The Life and Scientific Legacy of George Porter

Author: David Phillips,James Barber

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1908979836

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 652

View: 2852

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Sir George Porter (Lord Porter of Luddenham) was one of the most highly regarded and well known scientists in Britain. He was appointed Director of the Royal Institution in 1966, awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1967, and was the only Director of the Royal Institution to later become President of the Royal Society (1985-1990). Porter had a marvellous gift for communicating his infectious enthusiasm for science, and as President of the Royal Society, he worked hard to improve the status of science, and employed his communication skills ably in the defence of British science under attack from inadequate government funding, of which he was fiercely critical. It was for his work on flash photolysis in Cambridge that ultimately led him to win the Nobel Prize. Together with Ronald Norrish and Manfred Eigen, he shared the 1967 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, for their work on techniques for observing and studying extremely fast chemical reactions during the processes of combustion, explosion and chain reaction. In this volume, his peers, former colleagues, students and friends — themselves highly regarded and well known scientists in their own right — come together to honour and celebrate the enormous contributions of this man. They comment on their respective personal and working relationships with Porter and on his work. The contributors include Mary Archer (University of Cambridge, UK), James Barber (Imperial College London, UK), Godfrey Beddard (University of Leeds, UK), Graham Fleming (University California, Berkeley, USA), Michael George (University of Nottingham, UK), Anthony Harriman (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK), David Klug (Imperial College London, UK), Harry Kroto (University of Sussex, UK), Edward Land (Keele University, UK), A J MacRobert (University of College London, UK), David Phillips (Imperial College London, UK), Martyn Poliakoff (University of Nottingham, UK), F Sherwood Rowland (University of California, Irvine, USA), Brian Thrush (University of Cambridge, UK), George Truscott (Keele University, UK), James Turner (University of Nottingham, UK), Barry Ward (UK), Frank Wilkinson (Loughborough University of Technology, UK), Keitaro Yoshihara (Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan), and Ahmed Zewail (California Institute of Technology, USA). Contents:Contribution from Graham R FlemingContribution from Brian Arthur ThrushContribution from Ahmed ZewailContribution from Harry Kroto and Barry WardContribution from F Sherwood RowlandContribution from Frank WilkinsonContribution from George Truscott and Edward LandContribution from David PhillipsContribution from Alexander J MacrobertContribution from Martyn Poliakoff, Michael George and James TurnerContribution from David R KlugContribution from James BarberContribution from Godfrey BeddardContribution from Keitaro YoshiharaContribution from Mary ArcherContribution from Anthony HarrimanContribution from David Phillips Readership: Historians of science and chemistry researchers. Keywords:George Porter;Flash Photolysis;PhotochemistryKey Features:Includes commentaries from well-known scientists such as Nobel Laureates Harry Kroto, F Sherwood Rowland, and Ahmed ZewailReviews:“This book will be of interest to his colleagues and contemporaries in physical chemistry, and indirectly to historians via the first-hand attributions of Porter's influence. Between the lines, this book is a catalogue of the credentials of the great and the good of two generations in British chemistry.”AMBIX

Adlai Stevenson

his life and legacy

Author: Porter McKeever

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 591

View: 6554

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With complete access to private and official papers, Stevenson confidant Porter McKeever has written a masterful biography 25 years after the legendary statesman's death. Stevenson's combination of eloquence, vision, sophistication, and popular appeal have few equals, and he has remained one of the last great political heroes of our time. Photos.

Applying Maths in the Chemical and Biomolecular Sciences

An Example-based Approach

Author: Godfrey Beddard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199230919

Category: Mathematics

Page: 786

View: 3676

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Applying Maths in the Chemical and Biomolecular Sciences uses an extensive array of examples to demonstrate how mathematics is applied to probe and understand chemical and biological systems. It also embeds the use of software, showing how the application of maths and use of software now go hand-in-hand.

