Multiphase Flow in Permeable Media

A Pore-Scale Perspective

Author: Martin J. Blunt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316861880

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 1044

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Hydrocarbon production, gas recovery from shale, CO2 storage and water management have a common scientific underpinning: multiphase flow in porous media. This book provides a fundamental description of multiphase flow through porous rock, with emphasis on the understanding of displacement processes at the pore, or micron, scale. Fundamental equations and principal concepts using energy, momentum, and mass balance are developed, and the latest developments in high-resolution three-dimensional imaging and associated modelling are explored. The treatment is pedagogical, developing sound physical principles to predict flow and recovery through complex rock structures, while providing a review of the recent literature. This systematic approach makes it an excellent reference for those who are new to the field. Inspired by recent research, and based on courses taught to thousands of students and professionals from around the world, it provides the scientific background necessary for a quantitative assessment of multiphase subsurface flow processes, and is ideal for hydrology and environmental engineering students, as well as professionals in the hydrocarbon, water and carbon storage industries.

Multiphase Flow in Permeable Media

A Pore-Scale Perspective

Author: Martin J. Blunt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107093465

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 5416

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This book provides a fundamental description of multiphase fluid flow through porous rock, based on understanding movement at the pore, or microscopic, scale.

Computational Methods for Multiphase Flows in Porous Media

Author: Zhangxin Chen,Guanren Huan,Yuanle Ma

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898716063

Category: Computers

Page: 531

View: 1366

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This book offers a fundamental and practical introduction to the use of computational methods. A thorough discussion of practical aspects of the subject is presented in a consistent manner, and the level of treatment is rigorous without being unnecessarily abstract. Each chapter ends with bibliographic information and exercises.

Upscaling Multiphase Flow in Porous Media

From Pore to Core and Beyond

Author: D.B. Das,S.M. Hassanizadeh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035135

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 8192

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This book provides concise, up-to-date and easy-to-follow information on certain aspects of an ever important research area: multiphase flow in porous media. This flow type is of great significance in many petroleum and environmental engineering problems, such as in secondary and tertiary oil recovery, subsurface remediation and CO2 sequestration. This book contains a collection of selected papers (all refereed) from a number of well-known experts on multiphase flow. The papers describe both recent and state-of-the-art modeling and experimental techniques for study of multiphase flow phenomena in porous media. Specifically, the book analyses three advanced topics: upscaling, pore-scale modeling, and dynamic effects in multiphase flow in porous media. This will be an invaluable reference for the development of new theories and computer-based modeling techniques for solving realistic multiphase flow problems. Part of this book has already been published in a journal. Audience This book will be of interest to academics, researchers and consultants working in the area of flow in porous media.

Essentials of Multiphase Flow in Porous Media

Author: George F. Pinder,William G. Gray

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470380799

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 6642

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Learn the fundamental concepts that underlie the physics of multiphase flow and transport in porous media with the information in Essentials of Multiphase Flow in Porous Media, which demonstrates the mathematical-physical ways to express and address multiphase flow problems. Find a logical, step-by-step introduction to everything from the simple concepts to the advanced equations useful for addressing real-world problems like infiltration, groundwater contamination, and movement of non-aqueous phase liquids. Discover and apply the governing equations for application to these and other problems in light of the physics that influence system behavior.

Petroleum Production Engineering

Author: Boyun Guo,,Xinghui Liu,Xuehao Tan

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0128096128

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 780

View: 1588

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Petroleum Production Engineering, Second Edition, updates both the new and veteran engineer on how to employ day-to-day production fundamentals to solve real-world challenges with modern technology. Enhanced to include equations and references with today’s more complex systems, such as working with horizontal wells, workovers, and an entire new section of chapters dedicated to flow assurance, this go-to reference remains the most all-inclusive source for answering all upstream and midstream production issues. Completely updated with five sections covering the entire production spectrum, including well productivity, equipment and facilities, well stimulation and workover, artificial lift methods, and flow assurance, this updated edition continues to deliver the most practical applied production techniques, answers, and methods for today’s production engineer and manager. In addition, updated Excel spreadsheets that cover the most critical production equations from the book are included for download. Updated to cover today’s critical production challenges, such as flow assurance, horizontal and multi-lateral wells, and workovers Guides users from theory to practical application with the help of over 50 online Excel spreadsheets that contain basic production equations, such as gas lift potential, multilateral gas well deliverability, and production forecasting Delivers an all-inclusive product with real-world answers for training or quick look up solutions for the entire petroleum production spectrum

