Maldynia

Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Illness of Chronic Pain

Author: James Giordano

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439836316

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 1139

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Whether initiated by injury or disease, induced and sustained by changes in the nervous system, or manifested by society and culture, chronic pain can change one’s first-person experience of the body and the world, and ultimately impacts cognitions, emotions, and behavior. Many fine medical books address the causes and management of chronic intractable pain, but rarely do they focus on the ways that such pain creates illness and is experienced and expressed by persons in pain. Maldynia: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Illness of Chronic Pain is about chronic pain that has progressed to a multidimensional illness state in and of itself. Although often dismissed as such, this pain is not imaginary, but rather represents an interaction of neurobiological processes, emotional and behavioral responses, and socio-cultural effects and reactions that become enduring elements in the life and world of the pain patient, and often remain enigmatic for those who provide care. Taking a comprehensive approach that covers science, humanities, and culture, this volume emphasizes the need for researchers, clinicians, and caregivers to regard the ways in which chronic intractable pain becomes illness and affects a patient’s biological, social, and psychological states, as well as his or her sense of self. Edited by neuroscientist and neuroethicist James Giordano, this book contains 17 insightful chapters representing medicine, neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, ethics, history, art, and the ministry. This exceptional volume also looks at representations of pain in and through the arts, addresses the assignation of values and meaning in pain assessment and treatment, and considers ways to conjoin the sciences and humanities so as to inform the practice of pain medicine and improve the care of those suffering the illness of chronic pain.

Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management

Author: James S. Gaynor,William W. Muir III

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323222145

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 9587

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Trust the Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management, 3rd Edition to help you meet the increasing need for effective pain management in the animals you treat. This user-friendly guide contains the most up-to-date and clinically relevant information on analgesic drugs and managing pain in dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, ferrets, and rabbits. It specifically covers the areas of pain assessment, pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical treatment options, guidelines for managing acute and chronic pain, and unique aspects of pain management. This edition also incorporates expanded information on cats, exotics, the latest drugs, and more to keep you on top of today’s best practices in veterinary pain management. The latest information on complementary and alternative strategies for pain management offers the guidance to help you incorporate non-pharmacologic treatments into their pain management programs. Numerous boxes and tables summarize pharmacologic protocols and clinical applications, with dosages, indications, contraindications, and side effects to provide you with the comprehensive drug information needed to find the most effective and appropriate treatment. User-friendly format helps you quickly and easily find essential information. Case studies illustrating realistic clinical scenarios help you learn how to assess and manage pain in the clinical setting. NEW! Eight new chapters include the latest information on: the human-animal bond local and regional techniques preventive and multimodal analgesia energy modalities acupuncture physical examination with emphasis on isolating and locating pain therapeutic goals pain in laboratory animals NEW! Completely updated drug information, with new agents, doseforms, and routes provides the most current pain management therapies for use in the clinical setting. NEW! Expanded sections on the cat and exotics address the growing popularity of these pets by providing additional species-specific information.

Exercise and Disease Management, Second Edition

Author: Brian C. Leutholtz,Ignacio Ripoll

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439827605

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 6756

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Exercise and Disease Management is designed to help managed care physicians, their patients, other health care professionals, and interested readers integrate current exercise guidelines into their practices. This extraordinary book is accompanied by a series of 11 workbooks, each one for a chronic disease, designed specifically for physicians to give to their patients. These workbooks make it convenient for physicians to prescribe physical activity to their patients in a ready-to-use format. Each book chapter and workbook contains a section on the background, medical management, and exercise guidelines, accompanied by self-care instructions for patients, encouraging them to take a proactive role in their health and disease management. New and Updated in the Second Edition: A ready-to-use "Exercise Prescription Page," which follows each chapter on a specific disease, enables health care professionals, especially physicians in managed care, to prescribe exercise quickly to clients with specific medical conditions The "Rate Pressure Product" method for prescribing exercise helps health care providers individualize exercise prescriptions for patients with heart disease by accounting for the amount of oxygen the heart uses Individual companion workbooks on CD provide patient health maintenance information about diabetes, AIDS, obesity, golden years (age 65 and older), heart, kidney, peripheral arterial, and lung disease. Workbooks for physical inactivity, osteoporosis, arthritis and high blood pressure also are included on the CD Common question-and-answer sections that help patients understand the diseases from which they suffer and encourages them to take responsibility for their health Exercise and Disease Management, Second Edition consolidates the current knowledge base on exercise and chronic disease, providing a ready-made format for health care providers to use when prescribing exercise programs for their clients. Using guidelines set forth by the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation, this book helps physicians, other health care providers, and health enthusiasts respond to the challenge to keep patients healthier and active and reduce recurrent hospitalizations and health care costs.

