Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198509585

Category: Science

Page: 825

View: 8740

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Crystallography and structure theory have recently received increasing interest due to their role in understanding biological structures, high-temperature superconductors, and effects on mineral properties related to changes in temperature and pressure. This text offers an account of the wide range of crystallography in various branches of science.The fundamentals, the most frequently used procedures, and experimental techniques are all described, and a number of appendices are devoted to more specialist aspects. The book is an updated edition with emphasis on the range of topical applications. Illustrations should help to clarify the subject matter. To provide a better understanding of the basics of crystallography, a compact disk has been added to this edition, offering the facilities of modern graphics to simulate experiments, show complex images, and provide a number of exercises.

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198555780

Category: Crystallography

Page: 654

View: 6650

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Offers a rigorous treatment of the theory of crystallography and detailed descriptions of experimental applications in a wide range of sciences, including computational aspects, protein crystallography and crystal physics.

Fundamentals of X-ray Crystallography

Author: Dongcai Liang

Publisher: Alpha Science International Limited

ISBN: 9781842655719

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 8576

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FUNDAMENTALS OF X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY is based on the author's research and teaching experience over many years. Using geometric concepts and methods it systematically analyses and deduces the crystal symmetry principle and the crystal diffraction theory, establishing distinctive three-dimensional concepts which are easy to understand, grasp and apply. The whole book is divided into three parts: geometric crystallography principles, micro-space symmetry principle and basic principle of X-ray diffraction in crystal. The first and second section carry an in-depth discussion and analysis on macro-symmetry, micro-symmetry and symmetrical composition law of crystal respectively using the principle that the symmetric distribution of equivalent point in space is consistent space symmetry. The first two sections also systematically deduce the thirty two point groups and two hundred thirty micro-space symmetric combinations. Section three details Laue scattering equation and Prague reflection equation and describes practical use of several important single crystal diffraction methods and apparatus on the basis of mutual relations between crystal lattice and its reciprocal lattice, using reciprocal lattice and reflection ball mathematical model and their interaction relation. In addition, starting from the principle that reciprocal lattice point system disappearance caused by translation vector in microscopic crystal space, it states system extinction law of diffraction, and deduces one hundred twenty diffraction groups. This book lays the foundation for study of crystallography, crystal structure analysis and protein crystallography. It is a must-have for undergraduate and postgraduate students and a very good reference for researchers engaged in relevant studies.

Foundations of Crystallography with Computer Applications, Second Edition

Author: Maureen M. Julian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552921

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 7315

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Taking a straightforward, logical approach that emphasizes symmetry and crystal relationships, Foundations of Crystallography with Computer Applications, Second Edition provides a thorough explanation of the topic for students studying the solid state in chemistry, physics, materials science, geological sciences, and engineering. It is also written for scientists who want to teach themselves. Computers are an essential part of crystallography, and computer-based exercises are integrated into this book. The material is presented with the goal of creating an understanding of how atoms are arranged in crystals and how crystal systems are related to each other. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Eight new chapters that give detailed crystallographic analyses of one crystal chosen for each crystal system Numerous molecular examples and suggestions for student projects Coverage of special topics that naturally arise in the treatment of the crystals Suggestions for student projects with date that can be found in the free Teaching Subset of the Cambridge Structural Database Point group and space group diagrams have been color coded using a new scheme devised by the author to emphasize the change of handedness of the symmetry operations All the Starter Programs have been rewritten and improved, and a new one has been added in Chapter 6 on the graphing of intensity vs. 2θ for powder diffraction data New appendices contain detailed information about the 32 three-dimensional point groups and the 10 two-dimensional point groups The book explains the individual entities, such as symmetry operations, and also explains how they fit together in a larger context. Coverage includes lattices, symmetry operations, metric matrices, point groups, space groups, reciprocal lattices, properties of x-rays, and electron density maps, all leading to a formal description of the crystal structures and an interpretation of the published crystallographic data. The author connects general properties such as the piezoelectric effect, compressibility, thermal expansion, and Mosely’s relationship in ordering the elements of the periodic table giving students a thorough foundation in the subject.

Fundamentals of Crystals

Symmetry, and Methods of Structural Crystallography

Author: Boris K. Vainshtein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662029758

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 4157

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From the reviews: "[...] an excellent reference book. I have no doubt it will become a much-thumbed resource for students and researchers in mineralogy and crystallography." Geological Magazine

Fundamentals of Crystallography

Author: Carmelo Giacovazzo,Hugo Luis Monaco,Gilberto Artioli,Davide Viterbo,Marco Milanesio,Gastone Gilli,Paola Gilli,Giuseppe Zanotti,Giovanni Ferraris,Michele Catti

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199573654

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 2580

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Crystallography is a basic tool for scientists in many diverse disciplines. This book offers a clear description of fundamentals and of modern applications. It will support curricula in crystallography at undergraduate level, contains material for advanced and specialized courses, and offers tools and ideas for courses in other disciplines.

