Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Second Edition

Author: Jonathan Katz,Yehuda Lindell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466570261

Category: Computers

Page: 603

View: 8575

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Cryptography is ubiquitous and plays a key role in ensuring data secrecy and integrity as well as in securing computer systems more broadly. Introduction to Modern Cryptography provides a rigorous yet accessible treatment of this fascinating subject. The authors introduce the core principles of modern cryptography, with an emphasis on formal definitions, clear assumptions, and rigorous proofs of security. The book begins by focusing on private-key cryptography, including an extensive treatment of private-key encryption, message authentication codes, and hash functions. The authors also present design principles for widely used stream ciphers and block ciphers including RC4, DES, and AES, plus provide provable constructions of stream ciphers and block ciphers from lower-level primitives. The second half of the book covers public-key cryptography, beginning with a self-contained introduction to the number theory needed to understand the RSA, Diffie-Hellman, and El Gamal cryptosystems (and others), followed by a thorough treatment of several standardized public-key encryption and digital signature schemes. Integrating a more practical perspective without sacrificing rigor, this widely anticipated Second Edition offers improved treatment of: Stream ciphers and block ciphers, including modes of operation and design principles Authenticated encryption and secure communication sessions Hash functions, including hash-function applications and design principles Attacks on poorly implemented cryptography, including attacks on chained-CBC encryption, padding-oracle attacks, and timing attacks The random-oracle model and its application to several standardized, widely used public-key encryption and signature schemes Elliptic-curve cryptography and associated standards such as DSA/ECDSA and DHIES/ECIES Containing updated exercises and worked examples, Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Second Edition can serve as a textbook for undergraduate- or graduate-level courses in cryptography, a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners, or a general introduction suitable for self-study.

Algorithmic Cryptanalysis

Author: Antoine Joux

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070033

Category: Computers

Page: 520

View: 8148

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Illustrating the power of algorithms, Algorithmic Cryptanalysis describes algorithmic methods with cryptographically relevant examples. Focusing on both private- and public-key cryptographic algorithms, it presents each algorithm either as a textual description, in pseudo-code, or in a C code program. Divided into three parts, the book begins with a short introduction to cryptography and a background chapter on elementary number theory and algebra. It then moves on to algorithms, with each chapter in this section dedicated to a single topic and often illustrated with simple cryptographic applications. The final part addresses more sophisticated cryptographic applications, including LFSR-based stream ciphers and index calculus methods. Accounting for the impact of current computer architectures, this book explores the algorithmic and implementation aspects of cryptanalysis methods. It can serve as a handbook of algorithmic methods for cryptographers as well as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses on cryptanalysis and cryptography.

Handbook of Financial Cryptography and Security

Author: Burton Rosenberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420059823

Category: Computers

Page: 631

View: 3956

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Handbook of Financial Cryptography and Security elucidates the theory and techniques of cryptography and illustrates how to establish and maintain security under the framework of financial cryptography. It applies various cryptographic techniques to auctions, electronic voting, micropayment systems, digital rights, financial portfolios, routing networks, and more. In the first part, the book examines blind signatures and other important cryptographic techniques with respect to digital cash/e-cash. It also looks at the role of cryptography in auctions and voting, describes properties that can be required of systems implementing value exchange, and presents methods by which selected receivers can decrypt signals sent out to everyone. The second section begins with a discussion on lowering transaction costs of settling payments so that commerce can occur at the sub-penny level. The book then addresses the challenge of a system solution for the protection of intellectual property, before presenting an application of cryptography to financial exchanges and markets. Exploring financial cryptography in the real world, the third part discusses the often-complex issues of phishing, privacy and anonymity, and protecting the identity of objects and users. With a focus on human factors, the final section considers whether systems will elicit or encourage the desired behavior of the participants of the system. It also explains how the law and regulations impact financial cryptography. In the real world, smart and adaptive adversaries employ all types of means to circumvent inconvenient security restraints. This useful handbook provides answers to general questions about the field of financial cryptography as well as solutions to specific real-world security problems.

