Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul A. Longley,Mike Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470721448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 3416

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The Third Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field and still retains its accessible format to appeal to a broad range of students. Now divided into five clear sections the book investigates the unique, complex and difficult problems that are posed by geographic information and together they build into a holistic understanding of the key principles of GIS. This is the most current, authoritative and comprehensive treatment of the field, that goes from fundamental principles to the big picture of: GIS and the New World Order security, health and well-being digital differentiation in GIS consumption the core organizing role of GIS in Geography the greening of GIS grand challenges of GIScience science and explanation Key features: Four-colour throughout Associated website with free online resources Teacher’s manual available for lecturers A complete learning resource, with accompanying instructor links, free online lab resources and personal syllabi Includes learning objectives and review boxes throughout each chapter New in this edition: Completely revised with a new five part structure: Foundations; Principles; Techniques; Analysis; Management and Policy All new personality boxes of current GIS practitioners New chapters on Distributed GIS, Map Production, Geovisualization, Modeling, and Managing GIS

Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul Longley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470870006

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 6986

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"One of the nicest features is the book’s accessibility … this is a must-have reference guide for all newcomers to the field, be they students or professionals." (GISProfessional, 2005) Geographic Information Systems and Science has become the pre-eminent textbook in its field, for students and practitioners alike. Its unique approach communicates the richness and diversity of GIS in a lucid and accessible format. This fully revised and updated second edition reinforces the view of GIS as a gateway to science and problem solving, sets out the scientific principles that govern its use, and describes the impact of people on its development, design, and success.

Collaborative Geographic Information Systems

Author: Balram, Shivanand

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591408474

Category: Computers

Page: 364

View: 5909

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"This book provides a comprehensive treatment of collaborative GIS focusing on system design, group spatial planning and mapping; modeling, decision support, and visualization; and internet and wireless applications"--Provided by publisher.

Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences

Investigating Space and Place

Author: Steven J. Steinberg,Sheila L. Steinberg

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506319610

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3046

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Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences: Investigating Space and Place is the first book to take a cutting-edge approach to integrating spatial concepts into the social sciences. In this text, authors Steven J. Steinberg and Sheila L. Steinberg simplify GIS (Geographic Information Systems) for practitioners and students in the social sciences through the use of examples and actual program exercises so that they can become comfortable incorporating this research tool into their repertoire and scope of interest. The authors provide learning objectives for each chapter, chapter summaries, links to relevant Web sites, as well as suggestions for student research projects.

Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

Author: Chris B. Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317900251

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 5599

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A concise text presenting the fundamental concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), emphasising an understanding of techniques in management, analysis and graphic display of spatial information. Divided into five parts - the first part reviews the development and application of GIS, followed by a summary of the characteristics and representation of geographical information. It concludes with an overview of the functions provided by typical GIS systems. Part Two introduces co-ordinate systems and map projections, describes methods for digitising map data and gives an overview of remote sensing. Part Three deals with data storage and database management, as well as specialised techniques for accessing spatial data. Spatial modelling and analytical techniques for decision making form the subject of Part Four, while the final part is concerned with graphical representation, emphasising issues of graphics technology, cartographic design and map generalisation.

Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling

Author: Keith C. Clarke,Bradley O. Parks,Michael P. Crane

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 2129

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This book provides readers with the most comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the topic available. Topics covered include modeling frameworks, paradigms and approaches; model development, calibration and validation; dynamic systems modeling and four-dimensional GIS; and more. Includes case studies in GIS/EM. This book is intended for readers interested in advanced Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Data Processing, or Environmental Modeling.

Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis

Author: Fahui Wang

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591404545

Category: Law

Page: 345

View: 1544

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Computerized crime mapping or GIS in law enforcement agencies has experienced rapid growth, particularly since the mid 1990s. There has also been increasing interests in GIS analysis of crime from various academic fields including criminology, geography, urban planning, information science and others. Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis features a diverse array of GIS applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process and inter-jurisdictional data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting juvenile violence.

Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries

Author: Vasilis D. Valavanis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203303180

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 209

View: 2223

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Over the last two decades there has been increasing recognition that problems in oceanography and fisheries sciences and related marine areas are nearly all manifest in the spatio-temporal domain. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), the natural framework for spatial data handling, are being recognized as powerful tools with useful applications in marine sciences. Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries provides a thorough examination of marine GIS applications that include a wide variety of methods and sophisticated approaches in coastal, continental shelf, and deep ocean studies. It presents new innovative approaches of using GIS in the examination of the dynamic relations that characterize the marine world, including marine GIS macro routines for the development of oceanography and fisheries GIS tools and applications. This book is divided into four parts. The first gives an overview of marine GIS, including conceptual issues on marine spatial thinking and models of marine GIS development. The second and third parts examine the main sampling methods and online sources of spatially referenced data, and discuss application examples and innovative approaches in GIS developments for many oceanographic and fisheries tasks. The fourth part presents GIS technical issues by listing marine GIS routines for a wide array of GIS tasks. Anyone with interests in marine GIS development, physical and biological oceanography, fisheries and information based proposals for ocean and fisheries resource management will find this book useful.

Geographic Information Systems in Business

Author: Pick, James

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591404010

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 8838

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This book contains state-of-the-art research studies on the concepts, theory, processes, and real world applications of geographical information systems (GIS) in business. Its chapters are authored by many of the leading experts in applying GIS and geospatial science to business. The book utilizes a wide variety of approaches and methodologies including conceptual theory development, research frameworks, quantitative and qualitative methods, case studies, systems design, DSS theory, and geospatial analysis combined with point-of-sale. Since relatively little research has been published on GIS in business, this book is pioneering and should be the principal compendium of the latest research in this area. The book impacts not only the underlying definitions, concepts, and theories of GIS in business and industry, but its practice as well.

Community Participation and Geographical Information Systems

Author: William J. Craig,Trevor M. Harris,Daniel Weiner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203469484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 5324

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Have you ever considered how much effect information technology has on society throughout the world? Progress often places lower income and marginalized communities at a distinct disadvantage. Community Participation and Geographic Information Systems, however, offers a detailed look at numerous incidences around the world where communities have actually taken control of the technology and really used it to their advantage. This is presented in the form of case studies and models such as Philadelphia's neighborhoods, the Atlanta Project, and neighborhood revitalization in Minneapolis, reflect on public participation in GIS concepts, best practices, constraints and opportunities.

Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGIS

A Workbook Approach to Learning GIS

Author: Michael D. Kennedy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111833034X

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 7051

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An integrated approach that combines essential GIS background with a practical workbook on applying the principles in ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGISintegrates a broad introduction to GIS with a software-specific workbook for Esri's ArcGIS. Where most courses make do using two separate texts, one covering GIS and another the software, this book enables students and instructors to use a single text with an integrated approach covering both in one volume with a common vocabulary and instructional style. This revised edition focuses on the latest software updates—ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1. In addition to its already successful coverage, the book allows students to experience publishing maps on the Internet through new exercises, and introduces the idea of programming in the language Esri has chosen for applications (i.e., Python). A DVD is packaged with the book, as in prior editions, containing data for working out all of the exercises. This complete, user-friendly coursebook: Is updated for the latest ArcGIS releases—ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Introduces the central concepts of GIS and topics needed to understand spatial information analysis Provides a considerable ability to operate important tools in ArcGIS Demonstrates new capabilities of ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Provides a basis for the advanced study of GIS and the study of the newly emerging field of GIScience Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGIS, Third Edition is the ideal guide for undergraduate students taking courses such as Introduction to GIS, Fundamentals of GIS, and Introduction to ArcGIS Desktop. It is also an important guide for professionals looking to update their skills for ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1.