Core Analysis: A Best Practice Guide

Author: Colin McPhee,Jules Reed,Izaskun Zubizarreta

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444636579

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 852

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Core Analysis: A Best Practice Guide is a practical guide to the design of core analysis programs. Written to address the need for an updated set of recommended practices covering special core analysis and geomechanics tests, the book also provides unique insights into data quality control diagnosis and data utilization in reservoir models. The book's best practices and procedures benefit petrophysicists, geoscientists, reservoir engineers, and production engineers, who will find useful information on core data in reservoir static and dynamic models. It provides a solid understanding of the core analysis procedures and methods used by commercial laboratories, the details of lab data reporting required to create quality control tests, and the diagnostic plots and protocols that can be used to identify suspect or erroneous data. Provides a practical overview of core analysis, from coring at the well site to laboratory data acquisition and interpretation Defines current best practice in core analysis preparation and test procedures, and the diagnostic tools used to quality control core data Provides essential information on design of core analysis programs and to judge the quality and reliability of core analysis data ultimately used in reservoir evaluation Of specific interest to those working in core analysis, porosity, relative permeability, and geomechanics

Gas Transport in Porous Media

Author: Clifford K. Ho,Stephen W. Webb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203962X

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 9147

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CLIFFORD K. HOAND STEPHEN W. WEBB Sandia National Laboratories, P. O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA Gas and vapor transport in porous media occur in a number of important applications includingdryingofindustrialandfoodproducts,oilandgasexploration,environm- tal remediation of contaminated sites, and carbon sequestration. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms and processes of gas and vapor transport in porous media allows models to be used to evaluate and optimize the performance and design of these systems. In this book, gas and vapor are distinguished by their available states at stan- ? dard temperature and pressure (20 C, 101 kPa). If the gas-phase constituent can also exist as a liquid phase at standard temperature and pressure (e. g. , water, ethanol, toluene, trichlorothylene), it is considered a vapor. If the gas-phase constituent is non-condensable at standard temperature and pressure (e. g. , oxygen, carbon di- ide, helium, hydrogen, propane), it is considered a gas. The distinction is important because different processes affect the transport and behavior of gases and vapors in porous media. For example, mechanisms specific to vapors include vapor-pressure lowering and enhanced vapor diffusion, which are caused by the presence of a g- phase constituent interacting with its liquid phase in an unsaturated porous media. In addition, the “heat-pipe” exploits isothermal latent heat exchange during evaporation and condensation to effectively transfer heat in designed and natural systems.

The Imperial College Lectures in Petroleum Engineering

Volume 2: Reservoir Engineering

Author: Martin J Blunt

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1786342111

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 404

View: 5300

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This book covers the fundamentals of reservoir engineering in the recovery of hydrocarbons from underground reservoirs. It provides a comprehensive introduction to the topic, including discussion of recovery processes, material balance, fluid properties and fluid flow. It also contains details of multiphase flow, including pore-scale displacement processes and their impact on relative permeability, with a presentation of analytical solutions to multiphase flow equations. Created specifically to aid students through undergraduate and graduate courses, this book also includes exercises with worked solutions, and examples of previous exam papers for further guidance and practice. As part of the Imperial College Lectures in Petroleum Engineering, and based on a lecture series on the same topic, Reservoir Engineering provides the introductory information needed for students of the earth sciences, petroleum engineering, engineering and geoscience.

