Numerical Methods in Economics

Author: Kenneth L. Judd

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262100717

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 633

View: 5634

"Judd's book is a masterpiece which will help transform the way economic theory is done. It harnesses the computer revolution in the service of economic theory by collecting together a whole array of numerical methods to simulate and quantify models that used to be purely algebraic and qualitative." -- Avinash K. Dixit, Sherrerd University Professor of Economics, Princeton University To harness the full power of computer technology, economists need to use a broad range of mathematical techniques. In this book, Kenneth Judd presents techniques from the numerical analysis and applied mathematics literatures and shows how to use them in economic analyses. The book is divided into five parts. Part I provides a general introduction. Part II presents basics from numerical analysis on "Rn," including linear equations, iterative methods, optimization, nonlinear equations, approximation methods, numerical integration and differentiation, and Monte Carlo methods. Part III covers methods for dynamic problems, including finite difference methods, projection methods, and numerical dynamic programming. Part IV covers perturbation and asymptotic solution methods. Finally, Part V covers applications to dynamic equilibrium analysis, including solution methods for perfect foresight models and rational expectation models. A web site contains supplementary material including programs and answers to exercises.

Numerical Methods in Finance and Economics

A MATLAB-Based Introduction

Author: Paolo Brandimarte

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118625579

Category: Mathematics

Page: 696

View: 8838

A state-of-the-art introduction to the powerful mathematical and statistical tools used in the field of finance The use of mathematical models and numerical techniques is a practice employed by a growing number of applied mathematicians working on applications in finance. Reflecting this development, Numerical Methods in Finance and Economics: A MATLAB?-Based Introduction, Second Edition bridges the gap between financial theory and computational practice while showing readers how to utilize MATLAB?--the powerful numerical computing environment--for financial applications. The author provides an essential foundation in finance and numerical analysis in addition to background material for students from both engineering and economics perspectives. A wide range of topics is covered, including standard numerical analysis methods, Monte Carlo methods to simulate systems affected by significant uncertainty, and optimization methods to find an optimal set of decisions. Among this book's most outstanding features is the integration of MATLAB?, which helps students and practitioners solve relevant problems in finance, such as portfolio management and derivatives pricing. This tutorial is useful in connecting theory with practice in the application of classical numerical methods and advanced methods, while illustrating underlying algorithmic concepts in concrete terms. Newly featured in the Second Edition: * In-depth treatment of Monte Carlo methods with due attention paid to variance reduction strategies * New appendix on AMPL in order to better illustrate the optimization models in Chapters 11 and 12 * New chapter on binomial and trinomial lattices * Additional treatment of partial differential equations with two space dimensions * Expanded treatment within the chapter on financial theory to provide a more thorough background for engineers not familiar with finance * New coverage of advanced optimization methods and applications later in the text Numerical Methods in Finance and Economics: A MATLAB?-Based Introduction, Second Edition presents basic treatments and more specialized literature, and it also uses algebraic languages, such as AMPL, to connect the pencil-and-paper statement of an optimization model with its solution by a software library. Offering computational practice in both financial engineering and economics fields, this book equips practitioners with the necessary techniques to measure and manage risk.

Numerical Methods and Optimization in Finance

Author: Manfred Gilli,Dietmar Maringer,Enrico Schumann

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123756634

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 1497

This book describes computational finance tools. It covers fundamental numerical analysis and computational techniques, such as option pricing, and gives special attention to simulation and optimization. Many chapters are organized as case studies around portfolio insurance and risk estimation problems. In particular, several chapters explain optimization heuristics and how to use them for portfolio selection and in calibration of estimation and option pricing models. Such practical examples allow readers to learn the steps for solving specific problems and apply these steps to others. At the same time, the applications are relevant enough to make the book a useful reference. Matlab and R sample code is provided in the text and can be downloaded from the book's website. Shows ways to build and implement tools that help test ideas Focuses on the application of heuristics; standard methods receive limited attention Presents as separate chapters problems from portfolio optimization, estimation of econometric models, and calibration of option pricing models

Numerical Methods in Finance

Author: Michèle Breton,Hatem Ben-Ameur

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387251189

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 7267

GERAD celebrates this year its 25th anniversary. The Center was created in 1980 by a small group of professors and researchers of HEC Montreal, McGill University and of the Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal. GERAD's activities achieved sufficient scope to justify its conversion in June 1988 into a Joint Research Centre of HEC Montreal, the Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal and McGill University. In 1996, the U- versite du Quebec a Montreal joined these three institutions. GERAD has fifty members (professors), more than twenty research associates and post doctoral students and more than two hundreds master and Ph.D. students. GERAD is a multi-university center and a vital forum for the devel- ment of operations research. Its mission is defined around the following four complementarily objectives: • The original and expert contribution to all research fields in GERAD's area of expertise; • The dissemination of research results in the best scientific outlets as well as in the society in general; • The training of graduate students and post doctoral researchers; • The contribution to the economic community by solving important problems and providing transferable tools.

Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

Author: Ramon Marimon,Andrew Scott

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191522392

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 292

View: 2469

Macroeconomics increasingly uses stochastic dynamic general equilibrium models to understand theoretical and policy issues. Unless very strong assumptions are made, understanding the properties of particular models requires solving the model using a computer. This volume brings together leading contributors in the field who explain in detail how to implement the computational techniques needed to solve dynamic economics models. A broad spread of techniques are covered, and their application in a wide range of subjects discussed. The book provides the basics of a toolkit which researchers and graduate students can use to solve and analyse their own theoretical models.

Applied Computational Economics and Finance

Author: Mario J. Miranda,Paul L. Fackler

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262291754

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 7924

This book presents a variety of computational methods used to solve dynamic problems in economics and finance. It emphasizes practical numerical methods rather than mathematical proofs and focuses on techniques that apply directly to economic analyses. The examples are drawn from a wide range of subspecialties of economics and finance, with particular emphasis on problems in agricultural and resource economics, macroeconomics, and finance. The book also provides an extensive Web-site library of computer utilities and demonstration programs.The book is divided into two parts. The first part develops basic numerical methods, including linear and nonlinear equation methods, complementarity methods, finite-dimensional optimization, numerical integration and differentiation, and function approximation. The second part presents methods for solving dynamic stochastic models in economics and finance, including dynamic programming, rational expectations, and arbitrage pricing models in discrete and continuous time. The book uses MATLAB to illustrate the algorithms and includes a utilities toolbox to help readers develop their own computational economics applications.

Handbook of Computational Economics

Author: Karl Schmedders,Kenneth L. Judd

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080931782

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 688

View: 2865

Handbook of Computational Economics summarizes recent advances in economic thought, revealing some of the potential offered by modern computational methods. With computational power increasing in hardware and algorithms, many economists are closing the gap between economic practice and the frontiers of computational mathematics. In their efforts to accelerate the incorporation of computational power into mainstream research, contributors to this volume update the improvements in algorithms that have sharpened econometric tools, solution methods for dynamic optimization and equilibrium models, and applications to public finance, macroeconomics, and auctions. They also cover the switch to massive parallelism in the creation of more powerful computers, with advances in the development of high-power and high-throughput computing. Much more can be done to expand the value of computational modeling in economics. In conjunction with volume one (1996) and volume two (2006), this volume offers a remarkable picture of the recent development of economics as a science as well as an exciting preview of its future potential. Samples different styles and approaches, reflecting the breadth of computational economics as practiced today Focuses on problems with few well-developed solutions in the literature of other disciplines Emphasizes the potential for increasing the value of computational modeling in economics

Dynamic Economics

Quantitative Methods and Applications

Author: Jérôme Adda,Russell W. Cooper

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262012010

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 279

View: 8618

An integrated approach to the empirical application of dynamic optimization programming models, for students and researchers.

Numerical Techniques in Finance

Author: Simon Benninga

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262521413

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 7838

'This excellent book shows how to incorporate into a spreadsheet program, like Lotus, the sometimes theoretical constructs of modern finance. In the process of working through this book, the reader will gain an intuitive understanding of modern finance and, as a bonus, a thorough knowledge of Lotus.' -- Marshall E. Blume, Howard Butcher III Professor of Financial Management, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania Numerical Techniques in Finance is an innovative book that shows how to create, and how to solve problems in, a wide variety of complex financial models. All the models are set up using Lotus 1-2-3; some of the advanced models also make use of Lotus macros. Using the models set out in the book, students and practicing professionals will be able to enhance their evaluative and planning skills. Each of the models is preceded by an explanation of the underlying financial theory. Exercises are provided to help the reader utilize the models to create new, individualized applications. Numerical Techniques in Finance covers standard financial models in the areas of corporate finance, financial-statement simulation, portfolio problems, otions, portfolio insurance, duration, and immunization. A separate section of the book reviews the relevant mathematical and Lotus 1-2-3 techniques. Each of the book's five parts begins with a succinct overview.