Access Control, Security, and Trust

A Logical Approach

Author: Shiu-Kai Chin,Susan Beth Older

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584888636

Category: Computers

Page: 351

View: 6855

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Developed from the authors’ courses at Syracuse University and the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Access Control, Security, and Trust: A Logical Approach equips readers with an access control logic they can use to specify and verify their security designs. Throughout the text, the authors use a single access control logic based on a simple propositional modal logic. The first part of the book presents the syntax and semantics of access control logic, basic access control concepts, and an introduction to confidentiality and integrity policies. The second section covers access control in networks, delegation, protocols, and the use of cryptography. In the third section, the authors focus on hardware and virtual machines. The final part discusses confidentiality, integrity, and role-based access control. Taking a logical, rigorous approach to access control, this book shows how logic is a useful tool for analyzing security designs and spelling out the conditions upon which access control decisions depend. It is designed for computer engineers and computer scientists who are responsible for designing, implementing, and verifying secure computer and information systems.

Introduction to Network Security

Author: Douglas Jacobson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420010697

Category: Computers

Page: 500

View: 3319

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Unlike data communications of the past, today’s networks consist of numerous devices that handle the data as it passes from the sender to the receiver. However, security concerns are frequently raised in circumstances where interconnected computers use a network not controlled by any one entity or organization. Introduction to Network Security examines various network protocols, focusing on vulnerabilities, exploits, attacks, and methods to mitigate an attack. The book begins with a brief discussion of network architectures and the functions of layers in a typical network. It then examines vulnerabilities and attacks divided into four categories: header-, protocol-, authentication-, and traffic-based. The author next explores the physical, network, and transport layers of each network as well as the security of several common network applications. The last section recommends several network-based security solutions that can be successfully deployed. This book uses a define-attack-defend methodology for network security. The author briefly introduces the relevant protocols and follows up with detailed descriptions of known vulnerabilities and possible attack methods. He delineates the threats against the protocol and presents possible solutions. Sample problems and lab experiments based on the concepts allow readers to experiment with attacks and assess the effectiveness of solutions. Two appendices provide further clarification and a companion website is offered which supplements the material. While most of the books available on this subject focus solely on cryptographic techniques to mitigate attacks, this volume recognizes the limitations of this methodology and considers a wider range of security problems and solutions. By focusing on a practical view of network security and examining actual protocols, readers can better understand the vulnerabilities and develop appropriate countermeasures.

An Introduction to Cryptography

Author: Richard A. Mollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584881278

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 6121

DOWNLOAD NOW »
INTRODUCTION FOR THE UNINITIATED Heretofore, there has been no suitable introductory book that provides a solid mathematical treatment of cryptography for students with little or no background in number theory. By presenting the necessary mathematics as needed, An Introduction to Cryptography superbly fills that void. Although it is intended for the undergraduate student needing an introduction to the subject of cryptography, it contains enough optional, advanced material to challenge even the most informed reader, and provides the basis for a second course on the subject. Beginning with an overview of the history of cryptography, the material covers the basics of computer arithmetic and explores complexity issues. The author then presents three comprehensive chapters on symmetric-key cryptosystems, public-key cryptosystems, and primality testing. There is an optional chapter on four factoring methods: Pollard's p-1 method, the continued fraction algorithm, the quadratic sieve, and the number field sieve. Another optional chapter contains detailed development of elliptic curve cryptosystems, zero-knowledge, and quantum cryptography. He illustrates all methods with worked examples and includes a full, but uncluttered description of the numerous cryptographic applications. SUSTAINS INTEREST WITH ENGAGING MATERIAL Throughout the book, the author gives a human face to cryptography by including more than 50 biographies of the individuals who helped develop cryptographic concepts. He includes a number of illustrative and motivating examples, as well as optional topics that go beyond the basics presented in the core data. With an extensive index and a list of symbols for easy reference, An Introduction to Cryptography is the essential fundamental text on cryptography.

