Modern Crises and Traditional Strategies

Local Ecological Knowledge in Island Southeast Asia

Author: R. F. Ellen

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845453121

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3965

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The 1990s have seen a growing interest in the role of local ecological knowledge in the context of sustainable development, and particularly in providing a set of responses to which populations may resort in times of political, economic and environmental instability. The period 1996-2003 in island southeast Asia represents a critical test case for understanding how this might work. The key issues explored in this book are the creation, erosion and transmission of ecological knowledge, and hybridization between traditional and scientifically-based knowledge, amongst populations facing environmental stress (e.g. 1997 El Ni�o), political conflict and economic hazards. The book will also evaluate positive examples of how traditional knowledge has enabled local populations to cope with these kinds of insecurity.

Modern Crises and Traditional Strategies

Local Ecological Knowledge in Island Southeast Asia

Author: Roy Ellen

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9780857452832

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8524

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The 1990s have seen a growing interest in the role of local ecological knowledge in the context of sustainable development, and particularly in providing a set of responses to which populations may resort in times of political, economic and environmental instability. The period 1996-2003 in island southeast Asia represents a critical test case for understanding how this might work. The key issues explored in this book are the creation, erosion and transmission of ecological knowledge, and hybridization between traditional and scientifically-based knowledge, amongst populations facing environmental stress (e.g. 1997 El Niño), political conflict and economic hazards. The book will also evaluate positive examples of how traditional knowledge has enabled local populations to cope with these kinds of insecurity.

Environmental Uncertainty and Local Knowledge

Southeast Asia as a Laboratory of Global Ecological Change

Author: Anna-Katharina Hornidge,Christoph Antweiler

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 383941959X

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 4197

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Southeast Asia is a laboratory showing current worldwide ecological issues. Environmental change, natural resource exploitation as well as global climate change increasingly threaten people's livelihoods. Environmentally-based uncertainties foster a high level of knowledge uncertainty. This poses a constantly growing threat to agricultural production. Vulnerable communities with a low degree of resilience are most severely affected. But local communities have abilities to innovate and develop locally embedded coping strategies. The contributors of this volume are most interested in environmental change that fosters knowledge uncertainties. Regions discussed include the Mekong Delta in Vietnam, Moluccas, Central Kalimantan, West Sumatra and South Sulawesi in Indonesia and Tangail Region in Bangladesh.

Environmental Anthropology Engaging Ecotopia

Bioregionalism, Permaculture, and Ecovillages

Author: Joshua Lockyer,James R. Veteto

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857458809

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 1184

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In order to move global society towards a sustainable "ecotopia," solutions must be engaged in specific places and communities, and the authors here argue for re-orienting environmental anthropology from a problem-oriented towards a solutions-focused endeavor. Using case studies from around the world, the contributors-scholar-activists and activist-practitioners- examine the interrelationships between three prominent environmental social movements: bioregionalism, a worldview and political ecology that grounds environmental action and experience; permaculture, a design science for putting the bioregional vision into action; and ecovillages, the ever-dynamic settings for creating sustainable local cultures.

The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5580

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In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Environment, Subsistence and System

The Ecology of Small-Scale Social Formations

Author: Roy Ellen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521287036

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 9920

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Human ecology is ultimately part of a general theory of society. This is the argument developed here by Roy Ellen, whose exploration of the interplay between social organization and ecology in small-scale subsistence systems has direct bearings both on the investigation of human environmental relations in general and on contemporary social theory. He argues that while ecological study of non-industrial societies cannot be elevated to the status of theory, domain or discipline, it can be represented as a single 'problematic' that historically has acquired some degree of autonomy and which continues to make a significant contribution to a wider anthropology. Dr Ellen introduces his subject matter through an extended and systematic discussion of some major frameworks developed within the last hundred years to examine and explain facets of the relationship between culture, social organization and the environment: determinism, possibilism, cultural ecology, systems theory and ideas derived from modern biology. He follows this with a detailed review and appraisal of important recent research involving the use of ecological models, methods and data. This original and innovative study of the pre-eminently social character of human ecological relations will be of considerable interest to all students and researchers concerned with understanding the nature of the relationship between human beings and their environments.

