Genetic Data Analysis for Plant and Animal Breeding

Author: Fikret Isik,James Holland,Christian Maltecca

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319551779

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4030

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This book fills the gap between textbooks of quantitative genetic theory, and software manuals that provide details on analytical methods but little context or perspective on which methods may be most appropriate for a particular application. Accordingly this book is composed of two sections. The first section (Chapters 1 to 8) covers topics of classical phenotypic data analysis for prediction of breeding values in animal and plant breeding programs. In the second section (Chapters 9 to 13) we provide the concept and overall review of available tools for using DNA markers for predictions of genetic merits in breeding populations. With advances in DNA sequencing technologies, genomic data, especially single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, have become available for animal and plant breeding programs in recent years. Analysis of DNA markers for prediction of genetic merit is a relatively new and active research area. The algorithms and software to implement these algorithms are changing rapidly. This section represents state-of-the-art knowledge on the tools and technologies available for genetic analysis of plants and animals. However, readers should be aware that the methods or statistical packages covered here may not be available or they might be out of date in a few years. Ultimately the book is intended for professional breeders interested in utilizing these tools and approaches in their breeding programs. Lastly, we anticipate the usage of this volume for advanced level graduate courses in agricultural and breeding courses.

Genetic Data Analysis for Plant and Animal Breeding

Author: Fikret Isik,James Holland,Christian Maltecca

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319551753

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 3619

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This book fills the gap between textbooks of quantitative genetic theory, and software manuals that provide details on analytical methods but little context or perspective on which methods may be most appropriate for a particular application. Accordingly this book is composed of two sections. The first section (Chapters 1 to 8) covers topics of classical phenotypic data analysis for prediction of breeding values in animal and plant breeding programs. In the second section (Chapters 9 to 13) we provide the concept and overall review of available tools for using DNA markers for predictions of genetic merits in breeding populations. With advances in DNA sequencing technologies, genomic data, especially single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, have become available for animal and plant breeding programs in recent years. Analysis of DNA markers for prediction of genetic merit is a relatively new and active research area. The algorithms and software to implement these algorithms are changing rapidly. This section represents state-of-the-art knowledge on the tools and technologies available for genetic analysis of plants and animals. However, readers should be aware that the methods or statistical packages covered here may not be available or they might be out of date in a few years. Ultimately the book is intended for professional breeders interested in utilizing these tools and approaches in their breeding programs. Lastly, we anticipate the usage of this volume for advanced level graduate courses in agricultural and breeding courses.

Linear Models for the Prediction of Animal Breeding Values

3rd Edition

Author: Raphael A. Mrode

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780643918

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 794

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The prediction of producing desirable traits in offspring such as increased growth rate, or superior meat, milk and wool production is a vital economic tool to the animal scientist. Summarising the latest developments in genomics relating to animal breeding values and design of breeding programmes, this new edition includes models of survival analysis, social interaction and sire and dam models, as well as advancements in the use of SNPs in the computation of genomic breeding values.

Genomic Selection for Crop Improvement

New Molecular Breeding Strategies for Crop Improvement

Author: Rajeev K. Varshney,Manish Roorkiwal,Mark E. Sorrells

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319631705

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 258

View: 8909

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Genomic Selection for Crop Improvement serves as handbook for users by providing basic as well as advanced understandings of genomic selection. This useful review explains germplasm use, phenotyping evaluation, marker genotyping methods, and statistical models involved in genomic selection. It also includes examples of ongoing activities of genomic selection for crop improvement and efforts initiated to deploy the genomic selection in some important crops. In order to understand the potential of GS breeding, it is high time to bring complete information in the form of a book that can serve as a ready reference for geneticist and plant breeders.

Advances in Statistical Methods for Genetic Improvement of Livestock

Author: Daniel Gianola,Keith Hammond

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642744877

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 534

View: 1510

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Developments in statistics and computing as well as their application to genetic improvement of livestock gained momentum over the last 20 years. This text reviews and consolidates the statistical foundations of animal breeding. This text will prove useful as a reference source to animal breeders, quantitative geneticists and statisticians working in these areas. It will also serve as a text in graduate courses in animal breeding methodology with prerequisite courses in linear models, statistical inference and quantitative genetics.

