Exploring Green Criminology

Toward a Green Criminological Revolution

Author: Michael J. Lynch,Paul B. Stretesky

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131713740X

Category: Law

Page: 236

View: 961

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Few criminologists have drawn attention to the fact that widespread and significant forms of harm such as green or environmental crimes are neglected by criminology. Others have suggested that green crimes present the most important challenge to criminology as a discipline. This book argues that criminology needs to take green harms more seriously and to be revolutionized so that it forms part of the solution to the large environmental problems currently faced across the world. It asks how criminology should be redesigned to consider green/environmental harm as a key area of study in an era where destruction of the earth and the world’s ecosystem is a major concern and examines why this has remained unaccomplished so far. The chapters in this book apply an environmental frame of reference underlying a green approach to issues which can be addressed from within criminology and which can encourage criminologists and environmentalists to respond and react differently to environmental crime.

Exploring Green Crime

Introducing the Legal, Social and Criminological Contexts of Environmental Harm

Author: Matthew Hall

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137310235

Category: Nature

Page: 296

View: 7638

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The application of criminological perspectives to discussion of the environment is a rapidly developing field at the cutting edge of criminology. This innovative but accessible introduction to the key debates in green criminology both familiarises newcomers to the field with the core theories and methodological precepts and challenges them to take a critical approach. In addition to analysing an extensive range of contemporary issues – environmental harm, food and water security, fracking, climate change and genetically modified crops – the text steps back to examine overarching themes, including the power relationships between states, corporations and the human and non-human components of our environment. In this way, Exploring Green Crime prepares readers to approach environmental criminology with a questioning and analytical mind-set. With useful end of chapter summaries, review questions and further reading, the text is ideal for students of criminology, criminal justice, law, sociology and environmental studies.

Emerging Issues in Green Criminology

Exploring Power, Justice and Harm

Author: Diane Westerhuis,Reece Walters,Tanya Wyatt

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137273970

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 7083

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This edited collection brings together internationally recognized scholars to explore Green Criminology through interdisciplinary lenses of power, justice and harm. The chapters provide innovative case study analyses from North America, Europe and Australia that seek to advance theoretical, policy and practice discourses about environmental harm. This book brings together transnational debates in environmental law, policy and justice. In doing so, it examines international agreements and policy within diverse environmental discourses of sociology, criminology and political economy. This book is an essential source for scholars in this emerging area of criminology, as well as environmental studies more broadly.

A Visual Approach for Green Criminology

Exploring the Social Perception of Environmental Harm

Author: Lorenzo Natali

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137546689

Category: Social Science

Page: 137

View: 2796

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This book brings the visual dimension of environmental crimes and harms into the field of green criminology. It shows how photographic images can provide a means for eliciting narratives from people who live in polluted areas – describing in detail and from their point of view what they know, think and feel about the reality in which they find themselves living. Natali makes the argument for developing a visual approach for green criminology, with a single case-study as its central focus, revealing the importance of using photo elicitation to appreciate and enhance the reflexive and active role of social actors in the symbolic and social construction of their environmental experiences. Examining the multiple interactions between the images and the words used to describe the socio-environmental worlds in which we live, this book is a call to open the eyes of green criminology to wider and richer explorations of environmental harms and crimes. An innovative and engaging study, this text will be of particular interest to scholars of environmental crime and cultural, green and visual criminologies.

Green Criminology

Crime, Justice, and the Environment

Author: Michael J. Lynch

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520964225

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 5646

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This groundbreaking text provides students with an overview and assessment of green criminology as well as a call to action. Green Criminology draws attention to the ways in which the political-economic organization of capitalism causes ecological destruction and disorganization. Focusing on real-world issues of green crime and environmental justice, chapters examine ecological withdrawals, ecological additions, toxic towns, wildlife poaching and trafficking, environmental laws, and nongovernmental environmental organizations. The book also presents an unintimidating introduction to research from the physical sciences on issues such as climate change, pollution levels, and the ecological footprint of humans, providing a truly interdisciplinary foundation for green criminological analysis. To help students succeed in the course—and to encourage them to see themselves as future green criminology researchers—the end-of-chapter study guides include: • Questions and Activities for Students that review topics students should be able to conceptualize and address. • Lessons for Researchers that suggest additional areas of research in the study of green crime.