The Cultural Relations of Classification

An Analysis of Nuaulu Animal Categories from Central Seram

Author: Roy Ellen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521025737

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 4109

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This is an innovative study, which takes our understanding beyond the taxonomic abstraction characteristic of earlier work in the field.

The Categorical Impulse

Essays in the Anthropology of Classifying Behaviour

Author: R. F. Ellen

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845450175

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 233

View: 6168

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Classification, as an object of recent anthropological scrutiny came to prominence during the 1960s, exemplified in the British (constructionist) tradition by the writings of Mary Douglas, and in the American ethno-semantics (cognitive) tradition by the likes of Harold Conklin and Brent Berlin. At the time, these approaches seemed by turns to contradict each other, or even to exist in parallel universes. However, over the last 30 years we have witnessed both a renewed interest in classification studies as well as a cross-fertilization of these once antagonistic approaches. These essays by one of leading scholars in this field bring together a body of influential and inter-linked work which attempts to bridge the divide between cultural and cognitive studies of classification, and which develops a more embedded and processual approach. In particular, the essays focus on people's categorization of natural kinds as a means through which to obtain an understanding of how classifying behavior in general works, engaging with the ideas of both anthropologists and psychologists. The theoretical background is set out in an entirely new and substantial introduction, which also provides a comprehensive and systematic review of developments in cognitive and social anthropology since 1960 as these have impacted on classification studies. In short, it constitutes a useful and approachable introduction to its subject.

Mobility and Migration in Indigenous Amazonia

Contemporary Ethnoecological Perspectives

Author: Miguel N. Alexiades

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845459075

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 1958

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Contrary to ingrained academic and public assumptions, wherein indigenous lowland South American societies are viewed as the product of historical emplacement and spatial stasis, there is widespread evidence to suggest that migration and displacement have been the norm, and not the exception. This original and thought-provoking collection of case studies examines some of the ways in which migration, and the concomitant processes of ecological and social change, have shaped and continue to shape human-environment relations in Amazonia. Drawing on a wide range of historical time frames (from pre-conquest times to the present) and ethnographic contexts, different chapters examine the complex and important links between migration and the classification, management, and domestication of plants and landscapes, as well as the incorporation and transformation of environmental knowledge, practices, ideologies and identities.

Indigenous Peoples' Food Systems & Well-being

Interventions & Policies for Healthy Communities

Author: Harriet V. Kuhnlein,Bill Erasmus,Dina Spigelski,Barbara A. Burlingame

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 398

View: 7165

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The case studies presented in this book show the wealth of knowledge in indigenous communities in diverse ecosystems, the richness of their food resources, the strengths of the local traditional food systems, how people think about and use these foods, the influx of industrial and purchased food, and the circumstances of the nutrition transition in indigenous communities--Publisher's description.

Indigenous Peoples and the Collaborative Stewardship of Nature

Knowledge Binds and Institutional Conflicts

Author: Anne Ross,Kathleen Pickering Sherman,Jeffrey G Snodgrass,Henry D Delcore,Richard Sherman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315426595

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8134

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Involving Indigenous peoples and traditional knowledge into natural resource management produces more equitable and successful outcomes. Unfortunately, argue Anne Ross and co-authors, even many “progressive” methods fail to produce truly equal partnerships. This book offers a comprehensive and global overview of the theoretical, methodological, and practical dimensions of co-management. The authors critically evaluate the range of management options that claim to have integrated Indigenous peoples and knowledge, and then outline an innovative, alternative model of co-management, the Indigenous Stewardship Model. They provide detailed case studies and concrete details for application in a variety of contexts. Broad in coverage and uniting robust theoretical insights with applied detail, this book is ideal for scholars and students as well as for professionals in resource management and policy.

