changing relationship between government and civil society, including non-profit organisations. Part three draws these two themes together in an exploration of the politics of practice and relations of power.

Politics in Time

History, Institutions, and Social Analysis

Author: Paul Pierson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841089

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 8399

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This groundbreaking book represents the most systematic examination to date of the often-invoked but rarely examined declaration that "history matters." Most contemporary social scientists unconsciously take a "snapshot" view of the social world. Yet the meaning of social events or processes is frequently distorted when they are ripped from their temporal context. Paul Pierson argues that placing politics in time--constructing "moving pictures" rather than snapshots--can vastly enrich our understanding of complex social dynamics, and greatly improve the theories and methods that we use to explain them. Politics in Time opens a new window on the temporal aspects of the social world. It explores a range of important features and implications of evolving social processes: the variety of processes that unfold over significant periods of time, the circumstances under which such different processes are likely to occur, and above all, the significance of these temporal dimensions of social life for our understanding of important political and social outcomes. Ranging widely across the social sciences, Pierson's analysis reveals the high price social science pays when it becomes ahistorical. And it provides a wealth of ideas for restoring our sense of historical process. By placing politics back in time, Pierson's book is destined to have a resounding and enduring impact on the work of scholars and students in fields from political science, history, and sociology to economics and policy analysis.

Ethnicity, Politics, and Public Policy

Case Studies in Canadian Diversity

Author: Morton Weinfeld

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802080271

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

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Ten essays on multiculturalism form a comprehensive picture of the problems and prospects of pluralism and mirror the nuanced issues which arise when theories and goals of cultural sensitivity confront real life.

Advances in Comparative-Historical Analysis

Author: James Mahoney,Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107110025

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 2521

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Situates comparative-historical analysis within contemporary debates in political science and explores the latest theoretical and conceptual advances.

Handbook of Politics

State and Society in Global Perspective

Author: Kevin T. Leicht,J. Craig Jenkins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387689302

Category: Political Science

Page: 668

View: 5357

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Political sociology is the interdisciplinary study of power and the intersection of personality, society and politics. The field also examines how the political process is affected by major social trends as well as exploring how social policies are altered by various social forces. Political sociologists increasingly use a wide variety of relatively new quantitative and qualitative methodologies and incorporate theories and research from other social science cognate disciplines. The contributors focus on the current controversies and disagreements surrounding the use of different methodologies for the study of politics and society, and discussions of specific applications found in the widely scattered literature where substantive research in the field is published. This approach will solidly place the handbook in a market niche that is not occupied by the current volumes while also covering many of the same theoretical and historical developments that the other volumes cover. The purpose of this handbook is to summarize state-of-the-art theory, research, and methods used in the study of politics and society. This area of research encompasses a wide variety of perspectives and methods that span social science disciplines. The handbook is designed to reflect that diversity in content, method and focus. In addition, it will cover developments in the developed and underdeveloped worlds.

Patent Politics

Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe

Author: Shobita Parthasarathy

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022643785X

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 4033

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Introduction -- Defining the public interest in the US and European patent systems -- Confronting the questions of life-form patentability -- Commodification, animal dignity, and patent-system publics -- Forging new patent politics through the human embryonic stem cell debates -- Human genes, plants, and the distributive implications of patents -- Conclusion