Cyber Criminology

Exploring Internet Crimes and Criminal Behavior

Author: K. Jaishankar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439829509

Category: Law

Page: 461

View: 9000

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Victimization through the Internet is becoming more prevalent as cyber criminals have developed more effective ways to remain anonymous. And as more personal information than ever is stored on networked computers, even the occasional or non-user is at risk. A collection of contributions from worldwide experts and emerging researchers, Cyber Criminology: Exploring Internet Crimes and Criminal Behavior explores today’s interface of computer science, Internet science, and criminology. Topics discussed include: The growing menace of cyber crime in Nigeria Internet gambling and digital piracy Sexual addiction on the Internet, child pornography, and online exploitation of children Terrorist use of the Internet Cyber stalking and cyber bullying The victimization of women on social networking websites Malware victimization and hacking The Islamic world in cyberspace and the propagation of Islamic ideology via the Internet Human rights concerns that the digital age has created Approaching the topic from a social science perspective, the book explores methods for determining the causes of computer crime victimization by examining an individual’s lifestyle patterns. It also publishes the findings of a study conducted on college students about online victimization. Advances in information and communications technologies have created a range of new crime problems that did not exist two decades ago. Opportunities for various criminal activities to pervade the Internet have led to the growth and development of cyber criminology as a distinct discipline within the criminology framework. This volume explores all aspects of this nascent field and provides a window on the future of Internet crimes and theories behind their origins. K. Jaishankar was the General Chair of the First International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV), held January 15-17, 2011 at the Hotel Jaipur Greens in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Environmental Crime and its Victims

Perspectives within Green Criminology

Author: Toine Spapens,Rob White,Marieke Kluin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317142322

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5028

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Environmental crime is one of the most profitable and fastest growing areas of international criminal activity. These types of crime, however, do not always produce an immediate consequence, and the harm may be diffused. As such, the complexity of victimization - in terms of time, space, impact, and who or what is victimized - is one of the reasons why governments and the enforcement community have trouble in finding suitable and effective responses. This book provides a diverse and provocative array of arguments, critiques and recommendations from leading researchers and scholars in the field of green criminology. The chapters are divided into three main sections: the first part deals with specific characteristics of some of the major types of environmental crime and its perpetrators; the second focuses explicitly on the problem of victimization in cases of environmental crime; and the third addresses the question of how to tackle this problem. Discussing these topics from the point of view of green criminological theory, sociology, law enforcement, community wellbeing, environmental activism and victimology, this book will be of great interest to all those concerned about crime and the environment.

Green Cultural Criminology

Constructions of Environmental Harm, Consumerism, and Resistance to Ecocide

Author: Avi Brisman,Nigel South

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136228934

Category: Law

Page: 174

View: 9363

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Over the last two decades, "green criminology" has emerged as a unique area of study, bringing together criminologists and sociologists from a wide range of research backgrounds and varying theoretical orientations. It spans the micro to the macro—from individual-level environmental crimes and victimization to business/corporate violations and state transgressions. There have been few attempts, however, to explicitly or implicitly integrate cultural criminology into green criminology (or vice versa). This book moves towards articulating a green cultural criminological perspective. Brisman and South examine existing overlapping research and offer a platform to support future excursions by green criminologists into cultural criminology’s concern with media images and representations, consumerism and consumption, and resistance. At the same time, they offer an invitation to cultural criminologists to adopt a green view of the consumption landscape and the growth (and depictions) of environmental harms. Green Cultural Criminology is aimed at students, academics, criminologists, and sociologists with an interest in green criminology and cultural criminology: two of the most exciting new areas in criminology today.

Crimes Against Nature

Environmental Criminology and Ecological Justice

Author: Rob White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134733488

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 6308

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Crimes Against Nature provides a systematic account and analysis of the key concerns of green criminology, written by one of the leading authorities in the field. The book draws upon the disciplines of environmental studies, environmental sociology and environmental management as well as criminology and socio-legal studies, and draws upon a wide range of examples of crimes against the environment – ranging from toxic waste, logging, wildlife smuggling, bio-piracy, the use and transport of ozone depleting substances through to illegal logging and fishing, water pollution and animal abuse. The book is divided into three parts: Part 1 sets out theoretical approaches and perspectives on the subject; Part 2 explores the (national and international) dimensions of environmental crime and the explanations for it; Part 3 deals with the range of responses to environmental crime - environmental law enforcement, regulation, environmental crime prevention and the role of global institutions and movements.

