Mao's Last Revolution

Author: Roderick MACFARQUHAR,Michael Schoenhals

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674040414

Category: History

Page: 752

View: 8539

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The Cultural Revolution was a watershed event in the history of the People's Republic of China, the defining decade of half a century of communist rule. Before 1966, China was a typical communist state, with a command economy and a powerful party able to keep the population under control. But during the Cultural Revolution, in a move unprecedented in any communist country, Mao unleashed the Red Guards against the party. Tens of thousands of officials were humiliated, tortured, and even killed. Order had to be restored by the military, whose methods were often equally brutal. In a masterly book, Roderick MacFarquhar and Michael Schoenhals explain why Mao launched the Cultural Revolution, and show his Machiavellian role in masterminding it (which Chinese publications conceal). In often horrifying detail, they document the Hobbesian state that ensued. The movement veered out of control and terror paralyzed the country. Power struggles raged among Lin Biao, Zhou Enlai, Deng Xiaoping, and Jiang Qing--Mao's wife and leader of the Gang of Four--while Mao often played one against the other. After Mao's death, in reaction to the killing and the chaos, Deng Xiaoping led China into a reform era in which capitalism flourishes and the party has lost its former authority. In its invaluable critical analysis of Chairman Mao and its brilliant portrait of a culture in turmoil, "Mao's Last Revolution" offers the most authoritative and compelling account to date of this seminal event in the history of China.

Mao's Last Revolution

Author: Roderick MacFarquhar,Michael Schoenhals

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674023321

Category: History

Page: 693

View: 4020

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Chairman Mao's role in masterminding China's Cultural Revolution and why he did it is explained in a detailed portrait that offers the most authoritative account to date of the events, personalities, and repercussions of the period.

MAO'S LAST REVOLUTION

Author: Roderick MACFARQUHAR,Michael Schoenhals

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674027480

Category: History

Page: 743

View: 6922

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Chairman Mao's role in masterminding China's Cultural Revolution and why he did it is explained in a detailed portrait that offers the most authoritative account to date of the events, personalities, and repercussions of the period.

Mao's Last Dancer

Author: Li Cunxin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 080272812X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 304

View: 2043

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At the age of eleven, Li Cunxin was one of the privileged few selected to serve in Chairman Mao's Cultural Revolution by studying at the Beijing Dance Academy. Having known bitter poverty in his rural China home, ballet would be his family's best chance for a better future. From one hardship to another, Cunxin demonstrated perseverance and an appetite for success that led him to be chosen as one of the first two people to leave Mao's China and go to American to dance on a special cultural exchange. But life in the U.S. was nothing like his communist indoctrination had led him to believe. Ultimately, he defected to the west in a dramatic media storm, and went on to dance with the Houston Ballet for sixteen years. This inspiring story of passion, resilience, and a family's love captures the harsh reality of life in Mao's communist China and the exciting world of professional dance. This compelling memoir includes photos documenting Li's extraordinary life.

Rise of the Red Engineers

The Cultural Revolution and the Origins of China's New Class

Author: Joel Andreas

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804760772

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 3298

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Rise of the Red Engineers explains the tumultuous origins of the class of technocratic officials who rule China today. In a fascinating account, author Joel Andreas chronicles how two mutually hostile groups—the poorly educated peasant revolutionaries who seized power in 1949 and China's old educated elite—coalesced to form a new dominant class. After dispossessing the country's propertied classes, Mao and the Communist Party took radical measures to eliminate class distinctions based on education, aggravating antagonisms between the new political and old cultural elites. Ultimately, however, Mao's attacks on both groups during the Cultural Revolution spurred inter-elite unity, paving the way—after his death—for the consolidation of a new class that combined their political and cultural resources. This story is told through a case study of Tsinghua University, which—as China's premier school of technology—was at the epicenter of these conflicts and became the party's preferred training ground for technocrats, including many of China's current leaders.

