Justice across Boundaries

Whose Obligations?

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316495477

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 5296

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Who ought to do what, and for whom, if global justice is to progress? In this collection of essays on justice beyond borders, Onora O'Neill criticises theoretical approaches that concentrate on rights, yet ignore both the obligations that must be met to realise those rights, and the capacities needed by those who shoulder these obligations. She notes that states are profoundly anti-cosmopolitan institutions, and that even those committed to justice and universal rights often lack the competence and the will to secure them, let alone to secure them beyond their borders. She argues for a wider conception of global justice, in which obligations may be held either by states or by competent non-state actors, and in which borders themselves must meet standards of justice. This rich and wide-ranging collection will appeal to a broad array of academic researchers and advanced students of political philosophy, political theory, international relations and philosophy of law.

Justice across Boundaries

Whose Obligations?

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107538177

Category: Philosophy

Page: 249

View: 1049

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Who ought to do what, and for whom, if global justice is to progress? In this collection of essays on justice beyond borders, Onora O'Neill criticises theoretical approaches that concentrate on rights, yet ignore both the obligations that must be met to realise those rights, and the capacities needed by those who shoulder these obligations. She notes that states are profoundly anti-cosmopolitan institutions, and that even those committed to justice and universal rights often lack the competence and the will to secure them, let alone to secure them beyond their borders. She argues for a wider conception of global justice, in which obligations may be held either by states or by competent non-state actors, and in which borders themselves must meet standards of justice. This rich and wide-ranging collection will appeal to a broad array of academic researchers and advanced students of political philosophy, political theory, international relations and philosophy of law.

Justice Across Boundaries

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107116306

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 3743

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Who ought to do what, and for whom, if global justice is to progress? In this collection of essays on justice beyond borders, Onora O'Neill criticises theoretical approaches that concentrate on rights, yet ignore both the obligations that must be met to realise those rights, and the capacities needed by those who shoulder these obligations. She notes that states are profoundly anti-cosmopolitan institutions, and that even those committed to justice and universal rights often lack the competence and the will to secure them, let alone to secure them beyond their borders. She argues for a wider conception of global justice, in which obligations may be held either by states or by competent non-state actors, and in which borders themselves must meet standards of justice. This rich and wide-ranging collection will appeal to a wide range of academic researchers and advanced students of political philosophy, political theory, international relations and philosophy of law.

Justice at a Distance

Extending Freedom Globally

Author: Loren E. Lomasky,Fernando R. Tesón

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316404757

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 9388

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The current global-justice literature starts from the premise that world poverty is the result of structural injustice mostly attributable to past and present actions of governments and citizens of rich countries. As a result, that literature recommends vast coercive transfers of wealth from rich to poor societies, alongside stronger national and international governance. Justice at a Distance, in contrast, argues that global injustice is largely home-grown and that these native restrictions to freedom lie at the root of poverty and stagnation. The book is the first philosophical work to emphasize free markets in goods, services, and labor as an ethical imperative that allows people to pursue their projects and as the one institutional arrangement capable of alleviating poverty. Supported by a robust economic literature, Justice at a Distance applies the principle of noninterference to the issues of wealth and poverty, immigration, trade, the status of nation-states, war, and aid.

Towards Justice and Virtue

A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521485593

Category: Philosophy

Page: 230

View: 4425

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Constructs an account of the basic principles for moving towards just institutions and virtuous lives.

A Question of Trust

The BBC Reith Lectures 2002

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 100

View: 2117

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Onora O'Neill's timely new work highlights a great paradox: in order to inspire trust, we, the public, require more accountability, more transparency. But the more we learn about our financial institutions, our politicians, our medical practitioners, our clergy, and many other people who have a direct effect on our lives, the less willing we are to trust them. Their word is doubted, their motives questioned. Whether real or perceived, this crisis of trust has a debilitating impact on society and democracy. Can trust be restored by making people and institutions more accountable in a modern democracy? Or do complex systems of accountability and control damage trust? O'nora O' Neill challenges current approaches to accountability, investigates sources of deception in our society and re-examines questions of press freedom. |L O'Neill presented these ideas this spring as a part of the BBC Radio 4's reith Lectures. Established in 1948, the Reith Lectures are presented to advance public understanding about significant issues of contemporary interest. Previous lecturers include Bertrand Russel, Robert Oppenheimer, and J.K. Galbraith.

Human Rights: Moral or Political?

Author: Adam Etinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191022225

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 8972

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Human rights have a rich life in the world around us. Political rhetoric pays tribute to them, or scorns them. Citizens and activists strive for them. The law enshrines them. And they live inside us too. For many of us, human rights form part of how we understand the world and what must (or must not) be done within it. The ubiquity of human rights raises questions for the philosopher. If we want to understand these rights, where do we look? As a set of moral norms, it is tempting to think they can be grasped strictly from the armchair, say, by appeal to moral intuition. But what, if anything, can that kind of inquiry tell us about the human rights of contemporary politics, law, and civil society — that is, human rights as we ordinarily know them? This volume brings together a distinguished, interdisciplinary group of scholars to address philosophical questions raised by the many facets of human rights: moral, legal, political, and historical. Its original chapters, each accompanied by a critical commentary, explore topics including: the purpose and methods of a philosophical theory of human rights; the "Orthodox-Political" debate; the relevance of history to philosophy; the relationship between human rights morality and law; and the value of political critiques of human rights.