Handbook of Applied Cryptography

Author: Alfred J. Menezes,Paul C. van Oorschot,Scott A. Vanstone

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439821917

Category: Mathematics

Page: 810

View: 2038

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Cryptography, in particular public-key cryptography, has emerged in the last 20 years as an important discipline that is not only the subject of an enormous amount of research, but provides the foundation for information security in many applications. Standards are emerging to meet the demands for cryptographic protection in most areas of data communications. Public-key cryptographic techniques are now in widespread use, especially in the financial services industry, in the public sector, and by individuals for their personal privacy, such as in electronic mail. This Handbook will serve as a valuable reference for the novice as well as for the expert who needs a wider scope of coverage within the area of cryptography. It is a necessary and timely guide for professionals who practice the art of cryptography. The Handbook of Applied Cryptography provides a treatment that is multifunctional: It serves as an introduction to the more practical aspects of both conventional and public-key cryptography It is a valuable source of the latest techniques and algorithms for the serious practitioner It provides an integrated treatment of the field, while still presenting each major topic as a self-contained unit It provides a mathematical treatment to accompany practical discussions It contains enough abstraction to be a valuable reference for theoreticians while containing enough detail to actually allow implementation of the algorithms discussed Now in its third printing, this is the definitive cryptography reference that the novice as well as experienced developers, designers, researchers, engineers, computer scientists, and mathematicians alike will use.

Introduction to Cryptography with Mathematical Foundations and Computer Implementations

Author: Alexander Stanoyevitch

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439817634

Category: Computers

Page: 669

View: 3393

DOWNLOAD NOW »
From the exciting history of its development in ancient times to the present day, Introduction to Cryptography with Mathematical Foundations and Computer Implementations provides a focused tour of the central concepts of cryptography. Rather than present an encyclopedic treatment of topics in cryptography, it delineates cryptographic concepts in chronological order, developing the mathematics as needed. Written in an engaging yet rigorous style, each chapter introduces important concepts with clear definitions and theorems. Numerous examples explain key points while figures and tables help illustrate more difficult or subtle concepts. Each chapter is punctuated with "Exercises for the Reader;" complete solutions for these are included in an appendix. Carefully crafted exercise sets are also provided at the end of each chapter, and detailed solutions to most odd-numbered exercises can be found in a designated appendix. The computer implementation section at the end of every chapter guides students through the process of writing their own programs. A supporting website provides an extensive set of sample programs as well as downloadable platform-independent applet pages for some core programs and algorithms. As the reliance on cryptography by business, government, and industry continues and new technologies for transferring data become available, cryptography plays a permanent, important role in day-to-day operations. This self-contained sophomore-level text traces the evolution of the field, from its origins through present-day cryptosystems, including public key cryptography and elliptic curve cryptography.

Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security

Author: Henk C.A. van Tilborg,Sushil Jajodia

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441959068

Category: Computers

Page: 1416

View: 790

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Expanded into two volumes, the Second Edition of Springer’s Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security brings the latest and most comprehensive coverage of the topic: Definitive information on cryptography and information security from highly regarded researchers Effective tool for professionals in many fields and researchers of all levels Extensive resource with more than 700 contributions in Second Edition 5643 references, more than twice the number of references that appear in the First Edition With over 300 new entries, appearing in an A-Z format, the Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security provides easy, intuitive access to information on all aspects of cryptography and security. As a critical enhancement to the First Edition’s base of 464 entries, the information in the Encyclopedia is relevant for researchers and professionals alike. Topics for this comprehensive reference were elected, written, and peer-reviewed by a pool of distinguished researchers in the field. The Second Edition’s editorial board now includes 34 scholars, which was expanded from 18 members in the First Edition. Representing the work of researchers from over 30 countries, the Encyclopedia is broad in scope, covering everything from authentication and identification to quantum cryptography and web security. The text’s practical style is instructional, yet fosters investigation. Each area presents concepts, designs, and specific implementations. The highly-structured essays in this work include synonyms, a definition and discussion of the topic, bibliographies, and links to related literature. Extensive cross-references to other entries within the Encyclopedia support efficient, user-friendly searches for immediate access to relevant information. Key concepts presented in the Encyclopedia of Cryptography and Security include: Authentication and identification; Block ciphers and stream ciphers; Computational issues; Copy protection; Cryptanalysis and security; Cryptographic protocols; Electronic payment and digital certificates; Elliptic curve cryptography; Factorization algorithms and primality tests; Hash functions and MACs; Historical systems; Identity-based cryptography; Implementation aspects for smart cards and standards; Key management; Multiparty computations like voting schemes; Public key cryptography; Quantum cryptography; Secret sharing schemes; Sequences; Web Security. Topics covered: Data Structures, Cryptography and Information Theory; Data Encryption; Coding and Information Theory; Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering; Applications of Mathematics; Complexity. This authoritative reference will be published in two formats: print and online. The online edition features hyperlinks to cross-references, in addition to significant research.

