*A First Course in Statistics*

Author: A J B Anderson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412295706

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 5831

*A First Course in Statistics*

Author: A J B Anderson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412295706

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 5831

Textbook for first-year students. Reviews the criteria for the design of questionaires, planned experiments and surveys; also, considers research methodology in general. Application areas range over economic and social studies, demography, epidemiology and the life sciences in general. Available in paper at $24. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Author: Thomas Leonard

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584881803

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 4475

Categorical data-comprising counts of individuals, objects, or entities in different categories-emerge frequently from many areas of study, including medicine, sociology, geology, and education. They provide important statistical information that can lead to real-life conclusions and the discovery of fresh knowledge. Therefore, the ability to manipulate, understand, and interpret categorical data becomes of interest-if not essential-to professionals and students in a broad range of disciplines. Although t-tests, linear regression, and analysis of variance are useful, valid methods for analysis of measurement data, categorical data requires a different methodology and techniques typically not encountered in introductory statistics courses. Developed from long experience in teaching categorical analysis to a multidisciplinary mix of undergraduate and graduate students, A Course in Categorical Data Analysis presents the easiest, most straightforward ways of extracting real-life conclusions from contingency tables. The author uses a Fisherian approach to categorical data analysis and incorporates numerous examples and real data sets. Although he offers S-PLUS routines through the Internet, readers do not need full knowledge of a statistical software package. In this unique text, the author chooses methods and an approach that nurtures intuitive thinking. He trains his readers to focus not on finding a model that fits the data, but on using different models that may lead to meaningful conclusions. The book offers some simple, innovative techniques not highighted in other texts that help make the book accessible to a broad, interdisciplinary audience. A Course in Categorical Data Analysis enables readers to quickly use its offering of tools for drawing scientific, medical, or real-life conclusions from categorical data sets.

Author: Peter Westfall,Kevin S. S. Henning

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466512105

Category: Mathematics

Page: 569

View: 9615

Providing a much-needed bridge between elementary statistics courses and advanced research methods courses, Understanding Advanced Statistical Methods helps students grasp the fundamental assumptions and machinery behind sophisticated statistical topics, such as logistic regression, maximum likelihood, bootstrapping, nonparametrics, and Bayesian methods. The book teaches students how to properly model, think critically, and design their own studies to avoid common errors. It leads them to think differently not only about math and statistics but also about general research and the scientific method. With a focus on statistical models as producers of data, the book enables students to more easily understand the machinery of advanced statistics. It also downplays the "population" interpretation of statistical models and presents Bayesian methods before frequentist ones. Requiring no prior calculus experience, the text employs a "just-in-time" approach that introduces mathematical topics, including calculus, where needed. Formulas throughout the text are used to explain why calculus and probability are essential in statistical modeling. The authors also intuitively explain the theory and logic behind real data analysis, incorporating a range of application examples from the social, economic, biological, medical, physical, and engineering sciences. Enabling your students to answer the why behind statistical methods, this text teaches them how to successfully draw conclusions when the premises are flawed. It empowers them to use advanced statistical methods with confidence and develop their own statistical recipes. Ancillary materials are available on the book’s website.

Author: Peter D. Hoff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387924076

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 4136

A self-contained introduction to probability, exchangeability and Bayes’ rule provides a theoretical understanding of the applied material. Numerous examples with R-code that can be run "as-is" allow the reader to perform the data analyses themselves. The development of Monte Carlo and Markov chain Monte Carlo methods in the context of data analysis examples provides motivation for these computational methods.

*A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan*

Author: Richard McElreath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315362619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 487

View: 9707

Statistical Rethinking: A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan builds readers’ knowledge of and confidence in statistical modeling. Reflecting the need for even minor programming in today’s model-based statistics, the book pushes readers to perform step-by-step calculations that are usually automated. This unique computational approach ensures that readers understand enough of the details to make reasonable choices and interpretations in their own modeling work. The text presents generalized linear multilevel models from a Bayesian perspective, relying on a simple logical interpretation of Bayesian probability and maximum entropy. It covers from the basics of regression to multilevel models. The author also discusses measurement error, missing data, and Gaussian process models for spatial and network autocorrelation. By using complete R code examples throughout, this book provides a practical foundation for performing statistical inference. Designed for both PhD students and seasoned professionals in the natural and social sciences, it prepares them for more advanced or specialized statistical modeling. Web Resource The book is accompanied by an R package (rethinking) that is available on the author’s website and GitHub. The two core functions (map and map2stan) of this package allow a variety of statistical models to be constructed from standard model formulas.