Economic Aspects of Animal Breeding

Author: Joel Ira Weller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412597503

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 244

View: 5107

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This important book covers economic evaluation of genetic differences in animals, determination of breeding goals within an economic context and economic evaluation of breeding programs. During the last 50 years there have been great advances made in the breeding of domesticated animal species. Most of this work has been achieved through the efforts of geneticists, and often the economic goals of such advances have not been clearly evaluated. Economic Aspects of Animal Breeding redresses the balance and provides a much needed synthesis of this most important subject. The book is divided into five sections: basic concepts; economic evaluation of genetic differences; advanced topics in selection indices; economic evaluation of breeding programs, including biotechnological aspects; crossbreeding and heterosis.

Plant Breeding for the Home Gardener

How to Create Unique Vegetables and Flowers

Author: Joseph Tychonievich

Publisher: Timber Press

ISBN: 1604695374

Category: Gardening

Page: 216

View: 1194

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Brighter zinnias, fragrant carnations, snappier green beans Plant Breeding for the Home Gardener makes it easier than ever to breed and grow your own varieties of vegetables and flowers. This comprehensive and accessible guide explains how to decide what to breed, provides simple explanations on how to cross plants, and features a basic primer on genetics and advanced techniques. Case studies provide breeding examples for favorite plants like daffodils, hollyhocks, roses, sweet corn, and tomatoes.

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Author: George Acquaah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118313690

Category: Science

Page: 760

View: 718

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To respond to the increasing need to feed the world's population as well as an ever greater demand for a balanced and healthy diet there is a continuing need to produce improved new cultivars or varieties of plants, particularly crop plants. The strategies used to produce these are increasingly based on our knowledge of relevant science, particularly genetics, but involves a multidisciplinary understanding that optimizes the approaches taken. Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, 2nd Edition introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding. Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts (decentralized breeding, organic breeding), and more are addressed in the new, updated edition of this text. Industry highlight boxes are included throughout the text to contextualize the information given through the professional experiences of plant breeders. The final chapters provide a useful reference on breeding the largest and most common crops. Up-to-date edition of this bestselling book incorporating the most recent technologies in the field Combines both theory and practice in modern plant breeding Updated industry highlights help to illustrate the concepts outlined in the text Self assessment questions at the end of each chapter aid student learning Accompanying website with artwork from the book available to instructors

Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations

Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management

Author: Julius van der Werf,Hans-Ulrich Graser,Richard Frankham,Cedric Gondro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402090056

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 5598

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Fitness and adaptation are fundamental characteristics of plant and animal species, enabling them to survive in their environment and to adapt to the inevitable changes in this environment. This is true for both the genetic resources of natural ecosystems as well as those used in agricultural production. Extensive genetic variation exists between varieties/breeds in a species and amongst individuals within breeds. This variation has developed over very long periods of time. A major ongoing challenge is how to best utilize this variation to meet short-term demands whilst also conserving it for longer-term possible use. Many animal breeding programs have led to increased performance for production traits but this has often been accompanied by reduced fitness. In addition, the global use of genetic resources prompts the question whether introduced genotypes are adapted to local production systems. Understanding the genetic nature of fitness and adaptation will enable us to better manage genetic resources allowing us to make efficient and sustainable decisions for the improvement or breeding of these resources. This book had an ambitious goal in bringing together a sample of the world’s leading scientists in animal breeding and evolutionary genetics to exchange knowledge to advance our understanding of these vital issues.