A Geoscientist's Guide to Petrophysics

Author: Bernard Zinszner,Francois-Marie Pellerin

Publisher: Editions TECHNIP

ISBN: 9782710808992

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 8935

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Geoscientists and Engineers taking an interest in Petrophysics, are struck by the contrasting treatment of the Physics Aspects and the Geology Aspects. If we are to scale up isolated petrophysical observations to an entire oil reservoir or an aquifer, it is essential to implement the powerful extrapolation tool of geological interpretation. This is clearly based on a good understanding of the relations between the petrophysical parameters studied and the petrological characteristics of the rock considered. The book is divided into two sections of different size. The first section (by far the largest) describes the various petrophysical properties of rocks. Each property is defined, limiting the mathematical formulation to the strict minimum but emphasising the geometrical and therefore petrological parameters governing this property. The second section concentrates on methodological problems and concerns, above all, the representativeness of the measurements and the size effects. The notions of Representative Elementary Volume, Homogeneity, Anisotropy, RockType, etc. provide a better understanding of the problems of up-scaling (Plug, Core, Log Analysis, Well Test). Lastly, we provide a description of several Porous Network investigation methods:Thin section, Pore Cast, Visualization of capillary properties, X-ray tomography.

Fluids in Porous Media

Author: Henk Huinink

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1681742985

Category: Science

Page: 115

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This book introduces the reader into the field of the physics of processes occurring in porous media. It targets Master and PhD students who need to gain fundamental understanding the impact of confinement on transport and phase change processes. The book gives brief overviews of topics like thermodynamics, capillarity and fluid mechanics in order to launch the reader smoothly into the realm of porous media. In-depth discussions are given of phase change phenomena in porous media, single phase flow, unsaturated flow and multiphase flow. In order to make the topics concrete the book contains numerous example calculations. Further, as much experimental data as possible is plugged in to give the reader the ability to quantify phenomena.

Stochastic Methods for Flow in Porous Media

Coping with Uncertainties

Author: Dongxiao Zhang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080517773

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 7133

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Stochastic Methods for Flow in Porous Media: Coping with Uncertainties explores fluid flow in complex geologic environments. The parameterization of uncertainty into flow models is important for managing water resources, preserving subsurface water quality, storing energy and wastes, and improving the safety and economics of extracting subsurface mineral and energy resources. This volume systematically introduces a number of stochastic methods used by researchers in the community in a tutorial way and presents methodologies for spatially and temporally stationary as well as nonstationary flows. The author compiles a number of well-known results and useful formulae and includes exercises at the end of each chapter. Balanced viewpoint of several stochastic methods, including Greens' function, perturbative expansion, spectral, Feynman diagram, adjoint state, Monte Carlo simulation, and renormalization group methods Tutorial style of presentation will facilitate use by readers without a prior in-depth knowledge of Stochastic processes Practical examples throughout the text Exercises at the end of each chapter reinforce specific concepts and techniques For the reader who is interested in hands-on experience, a number of computer codes are included and discussed

Fundamentals of Gas Shale Reservoirs

Author: Reza Rezaee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119039266

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 424

View: 3666

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Provides comprehensive information about the key exploration, development and optimization concepts required for gas shale reservoirs Includes statistics about gas shale resources and countries that have shale gas potential Addresses the challenges that oil and gas industries may confront for gas shale reservoir exploration and development Introduces petrophysical analysis, rock physics, geomechanics and passive seismic methods for gas shale plays Details shale gas environmental issues and challenges, economic consideration for gas shale reservoirs Includes case studies of major producing gas shale formations

Multiphase Lattice Boltzmann Methods

Theory and Application

Author: Haibo Huang,Michael Sukop,Xiyun Lu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118971345

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 6270

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Theory and Application of Multiphase Lattice Boltzmann Methods presents a comprehensive review of all popular multiphase Lattice Boltzmann Methods developed thus far and is aimed at researchers and practitioners within relevant Earth Science disciplines as well as Petroleum, Chemical, Mechanical and Geological Engineering. Clearly structured throughout, this book will be an invaluable reference on the current state of all popular multiphase Lattice Boltzmann Methods (LBMs). The advantages and disadvantages of each model are presented in an accessible manner to enable the reader to choose the model most suitable for the problems they are interested in. The book is targeted at graduate students and researchers who plan to investigate multiphase flows using LBMs. Throughout the text most of the popular multiphase LBMs are analyzed both theoretically and through numerical simulation. The authors present many of the mathematical derivations of the models in greater detail than is currently found in the existing literature. The approach to understanding and classifying the various models is principally based on simulation compared against analytical and observational results and discovery of undesirable terms in the derived macroscopic equations and sometimes their correction. A repository of FORTRAN codes for multiphase LBM models is also provided.

