Homological Algebra

In Strongly Non-Abelian Settings

Author: Marco Grandis

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814425931

Category: Mathematics

Page: 356

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We propose here a study of ‘semiexact’ and ‘homological' categories as a basis for a generalised homological algebra. Our aim is to extend the homological notions to deeply non-abelian situations, where satellites and spectral sequences can still be studied. This is a sequel of a book on ‘Homological Algebra, The interplay of homology with distributive lattices and orthodox semigroups’, published by the same Editor, but can be read independently of the latter. The previous book develops homological algebra in p-exact categories, i.e. exact categories in the sense of Puppe and Mitchell — a moderate generalisation of abelian categories that is nevertheless crucial for a theory of ‘coherence’ and ‘universal models’ of (even abelian) homological algebra. The main motivation of the present, much wider extension is that the exact sequences or spectral sequences produced by unstable homotopy theory cannot be dealt with in the previous framework. According to the present definitions, a semiexact category is a category equipped with an ideal of ‘null’ morphisms and provided with kernels and cokernels with respect to this ideal. A homological category satisfies some further conditions that allow the construction of subquotients and induced morphisms, in particular the homology of a chain complex or the spectral sequence of an exact couple. Extending abelian categories, and also the p-exact ones, these notions include the usual domains of homology and homotopy theories, e.g. the category of ‘pairs’ of topological spaces or groups; they also include their codomains, since the sequences of homotopy ‘objects’ for a pair of pointed spaces or a fibration can be viewed as exact sequences in a homological category, whose objects are actions of groups on pointed sets. Homological Algebra: The Interplay of Homology with Distributive Lattices and Orthodox Semigroups Contents:IntroductionSemiexact categoriesHomological CategoriesSubquotients, Homology and Exact CouplesSatellitesUniversal ConstructionsApplications to Algebraic TopologyHomological Theories and Biuniversal ModelsAppendix A. Some Points of Category Theory Readership: Graduate students, professors and researchers in pure mathematics, in particular category theory and algebraic topology. Keywords:Non Abelian Homological Algebra;Spectral Sequences;Distributive Lattices;Orthodox Semigroups;Categories of RelationsReviews: “The range of applications and examples is considerable and many are outside the reach of more standard forms of homological algebra, but the methods used here also give insight as to 'why' the classical theory works and how its results can be interpreted.” Zentralblatt MATH

Category Theory and Applications

A Textbook for Beginners

Author: Marco Grandis

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813231084

Category:

Page: 304

View: 7832

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Category Theory now permeates most of Mathematics, large parts of theoretical Computer Science and parts of theoretical Physics. Its unifying power brings together different branches, and leads to a deeper understanding of their roots. This book is addressed to students and researchers of these fields and can be used as a text for a first course in Category Theory. It covers its basic tools, like universal properties, limits, adjoint functors and monads. These are presented in a concrete way, starting from examples and exercises taken from elementary Algebra, Lattice Theory and Topology, then developing the theory together with new exercises and applications. Applications of Category Theory form a vast and differentiated domain. This book wants to present the basic applications and a choice of more advanced ones, based on the interests of the author. References are given for applications in many other fields. Contents: Introduction Categories, Functors and Natural Transformations Limits and Colimits Adjunctions and Monads Applications in Algebra Applications in Topology and Algebraic Topology Applications in Homological Algebra Hints at Higher Dimensional Category Theory References Indices Readership: Graduate students and researchers of mathematics, computer science, physics. Keywords: Category TheoryReview: Key Features: The main notions of Category Theory are presented in a concrete way, starting from examples taken from the elementary part of well-known disciplines: Algebra, Lattice Theory and Topology The theory is developed presenting other examples and some 300 exercises; the latter are endowed with a solution, or a partial solution, or adequate hints Three chapters and some extra sections are devoted to applications