Facilitating Treatment Adherence in Pain Medicine

Author: Martin Cheatle,Perry G. Fine

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190600098

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 7408

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In the field of pain medicine, the interventions that can improve a patient's pain, mood, and functionality are only as effective as the patient's willingness to follow recommended treatment plans. Facilitating Treatment Adherence in Pain Medicine provides a practical guide to understanding and improving patient adherence with regards to both opioid and non-opioid pharmacotherapy, pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic pain interventions, and use of biometrics and behavioral techniques. The book also explores the ethics of dealing with patients who are non-adherent. Facilitating Treatment Adherence in Pain Medicine is the first book to address the obstacle patient non-adherence poses to reaching therapeutic goals in pain medicine, making it an ideal resource for pain physicians and primary care physicians who manage patients with chronic pain.

Concrete Solutions

Proceedings of Concrete Solutions, 6th International Conference on Concrete Repair, Thessaloniki, Greece, 20-23 June 2016

Author: Michael Grantham

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315315580

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 632

View: 1220

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Concrete Solutions contains the contributions from some 30 countries to Concrete Solutions, the 6th International Conference on Concrete Repair (Thessaloniki, Greece, 20-23 June 2016). Strengthening and retrofitting are major themes in this volume, with NDT and electrochemical repair following closely, discussing the latest advances and technologies in concrete repair. The book brings together some interesting and challenging theoretical approaches and questions if we really understand and approach such topics as corrosion monitoring correctly. Concrete Solutions is an essential reference work for those working in the concrete repair field, from engineers to architects and from students to clients. The Concrete Solutions Series of international conferences on concrete repair began in 2003 with a conference held in St. Malo, France in association with INSA Rennes. Subsequent conferences have seen the Series partnering with the University of Padua (Italy) in 2009, with TU Dresden (Germany) in 2011 and with Queen’s University Belfast (Northern Ireland) in 2014. In 2016 Thessaloniki (Greece) hosted the conference, partnering with both Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH) and Democritus University of Thrace (DUTH). The next conference in the series will be held in 2019 in Istanbul.

Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics

Author: James J. Giordano,Bert Gordijn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139487272

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 8549

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While neuroscience has provided insights into the structure and function of nervous systems, hard questions remain about the nature of consciousness, mind, and self. Perhaps the most difficult questions involve the meaning of neuroscientific information, and how to pursue and utilize neuroscientific knowledge in ways that are consistent with some construal of social 'good'. Written for researchers and graduate students in neuroscience and bioethics, Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics explores important developments in neuroscience and neurotechnology, and addresses the philosophical, ethical, and social issues and problems that such advancements generate. It examines three core questions. First, what is the scope and direction of neuroscientific inquiry? Second, how has progress to date affected scientific and philosophical ideas, and finally, what ethical issues and problems does this progress and knowledge incur, both now and in the future?

Essential Cell Biology

Author: Bruce Alberts,Dennis Bray,Karen Hopkin,Alexander D Johnson,Julian Lewis,Martin Raff,Keith Roberts,Peter Walter

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1317806271

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 6734

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Essential Cell Biology provides a readily accessible introduction to the central concepts of cell biology, and its lively, clear writing and exceptional illustrations make it the ideal textbook for a first course in both cell and molecular biology. The text and figures are easy-to-follow, accurate, clear, and engaging for the introductory student. Molecular detail has been kept to a minimum in order to provide the reader with a cohesive conceptual framework for the basic science that underlies our current understanding of all of biology, including the biomedical sciences. The Fourth Edition has been thoroughly revised, and covers the latest developments in this fast-moving field, yet retains the academic level and length of the previous edition. The book is accompanied by a rich package of online student and instructor resources, including over 130 narrated movies, an expanded and updated Question Bank. Essential Cell Biology, Fourth Edition is additionally supported by the Garland Science Learning System. This homework platform is designed to evaluate and improve student performance and allows instructors to select assignments on specific topics and review the performance of the entire class, as well as individual students, via the instructor dashboard. Students receive immediate feedback on their mastery of the topics, and will be better prepared for lectures and classroom discussions. The user-friendly system provides a convenient way to engage students while assessing progress. Performance data can be used to tailor classroom discussion, activities, and lectures to address students’ needs precisely and efficiently. For more information and sample material, visit http://garlandscience.rocketmix.com/.

