Human Rights Journalism

Advances in Reporting Distant Humanitarian Interventions

Author: I. Shaw

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023035887X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 281

View: 4059

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Shaw argues that journalism should focus on deconstructing the underlying structural and cultural causes of political violence such as poverty, famine and human trafficking, and play a proactive (preventative), rather than reactive (prescriptive) role in humanitarian intervention.

Media, Mobilization, and Human Rights

Mediating Suffering

Author: Tristan Anne Borer

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780320701

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3261

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What impact do mass media portrayals of atrocities have on activism? Why do these news stories sometimes mobilize people, while at other times they are met with indifference? Do different forms of media have greater or lesser impacts on mobilization? These are just some of the questions addressed in Media, Mobilization, and Human Rights, which investigates the assumption that exposure to human rights violations in countries far away causes people to respond with activism. Turning a critical eye on existing scholarship, which argues either that viewing and reading about violence can serve as a force for good (through increased activism) or as a source of evil (by objectifying and exploiting the victims of violence), the authors argue that reality is far more complex, and that there is nothing inherently positive or negative about exposure to the suffering of others. In exploring this, the book offers an array of case studies: from human rights reporting in Mexican newspapers to the impact of media imagery on humanitarian intervention in Somalia; from the influence of celebrity activism to the growing role of social media. By examining a variety of media forms, from television and radio to social networking, the interdisciplinary set of authors present radical new ways of thinking about the intersection of media portrayals of human suffering and activist responses to them.

Freedom's Battle

The Origins of Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Gary J. Bass

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307269299

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 8538

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This gripping and important book brings alive over two hundred years of humanitarian interventions. Freedom’s Battle illuminates the passionate debates between conscience and imperialism ignited by the first human rights activists in the 19th century, and shows how a newly emergent free press galvanized British, American, and French citizens to action by exposing them to distant atrocities. Wildly romantic and full of bizarre enthusiasms, these activists were pioneers of a new political consciousness. And their legacy has much to teach us about today’s human rights crises. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Globalization and Human Rights

Author: Alison Brysk

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520936280

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 3417

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In this landmark volume, Alison Brysk has assembled an impressive array of scholars to address new questions about globalization and human rights. Is globalization generating both problems and opportunities? Are new problems replacing or intensifying state repression? How effective are new forms of human rights accountability? These essays include theoretical analyses by Richard Falk, Jack Donnelly, and James Rosenau. Chapters on sex tourism, international markets, and communications technology bring new perspectives to emerging issues. The authors investigate places such as the Dominican Republic, Nigeria, and the Philippines. The contemporary world is defined by globalization. While global human rights standards and institutions have been established, assaults on human dignity continue. These essays identify the new challenges to be faced, and suggest new ways to remedy the costs of globalization.

Distant Suffering

Morality, Media and Politics

Author: Luc Boltanski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521659536

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 4121

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Distant Suffering, first published in 1999, examines the moral and political implications for a spectator of the distant suffering of others as presented through the media. What are the morally acceptable responses to the sight of suffering on television, for example, when the viewer cannot act directly to affect the circumstances in which the suffering takes place? Luc Boltanski argues that spectators can actively involve themselves and others by speaking about what they have seen and how they were affected by it. Developing ideas in Adam Smith's moral theory, he examines three rhetorical 'topics' available for the expression of the spectator's response to suffering: the topics of denunciation and of sentiment and the aesthetic topic. The book concludes with a discussion of a 'crisis of pity' in relation to modern forms of humanitarianism. A possible way out of this crisis is suggested which involves an emphasis and focus on present suffering.

