Falls in Older People

Risk Factors and Strategies for Prevention

Author: Stephen R. Lord,Catherine Sherrington,Hylton B. Menz,Jacqueline C. T. Close

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107320054

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 1253

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Since the first edition of this very successful book was written to synthesise and review the enormous body of work covering falls in older people, there has been an even greater wealth of informative and promising studies designed to increase our understanding of risk factors and prevention strategies. This second edition, first published in 2007, is written in three parts: epidemiology, strategies for prevention, and future research directions. New material includes recent studies covering: balance studies using tripping, slipping and stepping paradigms; sensitivity and depth perception visual risk factors; neurophysiological research on automatic or reflex balance activities; and the roles of syncope, vitamin D, cataract surgery, health and safety education, and exercise programs. This edition will be an invaluable update for clinicians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, researchers, and all those working in community, hospital and residential or rehabilitation aged care settings.

WHO Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563532

Category: Medical

Page: 47

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The WHO Falls Prevention for Active Ageing model provides an action plan for making progress in reducing the prevalence of falls in the older adult population. By building on the three pillars of falls prevention, the model proposes specific strategies for: 1. Building awareness of the importance of falls prevention and treatment; 2. Improving the assessment of individual, environmental, and societal factors that increase the likelihood of falls; and 3. For facilitating the design and implementation of culturally appropriate, evidence-based interventions that will significantly reduce the number of falls among older persons. The model provides strategies and solutions that will require the engagement of multiple sectors of society. It is dependent on and consistent with the vision articulated in the WHO Active Ageing Policy Framework. Although not all of the awareness, assessment, and intervention strategies identified in the model apply equally well in all regions of the world, there are significant evidence-based strategies that can be effectively implemented in all regions and cultures. The degree to which progress will be made depends on to the success in integrating falls prevention strategies into the overall health and social care agendas globally. In order to do this effectively, it is necessary to identify and implement culturally appropriate, evidence-based policies and procedures. This requires multi-sectoral, collaborations, strong commitment to public and professional education, interaction based on evidence drawn from a variety of traditional, complementary, and alternative sources. Although the understanding of the evidence-base is growing, there is much that is not yet understood. Thus, there is an urgent need for continued research in all areas of falls prevention and treatment in order to better understand the scope of the problem worldwide. In particular, more evidence of the cost-effectiveness of interconnections is needed to develop strategies that are most likely to be effective in specific setting and population sub-groups.

Falls in Older People

Prevention and Management

Author: Rein Tideiksaar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781878812858

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 240

View: 2113

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Shows readers how to avoid falls throughout daily life by controlling, minimizing, or eliminating hazards found in the home and the environment.

Fallproof!

A Comprehensive Balance and Mobility Training Program

Author: Debra J. Rose

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736067477

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 313

View: 7787

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The second edition of "FallProof!," now packaged with a DVD, is a practical guide to implementing a multidimensional balance and mobility training program to address the increasing incidence of falls among older adults.

The Second Fifty Years:

Promoting Health and Preventing Disability

Author: Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309046815

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 6089

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Taking its title from the second 50 years of the human life span of about 100 years, this book presents wide-ranging and practical recommendations for health care providers, policymakers, and other sectors of society. These recommendations range from setting new national policies to changing the way elderly patients are interviewed in the doctor's office and from what exercises older persons should do to how city planners should design our urban environment. The bulk of this volume presents the latest research on 13 major health threats to the elderly, covering prevalence, impact on the older person's life, cost, and intervention. In addition, the authors provide a detailed analysis of why older people often do not receive the benefit of prevention programs.

Falls and Their Prevention, an Issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

Author: Laurence Z. Rubenstein,David Ganz

Publisher: W B Saunders Company

ISBN: 9781437727890

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 540

View: 3861

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This issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, Guest Edited by Laurence Rubenstein, MD, MPH, and David Ganz, MD, PhD, will feature such article topics as: Epidemiology of Falls in Older Adults; Exercise for Fall Prevention; Cardiac Causes of Falls and their Treatment; Medications and Falls; Vision and Fall Prevention; Preventing Falls in the Hospital, and Public Health Approach to Falls on a State and National Level.

Medication-Related Falls in Older People

Causative Factors and Management Strategies

Author: Allen R. Huang,Louise Mallet

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319323040

Category: Medical

Page: 261

View: 1676

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Comprising a single repository of knowledge and scientific evidence in the field, this book provides strategies to mitigate fall risk by providing information on the complex interactions between aging processes, co-morbid conditions and prescribed medications in older patients. Geriatric health is becoming a more prominent issue as the population ages, and balancing the beneficial effects of medication against the potential and real side-effects in these patients involves a deliberate and thoughtful task: physiologic aging, the accumulation of co-morbidities, and the use of drugs to manage various conditions and symptoms generates a unique set of problems for each patient. Falls are a dreaded event in older people. The event can affect a person in a physical, and psychological manner, resulting in soft tissue and bony injury, fear of falling, and depression. The identification of and reduction in fall risks in older people is a worldwide concern, and reducing the incidence of falls is a ubiquitous quality measure of health care delivery. Heterogeneity amongst older people precludes a single solution. However, physicians and others involved in the care of geriatric patients will benefit from the presented insights into how medication use can be modified to limit its impact as a contributing factor.

