Environmental harm

An eco-justice perspective

Author: White, Rob

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447320654

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 6712

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This unique study of social harm offers a systematic and critical discussion of the nature of environmental harm from an eco-justice perspective, challenging conventional criminological definitions of environmental harm. The book evaluates three interconnected justice-related approaches to environmental harm: environmental justice (humans), ecological justice (the environment) and species justice (non-human animals). It provides a critical assessment of environmental harm by interrogating key concepts and exploring how activists and social movements engage in the pursuit of justice. It concludes by describing the tensions between the different approaches and the importance of developing an eco-justice framework that to some extent can reconcile these differences. Using empirical evidence built on theoretical foundations with examples and illustrations from many national contexts, ‘Environmental harm’ will be of interest to students and academics in criminology, sociology, law, geography, environmental studies, philosophy and social policy all over the world.

Global Environmental Harm

Criminological Perspectives

Author: Rob White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113403038X

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6792

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This book brings together original cutting edge work that deals with global environmental harm from a wide variety of geographical and critical perspectives. The topics covered in the book are global, regional and local in nature, although in each case there are clear transnational or global dimensions. The book explores topics that provide theoretical, methodological and substantive insights into the nature and dynamics of environmental harm, and the transference of this harm across regions, continents and globally. Specific topics include the criminal nature of global warming, an ethnographic study of pollution and consciousness of environmental harm, environmental destruction associated with huge industrial developments, chaos theory and environmental social justice, de-forestation as a global phenomenon, illegal trade in endangered species, and transference of toxicity. The collection as a whole reinforces the importance of eco-global criminology as a dynamic paradigm for theory and action on environmental issues in the 21st century. The criminological perspectives presented herein are important both in discerning the nature and complexities of global environmental harms and, ultimately, in forging responses to them.

Green Criminology

An Introduction to the Study of Environmental Harm

Author: Rob White,Diane Heckenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136216936

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 2317

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Over the past ten years, the study of environmental harm and ‘crimes against nature’ has become an increasingly popular area of research amongst criminologists. This book represents the first international, comprehensive and introductory text for green criminology, offering a concise exposition of theory and concepts and providing extensive geographical coverage, diversity and depth to the many issues pertaining to environmental harm and crime. Divided into three sections, the book draws on a range of international case studies and examples, and looks at the conceptual and methodological foundations of green criminology, before examining in detail areas of environmental crime and harm, and how they are addressed, including: climate change and social conflict; abuse and harm to animals; threats to bio-diversity; pollution and toxic waste; environmental victims; environmental regulation, law enforcement and courts; environmental forensic studies; environmental crime prevention. Green Criminology is packed with pedagogical features, including dialogue boxes, case examples, discussion questions and lists of further reading and is perfect for students around the world engaged with green criminology and crime against the environment.

International responsibility for environmental harm

Author: Francesco Francioni,Tullio Scovazzi

Publisher: Aspen Publishers

ISBN: 9781853335792

Category: Law

Page: 499

View: 8848

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This work addresses international concern about the harm which may result from environmentally hazardous activities. it embraces traditional transboundary harm originating in one country and affecting the territory of another country and includes global transboundary harm occurring when the sources of pollution And The potential damages are so widespread that it is impossible to point out either a single responsible State or a single injured State. Rules relating to environmental harm may be found at the level of international responsibility for wrongful conduct, The level of international liability for injurious consequences arising out of acts not prohibited by international law And The level of domestic or uniform rules on civil liability for hazardous activities. While there is a need for a more appropriate legal framework this book does not purport to give definite solutions to open questions. it describes legal tools presently available for dealing with the consequences of international environmental harm, and tries to focus on some specific risks or accidents, As well on some aspects of international cooperation.