The Fundamentals of Crystallography and Mineralogy

Author: Aretas Ndimofor

Publisher: Spears Media Press

ISBN: 1942876246

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 8177

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Crystallography and Mineralogy when fully understood, provide the solid foundation necessary for the comprehension of the other topics in Ordinary and Advanced Level Geology. Unfortunately, many students and teachers see Crystallography and Mineralogy as “challenging topics” which require the assimilation and memorization of a large number of facts. The Fundamentals of Crystallography and Mineralogy solves this challenge by reference to everyday examples of things we see around us and through the Competence Based Approach which takes the learners out of the pages of textbooks or the models and samples displayed in laboratories. The first chapter of the textbook covers Crystallography from the unit cell through the external crystal features to crystallographic axes and crystal classification into systems and classes. The second chapter covers in detail the basic notions of Mineralogy, from the origin of minerals through the physical properties of minerals to the classification of minerals into silicates and non-silicates based on chemical composition. At the end of each chapter, there are a handful of hands-on activities and study questions that will fully equip the learners for the end of course examinations. This textbook is not only suitable for Ordinary and Advanced Level and first year university Geology students and teachers, but also anyone interested in Crystallography and Mineralogy.

Structure of Materials

An Introduction to Crystallography, Diffraction and Symmetry

Author: Marc De Graef,Michael E. McHenry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107005876

Category: Science

Page: 739

View: 6856

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New edition of the highly readable textbook applying the fundamentals of crystallography, symmetry and diffraction to a range of materials.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019156771X

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 1505

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This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction. Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.

Foundations of Crystallography with Computer Applications, Second Edition

Author: Maureen M. Julian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552921

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 2334

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Taking a straightforward, logical approach that emphasizes symmetry and crystal relationships, Foundations of Crystallography with Computer Applications, Second Edition provides a thorough explanation of the topic for students studying the solid state in chemistry, physics, materials science, geological sciences, and engineering. It is also written for scientists who want to teach themselves. Computers are an essential part of crystallography, and computer-based exercises are integrated into this book. The material is presented with the goal of creating an understanding of how atoms are arranged in crystals and how crystal systems are related to each other. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Eight new chapters that give detailed crystallographic analyses of one crystal chosen for each crystal system Numerous molecular examples and suggestions for student projects Coverage of special topics that naturally arise in the treatment of the crystals Suggestions for student projects with date that can be found in the free Teaching Subset of the Cambridge Structural Database Point group and space group diagrams have been color coded using a new scheme devised by the author to emphasize the change of handedness of the symmetry operations All the Starter Programs have been rewritten and improved, and a new one has been added in Chapter 6 on the graphing of intensity vs. 2θ for powder diffraction data New appendices contain detailed information about the 32 three-dimensional point groups and the 10 two-dimensional point groups The book explains the individual entities, such as symmetry operations, and also explains how they fit together in a larger context. Coverage includes lattices, symmetry operations, metric matrices, point groups, space groups, reciprocal lattices, properties of x-rays, and electron density maps, all leading to a formal description of the crystal structures and an interpretation of the published crystallographic data. The author connects general properties such as the piezoelectric effect, compressibility, thermal expansion, and Mosely’s relationship in ordering the elements of the periodic table giving students a thorough foundation in the subject.

Theories and Techniques of Crystal Structure Determination

Author: Uri Shmueli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019921350X

Category: Science

Page: 269

View: 7015

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The book is a detailed but concise exposition of crystal structure determination at a graduate level. Discussions range from geometrical principles of crystallography, through relevant experimental methods, to techniques of reliable and accurate determination of crystal structures.

Symmetry in Crystallography

Understanding the International Tables

Author: Paolo Radaelli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199550654

Category: Mathematics

Page: 126

View: 3482

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A fresh approach to teaching crystallographic symmetry. Rather than being swamped by heavy algebraic notation, the reader is taken through a series of simple and beautiful examples from the visual arts, and taught how to analyse them employing the 'pictorial' diagrams used in the International Tables of Crystallography.

Outline of Crystallography for Biologists

Author: David Blow

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198510519

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 9698

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X-ray crystallography is the main method used to determine the structure of biological molecules. X-ray crystallography is explained without maths and reading this text allows biologists to assess the quality and accuracy of biological structures.

Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials, Second Edition

Author: Vitalij Pecharsky,Peter Zavalij

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387095780

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 3260

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A little over ?ve years have passed since the ?rst edition of this book appeared in print. Seems like an instant but also eternity, especially considering numerous developments in the hardware and software that have made it from the laboratory test beds into the real world of powder diffraction. This prompted a revision, which had to be beyond cosmetic limits. The book was, and remains focused on standard laboratory powder diffractometry. It is still meant to be used as a text for teaching students about the capabilities and limitations of the powder diffraction method. We also hope that it goes beyond a simple text, and therefore, is useful as a reference to practitioners of the technique. The original book had seven long chapters that may have made its use as a text - convenient. So the second edition is broken down into 25 shorter chapters. The ?rst ?fteen are concerned with the fundamentals of powder diffraction, which makes it much more logical, considering a typical 16-week long semester. The last ten ch- ters are concerned with practical examples of structure solution and re?nement, which were preserved from the ?rst edition and expanded by another example – R solving the crystal structure of Tylenol .