The History of English

An Introduction

Author: Stephan Gramley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136592687

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 464

View: 2924

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The History of English: An Introduction provides a chronological analysis of the linguistic, social, and cultural development of the English language from before its establishment in Britain around the year 450 to the present. Each chapter represents a new stage in the development of the language from Old English through Middle English to Modern Global English, all illustrated with a rich and diverse selection of primary texts showing changes in language resulting from contact, conquest and domination, and the expansion of English around the world. The History of English goes beyond the usual focus on English in the UK and the USA to include the wider global course of the language during and following the Early Modern English period. This perspective therefore also includes a historical review of English in its pidgin and creole varieties and as a native and/or second language in the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, and Australasia. Designed to be user-friendly, The History of English contains: chapter introductions and conclusions to assist study over 80 textual examples demonstrating linguistic change, accompanied by translations and/or glosses where appropriate study questions on the social, cultural and linguistic background of the chapter topics further reading from key texts to extend or deepen the focus nearly 100 supporting figures, tables, and maps to illuminate the text 16-pages of colour plates depicting exemplary texts, relevant artefacts, and examples of language usage, including Germanic runes, the opening page of Beowulf, the New England Primer, and the Treaty of Waitangi. The companion website at www.routledge.com/cw/gramley supports the textbook and features: an extended view of major aspects of language development as well as synopses of material dealt with in a range of chapters in the book further sample texts, including examples from Chaucer, numerous Early Modern English texts from a wide variety of fields, and twenty-first-century novels additional exercises to help users expand their insights and apply background knowledge an interactive timeline of important historical events and developments with linked encyclopaedic entries audio clips providing examples of a wide range of accents The History of English is essential reading for any student of the English language.

Africa South of the Sahara 2019

Author: Europa Publications

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781857439427

Category:

Page: 1570

View: 6927

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The definitive one-volume guide to all sub-Saharan African countries, providing invaluable economic, political, statistical and directory data. General Survey Thoroughly revised and updated analytical articles written by experts on the region and covering both continent-wide and sub-regional issues. Country Surveys Individual chapters on every country incorporating: essays on the physical and social geography, recent history and economies an extensive statistical survey of economic indicators a full directory containing names, addresses and contact details for key areas such as the government, diplomatic representation, the media, finance, trade and industry, and defence a useful bibliography, providing sources for further research. Regional Information Detailed information on regional organizations; commodities; research institutes; and select bibliographies of books and periodicals.

Orofacial Disorders

Current Therapies in Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine

Author: João N. A. R. Ferreira,James Fricton,Nelson Rhodus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331951508X

Category: Medical

Page: 354

View: 5533

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This cutting-edge book is a quick reference guide to the evidence-based evaluation, diagnosis, and management of the broad spectrum of orofacial disorders. Each chapter is devoted to a particular disease or disorder and presents advances in our understanding of the condition, the most recent evaluation and diagnostic strategies, and up-to-date treatment approaches. In addition, strategies for integration of care into routine dental practice are explained, and information provided on how to comprehensively diagnose and manage orofacial disorders. The coverage encompasses the latest technological advances in the field, such as novel pharmaceuticals, diagnostic tools, gene transfer techniques, radiotherapy modalities, and a vast array of interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approaches including complementary and alternative therapies for orofacial disorders.Although the management of orofacial disorders is emerging as a distinct field of dentistry, many dentists and physicians are unfamiliar with recent advances in the care of patients with these disorders including orofacial pain, oral lesions and cancer, malodor, xerostomia, obstructive sleep apnea, bruxism and oral parafunctional behaviors, temporomandibular disorders, occlusal dysesthesias, orofacial neuropathic pains, and headaches. This book, written by world class experts, is deliberately geared to the level of understanding of a clinician. It will serve as an ideal evidence-based reference and source of specific clinical recommendations in daily practice.

