Pearls of Discrete Mathematics

Author: Martin Erickson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439816174

Category: Computers

Page: 280

View: 9442

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Methods Used to Solve Discrete Math Problems Interesting examples highlight the interdisciplinary nature of this area Pearls of Discrete Mathematics presents methods for solving counting problems and other types of problems that involve discrete structures. Through intriguing examples, problems, theorems, and proofs, the book illustrates the relationship of these structures to algebra, geometry, number theory, and combinatorics. Each chapter begins with a mathematical teaser to engage readers and includes a particularly surprising, stunning, elegant, or unusual result. The author covers the upward extension of Pascal’s triangle, a recurrence relation for powers of Fibonacci numbers, ways to make change for a million dollars, integer triangles, the period of Alcuin’s sequence, and Rook and Queen paths and the equivalent Nim and Wythoff’s Nim games. He also examines the probability of a perfect bridge hand, random tournaments, a Fibonacci-like sequence of composite numbers, Shannon’s theorems of information theory, higher-dimensional tic-tac-toe, animal achievement and avoidance games, and an algorithm for solving Sudoku puzzles and polycube packing problems. Exercises ranging from easy to challenging are found in each chapter while hints and solutions are provided in an appendix. With over twenty-five years of teaching experience, the author takes an organic approach that explores concrete problems, introduces theory, and adds generalizations as needed. He delivers an absorbing treatment of the basic principles of discrete mathematics.

Indra's Pearls

The Vision of Felix Klein

Author: David Mumford,Caroline Series,David Wright

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521352536

Category: Mathematics

Page: 395

View: 6861

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Highly illustrated realization of infinitely reflected images related to fractals, chaos and symmetry.

Pearls in Graph Theory

A Comprehensive Introduction

Author: Nora Hartsfield,Gerhard Ringel

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486315525

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 328

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Stimulating and accessible, this undergraduate-level text covers basic graph theory, colorings of graphs, circuits and cycles, labeling graphs, drawings of graphs, measurements of closeness to planarity, graphs on surfaces, and applications and algorithms. 1994 edition.

A Student's Guide to the Study, Practice, and Tools of Modern Mathematics

Author: Donald Bindner,Martin Erickson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439846073

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 5519

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A Student’s Guide to the Study, Practice, and Tools of Modern Mathematics provides an accessible introduction to the world of mathematics. It offers tips on how to study and write mathematics as well as how to use various mathematical tools, from LaTeX and Beamer to Mathematica® and MapleTM to MATLAB® and R. Along with a color insert, the text includes exercises and challenges to stimulate creativity and improve problem solving abilities. The first section of the book covers issues pertaining to studying mathematics. The authors explain how to write mathematical proofs and papers, how to perform mathematical research, and how to give mathematical presentations. The second section focuses on the use of mathematical tools for mathematical typesetting, generating data, finding patterns, and much more. The text describes how to compose a LaTeX file, give a presentation using Beamer, create mathematical diagrams, use computer algebra systems, and display ideas on a web page. The authors cover both popular commercial software programs and free and open source software, such as Linux and R. Showing how to use technology to understand mathematics, this guide supports students on their way to becoming professional mathematicians. For beginning mathematics students, it helps them study for tests and write papers. As time progresses, the book aids them in performing advanced activities, such as computer programming, typesetting, and research.

Connections in Discrete Mathematics

A Celebration of the Work of Ron Graham

Author: Steve Butler,Joshua Cooper,Glenn Hurlbert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107153980

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 8146

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Many of the best researchers and writers in discrete mathematics come together in a volume inspired by Ron Graham.

The Book of Why

The New Science of Cause and Effect

Author: Judea Pearl,Dana Mackenzie

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465097618

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 9631

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A Turing Award-winning computer scientist and statistician shows how understanding causality has revolutionized science and will revolutionize artificial intelligence "Correlation is not causation." This mantra, chanted by scientists for more than a century, has led to a virtual prohibition on causal talk. Today, that taboo is dead. The causal revolution, instigated by Judea Pearl and his colleagues, has cut through a century of confusion and established causality--the study of cause and effect--on a firm scientific basis. His work explains how we can know easy things, like whether it was rain or a sprinkler that made a sidewalk wet; and how to answer hard questions, like whether a drug cured an illness. Pearl's work enables us to know not just whether one thing causes another: it lets us explore the world that is and the worlds that could have been. It shows us the essence of human thought and key to artificial intelligence. Anyone who wants to understand either needs The Book of Why.