Falls in Older Persons

Prevention and Management

Author: Rein Tideiksaar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781878812445

Category: Medical

Page: 196

View: 5704

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"In both hospitals and long-term care facilities it's the older patients and residents who are most prone to falling and most vulnerable to serious injury from a fall. Staff must constantly be on the alert for hazardous situations and know how to deal with falls. This easy-to-read guide provides just the right amount of information needed by health care staff to prevent and manage this common problem among older adults." "This book presents a wealth of practical recommendations, modifications, equipment, and resources that will improve the health and safety of older adult patients and long-term care residents."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Building Better Health

A Handbook of Behavioral Change

Author: C. David Jenkins,Pan American Health Organization

Publisher: Pan American Health Org

ISBN: 9275115907

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 378

View: 4230

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This manual provides guidance on proven disease prevention strategies and practical behavioral science principles for health workers involved in all levels of planning and operating local and regional health programmes. Issues discussed include: basic disease prevention principles; community health intervention strategies; improving health throughout the life cycle; leading forms of death and disability including brain and behavioural disorders, cardiovascular diseases, strokes and cancers; and successful strategies for behavioural change.

Global Health Risks

Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563877

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 62

View: 4632

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This publication is a comprehensive assessment of leading risks to global health. It provides detailed global and regional estimates of premature mortality, disability and loss of health attributable to 24 global risk factors.--Publisher's description.

Falling In Old Age , 2nd edition

Author: Rein Tideiksaar, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826152930

Category: Medical

Page: 412

View: 6214

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Falling is one of the most common causes of disability in later life and is also one of the most preventable. This book provides an enormous body of fall-related research that has been organized by the author into easy, digestible information for geriatric health professionals. Extensively updated and revised for its second edition, the book has direct clinical applications and strategies for preventing and managing falls. It also contains new information on the physical, psychological, and social complications of falling. For physicians, nurses, administrators, and staff in long-term and other geriatric care settings, this book will be an essential resource.

Multidimensional Functional Assessment of Older Adults

The Duke Older Americans Resources and Services Procedures

Author: Gerda G. Fillenbaum

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134741936

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 1462

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Reliable, easily administered, and objective ways of assessing the well-being of the elderly and their use of, and need for, services are rare. The author of this study provides current information on the Multidimensional Functional Assessment of Older Adults (MFAQ) -- the most widely used questionnaire of its type. This volume discusses ways in which the procedure has been used and can be used by clinicians, program evaluators and planners. The book also examines OARS (Older Americans Resources and Services Program) MFAQ and how it permits assessment of the level of functioning in five areas: social, economic, mental health, physical health and self-care. Readers will find detailed and updated information on administration, hand and computer-based scoring, as well as use of the questionnaire.

Preventing Patient Falls

Author: Janice M. Morse

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761905936

Category: Medical

Page: 151

View: 7219

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Preventing Patient Falls presents the authoritative Morse Fall Scale for predicting the likelihood of a patient falling. The book is the culmination of the author's eight years of research into patient falls and what can be done to prevent them. Full guidance is given on implementing the Morse Fall Scale within a comprehensive fall prevention programme. An extensive range of direct practice issues is tackled.

Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

Guidelines for Assessment and Management of Cardiovascular Risk

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: WHO

ISBN: 9789241547178

Category: Medical

Page: 86

View: 9427

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This publication provides guidance on reducing disability and premature deaths from coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and peripheral vascular disease in people at high risk who have not yet experienced a cardiovascular event. People with established cardiovascular disease are at very high risk of recurrent events and are not the subject of these guidelines. They have been addressed in previous WHO guidelines. The risk prediction charts that accompany these guidelines allow treatment to be targeted according to simple predictions of absolute cardiovascular risk. Recommendations are made for management of major cardiovascular risk factors through changes in lifestyle and prophylactic drug therapies. The guidelines provide a framework for the development of national guidance on prevention of cardiovascular disease that takes into account the particular political economic social and medical circumstances.

