Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics

Author: Kenneth H. Rosen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 135164405X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1612

View: 4896

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Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics provides a comprehensive reference volume for mathematicians, computer scientists, engineers, as well as students and reference librarians. The material is presented so that key information can be located and used quickly and easily. Each chapter includes a glossary. Individual topics are covered in sections and subsections within chapters, each of which is organized into clearly identifiable parts: definitions, facts, and examples. Examples are provided to illustrate some of the key definitions, facts, and algorithms. Some curious and entertaining facts and puzzles are also included. Readers will also find an extensive collection of biographies. This second edition is a major revision. It includes extensive additions and updates. Since the first edition appeared in 1999, many new discoveries have been made and new areas have grown in importance, which are covered in this edition.

Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics

Author: Kenneth H. Rosen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849301490

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1408

View: 6941

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The importance of discrete and combinatorial mathematics continues to increase as the range of applications to computer science, electrical engineering, and the biological sciences grows dramatically. Providing a ready reference for practitioners in the field, the Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics, Second Edition presents additional material on Google's matrix, random graphs, geometric graphs, computational topology, and other key topics. New chapters highlight essential background information on bioinformatics and computational geometry. Each chapter includes a glossary, definitions, facts, examples, algorithms, major applications, and references.

Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics, Second Edition

Author: Kenneth H. Rosen

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

ISBN: 9781584887805

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1408

View: 3710

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The importance of discrete and combinatorial mathematics continues to increase as the range of applications to computer science, electrical engineering, and the biological sciences grows dramatically. Providing a ready reference for practitioners in the field, the Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics, Second Edition presents additional material on Google's matrix, random graphs, geometric graphs, computational topology, and other key topics. New chapters highlight essential background information on bioinformatics and computational geometry. Each chapter includes a glossary, definitions, facts, examples, algorithms, major applications, and references.

Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Third Edition

Author: Csaba D. Toth,Joseph O'Rourke,Jacob E. Goodman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351645919

Category: Computers

Page: 1928

View: 1941

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The Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry is intended as a reference book fully accessible to nonspecialists as well as specialists, covering all major aspects of both fields. The book offers the most important results and methods in discrete and computational geometry to those who use them in their work, both in the academic world—as researchers in mathematics and computer science—and in the professional world—as practitioners in ?elds as diverse as operations research, molecular biology, and robotics. Discrete geometry has contributed signi?cantly to the growth of discrete mathematics in recent years. This has been fueled partly by the advent of powerful computers and by the recent explosion of activity in the relatively young ?eld of computational geometry. This synthesis between discrete and computational geometry lies at the heart of this Handbook. A growing list of application fields includes combinatorial optimization, computer-aided design, computer graphics, crystallography, data analysis, error-correcting codes, geographic information systems, motion planning, operations research, pattern recognition, robotics, solid modeling, and tomography.

Handbook of Combinatorial Designs

Author: C. J. Colbourn,Jeffrey H. Dinitz

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

ISBN: 9781584885061

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1016

View: 925

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Continuing in the bestselling, informative tradition of the first edition, the Handbook of Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition remains the only resource to contain all of the most important results and tables in the field of combinatorial design. This handbook covers the constructions, properties, and applications of designs as well as existence results. Over 30% longer than the first edition, the book builds upon the groundwork of its predecessor while retaining the original contributors' expertise. The first part contains a brief introduction and history of the subject. The following parts focus on four main classes of combinatorial designs: balanced incomplete block designs, orthogonal arrays and Latin squares, pairwise balanced designs, and Hadamard and orthogonal designs. Closely connected to the preceding sections, the next part surveys 65 additional classes of designs, such as balanced ternary, factorial, graphical, Howell, quasi-symmetric, and spherical. The final part presents mathematical and computational background related to design theory. New to the Second Edition An introductory part that provides a general overview and a historical perspective of the area New chapters on the history of design theory, various codes, bent functions, and numerous types of designs Fully updated tables, including BIBDs, MOLS, PBDs, and Hadamard matrices Nearly 2,200 references in a single bibliographic section Meeting the need for up-to-date and accessible tabular and reference information, this handbook provides the tools to understand combinatorial design theory and applications that span the entire discipline. The author maintains a website with more information.