Computational Economics

A concise introduction

Author: Oscar Afonso,Paulo B. Vasconcelos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317508653

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

View: 7951

Computational Economics: A concise introduction is a comprehensive textbook designed to help students move from the traditional and comparative static analysis of economic models, to a modern and dynamic computational study. The ability to equate an economic problem, to formulate it into a mathematical model and to solve it computationally is becoming a crucial and distinctive competence for most economists. This vital textbook is organized around static and dynamic models, covering both macro and microeconomic topics, exploring the numerical techniques required to solve those models. A key aim of the book is to enable students to develop the ability to modify the models themselves so that, using the MATLAB/Octave codes provided on the book and on the website, students can demonstrate a complete understanding of computational methods. This textbook is innovative, easy to read and highly focused, providing students of economics with the skills needed to understand the essentials of using numerical methods to solve economic problems. It also provides more technical readers with an easy way to cope with economics through modelling and simulation. Later in the book, more elaborate economic models and advanced numerical methods are introduced which will prove valuable to those in more advanced study. This book is ideal for all students of economics, mathematics, computer science and engineering taking classes on Computational or Numerical Economics.

An Introduction to Optimal Control Problems in Life Sciences and Economics

From Mathematical Models to Numerical Simulation with MATLAB®

Author: Sebastian Aniţa,Viorel Arnăutu,Vincenzo Capasso

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817680985

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 3772

Combining control theory and modeling, this textbook introduces and builds on methods for simulating and tackling concrete problems in a variety of applied sciences. Emphasizing "learning by doing," the authors focus on examples and applications to real-world problems. An elementary presentation of advanced concepts, proofs to introduce new ideas, and carefully presented MATLAB® programs help foster an understanding of the basics, but also lead the way to new, independent research. With minimal prerequisites and exercises in each chapter, this work serves as an excellent textbook and reference for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, researchers, and practitioners in mathematics, physics, engineering, computer science, as well as biology, biotechnology, economics, and finance.

The Oxford Handbook of Computational Economics and Finance

Author: Shu-Heng Chen,Mak Kaboudan,Ye-Rong Du

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190877502

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 784

View: 8559

The Oxford Handbook of Computational Economics and Finance provides a survey of both the foundations of and recent advances in the frontiers of analysis and action. It is both historically and interdisciplinarily rich and also tightly connected to the rise of digital society. It begins with the conventional view of computational economics, including recent algorithmic development in computing rational expectations, volatility, and general equilibrium. It then moves from traditional computing in economics and finance to recent developments in natural computing, including applications of nature-inspired intelligence, genetic programming, swarm intelligence, and fuzzy logic. Also examined are recent developments of network and agent-based computing in economics. How these approaches are applied is examined in chapters on such subjects as trading robots and automated markets. The last part deals with the epistemology of simulation in its trinity form with the integration of simulation, computation, and dynamics. Distinctive is the focus on natural computationalism and the examination of the implications of intelligent machines for the future of computational economics and finance. Not merely individual robots, but whole integrated systems are extending their "immigration" to the world of Homo sapiens, or symbiogenesis.

Economic Dynamics in Discrete Time

Author: Jianjun Miao

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262325608

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 736

View: 2635

This book offers a unified, comprehensive, and up-to-date treatment of analytical and numerical tools for solving dynamic economic problems. The focus is on introducing recursive methods -- an important part of every economist's set of tools -- and readers will learn to apply recursive methods to a variety of dynamic economic problems. The book is notable for its combination of theoretical foundations and numerical methods. Each topic is first described in theoretical terms, with explicit definitions and rigorous proofs; numerical methods and computer codes to implement these methods follow. Drawing on the latest research, the book covers such cutting-edge topics as asset price bubbles, recursive utility, robust control, policy analysis in dynamic New Keynesian models with the zero lower bound on interest rates, and Bayesian estimation of dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models. The book first introduces the theory of dynamical systems and numerical methods for solving dynamical systems, and then discusses the theory and applications of dynamic optimization. The book goes on to treat equilibrium analysis, covering a variety of core macroeconomic models, and such additional topics as recursive utility (increasingly used in finance and macroeconomics), dynamic games, and recursive contracts. The book introduces Dynare, a widely used software platform for handling a range of economic models; readers will learn to use Dynare for numerically solving DSGE models and performing Bayesian estimation of DSGE models. Mathematical appendixes present all the necessary mathematical concepts and results. Matlab codes used to solve examples are indexed and downloadable from the book's website. A solutions manual for students is available for sale from the MIT Press; a downloadable instructor's manual is available to qualified instructors.

Recursive Methods in Economic Dynamics

Author: Nancy L. Stokey,Robert E. Lucas,Edward C. Prescott

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780674750968

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 588

View: 4295

This rigorous but brilliantly lucid book presents a self-contained treatment of modern economic dynamics. Stokey, Lucas, and Prescott develop the basic methods of recursive analysis and illustrate the many areas where they can usefully be applied.