The Rational Clinical Examination: Evidence-Based Clinical Diagnosis

Author: David Simel,Drummond Rennie

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071590310

Category: Medical

Page: 732

View: 9701

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The ultimate guide to the evidence-based clinical encounter "This book is an excellent source of supported evidence that provides useful and clinically relevant information for the busy practitioner, student, resident, or educator who wants to hone skills of physical diagnosis. It provides a tool to improve patient care by using the history and physical examination items that have the most reliability and efficiency."--Annals of Internal Medicine "The evidence-based examination techniques put forth by Rational Clinical Examination is the sort that can be brought to bear on a daily basis – to save time, increase confidence in medical decisions, and help decrease unnecessary testing for conditions that do not require absolute diagnostic certainty. In the end, the whole of this book is greater than its parts and can serve as a worthy companion to a traditional manual of physical examination."--Baylor University Medical Center (BUMC)Proceedings 5 STAR DOODY'S REVIEW! "Physical diagnosis has been taught to every medical student but this evidence-based approach now shows us why, presenting one of medicine's most basic tenets in a new and challenging light. The format is extraordinary, taking previously published material and updating the pertinent evidence since the initial publication, affirming or questioning or refining the conclusions drawn from the data. "This is a book for everyone who has studied medicine and found themselves doubting what they have been taught over the years, not that they have been deluded, but that medical traditions have been unquestionably believed because there was no evidence to believe otherwise. The authors have uncovered the truth. "This extraordinary, one-of-a-kind book is a valuable addition to every medical library."--Doody's Review Service Completely updated with new literature analyses, here is a uniquely practical, clinically relevant approach to the use of evidence in the content of physical examination. Going far beyond the scope of traditional physical examination texts, this invaluable resource compiles and presents the evidence-based meanings of signs, symptoms, and results from physical examination maneuvers and other diagnostic studies. Page after page, you'll find a focus on actual clinical questions and presentations, making it an incomparably practical resource that you'll turn to again and again. Importantly, the high-yield content of The Rational Clinical Examination is significantly expanded and updated from the original JAMA articles, much of it published here for the first time. It all adds up to a definitive, ready-to-use clinical exam sourcebook that no student or clinician should be without. FEATURES Packed with updated, new, and previously unpublished information from the original JAMA articles Standardized template for every issue covered, including: Case Presentation; Why the Issue Is Clinically Important; Research and Statistical Methods Used to Find the Evidence Presented; The Sensitivity and Specificity of Each Key Result; Resolution of the Case Presentation; and the Clinical Bottom Line Completely updated with all-new literature searches and appraisals supplementing each chapter Full-color format with dynamic clinical illustrations and images Real-world focus on a specific clinical question in each chapter, reflecting the way clinicians approach the practice of evidence-based medicine More than 50 complete chapters on common and challenging clinical questions and patient presentations Also available: JAMAevidence.com, a new interactive database for the best practice of evidence based medicine

Basic Epidemiology

Author: R. Bonita,R. Beaglehole,Tord Kjellström,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547073

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 4350

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Basic epidemiology provides an introduction to the core principles and methods of epidemiology, with a special emphasis on public health applications in developing countries. This edition includes chapters on the nature and uses of epidemiology; the epidemiological approach to defining and measuring the occurrence of health-related states in populations; the strengths and limitations of epidemiological study designs; and the role of epidemiology in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of health care. The book has a particular emphasis on modifiable environmental factors and encourages the application of epidemiology to the prevention of disease and the promotion of health, including environmental and occupational health.

Stop the Slip

Reducing Slips, Trips and Falls, The #1 Cause of Emergency Room Visits

Author: Thom Disch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780998354903

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 228

View: 5843

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Slips, trips and falls are a chronic health problem in the US and around the world. Fall injuries are the number one cause of emergency room visits and the fourteenth leading cause of death in the US. The average person is 7 times more likely to die from a fall than from the flu and 3 times more likely to die from a fall than by a firearm. Since 1999, we have reduced deaths from heart disease 15%. Deaths caused by auto accidents are down 12%. But during that same time period deaths from falls have increased over 150%. Both injuries and deaths caused by falls are at record highs and the problem continues to grow. We've learned how to fix the human heart and we have made driving safer. Now is the time to focus on preventing fall injuries.The good news is that fall injuries are preventable. Everyone falls, but falls don't just happen, they're preceded by other events. When you eliminate those events, you reduce the risk of falling. Stop the Slip shows how you can avoid these injuries. Following the simple five step A-L-E-R-T System(tm) discussed in the book you will reduce your risk of falling.Thom Disch provides an entertaining and engaging look at: Why we fall; where we fall; the business side of falls; and most importantly how we can prevent and avoid fall injuries. The book is a comprehensive mix of research on the topic of falls and fall injuries mixed with real world stories and experiences about falls and their consequences. As you read this book you'll also discover many interesting and surprising facts. For example: *Fall injuries are not just a problem for the elderly. 75% of all fall injuries happen to people under the age of 68.*The annual economic impact of fall injuries in the US exceeds $150 billion, or more than 1% of our gross domestic product. *Falls are the number one cause of traumatic brain injuries. *Falls cause nearly 4 times more emergency room visits than auto accidents.

MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing

Author: Joseph Gibaldi,Walter S. Achtert

Publisher: Modern Language Assn of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 343

View: 3534

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Provides information on stylistic aspects of research papers, theses, and dissertations, including sections on writing fundamentals, MLA documentation style, and copyright law