Heads of State

Icons, Power, and Politics in the Ancient and Modern Andes

Author: Denise Y Arnold,Christine A Hastorf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315427559

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 2638

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The human head has had important political, ritual and symbolic meanings throughout Andean history. Scholars have spoken of captured and trophy heads, curated crania, symbolic flying heads, head imagery on pots and on stone, head-shaped vessels, and linguistic references to the head. In this synthesizing work, cultural anthropologist Denise Arnold and archaeologist Christine Hastorf examine the cult of heads in the Andes—past and present—to develop a theory of its place in indigenous cultural practice and its relationship to political systems. Using ethnographic and archaeological fieldwork, highland-lowland comparisons, archival documents, oral histories, and ritual texts, the authors draw from Marx, Mauss, Foucault, Assadourian, Viveiros del Castro and other theorists to show how heads shape and symbolize power, violence, fertility, identity, and economy in South American cultures.

Landscape and Politics in the Ancient Andes

Biographies of Place at Khonkho Wankane

Author: Scott C. Smith

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

ISBN: 0826357105

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3489

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This book is a study of the ways places are created and how they attain meaning. Smith presents archaeological data from Khonkho Wankane in the southern Lake Titicaca basin of Bolivia to explore how landscapes were imagined and constructed during processes of political centralization in this region. In particular he examines landscapes of movement and the development of powerful political and religious centers during the Late Formative period (200 BC–AD 500), just before the emergence of the urban state centered at Tiwanaku (AD 500–1100). Late Formative politico-religious centers, Smith notes, were characterized by mobile populations of agropastoralists and caravan drovers. By exploring ritual practice at Late Formative settlements, Smith provides a new way of looking at political centralization, incipient urbanism, and state formation at Tiwanaku.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 7779

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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Making Spirits

Materiality and Transcendence in Contemporary Religions

Author: Diana Espirito Santo,Nico Tassi

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 085772262X

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 272

View: 5651

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The analysis of religion has often placed an emphasis on beliefs and ideologies, prioritizing these elements over those of the material world. Through the ethnographic analysis of a variety of contemporary religious practices, Making Spirits questions the presumed separation of spirit and matter, and sheds light on the dynamics between spiritual and material domains. By examining the cultural contexts in which material culture is central to the creation and experience of religion and belief, this volume analyses the different ways in which the concepts of the material and spiritual worlds intersect, interact and inform each other in the reproduction of religious rites. By concentrating on the processes of communication, exchange and transformation between realms considered spiritual and those seen as material or worldly, this volume questions the general opposition between the transcendent and the immanent in contemporary studies of religion. Making Spirits offers a wide range of examples in which these worlds collide, and indeed subside into each other. For example, the volume explores the significance of material things in the practice of Cuban spiritism, a popular medium cult. The ‘spirited ones’ are, according to these practices, gifted individuals adept at materialising the presence of the dead in their own lives and in those of their clients, and through this embody the images of Cuba’s ethnic, racial and religious diversity, as well as its trauma and conflict. Thus, the material and the spiritual world not only interact with each other, but are both used to shape the everyday reality of the believer. Furthermore, the importance of the material culture of religion is also examined here. By looking at the ways in which objects are defined as mediators between humans and deities, the volume analyses the ways in which material items are used in order to make men and women think, believe, perceive and act in a way that presupposes a tight connection between them and their gods. In this volume Nico Tassi and Diana Espirito Santo offer insights that challenge accepted categories in the study of religion, making this book important for scholars of comparative religion, anthropology and sociology.

Advances in Titicaca Basin Archaeology-III

Author: Alexei Vranich,Amanda B. Cohen,Charles Stanish,Elizabeth A. Klarich,Mark S. Aldenderfer

Publisher: University of Michigan Museum

ISBN: 9780915703784

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 7889

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The focus of this volume is the northern Titicaca Basin, an area once belonging to the quarter of the Inka Empire called Collasuyu. The recent explosion of archaeological projects around Lake Titicaca is reflected in the data-packed chapters of this new book. The original settlers around the lake had to adapt to living at more than 12,000 feet, but as this volume shows so well, this high-altitude environment supported a very long developmental sequence that climaxed in impressive villages with sunken courts, and towns and cities with fascinating sculptures and public buildings. The new data reported in this book come from a series of projects that will not only advance our understanding of sociopolitical evolution within Peru and Bolivia but well beyond. Every period¿from the Early Archaic period onward¿is becoming better known from the flurry of recent surveys and excavations. From this book, we learn a wide array of new things about key sites like Taraco, Pukara, Balsaspata, Qaluyu, Cancha Cancha Asiruni, Arapa, and Huancanewichinka. Lavishly illustrated and supplying data integral to understanding Andean prehistory, this is a must buy for Andeanists as well as others interested in the rise of sociopolitical complexity.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 7615

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Political Order in Changing Societies

Author: Samuel P. Huntington

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300116205

Category: Political Science

Page: 488

View: 3820

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This now classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is an enduring contribution to modern political analysis. The foreword by Fukuyama assesses Huntingdon's achievement.