Cryptography Engineering

Design Principles and Practical Applications

Author: Niels Ferguson,Bruce Schneier,Tadayoshi Kohno

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118080912

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 3014

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The ultimate guide to cryptography, updated from an author team of the world's top cryptography experts. Cryptography is vital to keeping information safe, in an era when the formula to do so becomes more and more challenging. Written by a team of world-renowned cryptography experts, this essential guide is the definitive introduction to all major areas of cryptography: message security, key negotiation, and key management. You'll learn how to think like a cryptographer. You'll discover techniques for building cryptography into products from the start and you'll examine the many technical changes in the field. After a basic overview of cryptography and what it means today, this indispensable resource covers such topics as block ciphers, block modes, hash functions, encryption modes, message authentication codes, implementation issues, negotiation protocols, and more. Helpful examples and hands-on exercises enhance your understanding of the multi-faceted field of cryptography. An author team of internationally recognized cryptography experts updates you on vital topics in the field of cryptography Shows you how to build cryptography into products from the start Examines updates and changes to cryptography Includes coverage on key servers, message security, authentication codes, new standards, block ciphers, message authentication codes, and more Cryptography Engineering gets you up to speed in the ever-evolving field of cryptography.

Elliptic Curves

Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition

Author: Lawrence C. Washington

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420071474

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 5257

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Like its bestselling predecessor, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition develops the theory of elliptic curves to provide a basis for both number theoretic and cryptographic applications. With additional exercises, this edition offers more comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theory, techniques, and applications of elliptic curves. New to the Second Edition Chapters on isogenies and hyperelliptic curves A discussion of alternative coordinate systems, such as projective, Jacobian, and Edwards coordinates, along with related computational issues A more complete treatment of the Weil and Tate–Lichtenbaum pairings Doud’s analytic method for computing torsion on elliptic curves over Q An explanation of how to perform calculations with elliptic curves in several popular computer algebra systems Taking a basic approach to elliptic curves, this accessible book prepares readers to tackle more advanced problems in the field. It introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the text, before moving on to interesting applications, such as cryptography, factoring, and primality testing. The book also discusses the use of elliptic curves in Fermat’s Last Theorem. Relevant abstract algebra material on group theory and fields can be found in the appendices.

Cryptography

Theory and Practice, Fourth Edition

Author: Douglas Robert Stinson,Maura Paterson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 131528247X

Category: Computers

Page: 580

View: 2078

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Through three editions, Cryptography: Theory and Practice, has been embraced by instructors and students alike. It offers a comprehensive primer for the subject’s fundamentals while presenting the most current advances in cryptography. The authors offer comprehensive, in-depth treatment of the methods and protocols that are vital to safeguarding the seemingly infinite and increasing amount of information circulating around the world.

An Introduction to Number Theory with Cryptography, Second Edition

Author: James Kraft,Lawrence Washington

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351664107

Category: Computers

Page: 578

View: 6133

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Building on the success of the first edition, An Introduction to Number Theory with Cryptography, Second Edition, increases coverage of the popular and important topic of cryptography, integrating it with traditional topics in number theory. The authors have written the text in an engaging style to reflect number theory's increasing popularity. The book is designed to be used by sophomore, junior, and senior undergraduates, but it is also accessible to advanced high school students and is appropriate for independent study. It includes a few more advanced topics for students who wish to explore beyond the traditional curriculum.