Carotenoids

Physical, Chemical, and Biological Functions and Properties

Author: John T. Landrum

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420052312

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 4103

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Carotenoids are of great interest due to their essential biological functions in both plants and animals. However, the properties and functions of carotenoids in natural systems are surprisingly complex. With an emphasis on the chemical aspects of these compounds, Carotenoids: Physical, Chemical, and Biological Functions and Properties presents a broad overview and recent developments with respect to understanding carotenoid structure, electronic and photochemical properties, and the use of novel analytical methods in the detection and characterization of carotenoids and their actions. The text also explores LC/MS and LC/MS/MS techniques as well as new applications of PCR and molecular biology methodologies.

Photosystem II

The Light-Driven Water:Plastoquinone Oxidoreductase

Author: T. Wydrzynski,Kimiyuki Satoh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140204254X

Category: Science

Page: 786

View: 5960

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The most mysterious part of photosynthesis yet the most important for all aerobic life on Earth (including ourselves) is how green plants, algae and cyanobacteria make atmospheric oxygen from water. This thermodynamically difficult process is only achieved in Nature by the unique pigment/protein complex known as Photosystem II, using sunlight to power the reaction. The present volume contains 34 comprehensive chapters authored by 75 scientific experts from around the world. It gives an up-to-date account on all what is currently known about the molecular biology, biochemistry, biophysics and physiology of Photosystem II. The book is divided into several parts detailing the protein constituents, functional sites, tertiary structure, molecular dynamics, and mechanisms of homeostasis. The book ends with a comparison of Photosystem II with other related enzymes and bio-mimetic systems. Since the unique water-splitting chemistry catalyzed by Photosystem II leads to the production of pure oxygen gas and has the potential for making hydrogen gas, a primary goal of this book is to provide a molecular guide to future protein engineers and bio-mimetic chemists in the development of biocatalysts for the generation of clean, renewable energy from sunlight and water.

Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy

Author: Rodney D. Holder,Simon Mitton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642322549

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 8623

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The year 2011 marked the 80th anniversary of Georges Lemaître’s primeval atom model of the universe, forerunner of the modern day Big Bang theory. Prompted by this momentous anniversary the Royal Astronomical Society decided to publish a volume of essays on the life, work and faith of this great cosmologist, who was also a Roman Catholic priest. The papers presented in this book examine in detail the historical, cosmological, philosophical and theological issues surrounding the development of the Big Bang theory from its beginnings in the pioneering work of Lemaître through to the modern day. This book offers the best account in English of Lemaître’s life and work. It will be appreciated by professionals and graduate students interested in the history of cosmology.

Buying a Better World

George Soros and Billionaire Philanthropy

Author: Anna Porter

Publisher: Dundurn

ISBN: 1459731050

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 2433

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The incredible, inside story of the man and the organization changing the way we change the world. George Soros is well known as the legendary speculator who made a fortune betting against the British pound in 1992, but he is also a philanthropist who has spent billions in order to promote democracy around the world. Morton Abramowitz of the Carnegie Endowment for Peace once said that Soros was “the only private citizen with his own foreign policy.” Anna Porter has interviewed Soros, his senior staff, journalists, politicians, and many others in an attempt to understand the man. Each person has a unique story to tell. Focusing on the last decade, she explores how Soros’s Open Society Foundations have spread his ideas of human rights, democracy, Western liberalism, and participatory capitalism around the globe. These are the ideas Soros has said he considers worth dying for. How have they translated into reality? What will his legacy be?

