Marxist Perspectives in Archaeology

Author: Matthew Spriggs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521255448

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 3927

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Marxist theory has been an undercurrent in western social science since the late nineteenth century. It came into prominence in the social sciences in the 1960s and 1970s and has had a profound effect on history, sociology and anthropology. This book represents an attempt to gather together Marxist perspectives in archaeology and to examine whether indeed they represent advances in archaeological theory. The papers in this volume look forward to the growing use of Marxist theory by archaeologists; as well as enriching archaeology as a discipline they have important implications for sociology and anthropology through the addition of a long-term, historical perspective. This is a book primarily for undergraduates and research students and their teachers in departments of archaeology and anthropology but it should also be of interest to historians, sociologists and geographers.

Archaeology of the Communist Era

A Political History of Archaeology of the 20th Century

Author: Ludomir R. Lozny

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319451081

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 846

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This book contributes to better recognition and comprehension of the interconnection between archaeology and political pressure, especially imposed by the totalitarian communist regimes. It explains why, under such political conditions, some archaeological reasoning and practices were resilient, while new ideas leisurely penetrated the local scenes. It attempts to critically evaluate the political context and its impact on archaeology during the communist era world wide and contributes to better perception of the relationship between science and politics in general. This book analyzes the pressures inflicted on archaeologists by the overwhelmingly potent political environment, which stimulates archaeological thought and controls the conditions for professional engagement. Included are discussions about the perception of archaeology and its findings by the public. ​

Reader in Gender Archaeology

Author: Kelley Hays-Gilpin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415173599

Category: Social Science

Page: 383

View: 3932

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This Reader in Gender Archaeology presents nineteen current, controversial and highly influential articles which confront and illuminate issues of gender in prehistory. The question of gender difference and whether it is natural or culturally constructed is a compelling one. The articles here, which draw on evidence from a wide range of geographic areas, demonstrate how all archaeological investigation can benefit from an awareness of issues of gender. They also show how the long-term nature of archaeological research can inform the gender debate across the disciplines. The volume: * organizes this complex area into seven sections on key themes in gender archaeology: archaeological method and theory, human origins, division of labour, the social construction of gender, iconography and ideology, power and social hierarchies and new forms of archaeological narrative * includes section introductions which outline the history of research on each topic and present the key points of each article * presents a balance of material which rewrites women into prehistory, and articles which show how the concept of gender informs our understanding and interpretation of the past.

The Archaeology of Contextual Meanings

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521329248

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 949

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This companion volume to Archaeology as Long-term History focuses on the symbolism of artefacts. It seeks at once to refine the theory and method relating to interpretation and show, with examples, how to conduct this sort of archaeological work. Some contributors work with the material culture of modern times or the historic period, areas in which the symbolism of mute artefacts has traditionally been thought most accessible. However, the book also contains a good number of applications in prehistory to demonstrate the feasibility of symbolic interpretation where good contextual data survive from the distant past. In relation to wider debates within the social sciences, the volume is characterised by a concern to place abstract symbolic codes within their historical context and within the contexts of social actions. In this respect, it develops further some of the ideas presented in Dr Hodder's Symbolic and Structural Archaeology, an earlier volume in this series.

Comparative Archaeologies

A Sociological View of the Science of the Past

Author: Ludomir R Lozny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441982254

Category: Social Science

Page: 852

View: 5670

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Archaeology, as with all of the social sciences, has always been characterized by competing theoretical propositions based on diverse bodies of locally acquired data. In order to fulfill local, regional expectations, different goals have been assigned to the practitioners of Archaeology in different regions. These goals might be entrenched in local politics, or social expectations behind cultural heritage research. This comprehensive book explores regional archaeologies from a sociological perspective—to identify and explain regional differences in archaeological practice, as well as their existing similarities. This work covers not only the currently-dominant Anglo-American archaeological paradigm, but also Latin America, Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa, all of which have developed their own unique archaeological traditions. The contributions in this work cover these "alternative archaeologies," in the context of their own geographical, political, and socio-economic settings, as well as the context of the currently accepted mainstream approaches.

A Marxist Archaeology

Author: Randall H. McGuire

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780971242746

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 1346

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Marxism is a rich intellectual tradition that offers archaeologists a way around many of the seemingly irresolvable theoretical oppositions that beset us and as such deserves a place in the theoretical and substantive debates in archaeology. This introduction to Marxist theory as it applies to archaeology explores long-term historical change and cultural evolution, and advocates a dialectical and historical approach to the study of the past. The book was originally published by Academic Press in 1992 but this affordable paperback edition features an extensive new introduction by the author.

Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel

Author: Beth Alpert Nakhai

Publisher: Amer School of Oriental

ISBN: 9780897570572

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 3399

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Annotation This book discusses the role of religion in Canaanite and Israelite society, from the Middle Bronze Age through the Israelite Divided Monarchy (2000-587 BC). It contains an extensive archaeological study of all known Middle Bronze through Iron Age temples, sanctuaries, and open-air shrines, organized by period and geographic region. Social science and textually based analyses of sacrifice in antiquity reveal the many ways in which religion was related to social structure, and the author emphasizes the ways in which social, economic and political relationships determined - and were shaped by - forms of religious organization.

Antiquity

Author: Osbert Guy Stanhope Crawford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 8734

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Includes section "Reviews."