Contemporary Cryptography, Second Edition

Author: Rolf Oppliger

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608071456

Category: Computers

Page: 571

View: 3579

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Whether you're new to the field or looking to broaden your knowledge of contemporary cryptography, this newly revised edition of an Artech House classic puts all aspects of this important topic into perspective. Delivering an accurate introduction to the current state-of-the-art in modern cryptography, the book offers you an in-depth understanding of essential tools and applications to help you with your daily work. The second edition has been reorganized and expanded, providing mathematical fundamentals and important cryptography principles in the appropriate appendixes, rather than summarized at the beginning of the book. Now you find all the details you need to fully master the material in the relevant sections. This allows you to quickly delve into the practical information you need for your projects. Covering unkeyed, secret key, and public key cryptosystems, this authoritative reference gives you solid working knowledge of the latest and most critical concepts, techniques, and systems in contemporary cryptography. Additionally, the book is supported with over 720 equations, more than 60 illustrations, and numerous time-saving URLs that connect you to websites with related information.

Guide to Pairing-Based Cryptography

Author: Nadia El Mrabet,Marc Joye

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315353148

Category: Computers

Page: 420

View: 4465

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is devoted to efficient pairing computations and implementations, useful tools for cryptographers working on topics like identity-based cryptography and the simplification of existing protocols like signature schemes. As well as exploring the basic mathematical background of finite fields and elliptic curves, Guide to Pairing-Based Cryptography offers an overview of the most recent developments in optimizations for pairing implementation. Each chapter includes a presentation of the problem it discusses, the mathematical formulation, a discussion of implementation issues, solutions accompanied by code or pseudocode, several numerical results, and references to further reading and notes. Intended as a self-contained handbook, this book is an invaluable resource for computer scientists, applied mathematicians and security professionals interested in cryptography.

Introduction to Probability

Author: Joseph K. Blitzstein,Jessica Hwang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498759769

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 3103

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Developed from celebrated Harvard statistics lectures, Introduction to Probability provides essential language and tools for understanding statistics, randomness, and uncertainty. The book explores a wide variety of applications and examples, ranging from coincidences and paradoxes to Google PageRank and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). Additional application areas explored include genetics, medicine, computer science, and information theory. The print book version includes a code that provides free access to an eBook version. The authors present the material in an accessible style and motivate concepts using real-world examples. Throughout, they use stories to uncover connections between the fundamental distributions in statistics and conditioning to reduce complicated problems to manageable pieces. The book includes many intuitive explanations, diagrams, and practice problems. Each chapter ends with a section showing how to perform relevant simulations and calculations in R, a free statistical software environment.

An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography

Author: Jeffrey Hoffstein,Jill Pipher,Joseph H. Silverman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493917110

Category: Mathematics

Page: 538

View: 9529

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This self-contained introduction to modern cryptography emphasizes the mathematics behind the theory of public key cryptosystems and digital signature schemes. The book focuses on these key topics while developing the mathematical tools needed for the construction and security analysis of diverse cryptosystems. Only basic linear algebra is required of the reader; techniques from algebra, number theory, and probability are introduced and developed as required. This text provides an ideal introduction for mathematics and computer science students to the mathematical foundations of modern cryptography. The book includes an extensive bibliography and index; supplementary materials are available online. The book covers a variety of topics that are considered central to mathematical cryptography. Key topics include: classical cryptographic constructions, such as Diffie–Hellmann key exchange, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and digital signatures; fundamental mathematical tools for cryptography, including primality testing, factorization algorithms, probability theory, information theory, and collision algorithms; an in-depth treatment of important cryptographic innovations, such as elliptic curves, elliptic curve and pairing-based cryptography, lattices, lattice-based cryptography, and the NTRU cryptosystem. The second edition of An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography includes a significant revision of the material on digital signatures, including an earlier introduction to RSA, Elgamal, and DSA signatures, and new material on lattice-based signatures and rejection sampling. Many sections have been rewritten or expanded for clarity, especially in the chapters on information theory, elliptic curves, and lattices, and the chapter of additional topics has been expanded to include sections on digital cash and homomorphic encryption. Numerous new exercises have been included.