Engineered Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibrous Material

Author: A. K. Haghi,Praveen K.M.,Sabu Thomas

Publisher: Apple Academic Press

ISBN: 9781771887045

Category: Carbon nanotubes

Page: 378

View: 6005

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Carbon nanotubes, with their extraordinary engineering properties, have garnered much attention in the past 10 years. Because of the broad range of potential applications, the scientific community is more motivated than ever to move beyond basic properties and explore the real issues associated with carbon nanotube-based applications. Presenting up-to-date literature that presents the current state of the science, this book, Engineered Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibrous Material: Integrating Theory and Technique, fully explores the development phase of carbon nanotube-based applications. It looks at carbon nanotubes and their applications in diverse areas of science and engineering and considers environmental engineering applications as well. This volume is a valuable resource for engineers, scientists, researchers, and professionals in a wide range of disciplines whose focus remains on the power and promise of carbon nanotubes.

The Pain Chronicles

Cures, Myths, Mysteries, Prayers, Diaries, Brain Scans, Healing, and the Science of Suffering

Author: Melanie Thernstrom

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 9781429979450

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 9465

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Each of us will know physical pain in our lives, but none of us knows when it will come or how long it will stay. Today as much as 10 percent of the population of the United States suffers from chronic pain. It is more widespread, misdiagnosed, and undertreated than any major disease. While recent research has shown that pain produces pathological changes to the brain and spinal cord, many doctors and patients still labor under misguided cultural notions and outdated scientific dogmas that prevent proper treatment, to devastating effect. In The Pain Chronicles, a singular and deeply humane work, Melanie Thernstrom traces conceptions of pain throughout the ages—from ancient Babylonian pain-banishing spells to modern brain imaging—to reveal the elusive, mysterious nature of pain itself. Interweaving first-person reflections on her own battle with chronic pain, incisive reportage from leading-edge pain clinics and medical research, and insights from a wide range of disciplines—science, history, religion, philosophy, anthropology, literature, and art—Thernstrom shows that when dealing with pain we are neither as advanced as we imagine nor as helpless as we may fear. Both a personal meditation and an intellectual exploration, The Pain Chronicles illuminates and makes sense of the all-too-human experience of pain—and confronts with extraordinary grace and empathy its peculiar traits, its harrowing effects, and its various antidotes.

Language, Society and Power

An Introduction

Author: Annabelle Mooney,Jean Stilwell Peccei,Suzanne LaBelle,Berit Engøy Henriksen,Eva Eppler,Anthea Irwin,Pia Pichler,Siân Preece,Satori Soden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136864229

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 1513

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Language, Society and Power is the essential introductory text for students studying language in a variety of social contexts. This book examines the ways in which language functions, how it influences thought and how it varies according to age, ethnicity, class and gender. It seeks to answer such questions as: How can a language reflect the status of children and older people? Do men and women talk differently? How can our use of language mark our ethnic identity? It also looks at language use in politics and the media and investigates how language affects and constructs our identities, exploring notions of correctness and attitudes towards language use. This third edition of this bestselling book has been completely revised to include recent developments in theory and research and offers the following features: a range of new and engaging international examples drawn from everyday life: beauty advertisements, conversation transcripts, newspaper headlines reporting on asylum seekers, language themed cartoons, and excerpts from the television programme South Park and satirical news website The Onion new activities designed to give students a real understanding of the topic a new chapter covering 'Student Projects' – giving readers suggestions on how to further explore the topics covered in the book updated and expanded further reading sections for each chapter and a glossary. While it can be used as a stand-alone text, this edition of Language, Society and Power has also been fully cross-referenced with the new companion title: The Language, Society and Power Reader. Together these books provide the complete resource for students of English language and linguistics, media, communication, cultural studies, sociology and psychology.

Neurotechnology

Premises, Potential, and Problems

Author: James Giordano

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439825866

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 2588

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New technologies that allow us to investigate mechanisms and functions of the brain have shown considerable promise in treating brain disease and injury. These emerging technologies also provide a means to assess and manipulate human consciousness, cognitions, emotions, and behaviors, bringing with them the potential to transform society. Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential, and Problems explores the technical, moral, legal, and sociopolitical issues that arise in and from today’s applications of neuroscience and technology and discusses their implications for the future. Some of the issues raised in this thought-provoking volume include: Neurotechnology in education: an enablement, a treatment, or an enhancement? The potential and limitations of neuroimaging technology in determining patient prognoses Tissue implantation technology as a way of engendering personalized medicine Neuroprostheses: restoration of functions of the disabled vs. enhancement to transhuman capabilities Deep brain stimulation and its use in restoring, preserving, or changing patients’ personal identity The benefit and risk of cognitive performance tools Cyborg technology and its potential to change our vision of humanity Methodologies for reducing the risk of neurotechnology’s impact on ethical, legal, and social issues With contributions from an international group of experts working on the cutting edge of neurotechnology, this volume lays the groundwork to appreciate the ethical, legal, and social aspects of the science in ways that keep pace with this rapidly progressing field.