Rising from the Rails

Pullman Porters and the Making of the Black Middle Class

Author: Larry Tye

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 1466818751

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 2210

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An engaging social history that reveals the critical role Pullman porters played in the struggle for African American civil rights When George Pullman began recruiting Southern blacks as porters in his luxurious new sleeping cars, the former slaves suffering under Jim Crow laws found his offer of a steady job and worldly experience irresistible. They quickly signed up to serve as maid, waiter, concierge, nanny, and occasionally doctor and undertaker to cars full of white passengers, making the Pullman Company the largest employer of African American men in the country by the 1920s. In the world of the Pullman sleeping car, where whites and blacks lived in close proximity, porters developed a unique culture marked by idiosyncratic language, railroad lore, and shared experience. They called difficult passengers "Mister Charlie"; exchanged stories about Daddy Jim, the legendary first Pullman porter; and learned to distinguish generous tippers such as Humphrey Bogart from skinflints like Babe Ruth. At the same time, they played important social, political, and economic roles, carrying jazz and blues to outlying areas, forming America's first black trade union, and acting as forerunners of the modern black middle class by virtue of their social position and income. Drawing on extensive interviews with dozens of porters and their descendants, Larry Tye reconstructs the complicated world of the Pullman porter and the vital cultural, political, and economic roles they played as forerunners of the modern black middle class. Rising from the Rails provides a lively and enlightening look at this important social phenomenon.

Secret Historian

The Life and Times of Samuel Steward, Professor, Tattoo Artist, and Sexual Renegade

Author: Justin Spring

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 9781429932943

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 496

View: 8612

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Drawn from the secret, never-before-seen diaries, journals, and sexual records of the novelist, poet, and university professor Samuel M. Steward, Secret Historian is a sensational reconstruction of one of the more extraordinary hidden lives of the twentieth century. An intimate friend of Gertrude Stein, Alice B. Toklas, and Thornton Wilder, Steward maintained a secret sex life from childhood on, and documented these experiences in brilliantly vivid (and often very funny) detail. After leaving the world of academe to become Phil Sparrow, a tattoo artist on Chicago's notorious South State Street, Steward worked closely with Alfred Kinsey on his landmark sex research. During the early 1960s, Steward changed his name and identity once again, this time to write exceptionally literate, upbeat pro-homosexual pornography under the name of Phil Andros. Until today he has been known only as Phil Sparrow—but an extraordinary archive of his papers, lost since his death in 1993, has provided Justin Spring with the material for an exceptionally compassionate and brilliantly illuminating life-and-times biography. More than merely the story of one remarkable man, Secret Historian is a moving portrait of homosexual life long before Stonewall and gay liberation. Secret Historian is a 2010 National Book Award Finalist for Nonfiction.

David Baker

A Legacy in Music

Author: Monika Herzig

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253005248

Category: Music

Page: 448

View: 9305

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A Living Jazz Legend, musician and composer David Baker has made a distinctive mark on the world of music in his nearly 60-year career—as player (chiefly on trombone and cello), composer, and educator. In this richly illustrated volume, Monika Herzig explores Baker’s artistic legacy, from his days as a jazz musician in Indianapolis to his long-term gig as Distinguished Professor and Chairman of the Jazz Studies department at Indiana University. Baker’s credits are striking: in the 1960s he was a member of George Russell’s "out there" sextet and orchestra; by the 1980s he was in the jazz educator’s hall of fame. His compositions have been recorded by performers as diverse as Dexter Gordon and Janos Starker, the Beaux Arts Trio, the Composer’s String Quartet and the Czech Philharmonic. Featuring enlightening interviews with Baker and a CD of unreleased recordings and Baker compositions, this book brings a jazz legend into clear view.

Dorothy Porter Wesley at Howard University

Building a Legacy of Black History

Author: Janet L. Sims-Wood

Publisher: History Press (SC)

ISBN: 9781626196445

Category: History

Page: 143

View: 2930

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"When Dorothy Burnett joined the library staff at Howard University in 1928, she was given a mandate to administer a library of Negro life and history. The school purchased the Arthur B. Spingarn Collection in 1946, along with other collections, and Burnett, who would later become Dorothy Porter Wesley, helped create a world-class archive known as the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center and cemented her place as an immensely important figure in the preservation of African American history. Wesley's zeal for unearthing materials related to African American history earned her the name of 'Shopping Bag Lady.' Join author, historian and former Howard University librarian Janet Sims-Wood as she charts the award-winning and distinguished career of an iconic archivist"--

Miss Rumphius

Author: Barbara Cooney

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0140505393

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 32

View: 8371

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Seeking adventure in faraway places, Miss Rumphius fulfills her dream and then sets out to make the world more beautiful.