Handbook of Mathematical Induction

Theory and Applications

Author: David S. Gunderson

Publisher: Discrete Mathematics and its Applications

ISBN: 9781138199019

Category:

Page: 921

View: 3827

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Handbook of Mathematical Induction: Theory and Applications shows how to find and write proofs via mathematical induction. This comprehensive book covers the theory, the structure of the written proof, all standard exercises, and hundreds of application examples from nearly every area of mathematics. In the first part of the book, the author discusses different inductive techniques, including well-ordered sets, basic mathematical induction, strong induction, double induction, infinite descent, downward induction, and several variants. He then introduces ordinals and cardinals, transfinite induction, the axiom of choice, Zorn s lemma, empirical induction, and fallacies and induction. He also explains how to write inductive proofs. The next part contains more than 750 exercises that highlight the levels of difficulty of an inductive proof, the variety of inductive techniques available, and the scope of results provable by mathematical induction. Each self-contained chapter in this section includes the necessary definitions, theory, and notation and covers a range of theorems and problems, from fundamental to very specialized. The final part presents either solutions or hints to the exercises. Slightly longer than what is found in most texts, these solutions provide complete details for every step of the problem-solving process. "

Handbook of Enumerative Combinatorics

Author: Miklos Bona

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482220865

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1086

View: 1359

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Presenting the state of the art, the Handbook of Enumerative Combinatorics brings together the work of today’s most prominent researchers. The contributors survey the methods of combinatorial enumeration along with the most frequent applications of these methods. This important new work is edited by Miklós Bóna of the University of Florida where he is a member of the Academy of Distinguished Teaching Scholars. He received his Ph.D. in mathematics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1997. Miklós is the author of four books and more than 65 research articles, including the award-winning Combinatorics of Permutations. Miklós Bóna is an editor-in-chief for the Electronic Journal of Combinatorics and Series Editor of the Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications Series for CRC Press/Chapman and Hall. The first two chapters provide a comprehensive overview of the most frequently used methods in combinatorial enumeration, including algebraic, geometric, and analytic methods. These chapters survey generating functions, methods from linear algebra, partially ordered sets, polytopes, hyperplane arrangements, and matroids. Subsequent chapters illustrate applications of these methods for counting a wide array of objects. The contributors for this book represent an international spectrum of researchers with strong histories of results. The chapters are organized so readers advance from the more general ones, namely enumeration methods, towards the more specialized ones. Topics include coverage of asymptotic normality in enumeration, planar maps, graph enumeration, Young tableaux, unimodality, log-concavity, real zeros, asymptotic normality, trees, generalized Catalan paths, computerized enumeration schemes, enumeration of various graph classes, words, tilings, pattern avoidance, computer algebra, and parking functions. This book will be beneficial to a wide audience. It will appeal to experts on the topic interested in learning more about the finer points, readers interested in a systematic and organized treatment of the topic, and novices who are new to the field.

Handbook of Linear Algebra, Second Edition

Author: Leslie Hogben

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466507284

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1904

View: 1693

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With a substantial amount of new material, the Handbook of Linear Algebra, Second Edition provides comprehensive coverage of linear algebra concepts, applications, and computational software packages in an easy-to-use format. It guides you from the very elementary aspects of the subject to the frontiers of current research. Along with revisions and updates throughout, the second edition of this bestseller includes 20 new chapters. New to the Second Edition Separate chapters on Schur complements, additional types of canonical forms, tensors, matrix polynomials, matrix equations, special types of matrices, generalized inverses, matrices over finite fields, invariant subspaces, representations of quivers, and spectral sets New chapters on combinatorial matrix theory topics, such as tournaments, the minimum rank problem, and spectral graph theory, as well as numerical linear algebra topics, including algorithms for structured matrix computations, stability of structured matrix computations, and nonlinear eigenvalue problems More chapters on applications of linear algebra, including epidemiology and quantum error correction New chapter on using the free and open source software system Sage for linear algebra Additional sections in the chapters on sign pattern matrices and applications to geometry Conjectures and open problems in most chapters on advanced topics Highly praised as a valuable resource for anyone who uses linear algebra, the first edition covered virtually all aspects of linear algebra and its applications. This edition continues to encompass the fundamentals of linear algebra, combinatorial and numerical linear algebra, and applications of linear algebra to various disciplines while also covering up-to-date software packages for linear algebra computations.

Handbook of Graph Theory, Second Edition

Author: Jonathan L. Gross,Jay Yellen,Ping Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439880182

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1630

View: 5137

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In the ten years since the publication of the best-selling first edition, more than 1,000 graph theory papers have been published each year. Reflecting these advances, Handbook of Graph Theory, Second Edition provides comprehensive coverage of the main topics in pure and applied graph theory. This second edition—over 400 pages longer than its predecessor—incorporates 14 new sections. Each chapter includes lists of essential definitions and facts, accompanied by examples, tables, remarks, and, in some cases, conjectures and open problems. A bibliography at the end of each chapter provides an extensive guide to the research literature and pointers to monographs. In addition, a glossary is included in each chapter as well as at the end of each section. This edition also contains notes regarding terminology and notation. With 34 new contributors, this handbook is the most comprehensive single-source guide to graph theory. It emphasizes quick accessibility to topics for non-experts and enables easy cross-referencing among chapters.