Author: Douglas G. Altman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412276309

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 9622

Most medical researchers, whether clinical or non-clinical, receive some background in statistics as undergraduates. However, it is most often brief, a long time ago, and largely forgotten by the time it is needed. Furthermore, many introductory texts fall short of adequately explaining the underlying concepts of statistics, and often are divorced from the reality of conducting and assessing medical research. Practical Statistics for Medical Research is a problem-based text for medical researchers, medical students, and others in the medical arena who need to use statistics but have no specialized mathematics background. The author draws on twenty years of experience as a consulting medical statistician to provide clear explanations to key statistical concepts, with a firm emphasis on practical aspects of designing and analyzing medical research. The text gives special attention to the presentation and interpretation of results and the many real problems that arise in medical research.

Author: Julian J. Faraway

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439887349

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 6904

A Hands-On Way to Learning Data Analysis Part of the core of statistics, linear models are used to make predictions and explain the relationship between the response and the predictors. Understanding linear models is crucial to a broader competence in the practice of statistics. Linear Models with R, Second Edition explains how to use linear models in physical science, engineering, social science, and business applications. The book incorporates several improvements that reflect how the world of R has greatly expanded since the publication of the first edition. New to the Second Edition Reorganized material on interpreting linear models, which distinguishes the main applications of prediction and explanation and introduces elementary notions of causality Additional topics, including QR decomposition, splines, additive models, Lasso, multiple imputation, and false discovery rates Extensive use of the ggplot2 graphics package in addition to base graphics Like its widely praised, best-selling predecessor, this edition combines statistics and R to seamlessly give a coherent exposition of the practice of linear modeling. The text offers up-to-date insight on essential data analysis topics, from estimation, inference, and prediction to missing data, factorial models, and block designs. Numerous examples illustrate how to apply the different methods using R.

Author: Abdelmonem Afifi,Susanne May,Virginia A. Clark

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584883081

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 5399

Computer-Aided Multivariate Analysis, Fourth Edition enables researchers and students with limited mathematical backgrounds to understand the concepts underlying multivariate statistical analysis, perform analysis using statistical packages, and understand the output. New topics include Loess and Poisson regression, nominal and ordinal logistic regression, interpretation of interactions in logistic and survival analysis, and imputation for missing values. This book includes new exercises and references, and updated options in the latest versions of the statistical packages. All data sets and codebooks are available for download. The authors explain the assumptions made in performing each analysis and test, how to determine if your data meets those assumptions, and what to do if they do not. What to Watch out for sections in each chapter warn of common difficulties. By reading this text, you will know what method to use with your data set, how to get the results, and how to interpret them and explain them to others. New in the Fourth Edition: Expanded explanation of checking for goodness of fit in logistic regression and survival analysis Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival curves, formal tests for comparing survival between groups, interactions and the use of time-dependent covariates in survival analysis Expanded discussion of how to handle missing values Latest features of the S-PLUS package in addition to SAS, SPSS, STATA, and STATISTICA for multivariate analysis Data sets for the problems are available at the CRC web site: http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9781584883081 Commands and output for examples used in the text for each statistical package are available at the UCLA web site: http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/examples/cama4/

*Generalized Linear, Mixed Effects and Nonparametric Regression Models*

Author: Julian J. Faraway

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203492284

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 6959

Linear models are central to the practice of statistics and form the foundation of a vast range of statistical methodologies. Julian J. Faraway's critically acclaimed Linear Models with R examined regression and analysis of variance, demonstrated the different methods available, and showed in which situations each one applies. Following in those footsteps, Extending the Linear Model with R surveys the techniques that grow from the regression model, presenting three extensions to that framework: generalized linear models (GLMs), mixed effect models, and nonparametric regression models. The author's treatment is thoroughly modern and covers topics that include GLM diagnostics, generalized linear mixed models, trees, and even the use of neural networks in statistics. To demonstrate the interplay of theory and practice, throughout the book the author weaves the use of the R software environment to analyze the data of real examples, providing all of the R commands necessary to reproduce the analyses. All of the data described in the book is available at http://people.bath.ac.uk/jjf23/ELM/ Statisticians need to be familiar with a broad range of ideas and techniques. This book provides a well-stocked toolbox of methodologies, and with its unique presentation of these very modern statistical techniques, holds the potential to break new ground in the way graduate-level courses in this area are taught.