The Cultural Revolution

A People's History, 1962Â?1976

Author: Frank Dikötter

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1408856514

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 9178

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Acclaimed by the Daily Mail as 'definitive and harrowing' , this is the final volume of 'The People's Trilogy', begun by the Samuel Johnson prize-winning Mao's Great Famine. After the economic disaster of the Great Leap Forward that claimed tens of millions of lives between 1958 and 1962, an ageing Mao launched an ambitious scheme to shore up his reputation and eliminate those he viewed as a threat to his legacy. The stated goal of the Cultural Revolution was to purge the country of bourgeois, capitalist elements he claimed were threatening genuine communist ideology. But the Chairman also used the Cultural Revolution to turn on his colleagues, some of them longstanding comrades-in-arms, subjecting them to public humiliation, imprisonment and torture. Young students formed Red Guards, vowing to defend the Chairman to the death, but soon rival factions started fighting each other in the streets with semi-automatic weapons in the name of revolutionary purity. As the country descended into chaos, the military intervened, turning China into a garrison state marked by bloody purges that crushed as many as one in fifty people. When the army itself fell victim to the Cultural Revolution, ordinary people used the political chaos to resurrect the marked and hollow out the party's ideology. In short, they buried Maoism. In-depth interviews and archival research at last give voice to the people and the complex choices they faced, undermining the picture of conformity that is often understood to have characterised the last years of Mao's regime. By demonstrating that decollectivisation from below was an unintended consequence of a decade of violent purges and entrenched fear, Frank Dikotter casts China's most tumultuous era in a wholly new light. Written with unprecedented access to previously classified party documents from secret police reports to unexpurgated versions of leadership speeches, this third chapter in Frank Dikotter's extraordinarily lucid and ground-breaking 'People's Trilogy' is a devastating reassessment of the history of the People's Republic of China.

Fractured Rebellion

Author: Andrew G. Walder

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674054784

Category: History

Page: 416

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Fractured Rebellion is the first full-length account of the evolution of China's Red Guard Movement in Beijing, the nation's capital, from its beginnings in 1966 to its forcible suppression in 1968. Andrew Walder combines historical narrative with sociological analysis as he explores the radical student movement's crippling factionalism, devastating social impact, and ultimate failure.

Liu Shaoqi and the Chinese Cultural Revolution

Author: Lowell Dittmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317466004

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 689

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By addressing the issues that decimated China's monolithic elite in the late 1960s, this text illuminates not only the life and fate of Liu Shaoqi, but also the policy-making process of a revolutionary state facing the diverting exigencies of economic modernization and political development.

The Cultural Revolution at the Margins

Author: Yiching Wu Wu

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674419863

Category: History

Page: 361

View: 6235

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The Cultural Revolution began from above, yet it was students and workers at the grassroots who advanced the movement's radical possibilities by acting and thinking for themselves. Resolving to suppress the resulting crisis, Mao set events in motion in 1968 that left out in the cold those rebels who had taken it most seriously, Yiching Wu shows.

China Under Mao

Author: Andrew G. Walder

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674286707

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 1735

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China’s Communist Party seized power in 1949 after a long guerrilla insurgency followed by full-scale war, but the revolution was just beginning. Andrew Walder narrates the rise and fall of the Maoist state from 1949 to 1976—an epoch of startling accomplishments and disastrous failures, steered by many forces but dominated above all by Mao Zedong.

The Politics of China

Sixty Years of The People's Republic of China

Author: Roderick MacFarquhar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498223

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2668

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Thirty years ago, China was emerging from one of the most traumatic periods in its history. The Chinese people had been ravaged by long years of domestic struggle, terrible famine and economic and political isolation. Today, China has the world's second largest economy and is a major player in global diplomacy. This volume, written by some of the leading experts in the field, tracks China's extraordinary transformation from the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, through the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution and the death of Chairman Mao, to its dynamic rise as a superpower in the twenty-first century. The latest edition of the book includes a new introduction and a seventh chapter which focuses on the legacy of Deng Xiaoping, the godfather of China's transformation, under his successors Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao.

Mao's Great Famine

The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-62

Author: Frank Dikötter

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0747595089

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 2757

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An unprecedented, groundbreaking history of China's Great Famine that recasts the era of Mao Zedong and the history of the People's Republic of China.

Quotations from Chairman Mao Tsetung

Author: Zedong Mao

Publisher: China Books

ISBN: 9780835123884

Category: History

Page: 311

View: 1158

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This new reprint brings back our best-selling book to date, in the familiar red plastic cover. Still popular as a textbook and primary document of the Cultural Revolution. The book that changed the world and shaped a generation of Chinese people, it contains the essence of Mao's philosophy, political thinking and military strategy.