Expanding Peace Journalism

Comparative and Critical Approaches

Author: Ibrahim Seaga Shaw,Jake Lynch,Robert A. Hackett

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 1920899707

Category: Journalism

Page: 390

View: 1894

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Expanding peace journalism: comparative and critical approaches draws together cutting-edge contributions from 17 international writers to this rapidly emerging field of research. Media coverage of conflicts is propagandistic and commonly portrays two elite actors contesting a single goal of 'victory'. This major new text explores and interrogates peace journalism as a significant challenge to this hegemonic discourse, which has been advocated and elaborated over the recent years in journalism, media development and academic spheres. Expanding peace journalism traces boundaries and links with the adjacent fields including alternative media, social movement activism and media democratisation. It includes case studies - from the media of countries including Australia, Canada, Guatemala, India, Nigeria, Norway, Sweden and the US - and explores connections with human rights, as well as Indigenous and women's rights activism. The problem some 50 years ago was what criteria an event had to meet to qualify as news ... When the news represents a distorted world image, the distortions are worth knowing. This book, so rich in content, is a testimony to the need for empirical, critical and constructive scrutiny of media. Each chapter opens a new window, a new angle; all of them important. From the preface by Johan Galtung

Making Sense of Human Rights

Philosophical Reflections on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Author: James W. Nickel

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520059948

Category: Philosophy

Page: 253

View: 5080

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This fully revised and extended edition of James Nickel's classic study explains and defends the conception of human rights found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and subsequent human rights treaties. Combining philosophical, legal, and political approaches, Nickel addresses questions about what human rights are, what their content should be, and whether and how they can be justified.

Humanitarian Reason

A Moral History of the Present

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520271165

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9873

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Studies primarily France with shorter sections on South Africa, Venezuela, and Palestine.

Human Development Report 2016

Human Development for Everyone

Author: United Nations Development Programme

Publisher: Human Development Report (Pape

ISBN: 9789211264135

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 895

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This report focuses on how human development can be ensured for everyone, now and in future. It starts with an account of the hopes and challenges of today's world, envisioning where humanity wants to go. This vision draws from and builds on the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. It explores who has been left behind in human development progress and why. It argues that to ensure that human development reaches everyone, some aspects of the human development framework and assessment perspectives have to be brought to the fore. The Report also identifies the national policies and key strategies to ensure that will enable every human being achieve at least basic human development and to sustain and protect the gains.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the 21st Century

A Living Document in a Changing World

Author: Gordon Brown

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 1783742216

Category: Political Science

Page: 146

View: 8823

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The Global Citizenship Commission was convened, under the leadership of former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and the auspices of NYU’s Global Institute for Advanced Study, to re-examine the spirit and stirring words of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The result – this volume – offers a 21st-century commentary on the original document, furthering the work of human rights and illuminating the ideal of global citizenship. What does it mean for each of us to be members of a global community? Since 1948, the Declaration has stood as a beacon and a standard for a better world. Yet the work of making its ideals real is far from over. Hideous and systemic human rights abuses continue to be perpetrated at an alarming rate around the world. Too many people, particularly those in power, are hostile to human rights or indifferent to their claims. Meanwhile, our global interdependence deepens. Bringing together world leaders and thinkers in the fields of politics, ethics, and philosophy, the Commission set out to develop a common understanding of the meaning of global citizenship – one that arises from basic human rights and empowers every individual in the world. This landmark report affirms the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and seeks to renew the 1948 enterprise, and the very ideal of the human family, for our day and generation.

The Great War for Civilisation

The Conquest of the Middle East

Author: Robert Fisk

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307428710

Category: History

Page: 1136

View: 3539

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A sweeping and dramatic history of the last half century of conflict in the Middle East from an award-winning journalist who has covered the region for over forty years, The Great War for Civilisation unflinchingly chronicles the tragedy of the region from the Algerian Civil War to the Iranian Revolution; from the American hostage crisis in Beirut to the Iran-Iraq War; from the 1991 Gulf War to the American invasion of Iraq in 2003. A book of searing drama as well as lucid, incisive analysis, The Great War for Civilisation is a work of major importance for today's world.