Author: Steven G. Heeringa,Brady T. West,Patricia A. Berglund

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351649302

Category: Mathematics

Page: 590

View: 7951

Highly recommended by the Journal of Official Statistics, The American Statistician, and other journals, Applied Survey Data Analysis, Second Edition provides an up-to-date overview of state-of-the-art approaches to the analysis of complex sample survey data. Building on the wealth of material on practical approaches to descriptive analysis and regression modeling from the first edition, this second edition expands the topics covered and presents more step-by-step examples of modern approaches to the analysis of survey data using the newest statistical software. Designed for readers working in a wide array of disciplines who use survey data in their work, this book continues to provide a useful framework for integrating more in-depth studies of the theory and methods of survey data analysis. An example-driven guide to the applied statistical analysis and interpretation of survey data, the second edition contains many new examples and practical exercises based on recent versions of real-world survey data sets. Although the authors continue to use Stata for most examples in the text, they also continue to offer SAS, SPSS, SUDAAN, R, WesVar, IVEware, and Mplus software code for replicating the examples on the book’s updated website.

Author: D.G. Rees

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584880073

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 9792

An introductory text for students taking a first course in statistics-in fields as diverse as engineering, business, chemistry, and biology-Essential Statistics: Fourth Edition thoroughly updates and enhances the hugely successful third edition. It presents new information on modern statistical techniques such as Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and software such as MINITABTM for WINDOWS. An experienced former lecturer, the author communicates to students in his trademark easy-to-follow style. Keeping complex mathematical theory to a minimum, Rees presents a wealth of fully explained worked examples throughout the text. In addition, the end-of-chapter Worksheets relate to a variety of fields-enabling students to see the relevance of the numerous methods to their study areas. Essential Statistics: Fourth Edition emphasizes the principles and assumptions underlying the statistical methods, thus providing the tools needed for students to use and interpret statistical data effectively.

Author: John Lawson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420060600

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 1976

A culmination of the author’s many years of consulting and teaching, Design and Analysis of Experiments with SAS provides practical guidance on the computer analysis of experimental data. It connects the objectives of research to the type of experimental design required, describes the actual process of creating the design and collecting the data, shows how to perform the proper analysis of the data, and illustrates the interpretation of results. Drawing on a variety of application areas, from pharmaceuticals to machinery, the book presents numerous examples of experiments and exercises that enable students to perform their own experiments. Harnessing the capabilities of SAS 9.2, it includes examples of SAS data step programming and IML, along with procedures from SAS Stat, SAS QC, and SAS OR. The text also shows how to display experimental results graphically using SAS ODS graphics. The author emphasizes how the sample size, the assignment of experimental units to combinations of treatment factor levels (error control), and the selection of treatment factor combinations (treatment design) affect the resulting variance and bias of estimates as well as the validity of conclusions. This textbook covers both classical ideas in experimental design and the latest research topics. It clearly discusses the objectives of a research project that lead to an appropriate design choice, the practical aspects of creating a design and performing experiments, and the interpretation of the results of computer data analysis. SAS code and ancillaries are available at http://lawson.mooo.com

Author: Nicholas P. Jewell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203496868

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 4603

Statistical ideas have been integral to the development of epidemiology and continue to provide the tools needed to interpret epidemiological studies. Although epidemiologists do not need a highly mathematical background in statistical theory to conduct and interpret such studies, they do need more than an encyclopedia of "recipes." Statistics for Epidemiology achieves just the right balance between the two approaches, building an intuitive understanding of the methods most important to practitioners and the skills to use them effectively. It develops the techniques for analyzing simple risk factors and disease data, with step-by-step extensions that include the use of binary regression. It covers the logistic regression model in detail and contrasts it with the Cox model for time-to-incidence data. The author uses a few simple case studies to guide readers from elementary analyses to more complex regression modeling. Following these examples through several chapters makes it easy to compare the interpretations that emerge from varying approaches. Written by one of the top biostatisticians in the field, Statistics for Epidemiology stands apart in its focus on interpretation and in the depth of understanding it provides. It lays the groundwork that all public health professionals, epidemiologists, and biostatisticians need to successfully design, conduct, and analyze epidemiological studies.