The Cultural Revolution

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Richard Curt Kraus

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199740550

Category: History

Page: 138

View: 6448

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Examines the radical Chinese Communist movement called the Cultural Revolution, a period of suppression so controversial in China, that the Chinese government forbids a full investigation into it even 50 years later. Original.

The Chinese cultural revolution as history

Author: Joseph Esherick,Paul Pickowicz,Andrew George Walder

Publisher: Stanford Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780804753500

Category: History

Page: 382

View: 759

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Based on a wide variety of unusual and only recently available sources, this book covers the entire Cultural Revolution decade (1966-76) and shows how the Cultural Revolution was experienced by ordinary Chinese at the base of urban and rural society. The contributors emphasize the complex interaction of state and society during this tumultuous period, exploring the way events originating at the center of political power changed people's lives and how, in turn, people's responses took the Cultural Revolution in unplanned and unanticipated directions. This approach offers a more fruitful way to understand the Cultural Revolution and its historical legacies. The book provides a new look at the student Red Guard movements, the effort to identify and cultivate potential “revolutionary” leaders in outlying provinces, stubborn resistance to campaigns to destroy the old culture, and the violence and mass killings in rural China.

Wild Swans

Three Daughters of China

Author: Jung Chang

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439106495

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 544

View: 1851

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The story of three generations in twentieth-century China that blends the intimacy of memoir and the panoramic sweep of eyewitness history—a bestselling classic in thirty languages with more than ten million copies sold around the world, now with a new introduction from the author. An engrossing record of Mao’s impact on China, an unusual window on the female experience in the modern world, and an inspiring tale of courage and love, Jung Chang describes the extraordinary lives and experiences of her family members: her grandmother, a warlord’s concubine; her mother’s struggles as a young idealistic Communist; and her parents’ experience as members of the Communist elite and their ordeal during the Cultural Revolution. Chang was a Red Guard briefly at the age of fourteen, then worked as a peasant, a “barefoot doctor,” a steelworker, and an electrician. As the story of each generation unfolds, Chang captures in gripping, moving—and ultimately uplifting—detail the cycles of violent drama visited on her own family and millions of others caught in the whirlwind of history.

Mao's China and After

A History of the People's Republic, Third Edition

Author: Maurice Meisner

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684856352

Category: History

Page: 587

View: 5177

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When MAO'S CHINA first appeared in 1977, it was hailed as the single most useful general volume on recent Chinese history, covering every important question of the time with clarity and amazing insight. Now, Meisner brings the third edition of his definitive work, with new information provided throughout the classic study. Including a whole new section in Part Six, 'Deng Xiaoping and the Origins of Chinese Capitalism: 1976-1998', Meisner assesses the country's uneasy relationship with democracy, socialism and capitalism. Retaining the elegance, lucidity and comprehensiveness he is known for, Meisner moves far beyond his previous work to paint a never-before-seen portrait of the political and social realities of China on the brink of the new Millennium, and the global implications of its rise to economic and political power.

The Cultural Revolution on Trial

Justice in the Post-Mao Transition

Author: Alexander C. Cook

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521761115

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 3416

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This book provides the first account of the most famous trial in Chinese history, and details the search for justice after Mao's Cultural Revolution.

Revolution Is Not a Dinner Party

Author: Ying Chang Compestine

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company (BYR)

ISBN: 9781429924559

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 256

View: 7752

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The summer of 1972, before I turned nine, danger began knocking on doors all over China. Nine-year-old Ling has a very happy life. Her parents are both dedicated surgeons at the best hospital in Wuhan, and her father teaches her English as they listen to Voice of America every evening on the radio. But when one of Mao's political officers moves into a room in their apartment, Ling begins to witness the gradual disintegration of her world. In an atmosphere of increasing mistrust and hatred, Ling fears for the safety of her neighbors, and soon, for herself and her family. For the next four years, Ling will suffer more horrors than many people face in a lifetime. Will she be able to grow and blossom under the oppressive rule of Chairman Mao? Or will fighting to survive destroy her spirit—and end her life? Revolution Is Not a Dinner Party is a 2008 Bank Street - Best Children's Book of the Year.