Homological Algebra

The Interplay of Homology with Distributive Lattices and Orthodox Semigroups

Author: Marco Grandis

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814407062

Category: Mathematics

Page: 369

View: 5345

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In this book we want to explore aspects of coherence in homological algebra, that already appear in the classical situation of abelian groups or abelian categories. Lattices of subobjects are shown to play an important role in the study of homological systems, from simple chain complexes to all the structures that give rise to spectral sequences. A parallel role is played by semigroups of endorelations. These links rest on the fact that many such systems, but not all of them, live in distributive sublattices of the modular lattices of subobjects of the system. The property of distributivity allows one to work with induced morphisms in an automatically consistent way, as we prove in a 'Coherence Theorem for homological algebra'. (On the contrary, a 'non-distributive' homological structure like the bifiltered chain complex can easily lead to inconsistency, if one explores the interaction of its two spectral sequences farther than it is normally done.) The same property of distributivity also permits representations of homological structures by means of sets and lattices of subsets, yielding a precise foundation for the heuristic tool of Zeeman diagrams as universal models of spectral sequences. We thus establish an effective method of working with spectral sequences, called 'crossword chasing', that can often replace the usual complicated algebraic tools and be of much help to readers that want to apply spectral sequences in any field.

A Singular Introduction to Commutative Algebra

Author: Gert-Martin Greuel,Gerhard Pfister

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540735429

Category: Mathematics

Page: 689

View: 6876

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This substantially enlarged second edition aims to lead a further stage in the computational revolution in commutative algebra. This is the first handbook/tutorial to extensively deal with SINGULAR. Among the book’s most distinctive features is a new, completely unified treatment of the global and local theories. Another feature of the book is its breadth of coverage of theoretical topics in the portions of commutative algebra closest to algebraic geometry, with algorithmic treatments of almost every topic.

Nonabelian Algebraic Topology

Filtered Spaces, Crossed Complexes, Cubical Homotopy Groupoids

Author: Ronald Brown,Philip J. Higgins,Rafael Sivera

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9783037190838

Category: Mathematics

Page: 668

View: 2400

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Undergraduate Commutative Algebra

Author: Miles Reid

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521458894

Category: Mathematics

Page: 153

View: 5109

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In this well-written introduction to commutative algebra, the author shows the link between commutative ring theory and algebraic geometry. In addition to standard material, the book contrasts the methods and ideology of modern abstract algebra with concrete applications in algebraic geometry and number theory. Professor Reid begins with a discussion of modules and Noetherian rings before moving on to finite extensions and the Noether normalization. Sections on the nullstellensatz and rings of fractions precede sections on primary decomposition and normal integral domains. This book is ideal for anyone seeking a primer on commutative algebra.

Quantum and Non-Commutative Analysis

Past, Present and Future Perspectives

Author: Huzihiro Araki,Keiichi R. Ito,Akitaka Kishimoto,Izumi Ojima

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792325321

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 8532

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In the past decade, there has been a sudden and vigorous development in a number of research areas in mathematics and mathematical physics, such as theory of operator algebras, knot theory, theory of manifolds, infinite dimensional Lie algebras and quantum groups (as a new topics), etc. on the side of mathematics, quantum field theory and statistical mechanics on the side of mathematical physics. The new development is characterized by very strong relations and interactions between different research areas which were hitherto considered as remotely related. Focussing on these new developments in mathematical physics and theory of operator algebras, the International Oji Seminar on Quantum Analysis was held at the Kansai Seminar House, Kyoto, JAPAN during June 25-29, 1992 by a generous sponsorship of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and the Fujihara Foundation of Science, as a workshop of relatively small number of (about 50) invited participants. This was followed by an open Symposium at RIMS, described below by its organizer, A. Kishimoto. The Oji Seminar began with two key-note addresses, one by V.F.R. Jones on Spin Models in Knot Theory and von Neumann Algebras and by A. Jaffe on Where Quantum Field Theory Has Led. Subsequently topics such as Subfactors and Sector Theory, Solvable Models of Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory, Quantum Groups, and Renormalization Group Ap proach, are discussed. Towards the end, a panel discussion on Where Should Quantum Analysis Go? was held.