Handbook of Graph Theory, Second Edition

Author: Jonathan L. Gross,Jay Yellen,Ping Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781138199668

Category: Graph theory

Page: 1630

View: 9642

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"Over the past fty years, graph theory has been one of the most rapidly growing areas of mathematics. Since 1960, more than 10,000 di erent authors have published papers classi ed as graph theory by Math Reviews, and for the past decade, more than 1000 graph theory papers have been published each year. Not surprisingly, this Second Edition is about 450 pages longer than the First Edition, which appeared in 2004. This Handbook is intended to provide as comprehensive a view of graph theory as is feasible in a single volume. Many of our chapters survey areas that have large research communities, with hundreds of active mathematicians, and which could be developed into independent handbooks. The 89 contributors to this volume, 31 of whom are new to this edition, collectively represent perhaps as much as 90% or more of the main topics in pure and applied graph theory. Thirteen of the sections in the Second Edition cover newer topics that did not appear in the First Edition. Format In order to achieve this kind of comprehensiveness, we challenged our contributors to restrict their expository prose to a bare minimum, by adhering to the ready-reference style of the CRC Handbook series, which emphasizes quick accessibility for the non- expert. We thank the contributors for responding so well to this challenge. The 13 chapters of the Handbook are organized into 65 sections. Within each section, several major topics are presented. For each topic, there are lists of the essential de nitions and facts, accompanied by examples, tables, remarks, and in some cases, conjectures and open problems. Each section ends with a bibliography of references tied directly to that section. In many cases, these bibliographies are several pages long, providing extensive guides to the"--

Exploring RANDOMNESS

Author: Gregory J. Chaitin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447103076

Category: Computers

Page: 164

View: 8197

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This essential companion to Chaitin's successful books The Unknowable and The Limits of Mathematics, presents the technical core of his theory of program-size complexity. The two previous volumes are more concerned with applications to meta-mathematics. LISP is used to present the key algorithms and to enable computer users to interact with the authors proofs and discover for themselves how they work. The LISP code for this book is available at the author's Web site together with a Java applet LISP interpreter. "No one has looked deeper and farther into the abyss of randomness and its role in mathematics than Greg Chaitin. This book tells you everything hes seen. Don miss it." John Casti, Santa Fe Institute, Author of Goedel: A Life of Logic.'

Proceedings of the Fifth Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms

Author: N.A

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898713299

Category: Science

Page: 735

View: 9785

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The January 1994 Symposium was jointly sponsored by the ACM Special Interest Group for Automata and Computability Theory and the SIAM Activity Group on Discrete Mathematics. Among the topics in 79 (unrefereed) papers: comparing point sets under projection; on-line search in a simple polygon; low- degree tests; maximal empty ellipsoids; roots of a polynomial and its derivatives; dynamic algebraic algorithms; fast comparison of evolutionary trees; an efficient algorithm for dynamic text editing; and tight bounds for dynamic storage allocation. No index. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Computing the Continuous Discretely

Integer-Point Enumeration in Polyhedra

Author: Matthias Beck,Sinai Robins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493929690

Category: Mathematics

Page: 285

View: 1404

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This richly illustrated textbook explores the amazing interaction between combinatorics, geometry, number theory, and analysis which arises in the interplay between polyhedra and lattices. Highly accessible to advanced undergraduates, as well as beginning graduate students, this second edition is perfect for a capstone course, and adds two new chapters, many new exercises, and updated open problems. For scientists, this text can be utilized as a self-contained tooling device. The topics include a friendly invitation to Ehrhart’s theory of counting lattice points in polytopes, finite Fourier analysis, the Frobenius coin-exchange problem, Dedekind sums, solid angles, Euler–Maclaurin summation for polytopes, computational geometry, magic squares, zonotopes, and more. With more than 300 exercises and open research problems, the reader is an active participant, carried through diverse but tightly woven mathematical fields that are inspired by an innocently elementary question: What are the relationships between the continuous volume of a polytope and its discrete volume? Reviews of the first edition: “You owe it to yourself to pick up a copy of Computing the Continuous Discretely to read about a number of interesting problems in geometry, number theory, and combinatorics.” — MAA Reviews “The book is written as an accessible and engaging textbook, with many examples, historical notes, pithy quotes, commentary integrating the mate rial, exercises, open problems and an extensive bibliography.” — Zentralblatt MATH “This beautiful book presents, at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates, a fairly complete introduction to the problem of counting lattice points inside a convex polyhedron.” — Mathematical Reviews “Many departments recognize the need for capstone courses in which graduating students can see the tools they have acquired come together in some satisfying way. Beck and Robins have written the perfect text for such a course.” — CHOICE