Hybrid

The History and Science of Plant Breeding

Author: Noel Kingsbury

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226437051

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 4136

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Disheartened by the shrink-wrapped, Styrofoam-packed state of contemporary supermarket fruits and vegetables, many shoppers hark back to a more innocent time, to visions of succulent red tomatoes plucked straight from the vine, gleaming orange carrots pulled from loamy brown soil, swirling heads of green lettuce basking in the sun. With Hybrid, Noel Kingsbury reveals that even those imaginary perfect foods are themselves far from anything that could properly be called natural; rather, they represent the end of a millennia-long history of selective breeding and hybridization. Starting his story at the birth of agriculture, Kingsbury traces the history of human attempts to make plants more reliable, productive, and nutritious—a story that owes as much to accident and error as to innovation and experiment. Drawing on historical and scientific accounts, as well as a rich trove of anecdotes, Kingsbury shows how scientists, amateur breeders, and countless anonymous farmers and gardeners slowly caused the evolutionary pressures of nature to be supplanted by those of human needs—and thus led us from sparse wild grasses to succulent corn cobs, and from mealy, white wild carrots to the juicy vegetables we enjoy today. At the same time, Kingsbury reminds us that contemporary controversies over the Green Revolution and genetically modified crops are not new; plant breeding has always had a political dimension. A powerful reminder of the complicated and ever-evolving relationship between humans and the natural world, Hybrid will give readers a thoughtful new perspective on—and a renewed appreciation of—the cereal crops, vegetables, fruits, and flowers that are central to our way of life.

Genetics, Genomics, and Breeding of Soybean

Author: Kristin Bilyeu,Milind B. Ratnaparkhe,Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439844666

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 4840

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The soybean is an economically important leguminous seed crop for feed and food products that is rich in seed protein (about 40 percent) and oil (about 20 percent); it enriches the soil by fixing nitrogen in symbiosis with bacteria. Soybean was domesticated in northeastern China about 2500 BC and subsequently spread to other countries. The enormous economic value of soybean was realized in the first two decades of the 20th century, with world production of soybean tripling in the last 20 years. In addition to human consumption, it is a major protein source in animal feeds and is becoming a major crop for biodiesel production. In the international trade markets, soybean is ranked number one in the world among the major oil crops. For many decades, plant breeders have used conventional breeding techniques to improve soybeans. While soybean production continues to expand as demand for soybeans and soybean products increases, there is a need for more sophisticated techniques. Bridging traditional research with modern molecular investigations on soybean, this volume explores the recent advances in soybean genome mapping, molecular breeding, genomics, sequencing, and bioinformatics. The book will be useful to soybean researchers as well as researchers working with other crop species.

Genetics and Analysis of Quantitative Traits

Author: Michael Lynch,Bruce Walsh

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878934812

Category: Science

Page: 980

View: 8649

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Professors Lynch and Walsh bring together the diverse array of theoretical and empirical applications of quantitative genetics in a work that is comprehensive and accessible to anyone with a rudimentary understanding of statistics and genetics.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits

Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V Johnson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319225189

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 707

View: 2781

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The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is volume 2 which contains 18 chapters highlighting breeding strategies for specific plant traits including improved nutritional and pharmaceutical properties as well as enhanced tolerance to insects, diseases, drought, salinity and temperature extremes expected under predicted global climate change.

Applied Statistical Genetics with R

For Population-based Association Studies

Author: Andrea S. Foulkes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038789554X

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 3981

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Statistical genetics has become a core course in many graduate programs in public health and medicine. This book presents fundamental concepts and principles in this emerging field at a level that is accessible to students and researchers with a first course in biostatistics. Extensive examples are provided using publicly available data and the open source, statistical computing environment, R.

Molecular Techniques in Crop Improvement

2nd Edition

Author: S.Mohan Jain,D.S. Brar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048129676

Category: Science

Page: 772

View: 6960

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This book provides comprehensive information on the latest tools and techniques of molecular genetics and their applications in crop improvement. It thoroughly discusses advanced techniques used in molecular markers, QTL mapping, marker-assisted breeding, and molecular cytogenetics.

