Laws of the Markets

Author: Michel Callon

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631206088

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 9090

With the collapse of the planned economies of Eastern Europe, the market is extending its reach and at the same time claiming its universal applicability.

The SAGE Handbook of Power

Author: Mark Haugaard

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412934001

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 484

View: 9241

Power is arguably one of the key concepts within the social sciences. The SAGE Handbook of Power is the first touchstone for any student or researcher wishing to initiate themselves in the state of the art. Internationally acclaimed, Stewart R Clegg and Mark Haugaard have joined forces to select a collection of papers written by scholars with global reputations for excellence. These papers bridge different conceptual and theoretical positions and draw on many disciplines, including politics, sociology and cultural studies. The sweep and richness of the resulting handbook will help readers contextualise and grow their understanding of this dynamic and important subject area.

The Transformation of Contemporary Health Care

The Market, the Laboratory, and the Forum

Author: Tiago Moreira

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136274251

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 190

View: 2385

The past three decades have seen enormous changes in the organisation of health care. This book explores the role of knowledge production and technology on these transformations, focusing on the market (attempts to embed principles of economic rationality and efficient use of resources in the shaping and delivery of health care), the laboratory (science, experiments and 'evidence' in the management of research, practice and policy) and the forum (the application of deliberative procedures and other forms of public consultation to health care decision making).

The Value of Labor

The Science of Commodification in Hungary, 1920-1956

Author: Martha Lampland

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022631474X

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 5838

At the heart of today’s fierce political anger over income inequality is a feature of capitalism that Karl Marx famously obsessed over: the commodification of labor. Most of us think wage-labor economics is at odds with socialist thinking, but as Martha Lampland explains in this fascinating look at twentieth-century Hungary, there have been moments when such economics actually flourished under socialist regimes. Exploring the region’s transition from a capitalist to a socialist system—and the economic science and practices that endured it—she sheds new light on the two most polarized ideologies of modern history. Lampland trains her eye on the scientific claims of modern economic modeling, using Hungary’s unique vantage point to show how theories, policies, and techniques for commodifying agrarian labor that were born in the capitalist era were adopted by the socialist regime as a scientifically designed wage system on cooperative farms. Paying attention to the specific historical circumstances of Hungary, she explores the ways economists and the abstract notions they traffic in can both shape and be shaped by local conditions, and she compellingly shows how labor can be commodified in the absence of a labor market. The result is a unique account of economic thought that unveils hidden but necessary continuities running through the turbulent twentieth century.

Actor Network Theory and After

Author: John Law,John Hassard

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631211945

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3850

Actor network theory is a powerful approach which combines the insights of post-structuralism with an analysis of the materials of social life. This controversial and path-breaking volume extends ANT beyond studies of technology, power and organisation to the body, subjectivity, politics, and cultural difference, and puts it into cutting-edge dialogue with feminism, anthropology, psychology and economics.

Picturing Power

Visual Depiction and Social Relations

Author: Gordon Fyfe,John Law

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415031448

Category: Art

Page: 281

View: 4994

The editors and contributors focus on the visual dimension of social relations, showing that depiction and picturing are ubiquitous aspects of human interaction.

Market Devices

Author: Michel Callon,Yuval Millo,Fabian Muniesa

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 7195


The Social Organisation of Marketing

A Figurational Approach to People, Organisations, and Markets

Author: John Connolly,Paddy Dolan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319515713

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 8556

The book examines the social processes which have shaped the development and organisation of various marketing practices and activities, and the markets associated with them. Drawing on the figurational-sociological approach associated with Norbert Elias the contributors explain how various markets and related marketing practices and activities are organised, enabled and constrained by the actions of people at different levels of social integration. Collectively, The Social Organisation of Marketing provides insights into topics such as the consumption and of wine in China, the advertising of Guinness, the management of on-line communities in Germany, the corporate social responsibility strategies of multinational energy corporations in Africa, the concept of talent management in contemporary organisations, the child consumer in Ireland, and the constraining and enabling influences of the American corporate organisational structure.

The Rise of Market Society in England, 1066-1800

Author: Christiane Eisenberg

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782382593

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 4526

Focusing on England, this study reconstructs the centuries-long process of commercialization that gave birth to the modern market society. It shows how certain types of markets (e.g. those for real estate, labor, capital, and culture) came into being, and how the social relations mediated by markets were formed. The book deals with the creation of institutions like the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange, and Lloyd's of London, as well as the way the English dealt with the uncertainty and the risks involved in market transactions. Christiane Eisenberg shows that the creation of a market society and modern capitalism in England occurred under circumstances that were utterly different from those on the European continent. In addition, she demonstrates that as a process, the commercialization of business, society, and culture in England did not lead directly to an industrial society, as has previously been suggested, but rather to a service economy.

Class analysis and social transformation

Author: Michael Savage

Publisher: Open University Press


Category: Social Science

Page: 185

View: 7180

This book breathes new life into class analysis by showing how contemporary social and cultural transformations are related to the restructuring of class relations. The author gives a definitive account of debates on class and provides a comprehensive description of the main features of contemporary social change.

The Economics of Open Access

On the Future of Academic Publishing

Author: Thomas Eger,Marc Scheufen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785365762

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 9127

Addressing the recent debate on how the future of academic publishing might look in a purely digital environment, this book analyzes the experiences of researchers with, as well as attitudes towards, ‘Open Access’ (OA) publishing. Drawing on a unique, in-depth survey with more than 10,000 respondents from 25 countries, Thomas Eger and Marc Scheufen discuss their findings in the light of recent policy attempts which have been trying to foster OA, revealing considerable shortcomings and lack of knowledge on fundamental features of the academic publishing market.