George, Nicholas and Wilhelm

Three Royal Cousins and the Road to World War I

Author: Miranda Carter

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 1400079128

Category: History

Page: 498

View: 1714

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In the years before World War I, the great European powers were ruled by three first cousins: King George V, Kaiser Wilhelm II, and Tsar Nicholas II. Carter uses the cousins' correspondence and a host of historical sources to tell their tragicomic stories.

American First Ladies

Their Lives and Their Legacy

Author: Lewis L. Gould

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415930215

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 468

View: 8320

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This volume presents thirty-nine interpretive biographical essays on all first ladies, from Martha Washington to America's newest First Lady, Laura Bush. This new edition contains updated material on all the living First Ladies and updated bibliographies for each entry, as well as a portrait of the newest First Lady.

The Gatsby Affair

Scott, Zelda, and the Betrayal that Shaped an American Classic

Author: Kendall Taylor

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538104946

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 7038

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The romance between F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre has been celebrated as one of the greatest of the 20th century. From the beginning, their relationship was a tumultuous one, in which the couple’s excesses were as widely known as their passion for each other. Despite their love, both Scott and Zelda engaged in flirtations that threatened to tear the couple apart. But none had a more profound impact on the two—and on Scott’s writing—as the liaison between Zelda and a French aviator, Edouard Jozan. Though other biographies have written of Jozan as one of Scott’s romantic rivals, accounts of the pilot’s effect on the couple have been superficial at best. In The Gatsby Affair: Scott, Zelda, and the Betrayal That Shaped an American Classic, Kendall Taylor examines the dalliance between the southern belle and the French pilot from a fresh perspective. Drawing on conversations and correspondence with Jozan’s daughter, as well as materials from the Jozan family archives, Taylor sheds new light on this romantic triangle. More than just a casual fling, Zelda’s tryst with Edouard affected Scott as much as it did his wife—and ultimately influenced the author’s most famous creation, Jay Gatsby. Were it not for Zelda’s affair with the pilot, Scott’s novel might be less about betrayal and more about lost illusions. Exploring the private motives of these public figures, Taylor offers new explanations for their behavior. In addition to the love triangle that included Jozan, Taylor also delves into an earlier event in Zelda’s life—a sexual assault she suffered as a teenager—one that affected her future relationships. Both a literary study and a probing look at an iconic couple’s psychological makeup, The Gatsby Affair offers readers a bold interpretation of how one of America’s greatest novels was influenced.

When Paris Sizzled

The 1920s Paris of Hemingway, Chanel, Cocteau, Cole Porter, Josephine Baker, and Their Friends

Author: Mary McAuliffe, PhD

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442253339

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 4262

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When Paris Sizzled vividly portrays the City of Light during the fabulous 1920s, when art and architecture, music, literature, fashion, entertainment, transportation, and behavior all took dramatically new forms. Through rich illustrations and evocative narrative, Mary McAuliffe brings this vibrant era to life.