Handbook of Combinatorics

Author: Ronald L. Graham,Martin Grötschel,László Lovász

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444823465

Category: Mathematics

Page: 2198

View: 3070

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Handbook of Combinatorics, Volume 1 focuses on basic methods, paradigms, results, issues, and trends across the broad spectrum of combinatorics. The selection first elaborates on the basic graph theory, connectivity and network flows, and matchings and extensions. Discussions focus on stable sets and claw free graphs, nonbipartite matching, multicommodity flows and disjoint paths, minimum cost circulations and flows, special proof techniques for paths and circuits, and Hamilton paths and circuits in digraphs. The manuscript then examines coloring, stable sets, and perfect graphs and embeddings and minors. The book takes a look at random graphs, hypergraphs, partially ordered sets, and matroids. Topics include geometric lattices, structural properties, linear extensions and correlation, dimension and posets of bounded degree, hypergraphs and set systems, stability, transversals, and matchings, and phase transition. The manuscript also reviews the combinatorial number theory, point lattices, convex polytopes and related complexes, and extremal problems in combinatorial geometry. The selection is a valuable reference for researchers interested in combinatorics.

Handbook of Geometric Constraint Systems Principles

Author: Meera Sitharam,Audrey St. John,Jessica Sidman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498738923

Category: Mathematics

Page: 578

View: 8451

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The Handbook of Geometric Constraint Systems Principles is an entry point to the currently used principal mathematical and computational tools and techniques of the geometric constraint system (GCS). It functions as a single source containing the core principles and results, accessible to both beginners and experts. The handbook provides a guide for students learning basic concepts, as well as experts looking to pinpoint specific results or approaches in the broad landscape. As such, the editors created this handbook to serve as a useful tool for navigating the varied concepts, approaches and results found in GCS research.

Handbook of Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition

Author: Charles J. Colbourn,Jeffrey H. Dinitz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439832349

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1016

View: 1576

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Continuing in the bestselling, informative tradition of the first edition, the Handbook of Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition remains the only resource to contain all of the most important results and tables in the field of combinatorial design. This handbook covers the constructions, properties, and applications of designs as well as existence results. Over 30% longer than the first edition, the book builds upon the groundwork of its predecessor while retaining the original contributors' expertise. The first part contains a brief introduction and history of the subject. The following parts focus on four main classes of combinatorial designs: balanced incomplete block designs, orthogonal arrays and Latin squares, pairwise balanced designs, and Hadamard and orthogonal designs. Closely connected to the preceding sections, the next part surveys 65 additional classes of designs, such as balanced ternary, factorial, graphical, Howell, quasi-symmetric, and spherical. The final part presents mathematical and computational background related to design theory. New to the Second Edition An introductory part that provides a general overview and a historical perspective of the area New chapters on the history of design theory, various codes, bent functions, and numerous types of designs Fully updated tables, including BIBDs, MOLS, PBDs, and Hadamard matrices Nearly 2,200 references in a single bibliographic section Meeting the need for up-to-date and accessible tabular and reference information, this handbook provides the tools to understand combinatorial design theory and applications that span the entire discipline. The author maintains a website with more information.

Handbook of Graph Theory, Combinatorial Optimization, and Algorithms

Author: Krishnaiyan “KT” Thulasiraman,Subramanian Arumugam,Andreas Brandstädt,Takao Nishizeki

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420011073

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1226

View: 3607

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The fusion between graph theory and combinatorial optimization has led to theoretically profound and practically useful algorithms, yet there is no book that currently covers both areas together. Handbook of Graph Theory, Combinatorial Optimization, and Algorithms is the first to present a unified, comprehensive treatment of both graph theory and combinatorial optimization. Divided into 11 cohesive sections, the handbook’s 44 chapters focus on graph theory, combinatorial optimization, and algorithmic issues. The book provides readers with the algorithmic and theoretical foundations to: Understand phenomena as shaped by their graph structures Develop needed algorithmic and optimization tools for the study of graph structures Design and plan graph structures that lead to certain desirable behavior With contributions from more than 40 worldwide experts, this handbook equips readers with the necessary techniques and tools to solve problems in a variety of applications. Readers gain exposure to the theoretical and algorithmic foundations of a wide range of topics in graph theory and combinatorial optimization, enabling them to identify (and hence solve) problems encountered in diverse disciplines, such as electrical, communication, computer, social, transportation, biological, and other networks.

