Particle Physics Brick by Brick

Atomic and Subatomic Physics Explained... in Lego

Author: Ben Still

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780228100126

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 1018

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"A unique and fascinating exploration of the building blocks that make up our Universe, Particle physics brick by brick illustrates and illuminates the twelve core building block particles and the forces that act upon them to create the world as we know it. Starting with the Big Bang and ending with the Higgs boson particle and the future beyond, this is a comprehensive and uniquely visual guide to quantum physics"--Back cover.

Particle Physics Brick by Brick

Author: Dr Ben Still

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1844039757

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 5783

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All matter comprises of twelve 'building block' particles. This book explains how these building blocks are formed and interact, using toy building blocks to create a uniquely visual and clear depiction of the way our universe is put together. This is the perfect introduction to the enigmatic and fascinating world of Quantum Physics. Our story starts with the Big Bang, and along the way, the constructs and interactions within and among atoms and sub-atomic particles, and the forces that play upon them, are clearly explained, with each LEGO® block representing a different atomic or sub-atomic particle. The different colours and size denote what that particle is and its relationship with the other 'building blocks'. Each chapter is presented in digestible chunks, using toy building blocks to illustrate the ideas and experiments that have led to some of the biggest discoveries of the past 150 years. Soon you'll be able to construct every element in the Universe using a box of LEGO® and this book!

Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics

Author: Martinus J G Veltman

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813237074

Category:

Page: 352

View: 1861

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of modern particle physics accessible to anyone with a true passion for wanting to know how the universe works. We are introduced to the known particles of the world we live in. An elegant explanation of quantum mechanics and relativity paves the way for an understanding of the laws that govern particle physics. These laws are put into action in the world of accelerators, colliders and detectors found at institutions such as CERN and Fermilab that are in the forefront of technical innovation. Real world and theory meet using Feynman diagrams to solve the problems of infinities and deduce the need for the Higgs boson. Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics offers an incredible insight from an eyewitness and participant in some of the greatest discoveries in 20th century science. From Einstein's theory of relativity to the spectacular discovery of the Higgs particle, this book will fascinate and educate anyone interested in the world of quarks, leptons and gauge theories. This book also contains many thumbnail sketches of particle physics personalities, including contemporaries as seen through the eyes of the author. Illustrated with pictures, these candid sketches present rare, perceptive views of the characters that populate the field. The Chapter on Particle Theory, in a pre-publication, was termed "superbly lucid" by David Miller in Nature (Vol. 396, 17 Dec. 1998, p. 642). Contents: Introduction Preliminaries The Standard Model Quantum Mechanics. Mixing Energy, Momentum and Mass-Shell Detection Accelerators and Storage Rings The CERN Neutrino Experiment The Particle Zoo Particle Theory Finding the Higgs Quantum Chromodynamics Epilogue Addendum Readership: Students, lay people and anyone interested in the world of elementary particles. Keywords: Particle Physics;Quantum Mechanics;Relativity;Quarks;Leptons;Gauge Theories;Higgs ParticleReview: Reviews of the First Edition: "Veltman's life spans the history of particle physics, from Antiparticles to Z bosons. So does his crystal clear book, which tells all you want to know about the strange sub-nuclear world and the stranger scientists that study it ... a thrilling tale about the world's tiniest things." Sheldon Glashow Nobel laureate Boston University "I must congratulate you! The book you have written is truly a masterpiece. Not only have you explained the physics of the world of elementary particles to the young aspiring student, but you have made it available to the intelligent layman. On top of that you gave it the humanity it deserves; reading this book brought me back to the most exciting period of my life in which every day brought a new discovery and we all fought for recognition. I can truly say that there is no book like this." Melvin Schwartz Nobel laureate Columbia University "Veltman's ... transparent explanations of the abstract theories of quantum mechanics and special relativity, his lucid accounts of esoteric subjects in particle physics, such as scaling, Higgs particle and renormalizability ... are very impressive. The book will interest anyone who is interested in the view of the physical world held by contemporary fundamental physicists."T Y Cao Boston University "I greatly enjoyed finally reading a book that goes into the details I always wanted ... Veltman has the courage to try a deeper level about what we understand and what is simply fact ... Even if you have read books popularizing physics befor

Brick by Brick Space

20+ LEGO Brick Projects That Are Out of This World

Author: N.A

Publisher: Running Press Kids

ISBN: 0762490500

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 224

View: 422

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From a master LEGO builder comes twenty easy-to-build space projects using nothing but LEGO bricks! What's better than space or building with LEGO bricks? Building amazing space projects out of your LEGO bricks, of course! Brick by Brick Space provides more than twenty-five amazing projects to build with your LEGO bricks. Follow the easy step-by-step instructions to create space stations, satellites, planets, rocket ships, and more. Scattered throughout are fun and fascinating facts about space exploration and the various objects that are orbiting our world. This is a must-have book for any space enthusiast or LEGO lover.

Who Cares about Particle Physics?

Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider and CERN

Author: Pauline Gagnon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191085995

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 7454

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CERN, the European Laboratory for particle physics, regularly makes the news. What kind of research happens at this international laboratory and how does it impact people's daily lives? Why is the discovery of the Higgs boson so important? Particle physics describes all matter found on Earth, in stars and all galaxies but it also tries to go beyond what is known to describe dark matter, a form of matter five times more prevalent than the known, regular matter. How do we know this mysterious dark matter exists and is there a chance it will be discovered soon? About sixty countries contributed to the construction of the gigantic Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and its immense detectors. Dive in to discover how international teams of researchers work together to push scientific knowledge forward. Here is a book written for every person who wishes to learn a little more about particle physics, without requiring prior scientific knowledge. It starts from the basics to build a solid understanding of current research in particle physics. A good dose of curiosity is all one will need to discover a whole world that spans from the infinitesimally small and stretches to the infinitely large, and where imminent discoveries could mark the dawn of a huge revolution in the current conception of the material world.

Subatomic Physics

Solutions Manual

Author: Ernest M. Henley,Alejandro Garc??a

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812797459

Category: Science

Page: 69

View: 3904

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This is the solutions manual for many (particularly odd-numbered) end-of-chapter problems in Subatomic Physics, 3rd Edition by Henley and Garcia. The student who has worked on the problems will find the solutions presented here a useful check on answers and procedures.

An Introduction to Nuclear Physics

Author: W. N. Cottingham,D. A. Greenwood

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521657334

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 5878

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This clear and concise introduction to nuclear physics provides an excellent basis for a core undergraduate course in this area. The book opens by setting nuclear physics in the context of elementary particle physics and then shows how simple models can provide an understanding of the properties of nuclei, both in their ground states and excited states, and also of the nature of nuclear reactions. The book also includes chapters on nuclear fission, its application in nuclear power reactors, the role of nuclear physics in energy production and nucleosynthesis in stars. This second edition contains several additional topics: muon-catalysed fusion, the nuclear and neutrino physics of supernovae, neutrino mass and neutrino oscillations, and the biological effects of radiation. A knowledge of basic quantum mechanics and special relativity is assumed. Appendices deal with other more specialized topics. Each chapter ends with a set of problems for which outline solutions are provided.

Cracking Quantum Physics

Author: Brian Clegg

Publisher: Cassell

ISBN: 1844039773

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 2557

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Enter the invisible world of sub-atomic physics and discover the very core of existence. Cracking Quantum Physics takes you through every area of particle physics to clearly explain how our world was, and is, created, and breaks down the most complex theories into easily understandable elements. Subjects covered include: -Time travel -The Higgs field -Dark Matter -The anatomy of the elements -Enter the atom -Quantum reality -Quantum tunnelling -Electrodynamics -Accelerators and colliders -The Zeno effect An easy-to-understand guide to some of the most complex and intriguing topics: Cracking Quantum Physics is a must-read for anyone who has ever wondered about the underlying forces and materials that make up the world as we know it.

Magnitude

The Scale of the Universe

Author: Megan Watzke,Kimberly Arcand

Publisher: Black Dog & Leventhal

ISBN: 0316502901

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 3731

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In the tradition of illustrated science bestsellers, like Thing Explainer and harkening back to the classic film The Powers of Ten, this unique, fully-illustrated, four-color book explores and visualizes the concept of scale in our universe. In Magnitude, Kimberly Arcand and Megan Watzke take us on an expansive journey to the limits of size, mass, distance, time, temperature in our universe, from the tiniest particle within the structure of an atom to the most massive galaxy in the universe; from the speed at which grass grows (about 2 to 6 inches a month) to the speed of light. Fully-illustrated with four-color drawings and infographics throughout and organized into sections including Size and Amount (Distance, Area, Volume, Mass, Time, Temperature), Motion and Rate (Speed, Acceleration, Density, Rotation), and Phenomena and Processes (Energy, Pressure, Sound, Wind, Computation), Magnitude shows us the scale of our world in a clear, visual way that our relatively medium-sized human brains can easily understand.

An Introduction to Acoustics

Author: Robert H. Randall

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486174719

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 6433

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Undergraduate-level text examines waves in air and in three dimensions, interference patterns and diffraction, and acoustic impedance, as illustrated in the behavior of horns. 1951 edition.

Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Frank Close

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191516856

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 2227

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In this compelling introduction to the fundamental particles that make up the universe, Frank Close takes us on a journey into the atom to examine known particles such as quarks, electrons, and the ghostly neutrino. Along the way he provides fascinating insights into how discoveries in particle physics have actually been made, and discusses how our picture of the world has been radically revised in the light of these developments. He concludes by looking ahead to new ideas about the mystery of antimatter, the number of dimensions that there might be in the universe, and to what the next 50 years of research might reveal. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Modern Particle Physics

Author: Mark Thomson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107292549

Category: Science

Page: 570

View: 6572

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Unique in its coverage of all aspects of modern particle physics, this textbook provides a clear connection between the theory and recent experimental results, including the discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN. It provides a comprehensive and self-contained description of the Standard Model of particle physics suitable for upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students studying experimental particle physics. Physical theory is introduced in a straightforward manner with full mathematical derivations throughout. Fully-worked examples enable students to link the mathematical theory to results from modern particle physics experiments. End-of-chapter exercises, graded by difficulty, provide students with a deeper understanding of the subject. Online resources available at www.cambridge.org/MPP feature password-protected fully-worked solutions to problems for instructors, numerical solutions and hints to the problems for students and PowerPoint slides and JPEGs of figures from the book.