Modelling Water Flow in Unsaturated Porous Media

Accounting for Nonlinear Permeability and Material Heterogeneity

Author: Adam Szymkiewicz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642235581

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 7534

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The book focuses on two issues related to mathematical and numerical modelling of flow in unsaturated porous media. In the first part numerical solution of the governing equations is discussed, with particular emphasis on the spatial discretization of highly nonlinear permeability coefficient. The second part deals with large scale flow in heterogeneous porous media of binary structure. Upscaled models are developed and it is shown that the presence of material heterogeneities may give rise to additional non-equilibrium terms in the governing equations or to hysteresis in the averaged constitutive relationships.

Introduction to Modeling of Transport Phenomena in Porous Media

Author: Jacob Bear,Y. Bachmat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400919263

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 7731

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The main purpose of this book is to provide the theoretical background to engineers and scientists engaged in modeling transport phenomena in porous media, in connection with various engineering projects, and to serve as a text for senior and graduate courses on transport phenomena in porous media. Such courses are taught in various disciplines, e. g. , civil engineering, chemical engineering, reservoir engineering, agricultural engineering and soil science. In these disciplines, problems are encountered in which various extensive quantities, e. g. , mass and heat, are transported through a porous material domain. Often the porous material contains several fluid phases, and the various extensive quantities are transported simultaneously throughout the multiphase system. In all these disciplines, management decisions related to a system's development and its operation have to be made. To do so, the 'manager', or the planner, needs a tool that will enable him to forecast the response of the system to the implementation of proposed management schemes. This forecast takes the form of spatial and temporal distributions of variables that describe the future state of the considered system. Pressure, stress, strain, density, velocity, solute concentration, temperature, etc. , for each phase in the system, and sometime for a component of a phase, may serve as examples of state variables. The tool that enables the required predictions is the model. A model may be defined as a simplified version of the real (porous medium) system that approximately simulates the excitation-response relations of the latter.

Science of Carbon Storage in Deep Saline Formations

Process Coupling across Time and Spatial Scales

Author: Pania Newell,Anastasia Ilgen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128127538

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 4622

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Science of Carbon Storage in Deep Saline Formations: Process Coupling across Time and Spatial Scales summarizes state-of-the-art research, emphasizing how the coupling of physical and chemical processes as subsurface systems re-equilibrate during and after the injection of CO2. In addition, it addresses, in an easy-to-follow way, the lack of knowledge in understanding the coupled processes related to fluid flow, geomechanics and geochemistry over time and spatial scales. The book uniquely highlights process coupling and process interplay across time and spatial scales that are relevant to geological carbon storage. Includes the underlying scientific research, as well as the risks associated with geological carbon storage Covers the topic of geological carbon storage from various disciplines, addressing the multi-scale and multi-physics aspects of geological carbon storage Organized by discipline for ease of navigation

Multiphase Flow in Porous Media

Author: P.M. Adler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401723729

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 2651

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The study of multiphase flow through porous media is undergoing intense development, mostly due to the recent introduction of new methods. After the profound changes induced by percolation in the eighties, attention is nowadays focused on the pore scale. The physical situation is complex and only recently have tools become available that allow significant progress to be made in the area. This volume on Multiphase Flow in Porous Media, which is also being published as a special issue of the journal Transport in Porous Media, contains contributions on the lattice-Boltzmann technique, the renormalization technique, and semi-phenomenological studies at the pore level. Attention is mostly focused on two- and three-phase flows. These techniques are of tremendous importance for the numerous applications of multiphase flows in oil fields, unsaturated soils, the chemical industry, and environmental sciences.