On Global Justice

Author: Mathias Risse

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400845505

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 6482

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Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. On Global Justice shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice--what he calls pluralist internationalism--where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights.

Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894531

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 8105

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Onora O'Neill suggests that the conceptions of individual autonomy (so widely relied on in bioethics) are philosophically and ethically inadequate; they undermine rather than support relationships based on trust. Her arguments are illustrated with issues raised by such practices as the use of genetic information by the police, research using human tissues, new reproductive technologies, and media practices for reporting on medicine, science and technology. The study appeals to a wide range of readers in ethics, bioethics and related disciplines.

Acting on Principle

An Essay on Kantian Ethics

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107512433

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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'Two things', wrote Kant, 'fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe: the starry heavens above and the moral law within'. Many would argue that since Kant's day, the study of the starry heavens has advanced while ethics has stagnated, and in particular that Kant's ethics offers an empty formalism that tells us nothing about how we should live. In Acting on Principle Onora O'Neill shows that Kantian ethics has practical as well as philosophical importance. First published in 1975, the book is regarded as a classic account and defence of the Kantian ethical position. It addresses Kant's account of reasoning about action, in particular his controversial claim that the Categorical Imperative guides action and is basic to ethics and justice. This second edition offers a substantial new introduction and updated bibliography, and will be valuable for a wide readership in Kant studies and those studying ethics.

Bounds of Justice

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521447447

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 4460

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Argues for a concept of justice that takes account of boundaries, institutions and human diversity.

Banking Across Boundaries

Placing Finance in Capitalism

Author: Brett Christophers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118295501

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 5496

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This compelling contribution to contemporary debates about the banking industry offers a unique perspective on its geographical and conceptual ‘placement’. It traces the evolving links between the two, revealing how our notions of banking ‘productiveness’ have evolved alongside the shifting loci of banking activity. An original contribution to the urgent debates taking place on banking sparked by the current economic crisis Offers a unique perspective on the geographical and social concept of ‘placement’ of the banking industry Combines theoretical approaches from political economy with contemporary literature on the performativity of economics Details the globalization of Western banking, and analyzes how representations of the banking sector’s productiveness have shifted throughout the evolution of Western economic theory Analyzes the social conceptualization of the nature – and value – of the banking industry Illuminates not only how economic ideas ‘perform’ and shape the economic world, but how those ideas are themselves always products of particular economic realities

States, Nations and Borders

The Ethics of Making Boundaries

Author: Allen Buchanan,Margaret Moore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521525756

Category: Philosophy

Page: 361

View: 1962

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Examines the views of seven prominent ethical traditions on the making and unmaking of boundaries.

Religion and the Obligations of Citizenship

Author: Paul J. Weithman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139433990

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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In Religion and the Obligations of Citizenship Paul J. Weithman asks whether citizens in a liberal democracy may base their votes and their public political arguments on their religious beliefs. Drawing on empirical studies of how religion actually functions in politics, he challenges the standard view that citizens who rely on religious reasons must be prepared to make good their arguments by appealing to reasons that are 'accessible' to others. He contends that churches contribute to democracy by enriching political debate and by facilitating political participation, especially among the poor and minorities, and as a consequence, citizens acquire religiously based political views and diverse views of their own citizenship. He concludes that the philosophical view which most defensibly accommodates this diversity is one that allows ordinary citizens to draw on the views their churches have formed when voting and offering public arguments for their political positions.

Justice for Earthlings

Essays in Political Philosophy

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107028795

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

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David Miller explores what justice means for real people and challenges philosophical theories that ignore the facts of human life.

The Uninvited

Refugees at the Rich Man's Gate

Author: Jeremy Harding

Publisher: Profile Books Limited

ISBN: 9781861972118

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 5053

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Documentary journalism! Part one reports on the influx of refugees to Europe coming from Kosovo, Albania, Macedonia, North Africa and part two gives an overview of the European asylum debate by looking at the situation of the growing numbers of illegal immigrants.

Against the Grain

A Coach's Wisdom on Character, Faith, Family, and Love

Author: Bill Courtney

Publisher: Weinstein Publishing

ISBN: 1602862249

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 9951

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Bill Courtney Ñ entrepreneur, football coach, and subject of the 2011 Oscar-winning documentary Undefeated Ñ shares his hard-won lessons on discipline, success, teamwork and triumph over adversity, in time for FatherÕs Day.

Global Health and International Community

Ethical, Political and Regulatory Challenges

Author: John Coggon,Swati Gola

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1780935587

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 6015

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Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.