Symmetry Relationships between Crystal Structures

Applications of Crystallographic Group Theory in Crystal Chemistry

Author: Ulrich Müller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191648809

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 3964

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In crystal chemistry and crystal physics, the relations between the symmetry groups (space groups) of crystalline solids are of special importance. Part 1 of this book presents the necessary mathematical foundations and tools: the fundamentals of crystallography with special emphasis on symmetry, the theory of the crystallographic groups, and the formalisms of the needed crystallographic computations. Part 2 gives an insight into applications to problems in crystal chemistry. With the aid of numerous examples, it is shown how crystallographic group theory can be used to make evident relationships between crystal structures, to set up a systematic order in the huge amount of known crystal structures, to predict crystal structures, to analyse phase transitions and topotactic reactions in the solid state, to understand the formation of domains and twins in crystals, and to avoid errors in crystal structure determinations. A broad range of end-of-chapter exercises offers the possibility to apply the learned material. Worked-out solutions to the exercises can be found at the end of the book.

Crystallography

An Introduction

Author: Walter Borchardt-Ott

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642164521

Category: Science

Page: 355

View: 5706

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As a self-study guide, course primer or teaching aid, Borchardt-Ott's Crystallography is the perfect textbook for students and teachers alike. In fact, it can be used by crystallographers, chemists, mineralogists, geologists and physicists. Based on the author's more than 25 years of teaching experience, the book has numerous line drawings designed especially for the text and a large number of exercises - with solutions - at the end of each chapter. This 3rd edition is the translation of the seventh German edition with new chapters focused on crystal chemistry and x-ray diffraction methods.

Crystallography Made Crystal Clear

A Guide for Users of Macromolecular Models

Author: Gale Rhodes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080455549

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 6845

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Crystallography Made Crystal Clear makes crystallography accessible to readers who have no prior knowledge of the field or its mathematical basis. This is the most comprehensive and concise reference for beginning Macromolecular crystallographers, written by a leading expert in the field. Rhodes' uses visual and geometric models to help readers understand the mathematics that form the basis of x-ray crystallography. He has invested a great deal of time and effort on World Wide Web tools for users of models, including beginning-level tutorials in molecular modeling on personal computers. Rhodes' personal CMCC Home Page also provides access to tools and links to resources discussed in the text. Most significantly, the final chapter introduces the reader to macromolecular modeling on personal computers-featuring SwissPdbViewer, a free, powerful modeling program now available for PC, Power Macintosh, and Unix computers. This updated and expanded new edition uses attractive four-color art, web tool access for further study, and concise language to explain the basis of X-ray crystallography, increasingly vital in today's research labs. * Helps readers to understand where models come from, so they don't use them blindly and inappropriately * Provides many visual and geometric models for understanding a largely mathematical method * Allows readers to judge whether recently published models are of sufficiently high quality and detail to be useful in their own work * Allows readers to study macromolecular structure independently and in an open-ended fashion on their own computers, without being limited to textbook or journals illustrations * Provides access to web tools in a format that will not go out of date. Links will be updated and added as existing resources change location or are added

Introduction to Crystallography

Author: Donald E. Sands

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486136809

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 7139

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Clear, concise explanation of logical development of basic crystallographic concepts. Topics include crystals and lattices, symmetry, x-ray diffraction, and more. Problems, with answers. 114 illustrations. 1969 edition.

Materials Crystal Chemistry

Author: Relva C. Buchanan,Taeun Park

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824797980

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 7128

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"Furnishes a thorough presentation of crystal structure development in metals, ceramics, and polymers commonly used in materials science and engineering. Provides a unique synthesis of bonding, symmetry, and crystallographic concepts. Emphasizes the relationship between developed structures and physical properties."

Basic Elements of Crystallography, Second Edition

Author: Nevill Gonzalez Szwacki,Teresa Szwacka

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814613584

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 7301

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This textbook is a complete and clear introduction to the field of crystallography. It includes an extensive discussion on the 14 Bravais lattices and their reciprocals, the basic concepts of point- and space-group symmetry, the crystal structure of elements and binary compounds, and much more. The purpose of this textbook is to illustrate rather than describe "using many words" the structure of materials. Even readers who are completely unfamiliar with the topic, but still interested in learning how the atoms are arranged in crystal structures, will find this book immensely useful. Each chapter is accompanied by exercises designed to encourage students to explore the different crystal structures they are learning about. The solutions to the exercises are also provided at the end of the book.