Mal'cev, Protomodular, Homological and Semi-Abelian Categories

Author: Francis Borceux,Dominique Bourn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402019616

Category: Mathematics

Page: 479

View: 1431

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The purpose of the book is to take stock of the situation concerning Algebra via Category Theory in the last fifteen years, where the new and synthetic notions of Mal'cev, protomodular, homological and semi-abelian categories emerged. These notions force attention on the fibration of points and allow a unified treatment of the main algebraic: homological lemmas, Noether isomorphisms, commutator theory. The book gives full importance to examples and makes strong connections with Universal Algebra. One of its aims is to allow appreciating how productive the essential categorical constraint is: knowing an object, not from inside via its elements, but from outside via its relations with its environment. The book is intended to be a powerful tool in the hands of researchers in category theory, homology theory and universal algebra, as well as a textbook for graduate courses on these topics.

Computational commutative algebra and combinatorics

Author: Takayuki Hibi

Publisher: Mathematical Soc of Japan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 276

View: 2325

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This volume constitutes the proceedings of the International Conference on ``Computational Commutative Algebra and Combinatorics'' held in Osaka, Japan. It contains excellent survey articles and research papers on various topics related to the theme of the conference. Of particular interest are two survey articles, ``Algebraic Shifting'' by Gil Kalai and ``Generic Initial Ideals and Graded Betti Numbers'' by Jurgen Herzog. The volume is suitable for graduate students and researchmathematicians interested in discrete mathematics. Information for our distributors: Published for the Mathematical Society of Japan by Kinokuniya, Tokyo, and distributed worldwide, except in Japan, by the AMS. All commercial channel discounts apply.

Homological and Computational Methods in Commutative Algebra

Dedicated to Winfried Bruns on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday

Author: Aldo Conca,Joseph Gubeladze,Tim Römer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319619438

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 9682

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This volume collects contributions by leading experts in the area of commutative algebra related to the INdAM meeting “Homological and Computational Methods in Commutative Algebra” held in Cortona (Italy) from May 30 to June 3, 2016 . The conference and this volume are dedicated to Winfried Bruns on the occasion of his 70th birthday. In particular, the topics of this book strongly reflect the variety of Winfried Bruns’ research interests and his great impact on commutative algebra as well as its applications to related fields. The authors discuss recent and relevant developments in algebraic geometry, commutative algebra, computational algebra, discrete geometry and homological algebra. The book offers a unique resource, both for young and more experienced researchers seeking comprehensive overviews and extensive bibliographic references.

Algebraic Geometry

Author: Robin Hartshorne

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738498

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 5678

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An introduction to abstract algebraic geometry, with the only prerequisites being results from commutative algebra, which are stated as needed, and some elementary topology. More than 400 exercises distributed throughout the book offer specific examples as well as more specialised topics not treated in the main text, while three appendices present brief accounts of some areas of current research. This book can thus be used as textbook for an introductory course in algebraic geometry following a basic graduate course in algebra. Robin Hartshorne studied algebraic geometry with Oscar Zariski and David Mumford at Harvard, and with J.-P. Serre and A. Grothendieck in Paris. He is the author of "Residues and Duality", "Foundations of Projective Geometry", "Ample Subvarieties of Algebraic Varieties", and numerous research titles.

A Non-Hausdorff Completion

The Abelian Category of C-complete Left Modules over a Topological Ring

Author: Saul Lubkin

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814667404

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 9035

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This book introduces entirely new invariants never considered before, in homological algebra and commutative (and even non-commutative) algebra. The C-completion C(M), and higher C-completions, Cn(M), are defined for an arbitrary left module M over a topological ring A. Spectral sequences are defined that use these invariants. Given a left module over a topological ring A, under mild conditions the usual Hausdorff completion: M^ can be recovered from the C-completion C(M), by taking the quotient module by the closure of {0}. The new invariants and tools in this book are expected to be used in the study of p-adic cohomology in algebraic geometry; and also in the study of p-adic Banach spaces — by replacing the cumbersome "complete tensor product" of p-adic Banach spaces, with the more sophisticated "C-complete tensor product", discussed in this book. It is also not unlikely that the further study of these new invariants may well develop into a new branch of abstract mathematics - connected with commutative algebra, homological algebra, and algebraic topology.