The Ballad of John Latouche

Author: Howard Pollack

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190458291

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 648

View: 2630

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Born into a poor Virginian family, John Treville Latouche (1914-56), in his short life, made a profound mark on America's musical theater as a lyricist, book writer, and librettist. The wit and skill of his lyrics elicited comparisons with the likes of Ira Gershwin, Lorenz Hart, and Cole Porter, but he had too, noted Stephen Sondheim, "a large vision of what musical theater could be," and he proved especially venturesome in helping to develop a lyric theater that innovatively combined music, word, dance, and costume and set design. Many of his pieces, even if not commonly known today, remain high points in the history of American musical theater. "A great American genius" in the words of Duke Ellington, Latouche initially came to wide public attention in his early twenties with his cantata for soloist and chorus, Ballad for Americans (1939), with music by Earl Robeson-a work that swept the nation during the Second World War. Other milestones in his career included the all-black musical fable, Cabin in the Sky (1940), with Vernon Duke; an interracial updating of John Gay's classic, The Beggar's Opera, as Beggar's Holiday (1946), with Duke Ellington; two acclaimed Broadway operas with Jerome Moross: Ballet Ballads (1948) and The Golden Apple (1954); one of the most enduring operas in the American canon, The Ballad of Baby Doe (1956), with Douglas Moore; and the operetta Candide (1956), with Leonard Bernstein and Lillian Hellman. Extremely versatile, he also wrote cabaret songs, participated in documentary and avant-garde film, translated poetry, adapted plays, and much else. Meanwhile, as one of Manhattan's most celebrated raconteurs and hosts, he developed a wide range of friends in the arts, including, to name only a few, Paul and Jane Bowles (whom he introduced to each other), Yul Brynner, John Cage, Jack Kerouac, Frederick Kiesler, Carson McCullers, Frank O'Hara, Dawn Powell, Ned Rorem, Virgil Thomson, Gore Vidal, and Tennessee Williams-a dazzling constellation of diverse artists working in sundry fields, all attracted to Latouche's brilliance and joie de vivre, not to mention his support for their work. This book draws widely on archival collections both at home and abroad, including Latouche's diaries and the papers of Bernstein, Ellington, Moore, Moross, and many others, to tell for the first time, the story of this fascinating man and his work.

Beebe and Clegg

Their Enduring Photographic Legacy

Author: John Gruber,John Ryan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780692079997

Category:

Page: 208

View: 4831

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BEEBE & CLEGG takes a new look at the railroad photography of Lucius Beebe and Charles Clegg. Beebe was known for "wedge of pie" views of trains and black smoke emanating from steam locomotives. But other, amazing, creative views from both of them appear in their archives at the California State Railroad Museum. It is high time to remember again their contributions, the strong foundation they built for railroad photography, and to place that contribution into the context of the achievements made in the field of railroad photography during the eighty years since Beebe entered the field. Today's design and printing techniques provide an opportunity to reevaluate his and Clegg's prolific output and make their work shine as never before.We present here an exploration of these ideas along with their most memorable images which remain unsurpassed in their dedication to elegance and everyday railroading. Join us in honoring and remembering Lucius Beebe and Charles Clegg, partners in life and work whose quest to elevate railroading to become an icon of the American experience has largely succeeded.

Dinner in Camelot

The Night America's Greatest Scientists, Writers, and Scholars Partied at the Kennedy White House

Author: Joseph A. Esposito

Publisher: University Press of New England

ISBN: 1512602558

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 1516

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In April 1962, President and Mrs. John F. Kennedy hosted forty-nine Nobel Prize winnersÑalong with many other prominent scientists, artists, and writersÑat a famed White House dinner. Among the guests were J. Robert Oppenheimer, who was officially welcomed back to Washington after a stint in the political wilderness; Linus Pauling, who had picketed the White House that very afternoon; William and Rose Styron, who began a fifty-year friendship with the Kennedy family that night; James Baldwin, who would later discuss civil rights with Attorney General Robert Kennedy; Mary Welsh Hemingway, Ernest HemingwayÕs widow, who sat next to the president and grilled him on Cuba policy; John Glenn, who had recently orbited the earth aboard Friendship 7; historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., who argued with Ava Pauling at dinner; and many others. Actor Frederic March gave a public recitation after the meal, including some unpublished work of HemingwayÕs that later became part of Islands in the Stream. Held at the height of the Cold War, the dinner symbolizes a time when intellectuals were esteemed, divergent viewpoints could be respectfully discussed at the highest level, and the great minds of an age might all dine together in the rarefied glamour of Òthe peopleÕs house.Ó