Numerical Analysis for Statisticians

Author: Kenneth Lange

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441959459

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 600

View: 5767

Numerical analysis is the study of computation and its accuracy, stability and often its implementation on a computer. This book focuses on the principles of numerical analysis and is intended to equip those readers who use statistics to craft their own software and to understand the advantages and disadvantages of different numerical methods.

Tensor Numerical Methods in Scientific Computing

Author: Boris N. Khoromskij

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110391392

Category: Mathematics

Page: 379

View: 7730

The most difficult computational problems nowadays are those of higher dimensions. This research monograph offers an introduction to tensor numerical methods designed for the solution of the multidimensional problems in scientific computing. These methods are based on the rank-structured approximation of multivariate functions and operators by using the appropriate tensor formats. The old and new rank-structured tensor formats are investigated. We discuss in detail the novel quantized tensor approximation method (QTT) which provides function-operator calculus in higher dimensions in logarithmic complexity rendering super-fast convolution, FFT and wavelet transforms. This book suggests the constructive recipes and computational schemes for a number of real life problems described by the multidimensional partial differential equations. We present the theory and algorithms for the sinc-based separable approximation of the analytic radial basis functions including Green’s and Helmholtz kernels. The efficient tensor-based techniques for computational problems in electronic structure calculations and for the grid-based evaluation of long-range interaction potentials in multi-particle systems are considered. We also discuss the QTT numerical approach in many-particle dynamics, tensor techniques for stochastic/parametric PDEs as well as for the solution and homogenization of the elliptic equations with highly-oscillating coefficients. Contents Theory on separable approximation of multivariate functions Multilinear algebra and nonlinear tensor approximation Superfast computations via quantized tensor approximation Tensor approach to multidimensional integrodifferential equations

Numerical Methods in Finance with C++

Author: Maciej J. Capiński,Tomasz Zastawniak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139536273

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 592

Driven by concrete computational problems in quantitative finance, this book provides aspiring quant developers with the numerical techniques and programming skills they need. The authors start from scratch, so the reader does not need any previous experience of C++. Beginning with straightforward option pricing on binomial trees, the book gradually progresses towards more advanced topics, including nonlinear solvers, Monte Carlo techniques for path-dependent derivative securities, finite difference methods for partial differential equations, and American option pricing by solving a linear complementarity problem. Further material, including solutions to all exercises and C++ code, is available online. The book is ideal preparation for work as an entry-level quant programmer and it gives readers the confidence to progress to more advanced skill sets involving C++ design patterns as applied in finance.

An Introduction to Wavelets and Other Filtering Methods in Finance and Economics

Author: Ramazan Gençay,Faruk Selçuk,Brandon J. Whitcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080509228

Category: Education

Page: 359

View: 5380

An Introduction to Wavelets and Other Filtering Methods in Finance and Economics presents a unified view of filtering techniques with a special focus on wavelet analysis in finance and economics. It emphasizes the methods and explanations of the theory that underlies them. It also concentrates on exactly what wavelet analysis (and filtering methods in general) can reveal about a time series. It offers testing issues which can be performed with wavelets in conjunction with the multi-resolution analysis. The descriptive focus of the book avoids proofs and provides easy access to a wide spectrum of parametric and nonparametric filtering methods. Examples and empirical applications will show readers the capabilities, advantages, and disadvantages of each method. The first book to present a unified view of filtering techniques Concentrates on exactly what wavelets analysis and filtering methods in general can reveal about a time series Provides easy access to a wide spectrum of parametric and non-parametric filtering methods

Handbook of Computational Economics

Author: Hans M. Amman,David A. Kendrick,John Rust

Publisher: North-Holland


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 827

View: 2183

The aim of this volume is to provide an introduction and selective overview of the rapidly emerging field of computational economics. Computational economics provides an important set of tools that an increasing number of economists will need to acquire in order to understand and do state-of-the-art research in virtually all areas of economics. Articles in the volume range from very applied, policy oriented applications of computational methods, to highly theoretical and mathematically complex analyses of algorithms and numerical methods. The book emphasizes the unique contributions of computational methods in economics, and focuses on problems for which well developed solutions are not already available from the literature in operations research, numerical methods, and computer science. As well as covering relatively mature areas in the field, a number of chapters are included which cover more speculative "frontier topics," in particular recently discovered computational innovations and research results. For more information on the Handbooks in Economics series, please see our homepage on http: //

Economic Dynamics

Theory and Computation

Author: John Stachurski

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262012774

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 373

View: 7587

A rigorous and example-driven introduction to topics in economic dynamics, with an emphasis on mathematical and computational techniques for modeling dynamic systems.