Victims of Environmental Harm

Rights, Recognition and Redress Under National and International Law

Author: Matthew Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415677009

Category: Law

Page: 197

View: 8604

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In recent years, the increasing focus on climate change and environmental degradation has prompted unprecedented attention being paid towards the criminal liability of individuals, organisations and even states for polluting activities. These developments have given rise to a new area of criminological study, often called 'green criminology'. Yet in all the theorising that has taken place in this area, there is still a marked absence of specific focus on those actually suffering harm as a result of environmental degradation. This book represents a unique attempt to substantively conceptualise and examine the place of such 'environmental victims' in criminal justice systems both nationally and internationally. Grounded in a comparative approach and drawing on critical criminological arguments, this volume examines many of the areas traditionally considered by victimologists in relation to victims of environmental crime and, more widely, environmental harm. These include victims' rights, compensation, treatment by criminal justice systems and participation in that process. The book approaches the issue of 'environmental victimisation' from a 'social harms' perspective (as opposed to a 'criminal harms' one) thus problematising the definitions of environmental crime found within most jurisdictions. Victims of Environmental Harm concludes by mapping out the contours of further research into a developing green victimology and how this agenda might inform criminal justice reform and policy making at national and global levels.This book will be of interest to researchers across a number of disciplines including criminology, international law, victimology, socio-legal studies and physical sciences as well as professionals involved in policy making processes.

Citizen-Consumers and Evolution

Reducing Environmental Harm Through Our Social Motivation

Author: Mikael Klintman

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137276797

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 153

View: 7371

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This book reflects upon and critiques the potential of citizen-consumer's to alter their natural consuming habits and to "shop ethically, 'care for the environment' and 'think glocally'" so as to reduce environmental harm. The author argues that our present conceptual understanding of what drives peoples' environmental behaviour (that environmental remedies can be realized by determining fixed ends which citizen-consumers could strive for) is inadequate and that environmental policies based on these perspectives of human behaviour yield poor results and will not change citizen-consumer behaviour. Developing a substantial challenge to the existing accepted theories, this book sets out a groundbreaking approach to understanding citizen-consumer behaviour from the perspective of evolutionary theory. The evolutionary theory of human nature shows that firstly, environmental concern is not a universal element across different cultures and secondly, that neglecting one's environmental harm through striving for individual accumulation of wealth is not a characteristic of human nature. Instead, it is social motivation, rather than rational choice that is the driving force behind human agency and recognizing the importance of social motivation is essential as a basis for the advancement of sustainable development and adaptation of the norms and practices of citizen-consumers, markets and politics. The book concludes by discussing how the evolutionary perspective on human behaviour can constitute the basis for the development of practical environmental projects and policies.

Green Cultural Criminology

Constructions of Environmental Harm, Consumerism, and Resistance to Ecocide

Author: Avi Brisman,Nigel South

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136228934

Category: Law

Page: 174

View: 8305

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Over the last two decades, "green criminology" has emerged as a unique area of study, bringing together criminologists and sociologists from a wide range of research backgrounds and varying theoretical orientations. It spans the micro to the macro—from individual-level environmental crimes and victimization to business/corporate violations and state transgressions. There have been few attempts, however, to explicitly or implicitly integrate cultural criminology into green criminology (or vice versa). This book moves towards articulating a green cultural criminological perspective. Brisman and South examine existing overlapping research and offer a platform to support future excursions by green criminologists into cultural criminology’s concern with media images and representations, consumerism and consumption, and resistance. At the same time, they offer an invitation to cultural criminologists to adopt a green view of the consumption landscape and the growth (and depictions) of environmental harms. Green Cultural Criminology is aimed at students, academics, criminologists, and sociologists with an interest in green criminology and cultural criminology: two of the most exciting new areas in criminology today.

Environmental Damage in International and Comparative Law

Problems of Definition and Valuation

Author: Michael Bowman,Alan E. Boyle

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199255733

Category: Law

Page: 349

View: 1274

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This study considers the problems of defining and valuing "environmental damage" from the perspective of international and comparative law. The need for a broad and systematic evaluation of this issue is illustrated by the number of topics presently on the international law-making agenda to which it is relevant, including the UN Compensation Commission's decisions on compensation for environmental losses suffered by Kuwait in the Gulf War, nuclear and oil pollution liability regimes, thedevelopment of an environmental liability protocol to the Antarctic Treaty and other agreements on bio-safety and genetically modified organisms. It is thus an important element in contemporary efforts to strengthen legal remedies for environmental harm which does not necessarily come within traditional categories of legally protected personal or property rights. The contributors include experts in national and international law, civil and common law, as well as in the laws of developed and developing states, an economist and a member of the UN Compensation Commission.