Issues in Green Criminology

Author: Piers Beirne,Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies in the Department of Criminology Piers Beirne,Nigel South

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113401743X

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 8938

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Explores the ways in which governments, transnational corporations, military apparatuses and ordinary people routinely harm environments, other animals and humanity.

The Treadmill of Crime

Political Economy and Green Criminology

Author: Paul B. Stretesky,Michael A Long,Michael J Lynch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113512941X

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 2381

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Drawing on the work of Allan Schnaiberg, this book returns political economy to green criminology and examines how the expansion of capitalism shapes environmental law, crime and justice. The book is organized around crimes of ecological withdrawals and ecological additions. The Treadmill of Crime is written by acclaimed experts on the subject of green criminology and examines issues such as the crime in the energy sector as well as the release of toxic waste into the environment and its impact on ecosystems. This book also sets a new research agenda by highlighting problems of ecological disorganization for animal abuse and social disorganization. This book will be of interest to students, researchers and academics in the fields of criminology, political science, environmental sociology, and natural resources.

Green Crime in Mexico

A Collection of Case Studies

Author: Ines Arroyo-Quiroz,Tanya Wyatt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319752863

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 1762

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This collection is the first exploration into green crime in Mexico, offering a unique critique of the environmental problems facing Mexico today. Written by a diverse range of Mexican academics and practitioners from different career stages and various different disciplines, this edited volume exposes the corruption, power, and disregard for the environment through highly detailed and engaging case studies. The chapters are grouped into four categories: Environmental Degradation, Social and Environmental Justice, Wildlife Trafficking, and Non-compliance with Environmental Obligations, and are illuminated by rigorous original research. This book fills a substantial gap in knowledge about concerns that are important not only to the Mexican people and the wider region, but to anyone with an interest in the environmental issues facing the world today. To this end, the contributors hope to inspire other Mexicans to study and research green crimes as well as to influence scholars and practitioners across Central and South America who are facing similar environmental crises and challenges.

Police Corruption

Deviance, Accountability and Reform in Policing

Author: Maurice Punch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1843924110

Category: Political Science

Page: 281

View: 7638

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The police are meant to enforce the law and not abuse it. And yet the reality has been that policing and corruption are inseparable. This book sets out to explore that worrying but intriguing discrepancy between police as law enforcers and police as lawbreakers. Why do some officers bend and break rules, procedures and the law and why do some effectively become 'criminals'? And what measures should be taken to investigate, prevent and combat corruption? In seeking answers to such questions this book argues that corruption is not one thing but covers many deviant and criminal practices in policing which also shift over time. It rejects the 'bad apple' metaphor and focuses on 'bad orchards', meaning not individual but institutional failure. For in policing the organisation, the nature of work and its culture can sometimes foster and even encourage corruption. This raises issues as to why do police break the law and, crucially, 'who controls the controllers'? Corruption is defined in a broad, multi-faceted way. It concerns abuse of authority and trust; and it takes serious form in conspiracies to break the law and to evade exposure when cops can become criminals. Attention is paid to typologies of corruption (with grass-eaters, meat-eaters, noble-cause and the 'Dirty Harry' syndrome); the forms corruption takes in diverse environments; the pathways officers take into corruption and their rationalisations; and to collusion in corruption from within and without the organization. Comparative analyses are made of corruption, scandel and reform principally in the USA, UK and the Netherlands. The work examines issues of control, accountability and the new institutions of oversight such as the IPCC at a time when external oversight has become increasingly high profile. Overall the book provides a fresh, accessible and much-needed overview of this under-researched topic for students, academics, police and criminal justice officials and members of oversight agencies.

Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317808991

Category: Law

Page: 464

View: 6817

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Academic and general interest in environmental crimes, harms, and threats, as well as in environmental legislation and regulation, has grown sharply in recent years. The Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology is the most in-depth and comprehensive volume on these issues to date. With contributions from leading international green criminologists and scholars in related fields, the Handbook examines a wide range of substantive issues, including: climate change corporate criminality and impacts on the environment environmental justice media representations pollution (e.g. air, water) questions of responsibility and risk wildlife trafficking The chapters explore green criminology in depth, its theory, history and development, as well as methodological concerns for this area of academic interest. With examples of environmental crimes, harms, and threats from Africa, Asia, Australia, Eastern Europe, South America, the United Kingdom, and the United States, this book will serve as a vital resource for international scholars and students in criminology, sociology, law and socio-legal studies, as well as environmental science, environmental studies, politics and international relations.