Sustainable Consumption

The Implications of Changing Infrastructures of Provision

Author: Dale Southerton,Heather Chappells,Bas van Vliet

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 171

View: 8626

'This book offers an interesting contribution to debates on sustainable consumption, arguing for an approach that recognises how choices and needs are "socially produced" and mediated through infrastructures or systems of provision, rather than understood in terms of individual, market-based notions of "green consumerism". This is a polished piece of work and deserves to be read carefully.' - Michael Redclift, King's College, University of London, UK Sustainable Consumption is unique, not just in its inter-disciplinary and substantive subject matter (changing networks of utility consumption and production), but because it examines empirically the key theoretical debates underpinning the social sciences at the beginning of the 21st century. This book shifts the focus of sustainable consumption away from the individual consumer and their lifestyles, and examines how existing systems of provision constrain how people consume and how sustainability is conceived in popular and policy-related discourses.

A Primer on U.S. Housing Markets and Housing Policy

Author: Richard K. Green,Stephen Malpezzi

Publisher: The Urban Insitute

ISBN: 9780877667025

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 5456

The first book that explains the economics of housing policy for a general audience. Planners, government officials, and public policy students will find that the economic perspective is a very powerful and useful way to examine these issues. The authors provide a broad review of the market for housing services in the U.S., including a conceptual framework, an overview of housing demand and supply, methods for measuring prices and quantities, and sources of basic data on markets. They cover housing programs and polices, and offer answers to policy questions that are of current interest. The book has been field-tested in graduate and undergraduate courses in urban and housing economics at the University of Wisconsin, the University of California--Berkeley, The University of Pennsylvania, and others. This book is also sure to be useful to policymakers, advocates, economists, and anyone interested in a clear picture of how housing markets function. Published in cooperation with the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association (AREUEA).

Social innovations, institutional change, and economic performance

making sense of structural adjustment processes in industrial sectors, regions, and societies

Author: Timo J. Hämäläinen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 5179

For once the title says it all. To put the book edited by Timo Hämäläinen and Risto Heiskala in short, it aims to explain it all. . . Throughout the book, the reader can sense the enthusiasm and genuine search for new theory. This should be applauded as such. . . Social Innovations, Institutional Change and Economic Performance delivers a collection of conceptually thick accounts on important themes on relevant and eternally important issues. It is recommended to all students of institutional and structural change at all levels of expertise. Markku Sotarauta, Regional Studies A much needed examination of a neglected issue how societies, regions and institutions adjust to our rapidly changing economic world. W. Brian Arthur, Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico This is a marvellously rich work of synthesis, bringing together a very wide range of theoretical perspectives to make sense of contemporary patterns of economic and social change. Its range of reference is remarkable and it is further proof that much of the most interesting theoretical and empirical work today is being done on the boundaries of disciplines. Geoff Mulgan, Director, The Young Foundation, Founder, Demos and formerly Head of Policy, Prime Minister s Office, UK A very relevant and insightful perspective on institutional change and economic renewal in regions, countries and corporations. Yves L. Doz, INSEAD, France This book examines the nature of social innovation processes which determine the economic and social performance of nations, regions, industrial sectors and organizations. The current transformation of the world economy underlines the importance of systemic adjustment capacity for the long-term success of industrial economies. The expert contributors outline a theory of social innovation which differentiates between incremental and radical change processes, and suggests areas where policy makers can facilitate proactive changes. Case studies highlight the various rigidities of structural adjustment processes, the economic importance of systemic adjustment capacity, and the challenges of social innovation and structural change in different societies, regions and sectors. An important contribution to the emerging research on social innovations, this book offers invaluable insights for all decision makers struggling with structural adjustment challenges. As such, it will prove essential reading for scholars and students focussing on social and economic innovation and change processes, national and regional development, and economic competitiveness and growth. National, regional, sectoral and organizational policymakers and strategists will also find much to interest them within this book.

The New Sociology of Economic Behaviour

Author: Ralph Fevre

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412931991

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 6327

What are the solid achievements of the sociology of economic behaviour? What have been the main failures and omissions? How will the subject develop? In this assured and timely volume, the author demonstrates how the sociology of economic behaviour was hijacked by the economic sociology which grew out of Parsons' interpretation of Weber. This development meant that the moral considerations of classical sociology only received attention as means to economic ends. Economic sociology is based on insupportable assumptions about the power of economic rationality which also obscures the political nature of economic behaviour. The book seeks to revitalize the classical approach and introduces students to the essential ideas in the field. It also shows researchers and graduate students how to make use of concepts like demoralization, cheap labour, dignity at work and a fair day's pay to develop critiques of current economic arrangements.

Lady Gaga and the Sociology of Fame

The Rise of a Pop Star in an Age of Celebrity

Author: Mathieu Deflem

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137584688

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 9832

This book investigates the stardom of Lady Gaga within a cultural-sociological framework. Resisting a reductionist perspective of fame as a commodity, Mathieu Deflem offers an empirical examination of the social conditions that informed Lady Gaga’s rise to fame. The book delves into topics such as the marketing of Lady Gaga; the legal issues that have dogged her career; the media; her audience; her activism; issues of sex, gender, and sexuality; and Lady Gaga’s unique artistry. By training a spotlight on this singular pop icon, Lady Gaga and the Sociology of Fame invites readers to consider the nature of stardom in an age of celebrity.