*Applied Statistical Methods*

Author: Ronald Christensen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412062919

Category: Mathematics

Page: 608

View: 9861

This text presents a comprehensive treatment of basic statistical methods and their applications. It focuses on the analysis of variance and regression, but also addressing basic ideas in experimental design and count data. The book has four connecting themes: similarity of inferential procedures, balanced one-way analysis of variance, comparison of models, and checking assumptions. Most inferential procedures are based on identifying a scalar parameter of interest, estimating that parameter, obtaining the standard error of the estimate, and identifying the appropriate reference distribution. Given these items, the inferential procedures are identical for various parameters. Balanced one-way analysis of variance has a simple, intuitive interpretation in terms of comparing the sample variance of the group means with the mean of the sample variance for each group. All balanced analysis of variance problems are considered in terms of computing sample variances for various group means. Comparing different models provides a structure for examining both balanced and unbalanced analysis of variance problems and regression problems. Checking assumptions is presented as a crucial part of every statistical analysis. Examples using real data from a wide variety of fields are used to motivate theory. Christensen consistently examines residual plots and presents alternative analyses using different transformation and case deletions. Detailed examination of interactions, three factor analysis of variance, and a split-plot design with four factors are included. The numerous exercises emphasize analysis of real data. Senior undergraduate and graduate students in statistics and graduate students in other disciplines using analysis of variance, design of experiments, or regression analysis will find this book useful.

Author: Simon Rogers,Mark Girolami

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498738540

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 427

View: 8195

"A First Course in Machine Learning by Simon Rogers and Mark Girolami is the best introductory book for ML currently available. It combines rigor and precision with accessibility, starts from a detailed explanation of the basic foundations of Bayesian analysis in the simplest of settings, and goes all the way to the frontiers of the subject such as infinite mixture models, GPs, and MCMC." —Devdatt Dubhashi, Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University, Sweden "This textbook manages to be easier to read than other comparable books in the subject while retaining all the rigorous treatment needed. The new chapters put it at the forefront of the field by covering topics that have become mainstream in machine learning over the last decade." —Daniel Barbara, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, USA "The new edition of A First Course in Machine Learning by Rogers and Girolami is an excellent introduction to the use of statistical methods in machine learning. The book introduces concepts such as mathematical modeling, inference, and prediction, providing ‘just in time’ the essential background on linear algebra, calculus, and probability theory that the reader needs to understand these concepts." —Daniel Ortiz-Arroyo, Associate Professor, Aalborg University Esbjerg, Denmark "I was impressed by how closely the material aligns with the needs of an introductory course on machine learning, which is its greatest strength...Overall, this is a pragmatic and helpful book, which is well-aligned to the needs of an introductory course and one that I will be looking at for my own students in coming months." —David Clifton, University of Oxford, UK "The first edition of this book was already an excellent introductory text on machine learning for an advanced undergraduate or taught masters level course, or indeed for anybody who wants to learn about an interesting and important field of computer science. The additional chapters of advanced material on Gaussian process, MCMC and mixture modeling provide an ideal basis for practical projects, without disturbing the very clear and readable exposition of the basics contained in the first part of the book." —Gavin Cawley, Senior Lecturer, School of Computing Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK "This book could be used for junior/senior undergraduate students or first-year graduate students, as well as individuals who want to explore the field of machine learning...The book introduces not only the concepts but the underlying ideas on algorithm implementation from a critical thinking perspective." —Guangzhi Qu, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA

Author: John Lawson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498728480

Category: Mathematics

Page: 620

View: 9471

Design and Analysis of Experiments with R presents a unified treatment of experimental designs and design concepts commonly used in practice. It connects the objectives of research to the type of experimental design required, describes the process of creating the design and collecting the data, shows how to perform the proper analysis of the data, and illustrates the interpretation of results. Drawing on his many years of working in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, industrial chemicals, and machinery industries, the author teaches students how to: Make an appropriate design choice based on the objectives of a research project Create a design and perform an experiment Interpret the results of computer data analysis The book emphasizes the connection among the experimental units, the way treatments are randomized to experimental units, and the proper error term for data analysis. R code is used to create and analyze all the example experiments. The code examples from the text are available for download on the author’s website, enabling students to duplicate all the designs and data analysis. Intended for a one-semester or two-quarter course on experimental design, this text covers classical ideas in experimental design as well as the latest research topics. It gives students practical guidance on using R to analyze experimental data.

Author: Nalini Ravishanker,Dipak K. Dey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584882473

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 3122

This innovative, intermediate-level statistics text fills an important gap by presenting the theory of linear statistical models at a level appropriate for senior undergraduate or first-year graduate students. With an innovative approach, the author's introduces students to the mathematical and statistical concepts and tools that form a foundation for studying the theory and applications of both univariate and multivariate linear models A First Course in Linear Model Theory systematically presents the basic theory behind linear statistical models with motivation from an algebraic as well as a geometric perspective. Through the concepts and tools of matrix and linear algebra and distribution theory, it provides a framework for understanding classical and contemporary linear model theory. It does not merely introduce formulas, but develops in students the art of statistical thinking and inspires learning at an intuitive level by emphasizing conceptual understanding. The authors' fresh approach, methodical presentation, wealth of examples, and introduction to topics beyond the classical theory set this book apart from other texts on linear models. It forms a refreshing and invaluable first step in students' study of advanced linear models, generalized linear models, nonlinear models, and dynamic models.