Understanding Cultural Transmission in Anthropology

A Critical Synthesis

Author: Roy Ellen,Stephen J. Lycett,Sarah E. Johns

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857459945

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 4794

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The concept of "cultural transmission" is central to much contemporary anthropological theory, since successful human reproduction through social systems is essential for effective survival and for enhancing the adaptiveness of individual humans and local populations. Yet, what is understood by the phrase and how it might best be studied is highly contested. This book brings together contributions that reflect the current diversity of approaches - from the fields of biology, primatology, palaeoanthropology, psychology, social anthropology, ethnobiology, and archaeology - to examine social and cultural transmission from a range of perspectives and at different scales of generalization. The comprehensive introduction explores some of the problems and connections. Overall, the book provides a timely synthesis of current accounts of cultural transmission in relation to cognitive process, practical action, and local socio-ecological context, while linking these with explanations of longer-term evolutionary trajectories.

Changes in the Land

Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England

Author: William Cronon

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 142992828X

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 3288

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Winner of the Francis Parkman Prize Changes in the Land offers an original and persuasive interpretation of the changing circumstances in New England's plant and animal communities that occurred with the shift from Indian to European dominance. With the tools of both historian and ecologist, Cronon constructs an interdisciplinary analysis of how the land and the people influenced one another, and how that complex web of relationships shaped New England's communities.

Nature and Society

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Philippe Descola,Gisli Palsson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134827156

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9557

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The contributors to this book focus on the relationship between nature and society from a variety of theoretical and ethnographic perspectives. Their work draws upon recent developments in social theory, biology, ethnobiology, epistemology, sociology of science, and a wide array of ethnographic case studies -- from Amazonia, the Solomon Islands, Malaysia, the Mollucan Islands, rural comunities from Japan and north-west Europe, urban Greece, and laboratories of molecular biology and high-energy physics. The discussion is divided into three parts, emphasising the problems posed by the nature-culture dualism, some misguided attempts to respond to these problems, and potential avenues out of the current dilemmas of ecological discourse.

Tapping the Green Market

Certification and Management of Non-timber Forest Products

Author: Patricia Shanley

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1853838713

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 456

View: 5912

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This special issue of the journal "Public Archaeology" explores indigenous involvement in archaeology and the wide range of areas where archaeological activities have implications for indigenous concerns. Representing one of the most dynamic aspects of pu

Traditional Medicine in Asia

Author: Ranjit Roy Chaudhury,Uton Muchtar Rafei

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789290222248

Category: Medical

Page: 309

View: 2185

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This unique book provides a comprehensive picture of the vivid kaleidoscope of traditional medicine in Asia presented by 34 eminent authors from 15 countries belonging to the different systems like Ayurveda and Chinese Traditional Medicine. Important emerging areas such as harmonization of the traditional systems with modern medicine and the growing role of these systems in the health care structure of countries are also dealt with. Legislation and regulation of these systems and practitioners, an area of growing concern, the need for good preclinical toxicology studies and scientific clinical evaluation of the products and medicinal plants used for therapy are exhaustingly dealt with. The vital issue of protection of traditional systems of medicine and patenting of medicinal plants is discussed in detail. The book is replete with suggestions, and ideas aimed at making traditional systems more effectively, and more widely used for health care. The book also covers the prevailing situation regarding the use and other aspects of traditional medicine in the 10 Member countries of the South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization.

Evolutionary Ethnobiology

Author: Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque,Patrícia Muniz De Medeiros,Alejandro Casas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331919917X

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 2357

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Ethnobiology is a fascinating science. To understand this vocation it needs to be studied under an evolutionary point of view that is very strong and significant, although this aspect is often poorly approached in the literature. This is the first book to compile and discuss information about evolutionary ethnobiology in English.