Algebraic Geometry: Sheaves and cohomology

Author: 健爾·上野

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821813577

Category: Mathematics

Page: 184

View: 4852

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Modern algebraic geometry is built upon two fundamental notions: schemes and sheaves. The theory of schemes is presented in the first part of this book (Algebraic Geometry 1: From Algebraic Varieties to Schemes, AMS, 1999, Translations of Mathematical Monographs, Volume 185). In the present book, the author turns to the theory of sheaves and their cohomology. Loosely speaking, a sheaf is a way of keeping track of local information defined on a topological space, such as the local algebraic functions on an algebraic manifold or the local sections of a vector bundle. Sheaf cohomology is a primary tool in understanding sheaves and using them to study properties of the corresponding manifolds. The text covers the important topics of the theory of sheaves on algebraic varieties, including types of sheaves and the fundamental operations on them, such as coherent and quasicoherent sheaves, direct and inverse images, behavior of sheaves under proper and projective morphisms, and Cech cohomology. The book contains numerous problems and exercises with solutions. It would be an excellent text for the second part of a course in algebraic geometry.

Commutative Algebra

With a View Toward Algebraic Geometry

Author: David Eisenbud

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387942698

Category: Mathematics

Page: 785

View: 899

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Commutative Algebra is best understood with knowledge of the geometric ideas that have played a great role in its formation, in short, with a view towards algebraic geometry. The author presents a comprehensive view of commutative algebra, from basics, such as localization and primary decomposition, through dimension theory, differentials, homological methods, free resolutions and duality, emphasizing the origins of the ideas and their connections with other parts of mathematics. Many exercises illustrate and sharpen the theory and extended exercises give the reader an active part in complementing the material presented in the text. One novel feature is a chapter devoted to a quick but thorough treatment of Grobner basis theory and the constructive methods in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry that flow from it. Applications of the theory and even suggestions for computer algebra projects are included. This book will appeal to readers from beginners to advanced students of commutative algebra or algebraic geometry. To help beginners, the essential ideals from algebraic geometry are treated from scratch. Appendices on homological algebra, multilinear algebra and several other useful topics help to make the book relatively self- contained. Novel results and presentations are scattered throughout the text.

Mal'cev, Protomodular, Homological and Semi-Abelian Categories

Author: Francis Borceux,Dominique Bourn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781402019616

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 9855

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The purpose of the book is to take stock of the situation concerning Algebra via Category Theory in the last fifteen years, where the new and synthetic notions of Mal'cev, protomodular, homological and semi-abelian categories emerged. These notions force attention on the fibration of points and allow a unified treatment of the main algebraic: homological lemmas, Noether isomorphisms, commutator theory. The book gives full importance to examples and makes strong connections with Universal Algebra. One of its aims is to allow appreciating how productive the essential categorical constraint is: knowing an object, not from inside via its elements, but from outside via its relations with its environment. The book is intended to be a powerful tool in the hands of researchers in category theory, homology theory and universal algebra, as well as a textbook for graduate courses on these topics.

Multiplicative Ideal Theory and Factorization Theory

Commutative and Non-commutative Perspectives

Author: Scott Chapman,Marco Fontana,Alfred Geroldinger,Bruce Olberding

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331938855X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 407

View: 4896

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This book consists of both expository and research articles solicited from speakers at the conference entitled "Arithmetic and Ideal Theory of Rings and Semigroups," held September 22–26, 2014 at the University of Graz, Graz, Austria. It reflects recent trends in multiplicative ideal theory and factorization theory, and brings together for the first time in one volume both commutative and non-commutative perspectives on these areas, which have their roots in number theory, commutative algebra, and algebraic geometry. Topics discussed include topological aspects in ring theory, Prüfer domains of integer-valued polynomials and their monadic submonoids, and semigroup algebras. It will be of interest to practitioners of mathematics and computer science, and researchers in multiplicative ideal theory, factorization theory, number theory, and algebraic geometry.

Cyclic Homology

Author: Jean-Louis Loday

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662217392

Category: Mathematics

Page: 454

View: 6882

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This book is a comprehensive study of cyclic homology theory together with its relationship with Hochschild homology, de Rham cohomology, S1 equivariant homology, the Chern character, Lie algebra homology, algebraic K-theory and non-commutative differential geometry. Though conceived as a basic reference on the subject, many parts of this book are accessible to graduate students.