Author: J.I. Galbraith,Irini Moustaki,David J. Bartholomew,Fiona Steele

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584882954

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 701

Multivariate analysis is an important tool for social researchers, but the subject is broad and can be quite technical for those with limited mathematical and statistical backgrounds. To effectively acquire the tools and techniques they need to interpret multivariate data, social science students need clear explanations, a minimum of mathematical detail, and a wide range of exercises and worked examples. Classroom tested for more than 10 years, The Analysis and Interpretation of Multivariate Data for Social Scientists describes and illustrates methods of multivariate data analysis important to the social sciences. The authors focus on interpreting the pattern of relationships among many variables rather than establishing causal linkages, and rely heavily on numerical examples, visualization, and on verbal , rather than mathematical exposition. They present methods for categorical variables alongside the more familiar method for continuous variables and place particular emphasis on latent variable techniques. Ideal for introductory, senior undergraduate and graduate-level courses in multivariate analysis for social science students, this book combines depth of understanding and insight with the practical details of how to carry out and interpret multivariate analyses on real data. It gives them a solid understanding of the most commonly used multivariate methods and the knowledge and tools to implement them. Datasets, the SPSS syntax and code used in the examples, and software for performing latent variable modelling are available at http://www.mlwin.com/team/aimdss.html>

*From Linear Models to Machine Learning*

Author: Norman Matloff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351645897

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 490

View: 2463

Statistical Regression and Classification: From Linear Models to Machine Learning takes an innovative look at the traditional statistical regression course, presenting a contemporary treatment in line with today's applications and users. The text takes a modern look at regression: * A thorough treatment of classical linear and generalized linear models, supplemented with introductory material on machine learning methods. * Since classification is the focus of many contemporary applications, the book covers this topic in detail, especially the multiclass case. * In view of the voluminous nature of many modern datasets, there is a chapter on Big Data. * Has special Mathematical and Computational Complements sections at ends of chapters, and exercises are partitioned into Data, Math and Complements problems. * Instructors can tailor coverage for specific audiences such as majors in Statistics, Computer Science, or Economics. * More than 75 examples using real data. The book treats classical regression methods in an innovative, contemporary manner. Though some statistical learning methods are introduced, the primary methodology used is linear and generalized linear parametric models, covering both the Description and Prediction goals of regression methods. The author is just as interested in Description applications of regression, such as measuring the gender wage gap in Silicon Valley, as in forecasting tomorrow's demand for bike rentals. An entire chapter is devoted to measuring such effects, including discussion of Simpson's Paradox, multiple inference, and causation issues. Similarly, there is an entire chapter of parametric model fit, making use of both residual analysis and assessment via nonparametric analysis. Norman Matloff is a professor of computer science at the University of California, Davis, and was a founder of the Statistics Department at that institution. His current research focus is on recommender systems, and applications of regression methods to small area estimation and bias reduction in observational studies. He is on the editorial boards of the Journal of Statistical Computation and the R Journal. An award-winning teacher, he is the author of The Art of R Programming and Parallel Computation in Data Science: With Examples in R, C++ and CUDA.

*A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan*

Author: Richard McElreath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482253488

Category: Mathematics

Page: 487

View: 4297

Statistical Rethinking: A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan builds readers’ knowledge of and confidence in statistical modeling. Reflecting the need for even minor programming in today’s model-based statistics, the book pushes readers to perform step-by-step calculations that are usually automated. This unique computational approach ensures that readers understand enough of the details to make reasonable choices and interpretations in their own modeling work. The text presents generalized linear multilevel models from a Bayesian perspective, relying on a simple logical interpretation of Bayesian probability and maximum entropy. It covers from the basics of regression to multilevel models. The author also discusses measurement error, missing data, and Gaussian process models for spatial and network autocorrelation. By using complete R code examples throughout, this book provides a practical foundation for performing statistical inference. Designed for both PhD students and seasoned professionals in the natural and social sciences, it prepares them for more advanced or specialized statistical modeling. Web Resource The book is accompanied by an R package (rethinking) that is available on the author’s website and GitHub. The two core functions (map and map2stan) of this package allow a variety of statistical models to be constructed from standard model formulas.