Handbook of Finite Fields

Author: Gary L. Mullen,Daniel Panario

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439873828

Category: Computers

Page: 1068

View: 690

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Poised to become the leading reference in the field, the Handbook of Finite Fields is exclusively devoted to the theory and applications of finite fields. More than 80 international contributors compile state-of-the-art research in this definitive handbook. Edited by two renowned researchers, the book uses a uniform style and format throughout and each chapter is self contained and peer reviewed. The first part of the book traces the history of finite fields through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The second part presents theoretical properties of finite fields, covering polynomials, special functions, sequences, algorithms, curves, and related computational aspects. The final part describes various mathematical and practical applications of finite fields in combinatorics, algebraic coding theory, cryptographic systems, biology, quantum information theory, engineering, and other areas. The book provides a comprehensive index and easy access to over 3,000 references, enabling you to quickly locate up-to-date facts and results regarding finite fields.

Handbook of Product Graphs, Second Edition

Author: Richard Hammack,Wilfried Imrich,Sandi Klavžar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439813041

Category: Computers

Page: 536

View: 821

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Handbook of Product Graphs, Second Edition examines the dichotomy between the structure of products and their subgraphs. It also features the design of efficient algorithms that recognize products and their subgraphs and explores the relationship between graph parameters of the product and factors. Extensively revised and expanded, the handbook presents full proofs of many important results as well as up-to-date research and conjectures. Results and Algorithms New to the Second Edition: Cancellation results A quadratic recognition algorithm for partial cubes Results on the strong isometric dimension Computing the Wiener index via canonical isometric embedding Connectivity results A fractional version of Hedetniemi’s conjecture Results on the independence number of Cartesian powers of vertex-transitive graphs Verification of Vizing’s conjecture for chordal graphs Results on minimum cycle bases Numerous selected recent results, such as complete minors and nowhere-zero flows The second edition of this classic handbook provides a thorough introduction to the subject and an extensive survey of the field. The first three parts of the book cover graph products in detail. The authors discuss algebraic properties, such as factorization and cancellation, and explore interesting and important classes of subgraphs. The fourth part presents algorithms for the recognition of products and related classes of graphs. The final two parts focus on graph invariants and infinite, directed, and product-like graphs. Sample implementations of selected algorithms and other information are available on the book’s website, which can be reached via the authors’ home pages.

Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Third Edition

Author: Csaba D. Toth,Joseph O'Rourke,Jacob E. Goodman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498711421

Category: Computers

Page: 1928

View: 6252

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The Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry is intended as a reference book fully accessible to nonspecialists as well as specialists, covering all major aspects of both fields. The book offers the most important results and methods in discrete and computational geometry to those who use them in their work, both in the academic world—as researchers in mathematics and computer science—and in the professional world—as practitioners in ?elds as diverse as operations research, molecular biology, and robotics. Discrete geometry has contributed signi?cantly to the growth of discrete mathematics in recent years. This has been fueled partly by the advent of powerful computers and by the recent explosion of activity in the relatively young ?eld of computational geometry. This synthesis between discrete and computational geometry lies at the heart of this Handbook. A growing list of application fields includes combinatorial optimization, computer-aided design, computer graphics, crystallography, data analysis, error-correcting codes, geographic information systems, motion planning, operations research, pattern recognition, robotics, solid modeling, and tomography.

Handbook of Applied Algorithms

Solving Scientific, Engineering, and Practical Problems

Author: Amiya Nayak,Ivan Stojmenovic

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470175644

Category: Computers

Page: 584

View: 7763

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Discover the benefits of applying algorithms to solve scientific, engineering, and practical problems Providing a combination of theory, algorithms, and simulations, Handbook of Applied Algorithms presents an all-encompassing treatment of applying algorithms and discrete mathematics to practical problems in "hot" application areas, such as computational biology, computational chemistry, wireless networks, and computer vision. In eighteen self-contained chapters, this timely book explores: * Localized algorithms that can be used in topology control for wireless ad-hoc or sensor networks * Bioinformatics algorithms for analyzing data * Clustering algorithms and identification of association rules in data mining * Applications of combinatorial algorithms and graph theory in chemistry and molecular biology * Optimizing the frequency planning of a GSM network using evolutionary algorithms * Algorithmic solutions and advances achieved through game theory Complete with exercises for readers to measure their comprehension of the material presented, Handbook of Applied Algorithms is a much-needed resource for researchers, practitioners, and students within computer science, life science, and engineering. Amiya Nayak, PhD, has over seventeen years of industrial experience and is Full Professor at the School of Information Technology and Engineering at the University of Ottawa, Canada. He is on the editorial board of several journals. Dr. Nayak's research interests are in the areas of fault tolerance, distributed systems/algorithms, and mobile ad-hoc networks. Ivan StojmenoviC?, PhD, is Professor at the University of Ottawa, Canada (www.site.uottawa.ca/~ivan), and Chair Professor of Applied Computing at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. Dr. Stojmenovic? received the Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award. His current research interests are mostly in the design and analysis of algorithms for wireless ad-hoc and sensor networks.