Liability and Environment

Private and Public Law Aspects of Civil Liability for Environmental Harm Inan International Context

Author: Lucas Bergkamp

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041116451

Category: Law

Page: 708

View: 3344

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"This book provides an analysis of civil liability for environmental harm in an inter- and transnational context. It covers both liability of private parties and state liability under international and EC law, and discusses national law developments in this area. It explores in particular the relationship between public environmental law and private liability law. Applying an instrumental approach to legal instruments, it aims to redefine the role of liability in this heavily regulated area." -- from the Preface.

Victims of Environmental Harm

Rights, Recognition and Redress Under National and International Law

Author: Matthew Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415677009

Category: Law

Page: 197

View: 7006

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In recent years, the increasing focus on climate change and environmental degradation has prompted unprecedented attention being paid towards the criminal liability of individuals, organisations and even states for polluting activities. These developments have given rise to a new area of criminological study, often called 'green criminology'. Yet in all the theorising that has taken place in this area, there is still a marked absence of specific focus on those actually suffering harm as a result of environmental degradation. This book represents a unique attempt to substantively conceptualise and examine the place of such 'environmental victims' in criminal justice systems both nationally and internationally. Grounded in a comparative approach and drawing on critical criminological arguments, this volume examines many of the areas traditionally considered by victimologists in relation to victims of environmental crime and, more widely, environmental harm. These include victims' rights, compensation, treatment by criminal justice systems and participation in that process. The book approaches the issue of 'environmental victimisation' from a 'social harms' perspective (as opposed to a 'criminal harms' one) thus problematising the definitions of environmental crime found within most jurisdictions. Victims of Environmental Harm concludes by mapping out the contours of further research into a developing green victimology and how this agenda might inform criminal justice reform and policy making at national and global levels.This book will be of interest to researchers across a number of disciplines including criminology, international law, victimology, socio-legal studies and physical sciences as well as professionals involved in policy making processes.

International responsibility for environmental harm

Author: Francesco Francioni,Tullio Scovazzi

Publisher: Aspen Publishers

ISBN: 9781853335792

Category: Law

Page: 499

View: 5124

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This work addresses international concern about the harm which may result from environmentally hazardous activities. it embraces traditional transboundary harm originating in one country and affecting the territory of another country and includes global transboundary harm occurring when the sources of pollution And The potential damages are so widespread that it is impossible to point out either a single responsible State or a single injured State. Rules relating to environmental harm may be found at the level of international responsibility for wrongful conduct, The level of international liability for injurious consequences arising out of acts not prohibited by international law And The level of domestic or uniform rules on civil liability for hazardous activities. While there is a need for a more appropriate legal framework this book does not purport to give definite solutions to open questions. it describes legal tools presently available for dealing with the consequences of international environmental harm, and tries to focus on some specific risks or accidents, As well on some aspects of international cooperation.

Regulating Disasters, Climate Change and Environmental Harm

Author: Michael Faure,Andri Wibisana

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781002495

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 6101

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This collection brings together insightful analyses of how developing countries can manage serious hazards. Natural disasters have long been threats to developing countries, but now climate change is increasing many risks and posing new challenges.

A Visual Approach for Green Criminology

Exploring the Social Perception of Environmental Harm

Author: Lorenzo Natali

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137546689

Category: Social Science

Page: 137

View: 1037

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This book brings the visual dimension of environmental crimes and harms into the field of green criminology. It shows how photographic images can provide a means for eliciting narratives from people who live in polluted areas – describing in detail and from their point of view what they know, think and feel about the reality in which they find themselves living. Natali makes the argument for developing a visual approach for green criminology, with a single case-study as its central focus, revealing the importance of using photo elicitation to appreciate and enhance the reflexive and active role of social actors in the symbolic and social construction of their environmental experiences. Examining the multiple interactions between the images and the words used to describe the socio-environmental worlds in which we live, this book is a call to open the eyes of green criminology to wider and richer explorations of environmental harms and crimes. An innovative and engaging study, this text will be of particular interest to scholars of environmental crime and cultural, green and visual criminologies.