Discrete Probability

Author: Hugh Gordon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461219663

Category: Mathematics

Page: 267

View: 2906

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Intended as a first course in probability at post-calculus level, this book is of special interest to students majoring in computer science as well as in mathematics. Since calculus is used only occasionally in the text, students who have forgotten their calculus can nevertheless easily understand the book, and its slow, gentle style and clear exposition will also appeal. Basic concepts such as counting, independence, conditional probability, random variables, approximation of probabilities, generating functions, random walks and Markov chains are all clearly explained and backed by many worked exercises. The 1,196 numerical answers to the 405 exercises, many with multiple parts, are included at the end of the book, and throughout, there are various historical comments on the study of probability. These include biographical information on such famous contributors as Fermat, Pascal, the Bernoullis, DeMoivre, Bayes, Laplace, Poisson, and Markov. Of interest to a wide range of readers and useful in many undergraduate programs.

Foundations of Discrete Mathematics with Algorithms and Programming

Author: Sriraman Sridharan,R. Balakrishnan

Publisher: Chapman & Hall/CRC

ISBN: 9780815378488

Category: Computers

Page: 536

View: 7435

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Discrete Mathematics has permeated the whole of mathematics so much so it has now come to be taught even at the high school level. This book presents the basics of Discrete Mathematics and its applications to day-to-day problems in several areas. This book is intended for undergraduate students of Computer Science, Mathematics and Engineering. A number of examples have been given to enhance the understanding of concepts. The programming languages used are Pascal and C.

Discrete Mathematics with Ducks

Author: sarah-marie belcastro

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466504994

Category: Computers

Page: 580

View: 2800

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Containing exercises and materials that engage students at all levels, Discrete Mathematics with Ducks presents a gentle introduction for students who find the proofs and abstractions of mathematics challenging. This classroom-tested text uses discrete mathematics as the context for introducing proofwriting. Facilitating effective and active learning, each chapter contains a mixture of discovery activities, expository text, in-class exercises, and homework problems. Elementary exercises at the end of each expository section prompt students to review the material Try This! sections encourage students to construct fundamental components of the concepts, theorems, and proofs discussed. Sets of discovery problems and illustrative examples reinforce learning. Bonus sections can be used for take-home exams, projects, or further study Instructor Notes sections offer suggestions on how to use the material in each chapter Discrete Mathematics with Ducks offers students a diverse introduction to the field and a solid foundation for further study in discrete mathematics and complies with SIGCSE guidelines. The book shows how combinatorics and graph theory are used in both computer science and mathematics.

Introductory Discrete Mathematics

Author: V. K . Balakrishnan

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486140385

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 3860

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This concise, undergraduate-level text focuses on combinatorics, graph theory with applications to some standard network optimization problems, and algorithms. More than 200 exercises, many with complete solutions. 1991 edition.

Beautiful Mathematics

Author: Martin Erickson

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 0883855763

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

View: 2795

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This book is about beautiful mathematical concepts and creations. Mathematical ideas have an aesthetic appeal that can be appreciated by those who have the time and dedication to investigate. Mathematical topics are presented in the categories of words, images, formulas, theorems, proofs, solutions, and unsolved problems. Readers will investigate exciting mathematical topics ranging from complex numbers to arithmetic progressions, from Alcuin's sequence to the zeta function, and from hypercubes to infinity squared.Do you know that a lemniscate curve is the circular inversion of a hyperbola? That Sierpinski's triangle has fractal dimension 1.585….? That a regular septagon can be constructed with straightedge, compass, and an angle trisector? Do you know how to prove Lagrange's theorem that every positive integer is the sum of four squares? Can you find the first three digits of the millionth Fibonacci number? Discover the keys to these and many other mathematical problems. In each case, the mathematics is compelling, elegant, simple, and beautiful.Who should read this book? There is something new for any mathematically-minded person. High school and college students will find motivation for their mathematical studies. Professional mathematicians will find fresh examples of mathematical beauty to pass along to others. Within each chapter, the topics require progressively more prerequisite knowledge. An appendix gives background definitions and theorems, while another gives challenging exercises (with solutions).