Computing in Geographic Information Systems

Author: Narayan Panigrahi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482223147

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

View: 2043

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Capable of acquiring large volumes of data through sensors deployed in air, land, and sea, and making this information readily available in a continuous time frame, the science of geographical information system (GIS) is rapidly evolving. This popular information system is emerging as a platform for scientific visualization, simulation, and computation of spatio-temporal data. New computing techniques are being researched and implemented to match the increasing capability of modern-day computing platforms and easy availability of spatio-temporal data. This has led to the need for the design, analysis, development, and optimization of new algorithms for extracting spatio-temporal patterns from a large volume of spatial data. Computing in Geographic Information Systems considers the computational aspects, and helps students understand the mathematical principles of GIS. It provides a deeper understanding of the algorithms and mathematical methods inherent in the process of designing and developing GIS functions. It examines the associated scientific computations along with the applications of computational geometry, differential geometry, and affine geometry in processing spatial data. It also covers the mathematical aspects of geodesy, cartography, map projection, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and coordinate transformation. The book discusses the principles of bathymetry and generation of electronic navigation charts. The book consists of 12 chapters. Chapters one through four delve into the modeling and preprocessing of spatial data and prepares the spatial data as input to the GIS system. Chapters five through eight describe the various techniques of computing the spatial data using different geometric and statically techniques. Chapters nine through eleven define the technique for image registration computation and measurements of spatial objects and phenomenon. Examines cartographic modeling and map projection Covers the mathematical aspects of different map projections Explores some of the spatial analysis techniques and applications of GIS Introduces the bathymetric principles and systems generated using bathymetric charts Explains concepts of differential geometry, affine geometry, and computational geometry Discusses popular analysis and measurement methods used in GIS This text outlines the key concepts encompassing GIS and spatio-temporal information, and is intended for students, researchers, and professionals engaged in analysis, visualization, and estimation of spatio-temporal events.

The Design and Implementation of Geographic Information Systems

Author: John E. Harmon,Steven J. Anderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471431524

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 6253

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Presents strategies for application development, interface design, and enabling Web-based access. * Includes numerous case studies and examples from the private and public sectors. * Provides information on integrating legacy MIS systems and planning for future developments in database design.

Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications

Author: Khan, Omar A.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591400769

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 5757

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"This book presents a sampling of the many applications utilizing GIS in the field of health, including needs of less-developed countries in utilizing the concepts and technologies of mapping"--Provided by publisher.

Geographic Information Science and Systems

Author: Paul A. Longley,Michael F. Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118676955

Category: Science

Page: 477

View: 5410

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"Effective use of today's powerful GIS technology requires an understanding of the science of problem-solving that underpins it. Since the first edition published over a decade ago, this book has led the way, with its focus on the scientific principles that support GIS usage. It has also provided thorough, upto- date coverage of GIS procedures, techniques and public policy applications. This unique combination of science, technology and practical problem solving has made this book a best-seller across a broad spectrum of disciplines. This fully updated 4th edition continues to deliver on these strengths"--

A to Z GIS

An Illustrated Dictionary of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Tasha Wade,Shelly Sommer

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 268

View: 7286

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Provides a collection of more than 1800 GIS terms and illustrations.

Algorithmic Foundations of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Marc van Kreveld,Jürgen Nievergelt,Thomas Roos,Peter Widmayer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540696539

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 6501

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This tutorial survey brings together two lines of research and development whose interaction promises to have significant practical impact on the area of spatial information processing in the near future: geographic information systems (GIS) and geometric computation or, more particularly, geometric algorithms and spatial data structures. In nine uniformly structured and coherent chapters, the authors present a unique survey ranging from the history and basic characteristics to current issues of precision and robustness of geometric computing. This textbook is ideally suited for advanced courses on GIS and applied geometric algorithms. Research and design professionals active in the area will find it valuable as a state-of-the-art survey.

Expert Systems and Geographic Information Systems for Impact Assessment

Author: Agustin Rodriguez-Bachiller,John Glasson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203578841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 9800

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Impact Assessment is becoming part and parcel of an increasing number of development proposals in the UK and Europe. As the practice of Impact Assessment develops it becomes more standardized and good practice starts to be defined. However, the quality of Impact Assessment is still far from satisfactory. Expert Systems and GIS for Impact Assessment discusses the potential of integrating these two well known computer technologies to help with the process of Impact Assessment. The proposition behind the work is that all three areas are potentially complementary and that mutual benefits can be gained from bringing them together in the field of planning. Following an introduction to each area, the various ways in which GIS and Expert Systems can be applied are discussed. This book is aimed at professionals working with Environmental Impact Assessment, GIS and expert-systems professionals and students in these areas.