That the World May Know

Bearing Witness to Atrocity

Author: James Dawes

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674030273

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 6504

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What can we do to prevent more atrocities from happening in the future, and to stop the ones that are happening right now? That the World May Know tells the powerful and moving story of the successes and failures of the modern human rights movement. Drawing on firsthand accounts from fieldworkers around the world, the book gives a painfully clear picture of the human cost of confronting inhumanity in our day.

New Technologies for Human Rights Law and Practice

Author: Molly K. Land,Jay D. Aronson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107179637

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 2104

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Provides a roadmap for understanding the relationship between technology and human rights law and practice. This title is also available as Open Access.

War and the Media

Reporting Conflict 24/7

Author: Daya Kishan Thussu,Des Freedman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761943136

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 266

View: 7039

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'War and the media' brings together internationally known contributors. It is an essential guide to understanding the institutions and technologies involved in the production and consumption of television news.

The CNN Effect

The Myth of News, Foreign Policy and Intervention

Author: Piers Robinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134513135

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 192

View: 9481

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The CNN Effect examines the relationship between the state and its media, and considers the role played by the news reporting in a series of 'humanitarian' interventions in Iraq, Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo and Rwanda. Piers Robinson challenges traditional views of media subservience and argues that sympathetic news coverage at key moments in foreign crises can influence the response of Western governments.

The Politics of Protection

The Limits of Humanitarian Action

Author: Elizabeth G. Ferris

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815721383

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 5581

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For the past decade, humanitarian actors have increasingly sought not only to assist people affected by conflicts and natural disasters, but also to protect them. At the same time, protection of civilians has become central to UN peacekeeping operations, and the UN General Assembly has endorsed the principle that the international community has the "responsibility to protect" people when their governments cannot or will not do so. Elizabeth Ferris explores the evolution of the international community's understandings of protection, with a particular emphasis on the humanitarian community. "Protection" is a noble word, with positive connotations, but what does it actually mean in practice? Does providing assistance to vulnerable people protect them, for example? Does monitoring the number of rapes protect women? Does increased engagement in protection activities by humanitarian agencies jeopardize the cornerstone humanitarian principles of neutrality and impartiality? In The Politics of Protection, Ferris examines inconsistent ways in which protection is defined and applied. For example, why do certain groups receive international protection while other equally needy groups do not? Her case studies, ranging from Iraq to Katrina, illustrate the challenges—and limitations—of protecting vulnerable populations from the ravages of war and natural disasters. Ferris argues that the protection paradigms currently in use are inadequate to meet the challenges of the future, such as climate change, protracted displacement, and the changing nature of warfare.

Immediations

The Humanitarian Impulse in Documentary

Author: Pooja Rangan

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822373106

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 272

View: 2698

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Endangered life is often used to justify humanitarian media intervention, but what if suffering humanity is both the fuel and outcome of such media representations? Pooja Rangan argues that this vicious circle is the result of immediation, a prevailing documentary ethos that seeks to render human suffering urgent and immediate at all costs. Rangan interrogates this ethos in films seeking to “give a voice to the voiceless,” an established method of validating the humanity of marginalized subjects, including children, refugees, autistics, and animals. She focuses on multiple examples of documentary subjects being invited to demonstrate their humanity: photography workshops for the children of sex workers in Calcutta; live eyewitness reporting by Hurricane Katrina survivors; attempts to facilitate speech in nonverbal autistics; and painting lessons for elephants. These subjects are obliged to represent themselves using immediations—tropes that reinforce their status as the “other” and reproduce definitions of the human that exclude non-normative modes of thinking, being, and doing. To counter these effects, Rangan calls for an approach to media that aims not to humanize but to realize the full, radical potential of giving the camera to the other.

The Assault on Journalism

Building Knowledge to Protect Freedom of Expression

Author: Ulla Carlsson,Reeta Pöyhtäri

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789187957505

Category: Freedom of expression

Page: 376

View: 315

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