Environmental Crime in Latin America

The Theft of Nature and the Poisoning of the Land

Author: David Rodríguez Goyes,Hanneke Mol,Avi Brisman,Nigel South

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137557052

Category: Social Science

Page: 313

View: 9715

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This book is the first green criminology text to focus specifically on Latin America. Green criminology has always adopted a broad horizon and explicitly emphasised that environmental crimes and harms affect countries and cultures around the world. The chapters collected here illuminate and describe the “theft of nature” and the “poisoning of the land” in Latin America through and from processes of agro-industry expansion, biopiracy, legal and illegal trafficking of free-born non-human animals, and mining. An interdisciplinary study, this collection draws on research from a wide range of international experts on not only green criminology, but also social justice, political ecology and sociology. An engaging and thought-provoking work, this book will be an essential text for anyone interested in current issues in environmental crime.

Forging a Socio-Legal Approach to Environmental Harms

Global Perspectives

Author: Tiffany Bergin,Emanuela Orlando

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317385993

Category: Law

Page: 286

View: 4743

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Environmental harms exert a significant toll and pose substantial economic costs on societies around the world. Although such harms have been studied from both legal and social science perspectives, these disciplinary-specific approaches are not, on their own, fully able to address the complexity of these environmental challenges. Many legal approaches, for example, are limited by their inattention to the motivations behind environmental offences, whereas many social science approaches are hindered by an insufficient grounding in current legislative frameworks. This edited collection constitutes a pioneering attempt to overcome these limitations by uniting legal and social science perspectives. Together, the book’s contributors forge an innovative socio-legal approach to more effectively respond to, and to prevent, environmental harms around the world. Integrating theoretical and empirical work, the book presents carefully selected illustrations of how legal and social science scholarship can be brought together to improve policies. The various chapters examine how a socio-legal approach can ultimately lead to a more comprehensive understanding of environmental harms, as well as to innovative and effective responses to such environmental offences.

Greening Criminology in the 21st Century

Contemporary debates and future directions in the study of environmental harm

Author: Matthew Hall,Tanya Wyatt,Nigel South,Angus Nurse,Gary Potter,Jennifer Maher

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317124510

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 578

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In the 21st century, environmental harm is an ever-present reality of our globalised world. Over the last 20 years, criminologists, working alongside a range of other disciplines from the social and physical sciences, have made great strides in their understanding of how different institutions in society, and criminal justice systems in particular – respond – or fail to respond – to the harm imposed on ecosystems and their human and non-human components. Such research has crystallised into the rapidly evolving field of green criminology. This pioneering volume, with contributions from leading experts along with younger scholars, represents the state of the art in criminologists’ pursuit of understanding in the environmental sphere while at the same time challenging academics, lawmakers and policy developers to explore new directions in the study of environmental harm.

Exploring Green Crime

Introducing the Legal, Social and Criminological Contexts of Environmental Harm

Author: Matthew Hall

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137310235

Category: Nature

Page: 296

View: 1793

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The application of criminological perspectives to discussion of the environment is a rapidly developing field at the cutting edge of criminology. This innovative but accessible introduction to the key debates in green criminology both familiarises newcomers to the field with the core theories and methodological precepts and challenges them to take a critical approach. In addition to analysing an extensive range of contemporary issues – environmental harm, food and water security, fracking, climate change and genetically modified crops – the text steps back to examine overarching themes, including the power relationships between states, corporations and the human and non-human components of our environment. In this way, Exploring Green Crime prepares readers to approach environmental criminology with a questioning and analytical mind-set. With useful end of chapter summaries, review questions and further reading, the text is ideal for students of criminology, criminal justice, law, sociology and environmental studies.

The Politics of Palm Oil Harm

A Green Criminological Perspective

Author: Hanneke Mol

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331955378X

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 7791

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This book examines the politics of harm in the context of palm oil production in Colombia, with a primary focus on the Pacific coast region. Globally, the palm oil industry is associated with practices that fit the most conventional definitions and perceptions of crime, but also crucially, forms of social and environmental harm that do not fit strictly legalistic definitions and understandings of crime. Drawing on rich field-based data from the region, Mol contributes empirically to an awareness of the constructions, practices, and the lived and perceived realities of harm related to palm oil production. She advances criminological debate around ‘harm’ by putting forward a theoretical and analytical approach that redirects the debate from a central concern with the academic contestedness of harm within criminology, towards a focus on the ‘on-the-ground’ contestedness of palm oil-related harm in Colombia. Detailed analysis and arresting conclusions ensure this book will be of great interest to students and scholars in the fields of Green and Critical Criminology, Environmental Sociology, and International and Critical Development Studies.