Memory Work

Archaeologies of Material Practices

Author: Barbara J. Mills,William H. Walker

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 6229

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Memory making is a social practice that links people and things together across time and space and ultimately has material consequences. The intersection of matter and social practice becomes archaeologically visible through the deposits created during social activities. The contributors to this volume share a common goal to map out the different ways in which to study social memories in past societies programmatically and tangibly.

The Ecology of Power

Culture, Place, and Personhood in the Southern Amazon, A.D. 1000-2000

Author: Michael Heckenberger

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415945998

Category: History

Page: 404

View: 8042

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In 1884 a community of Brazilians was "discovered" by the Western world. The Ecology of Power examines these indigenous people from the Upper Xingu region, a group who even today are one of the strongest examples of long-term cultural continuity. Drawing upon written and oral history, ethnography, and archaeology, Heckenberger addresses the difficult issues facing anthropologists today as they "uncover" the muted voices of indigenous peoples and provides a fascinating portrait of a unique community of people who have in a way become living cultural artifacts.

The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology

Author: Christian Isendahl,Daryl Stump

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 9780199672691

Category: Social Science

Page: 656

View: 5386

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This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online.

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062316109

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 935

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New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

Art and Vision in the Inca Empire

Andeans and Europeans at Cajamarca

Author: Adam Herring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316300420

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7650

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In 1500 CE, the Inca empire covered most of South America's Andean region. The empire's leaders first met Europeans on November 15, 1532, when a large Inca army confronted Francisco Pizarro's band of adventurers in the highland Andean valley of Cajamarca, Peru. At few other times in its history would the Inca royal leadership so aggressively showcase its moral authority and political power. Glittering and truculent, what Europeans witnessed at Inca Cajamarca compels revised understandings of pre-contact Inca visual art, spatial practice, and bodily expression. This book takes a fresh look at the encounter at Cajamarca, using the episode to offer a new, art-historical interpretation of pre-contact Inca culture and power. Adam Herring's study offers close readings of Inca and Andean art in a variety of media: architecture and landscape, geoglyphs, sculpture, textiles, ceramics, featherwork and metalwork. The volume is richly illustrated with over sixty color images.

Arqueología de la cuenca del Titicaca, Perú

Author: Luis Flores Blanco,Henry Tantaleán

Publisher: Institut français d’études andines

ISBN: 9789972623769

Category: History

Page: 427

View: 3854

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Arqueología de la Cuenca del Titicaca, Perú, es una compilación de textos escritos por investigadores reconocidos y los de nuevas generaciones que han desarrollado sus trabajos arqueológicos en los últimos años en el Altiplano vinculado a la cuenca del lago Titicaca, en el actual Perú. Asimismo, por primera vez, se reúnen en idioma castellano, textos de arqueólogos peruanos y norteamericanos en un diálogo esperado por largo tiempo y que ahora estará disponible para especialistas y público en general. De esta manera, se cumple con poner a disposición de la comunidad científica y, en especial de las comunidades y regiones estudiadas de Puno, un libro que describe la rica y profunda historia de las épocas prehispánicas de esta área, lo cual, seguramente, ayudará a entender la herencia cultural de este pueblo que se profundiza en el tiempo pero que se puede reconocer hasta la actualidad. Para conseguir este objetivo, los capítulos del libro describen un recorrido que comienza con la llegada de los primeros humanos a la zona, pasando por la conformación de las primeras sociedades aldeanas, la formación de los primeros estados como el de Pukara, la expansión de la sociedad Tiwanaku en la región, la aparición de los denominados señoríos altiplánicos, Collas y Lupacas, principalmente, hasta llegar, finalmente, a la expansión y ocupación del Imperio Inca en esta zona. Creemos que esta obra será una herramienta útil de investigación, consulta y difusión de la arqueología de la cuenca del lago Titicaca, aunque claramente trasciende ese marco para integrarse como parte de la historia general de los Andes.

Hilos sueltos

los Andes desde el textil

Author: Denise Y. Arnold,Juan de Dios Yapita,Elvira Espejo Ayka

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indian textile fabrics

Page: 428

View: 1794

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In Search of an Inca

Identity and Utopia in the Andes

Author: Alberto Flores Galindo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521591341

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 7873

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This book examines how people in the Andean region have invoked the Incas to question and rethink colonialism and injustice.