Sacrificial Landscapes

Cultural Biographies of Persons, Objects and "natural" Places in the Bronze Age of the Southern Netherlands, C. 2300-600 BC

Author: David R. Fontijn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bronze age

Page: 392

View: 1236

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Bulletin

Author: University of London. Institute of Archaeology

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 2207

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Kingsley and his slaves

anthropological interpretation and evaluation

Author: Benjamin Resnick,David W. Babson,Karen Jo Walker,Heinz Pyszczyk (W.),University of South Carolina. Institute of Archeology and Anthropology

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 170

View: 5661

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Ideologies in Archaeology

Author: Reinhard Bernbeck,Randall H. McGuire

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816526737

Category: Social Science

Page: 410

View: 8211

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Archaeologists have often used the term ideology to vaguely refer to a Òrealm of ideas.Ó Scholars from Marx to Zizek have developed a sharper concept, arguing that ideology works by representingÑor misrepresentingÑpower relations through concealment, enhancement, or transformation of real social relations between groups. Ideologies in Archaeology examines the role of ideology in this latter sense as it pertains to both the practice and the content of archaeological studies. While ideas like reflexive archaeology and multivocality have generated some recent interest, this book is the first work to address in any detail the mutual relationship between ideologies of the past and present ideological conditions producing archaeological knowledge. Contributors to this volume focus on elements of life in past societies that Òwent without sayingÓ and that concealed different forms of power as obvious and unquestionable. From the use of burial rites as political theater in Iron Age Germany to the intersection of economics and elite power in Mississippian mound building, the contributors uncover complex manipulations of power that have often gone unrecognized. They show that OccamÕs razorÑthe tendency to favor simpler explanationsÑis sometimes just an excuse to avoid dealing with the historical world in its full complexity. Jean-Paul DemouleÕs concluding chapter echoes this sentiment and moreover brings a continental European perspective to the preceding case studies. In addition to situating this volume in a wider history of archaeological currents, Demoule identifies the institutional and cultural factors that may account for the current direction in North American archaeology. He also offers a defense of archaeology in an era of scientific relativism, which leads him to reflect on the responsibilities of archaeologists. Includes contributions by: Susan M. Alt, Bettina Arnold, Uzi Baram, Reinhard Bernbeck, Matthew David Cochran, Jean-Paul Demoule, Kurt A. Jordan, Susan Kus, Vicente Lull, Christopher N. Matthews, Randall H. McGuire, Rafael Mic—, Cristina Rihuete Herrada, Paul Mullins, Sue Novinger, Susan Pollock, Victor Raharijaona, Roberto Risch, Kathleen Sterling, Ruth M. Van Dyke, and LouAnn Wurst

MASCA Research Papers in Science and Archaeology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780924171345

Category: Archaeology

Page: 206

View: 2458

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Written by eminent scholars in the field, this edited volume is the first to treat in a comprehensive manner the archaeology of metallurgy's origins, focusing specifically on initial uses of copper and bronze, as well as the coming of iron across Asia from the Eastern Mediterranean to the Far East. It is a volume that should serve for some time to come as the source of the fundamental information upon which larger interpretations of metallurgical developments in Asia will be grounded. MASCA research papers, Vol. 16

Análysis and publication of ceramics

the computer data-base in archaeology

Author: Jeffrey A. Blakely,W. J. Bennett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 129

View: 8258

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The editors put forward ideas for a database for pottery, recording forms (possibly from drawings), fabrics, findspots. These ideas are commented on and extended by others concerned that pottery evidence is not being used as fully as it could be. Examples are chiefly Near Eastern - pottery from Caesarea Maritima and Levantine mortaria - but the ideas are of general application and include thoughts on physical and chemical data as well as wider socio-economic topics.

BAR International Series

Author: Steven Richard Acheson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780860549482

Category: Archaeology

Page: 209

View: 5974

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Subtitled 'A study of changing settlement strategies among the Kunghit Haida', this book presents evidence for changing settlement patterns among one of the tribes in the southern Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. The study shows that small, widely dispersed, nucleated villages were the prevailing pattern prior to historical contact. This is quite to different to the norm in the northern region of the island where transhumance prevails. Acheson explains these differences using ethnography, historical records and archaeology.

Studies in Social Theory in the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East

Author: Ianir Milevski,Thomas Evan Levy

Publisher: Equinox Publishing (Indonesia)

ISBN: 9781781792476

Category: Anthropology

Page: 224

View: 5257

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This volume presents a series of studies by scholars working in Middle Eastern archaeology who actively apply social theory to interpret their fieldwork. It aims to highlight the value of using social theory in the interpretation of field work in a region where, traditionally, such approaches have not played a major role. There are a number of factors that account for why social theory is often under-exploited by archaeologists in this part of the world. In many countries, where large numbers of the foreign archaeologists are involved, a division between those doing fieldwork and those undertaking archaeological interpretation can easily arise. Or, the lack of interest in social theory may stem from a legacy of positivism that overrides other approaches. There is also the fact that archaeology and anthropology often belong to separate academic departments and are considered two separate disciplines disconnected from each other. In some cases the centrality of historical paradigms has precluded the use of social theory. There are also divisions between universities and other research institutions, such as departments of antiquities, which is not conductive to interdisciplinary cooperation. This factor is especially debilitating in contexts of rapid destruction of sites and the exponential growth of salvage excavations and emergency surveys. The papers integrate a wide range of perspectives including 'New' or 'Processual' archaeology, Marxist, 'Post-Processual', evolutionist, cognitive, symbolic, and Cyber- archaeologies and touch on many topics including 3D representation, GIS, mapping and social theory, semiotics and linguistics, gender and bioarchaeology, social and technical identities, and modern historical modelling and social practices in Middle Eastern archaeology.