The Art of Proof

Basic Training for Deeper Mathematics

Author: Matthias Beck,Ross Geoghegan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441970237

Category: Mathematics

Page: 182

View: 4078

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The Art of Proof is designed for a one-semester or two-quarter course. A typical student will have studied calculus (perhaps also linear algebra) with reasonable success. With an artful mixture of chatty style and interesting examples, the student's previous intuitive knowledge is placed on solid intellectual ground. The topics covered include: integers, induction, algorithms, real numbers, rational numbers, modular arithmetic, limits, and uncountable sets. Methods, such as axiom, theorem and proof, are taught while discussing the mathematics rather than in abstract isolation. The book ends with short essays on further topics suitable for seminar-style presentation by small teams of students, either in class or in a mathematics club setting. These include: continuity, cryptography, groups, complex numbers, ordinal number, and generating functions.

Introduction to Number Theory, 2nd Edition

Author: Anthony Vazzana,David Garth

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498717500

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 5148

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Introduction to Number Theory is a classroom-tested, student-friendly text that covers a diverse array of number theory topics, from the ancient Euclidean algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor of two integers to recent developments such as cryptography, the theory of elliptic curves, and the negative solution of Hilbert’s tenth problem. The authors illustrate the connections between number theory and other areas of mathematics, including algebra, analysis, and combinatorics. They also describe applications of number theory to real-world problems, such as congruences in the ISBN system, modular arithmetic and Euler’s theorem in RSA encryption, and quadratic residues in the construction of tournaments. Ideal for a one- or two-semester undergraduate-level course, this Second Edition: Features a more flexible structure that offers a greater range of options for course design Adds new sections on the representations of integers and the Chinese remainder theorem Expands exercise sets to encompass a wider variety of problems, many of which relate number theory to fields outside of mathematics (e.g., music) Provides calculations for computational experimentation using SageMath, a free open-source mathematics software system, as well as Mathematica® and MapleTM, online via a robust, author-maintained website Includes a solutions manual with qualifying course adoption By tackling both fundamental and advanced subjects—and using worked examples, numerous exercises, and popular software packages to ensure a practical understanding—Introduction to Number Theory, Second Edition instills a solid foundation of number theory knowledge.

Fundamentals of Discrete Math for Computer Science

A Problem-Solving Primer

Author: Tom Jenkyns,Ben Stephenson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447140699

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 8280

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This textbook provides an engaging and motivational introduction to traditional topics in discrete mathematics, in a manner specifically designed to appeal to computer science students. The text empowers students to think critically, to be effective problem solvers, to integrate theory and practice, and to recognize the importance of abstraction. Clearly structured and interactive in nature, the book presents detailed walkthroughs of several algorithms, stimulating a conversation with the reader through informal commentary and provocative questions. Features: no university-level background in mathematics required; ideally structured for classroom-use and self-study, with modular chapters following ACM curriculum recommendations; describes mathematical processes in an algorithmic manner; contains examples and exercises throughout the text, and highlights the most important concepts in each section; selects examples that demonstrate a practical use for the concept in question.

Basic Discrete Mathematics

Logic, Set Theory, and Probability

Author: Richard Kohar

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814730416

Category: Mathematics

Page: 732

View: 344

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This lively introductory text exposes the student in the humanities to the world of discrete mathematics. A problem-solving based approach grounded in the ideas of George Pólya are at the heart of this book. Students learn to handle and solve new problems on their own. A straightforward, clear writing style and well-crafted examples with diagrams invite the students to develop into precise and critical thinkers. Particular attention has been given to the material that some students find challenging, such as proofs. This book illustrates how to spot invalid arguments, to enumerate possibilities, and to construct probabilities. It also presents case studies to students about the possible detrimental effects of ignoring these basic principles. The book is invaluable for a discrete and finite mathematics course at the freshman undergraduate level or for self-study since there are full solutions to the exercises in an appendix. "Written with clarity, humor and relevant real-world examples, Basic Discrete Mathematics is a wonderful introduction to discrete mathematical reasoning."- Arthur Benjamin, Professor of Mathematics at Harvey Mudd College, and author of The Magic of Math