Pain

The Science of Suffering

Author: Patrick Wall

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231529406

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 6848

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Pain is one of medicine's greatest mysteries. When farmer John Mitson caught his hand in a baler, he cut off his trapped hand and carried it to a neighbor. "Sheer survival and logic" was how he described it. "And strangely, I didn't feel any pain." How can this be? We're taught that pain is a warning message to be heeded at all costs, yet it can switch off in the most agonizing circumstances or switch on for no apparent reason. Many scientists, philosophers, and laypeople imagine pain to operate like a rigid, simple signaling system, as if a particular injury generates a fixed amount of pain that simply gets transmitted to the brain; yet this mechanistic model is woefully lacking in the face of the surprising facts about what people and animals do and experience when their bodies are damaged. Patrick Wall looks at these questions and sets his scientific account in a broad context, interweaving it with a wealth of fascinating and sometimes disturbing historical detail, such as famous characters who derived pleasure from pain, the unexpected reactions of injured people, the role of endorphins, and the power of placebo. He covers cures of pain, ranging from drugs and surgery, through relaxation techniques and exercise, to acupuncture, electrical nerve stimulation, and herbalism. Pain involves our state of mind, our social mores and beliefs, and our personal experiences and expectations. Stepping beyond the famous neurologic gate-control theory for which he is known, Wall shows that pain is a matter of behavior and its manifestation differs among individuals, situations, and cultures. "The way we deal with pain is an expression of individuality."

Food Ethics

Author: Franz-Theo Gottwald,Hans Werner Ingensiep,Marc Meinhardt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441957658

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 930

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In this first decade of the 21st century, more than 854 million people in the world are starving, while industrial nations are debating about obesity, generating energy from food plants, and a myriad of other topics many African and south Asian nations could only fathom. In this great discord, there have arisen many interdisciplinary discussions about problems in the field of applied Ethics, with regards to food, that are crossing a considerably wide spectrum of disciplines, such as: obesity, traceability, agro-food biotechnology, dairy industry, transgenic plants, novel food, bio fuels, world-trade system, etc. This book presents international discussions and information concerning food ethics in its current state. It presents a variety of important aspects in the field of food ethics with respect to positions, instruments and applications of issues surrounding nutrition. A great deal of the book will concern itself with discussing different ethical positions and problems of current interests, as explained by experts of the "food-ethics-community". The articles will focus on the reality of global food problems through two main issues: current questions of nutrition in the specific contexts of field and experience, ethical tools, ideas and suggestions concerning long-term steps for solutions. The appendix presents a collection of current declarations and political statements – visions, proposals and goals in a worth living world in general and concerning specific problems - water, healthy food, the human right to food, sustainability and food sovereignty.

Handbook of Pain Syndromes

Biopsychosocial Perspectives

Author: Andrew R. Block,Ephrem Fernandez,Edwin Kremer

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134806612

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 7946

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Pain syndromes involve a complex interaction of medical and psychological factors. In each syndrome unique physiological mechanisms are mediated by emotional states, personality traits, and environmental pressures to determine the nature and extent of pain complaints and pain-related disability. The Handbook addresses the complexities of chronic pain in three ways. Section I describes general concerns that cross-cut the different syndromes, such as the use of narcotic pain medications, the detection of deception and malingering, and the epidemiology of pain. Section II presents comprehensive reviews of a wide range of pain syndromes. Each covers basic pathophysiology, psychological factors found to influence the course of the syndrome, and syndrome-specific multidisciplinary treatment approaches. Most of the Section II chapters are coauthored by psychologists and physicians. Section III discusses pain in special populations, including the elderly and children. The Handbook is the most up-to-date, comprehensive, and integrated single-volume resource for all those professionally concerned with pain.

Developments in Neuroscience

Proceedings of the 2nd International Mt. Bandai Symposium for Neuroscience 2001 Held in Bandai on 27 October 2001

Author: Kazuo Watanabe

Publisher: Elsevier Science Health Science Division

ISBN: 9780444512383

Category: Medical

Page: 673

View: 5586

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This volume comprises the proceedings of the International Mt Bandai Symposia on Neuroscience held at Mt Bandai on 27 October 2001. The content covers not only just the field of neurosurgery, but also many other fields. There is special emphasis placed on new development in the field of neuroscience.