Breeding and Genetic Engineering

The Biology and Biotechnology Research

Author: Iconcept Press

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781922227355

Category:

Page: 132

View: 2097

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Since the first genetically modified crop plant was produced in 1982, the discovery and improvement of plants and crops species based on breeding and genetic engineering has never been stopped. This book focuses on various aspects of plants genetics and plant breeding, molecular biology crop reproduction, soils and plant nutrition, and environmental related issues. It does not only highlights the current research issues in the area of biology but also the development issues of plants and crops in biotechnology. This book is recommended for experts in the field of botany, agriculture, and genetics. Chapter 1 studies the swelling and microstructure of Tacupeto F2001 (a spring wheat variety in Northern Mexico) arabinoxylans gels. By using immersion in liquid nitrogen (fast congelation) before lyophilization, Tacupeto F2001 arabinoxylans gels present cells average inner dimensions lower than those reported by using slow congelation. Chapter 2 reviews studies in humans and animals in order to evaluate the use of lapachol and its derivatives as a therapeutic intervention in cancer patients. Chapter 3 study the taxonomy and phylogeny of Brazilian cultivars of "Colocasia esculenta." Analysis of the chloroplast genome sequences such as "rbcL" and "pbsA-trnH" can be a valuable tool in establishing the phylogenetic analysis and variability of taro cultivars grown in Brazil. Chapter 4 entails the presence of toxic elements (Cr, Co, Ni, Cd, Pb, As, Cu, Zn, Mn) in Rice of Bangladesh, which is the staple food of the country. In this chapter the possible source of toxic element which can increase the concentration in rice like water from the rice field, soil where rice plant grown were also analysed and possible potential risk of those elements to human health was also calculated to give a picture of the present status of rice in Bangladesh. Chapter 5 discusses the effects of magnetic field on crop plants. Magnetic field may provide a feasible non-chemical solution in agriculture, meanwhile may offer advantages to protect environment and safety for the applicator.

Modelling Nutrient Digestion and Utilisation in Farm Animals

Author: Daniel Sauvant

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086861563

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 427

View: 7005

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For more than 30 years, modelling has been an important method for integrating, in a flexible, comprehensive and widely applicable way, basic knowledge and biological concepts on digestion and metabolism in farm animals. The purpose of this book is to present the 'state of art' in this area. The chapters are written by leading teams and researchers in this field of study, mainly from Europe, North America and Australasia. Considerable progress has been made in topics dealing with: modelling methods, feeding behaviour, digestion and metabolic processes in ruminants and monogastric animals. This progress is clearly illustrated by the emergence of a new paradigm in animal nutrition, which has moved from the aim to cover the requirements of the animal to explaining and predicting the responses of the animals to diets (e.g., productivity and efficiency, impact on quality of products, environmental aspects, health and well-being). In this book several chapters illustrate that through empirical models, meta-analysis is an efficient tool to synthesize information gathered over recent decades. In addition, compared with other books on modelling farm animal nutrition, two new aspects received particular attention: expanding knowledge of the individual animal to understanding the functioning and management of herds, and the consideration of the environmental impact of animal production. This book is a valuable source of information for researchers, nutritionists, advisors, and graduate students who want to have up-to-date and concise information on mathematical modelling applied to farm animals.

Statistical Genomics

Linkage, Mapping, and QTL Analysis

Author: Ben Hui Liu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351414526

Category: Mathematics

Page: 648

View: 5267

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Genomics, the mapping of the entire genetic complement of an organism, is the new frontier in biology. This handbook on the statistical issues of genomics covers current methods and the tried-and-true classical approaches.

History of Plant Breeding

Author: Rolf H. J. Schlegel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351588958

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 7036

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While there has been great progress in the development of plant breeding over the last decade, the selection of suitable plants for human consumption began over 13,000 years ago. This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the development of crop improvement methods over centuries. It features an extensive historical treatment of development, including influential individuals in the field, plant cultivation in various regions, techniques used in the Old World, and cropping in ancient America. It covers modern advances in the twentieth century including hybrid breeding, biotechnological improvement, and genetic manipulation.