The God Particle

If the Universe is the Answer, what is the Question?

Author: Leon M. Lederman,Dick Teresi

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618711680

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 7849

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The world's foremost experimental physicist uses humor, metaphor, and storytelling to delve into the mysteries of matter, discussing the as-yet-to-be-discovered God particle.

Einstein and the Quantum

The Quest of the Valiant Swabian

Author: A. Douglas Stone

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400874041

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 7738

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Einstein and the Quantum reveals for the first time the full significance of Albert Einstein's contributions to quantum theory. Einstein famously rejected quantum mechanics, observing that God does not play dice. But, in fact, he thought more about the nature of atoms, molecules, and the emission and absorption of light--the core of what we now know as quantum theory--than he did about relativity. A compelling blend of physics, biography, and the history of science, Einstein and the Quantum shares the untold story of how Einstein--not Max Planck or Niels Bohr--was the driving force behind early quantum theory. It paints a vivid portrait of the iconic physicist as he grappled with the apparently contradictory nature of the atomic world, in which its invisible constituents defy the categories of classical physics, behaving simultaneously as both particle and wave. And it demonstrates how Einstein's later work on the emission and absorption of light, and on atomic gases, led directly to Erwin Schrödinger's breakthrough to the modern form of quantum mechanics. The book sheds light on why Einstein ultimately renounced his own brilliant work on quantum theory, due to his deep belief in science as something objective and eternal.

The Secret Life of the Periodic Table

Unlocking the Mysteries of All 118 Elements

Author: Ben Still

Publisher: Firefly Books

ISBN: 9781770858107

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 8222

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The Secret Life of the Periodic Table uncovers the fascinating stories behind the formulation of the table. It describes how and who discovered the 118 elements, and the competition and cooperation behind scientific advances. The character of the elements is brought to life in a bright and engaging way, making The Secret Life of the Periodic Table ideal for students and general readers. Spared the monotony of a school text, they can gain a basic understanding of the fundamentals of atomic science. The book covers all 118 elements in 14 chapters. They are: A brief guide to atomic physics Igor Mendeleev, arguably the most important formulator of the table, and significant others Hydrogen Alkali metals Alkaline Earth metal Transition metals Post-transition metals Metalloids Other non-metals Halogens Noble gases Lanthanoids Actinoids Transuranium elements. Each element description includes a fact box showing atomic number, atomic weight, radius, melting point, boiling point, density, and the year of its discovery and by whom. There are many sidebars, boxes and extended captions covering topics of interest, like Ernest Lawrence's 1931 cyclotron, early precursor to the 10-km radius Large Hydron Collider that he could not possibly have imagined. There is also fascinating trivia about the elements. For example, phosphorus was first isolated by an alchemist's search for gold in urine and in the 1920s, there was a fad for lethal radium cocktails. The Secret Life of the Periodic Table is accurate and entertaining, making it a helpful adjunct to student studies. General readers will find it an enjoyable trip into the world of chemistry and atomic science. It is an ideal purchase for science, middle school and general collections.

LEGO and Philosophy

Constructing Reality Brick By Brick

Author: William Irwin,Roy T. Cook,Sondra Bacharach

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119193974

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 2068

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LEGO and Creativity -- LEGO, Ethics, and Rules -- LEGO and Identity -- LEGO, Consumption, and Culture -- LEGO, Metaphysics, and Math

Atom Land

A Guided Tour Through the Strange (and Impossibly Small) World of Particle Physics

Author: Jon Butterworth

Publisher: The Experiment

ISBN: 1615193731

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 570

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From a top physicist at CERN, the first guide to the fundamental units of matter and the forces that act on them--particle physics--since the discovery of the Higgs boson, the missing piece of the Standard Model, leading the reader from basic concepts to the cutting edge

Time Reborn

From the Crisis in Physics to the Future of the Universe

Author: Lee Smolin

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547511728

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 3854

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A theoretical physicist and author of the controversial best-seller The Trouble with Physics describes his new approach for thinking about the reality of time and explains his theory about the laws of physics not being timeless but rather capable of evolving.

An Introduction to the Physics of Particle Accelerators

Second Edition

Author: Mario Conte,William W MacKay

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813101415

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 9785

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This book provides a concise and coherent introduction to the physics of particle accelerators, with attention being paid to the design of an accelerator for use as an experimental tool. In the second edition, new chapters on spin dynamics of polarized beams as well as instrumentation and measurements are included, with a discussion of frequency spectra and Schottky signals. The additional material also covers quadratic Lie groups and integration highlighting new techniques using Cayley transforms, detailed estimation of collider luminosities, and new problems.