Greening Criminology in the 21st Century

Contemporary debates and future directions in the study of environmental harm

Author: Matthew Hall,Tanya Wyatt,Nigel South,Angus Nurse,Gary Potter,Jennifer Maher

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317124510

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 6029

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In the 21st century, environmental harm is an ever-present reality of our globalised world. Over the last 20 years, criminologists, working alongside a range of other disciplines from the social and physical sciences, have made great strides in their understanding of how different institutions in society, and criminal justice systems in particular – respond – or fail to respond – to the harm imposed on ecosystems and their human and non-human components. Such research has crystallised into the rapidly evolving field of green criminology. This pioneering volume, with contributions from leading experts along with younger scholars, represents the state of the art in criminologists’ pursuit of understanding in the environmental sphere while at the same time challenging academics, lawmakers and policy developers to explore new directions in the study of environmental harm.

Psychological Criminology

An Integrative Approach

Author: Richard Wortley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136652892

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

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Psychological Criminology addresses the question: what is it about individuals and their experiences that cause them to commit crime and/or to become criminal? This book provides a comprehensive coverage of psychological theories of crime and criminality, exploring theories focusing on factors present at birth (human nature, heredity); theories that focus on factors that influence the offender over the lifespan (learning, development); and theories focusing on factors present at the crime scene. It emphasizes the connections among the different approaches, and demonstrates how, taken together rather than as rival explanations, they provide a more complete picture of crime and criminality than each provides individually. Theories are arranged throughout the book in a temporal sequence, from distal to proximal causes of crime. The analysis spans 100,000 years, from the evolutionary roots of criminal behaviour in the ancestral environments of early humans on the African savana, to the decision to engage in a specific criminal act. Key features of the book include: a focus on theory – ‘explaining’ crime and criminality, an integrative approach, accessible to readers who do not have a background in psychology. Psychological Criminology highlights the contributions that psychological theory can make to the broader field of criminology; it will be of interest to students, academics, researchers and practitioners in both criminology and forensic psychology.

Contested Illnesses

Citizens, Science, and Health Social Movements

Author: Phil Brown,Rachel Morello-Frosch,Stephen Zavestoski

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520950429

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 352

View: 568

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The politics and science of health and disease remain contested terrain among scientists, health practitioners, policy makers, industry, communities, and the public. Stakeholders in disputes about illnesses or conditions disagree over their fundamental causes as well as how they should be treated and prevented. This thought-provoking book crosses disciplinary boundaries by engaging with both public health policy and social science, asserting that science, activism, and policy are not separate issues and showing how the contribution of environmental factors in disease is often overlooked.

Emerging Issues in Green Criminology

Exploring Power, Justice and Harm

Author: D. Westerhuis,R. Walters,T. Wyatt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137273992

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 2265

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This edited collection brings together internationally renowned scholars to explore green criminology through the interdisciplinary lenses of power, harm and justice. The chapters provide innovative case study analyses from around the world that seek to advance theoretical, policy and practice discourses about environmental harm.

Transnational Environmental Crime

Author: Rob White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351538543

Category: Law

Page: 568

View: 5361

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The essays selected for this volume illustrate the growing interest in and importance of crime that is both environmental and transnational in nature. The topics covered range from pollution and waste to biodiversity and wildlife crimes, and from the violation of human rights associated with the exploitation of natural resources through to the criminogenic implications of climate change. The collection provides insight into the nature and dynamics of this type of crime and examines in detail who is harmed and what can be done about it. Differential victimisation and contemporary developments in environmental law enforcement are also considered. Collectively, these essays lay the foundations for a criminology that is forward looking, global in its purview, and that deals with the key environmental issues of the present age.

Power Hungry

The Myths of ""Green"" Energy and the Real Fuels of the Future

Author: Robert Bryce

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 9781610390439

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 5528

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The promise of "green jobs" and a "clean energy future" has roused the masses. But as Robert Bryce makes clear in this provocative book, that vision needs a major re-vision. We cannot--and will not--quit using carbon-based fuels at any time in the near future for a simple reason: they provide the horsepower that we crave. The hard reality is that oil, coal, and natural gas are here to stay. Fueling our society requires that we make good decisions and smart investments based on facts. In Power Hungry, Bryce crushes a phalanx of energy myths, showing why renewables are not green, carbon capture and sequestration won't work, and even--surprise!--that the U.S. is leading the world in energy efficiency. Power Hungry delivers a clear-eyed view of what's needed to transform the gargantuan global energy sector.